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MSU lands $2.1 million grant to take part in national autism study

EAST LANSING, Mich. Michigan State University has been awarded a three-year, $2.1 million federal grant to serve as the data coordinating center for the largest epidemiological study ever on autism. MSU's Biomedical Research Informatics Core, established in 2001 and now part of the university'...

Plastic that grows on trees, part two

RICHLAND, Wash. -- Some researchers hope to turn plants into a renewable, nonpolluting replacement for crude oil. To achieve this, scientists have to learn how to convert plant biomass into a building block for plastics and fuels cheaply and efficiently. In new research, chemists have successfully...

Fire is important part of global climate change, report scientists

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) Fire must be accounted for as an integral part of climate change, according to 22 authors of an article published in the April 24 issue of the journal Science . The authors determined that intentional deforestation fires alone contribute up to one-fifth of the human-caus...

Nutrigenomics -- developing personalized diets for disease prevention -- part 2 just published in OMICS

New Rochelle, NY, March 17, 2009The relationships between food, nutrition science, and health outcomes have been intensively analyzed over the past century. Genomic variation among individuals and populations is a new factor that enriches and challenges our understanding of these complex relations...

Study: Fluid buildup in lungs is part of the damage done by the flu

COLUMBUS, Ohio In a fight against respiratory infections, the body typically produces a little fluid to help the lungs generate a productive cough. But new research suggests that the influenza virus can tip the balance toward too much fluid in the lungs, interfering with the supply of oxygen to t...

Researchers hack final part of the immune system code

A group of researchers from the University of Copenhagen and the Biocentre at the Technical University of Denmark have managed to decipher the final part of the immune system's key codes. The same researchers already broke the first part of the codes last autumn, and have now put together a com...

CSHL scientists part of team that discovers role of rare gene mutations in schizophrenia

Using an important new method that can be applied in the study of other psychiatric illnesses, scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Washington (UW) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), have identified multiple, indi...

Actor-robots 'staff' part of new $5M simulation training center

A medical student places a chest tube in a patient lying on an operating table, while another student conducts a colonoscopy. Everything is just as it would be in a real OR or treatment room, except that the patients wont be harmed or complain if mistakes are made theyre robots. These high-tech,...

Experts prove the geochemical origin of part of the CO2 emissions in semiarid climates

The implementation of the Kyoto Protocol has raised, among other pressing matters, the need of getting to know the annual levels of carbon in different earths ecosystems. Scientists connected with the CEAMA-Andalusian Centre for the Environment (University of Granada-Andalusian Council) are studyi...

ORNL study finds rivers play part in removing nitrogen

OAK RIDGE, Tenn., March 12, 2008 Tiny organisms play a powerful role in removing nitrate, a form of nitrogen pollution caused by human activity, in streams, according to a study by a team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory and published in Nature. In the first phase of the study, which invol...

CSTARS to form part of Department of Homeland Security's Center of Excellence for Maritime Security

The US Department of Homeland Security announced the creation of five new Centers of Excellence dispersed throughout the country. These Centers will study border security and immigration; explosives detection, mitigation and response; maritime, island and port security; natural disasters, coastal ...

Body part by body part, Sumatran tigers are being sold into extinction

Washington Laws protecting the critically endangered Sumatran Tiger have failed to prevent tiger body parts being openly sold in Indonesia, according to a TRAFFIC report launched today. Tiger body parts, including canine teeth, claws, skin pieces, whiskers and bones, were on sale in 10 percent...

Fisheries should be regarded as a part of the maritime environment

Helsinki/Leipzig. Professional fishery is in many sea areas a serious ecological threat to the maritime environment. On the other hand, changes in the environment, e.g. the increase of fish-eating animals like seals and cormorants, may impact the fisheries. One of the new guiding principles of pol...

Mobile DNA part of evolution's toolbox

The repeated copying of a small segment of DNA in the genome of a primeval fish may have been crucial to the transition of ancient animals from sea to land, or to later key evolutionary changes in land vertebrates. The discovery is "tantalizing evidence" that copied DNA elements known as retroposon...

World shark attacks dipped in 2005, part of long-term trend

Assertive and even aggressive human behavior could explain why shark attacks worldwide dipped last year, continuing a five-year downward trend in close encounters with the oceanic predators, new University of Florida research suggests. Greater safety precautions and in-your-face responses to conf...

UCR chemist part of team identifying new areas of gene regulation

Researcher Kangling Zhang at the University of California, Riverside is part of a team that has discovered a new way that yeast governs genetic expression and repression, a finding that could be repeated in cells of other organisms. Zhang, an academic coordinator at the Mass Spectrometry Facility...

MicroRNAs play a big part in gene regulation - and evolution

Regulating when and where certain proteins are made is crucial to the normal functioning of living things. To make proteins, information from DNA is transcribed into RNA molecules and then translated into the amino acids building blocks of proteins. But not all genes code for proteins--some make RN...

Highest ever winter water temperatures recorded

... of both the EAC and Leeuwin Current systems varies in Tasmanian waters. As part of the Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS), a National Reference Stat...recent years. The EAC has been a research focus for Katy Hill since 2005 as part of her PhD in the Quantitiative Marine Science program a joint initiative ...

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

...ommenting on the findings, BBSRC Chief Executive Professor Doug Kell, said: "Green and White biotechnologies are going to be an increasingly important part of the manufacturing landscape. Looking to biological systems that have been finely tuned by evolution to solve problems, rather than starting from sc...

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists

...ents who are developing Alzheimer's disease could help neurologists treat it earlier and possibly delay its progression. Certain chemicals produced as part of the brain's metabolism could signal the presence of the disease. Scientists are testing magnetic resonance spectroscopy as a way to spot these chem...

New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible

... CHAMPAIGN, Ill. For cancer drug developers, finding an agent that kills tumor cells is only part of the equation. The drug must also spare healthy cells, and ideally its effects will be reversible, to cut short any potentially dangerous side eff...

Climate-caused biodiversity booms and busts in ancient plants and mammals

... mammals. In fact, there were more species of mammals living in the western part of North America at that time than at any other time." Woodburne and co...n all-time high of 104 genera, the researchers found. "This is also the part of the Eocene when we see the most new appearances of mammals due to evolut...

University of Hawaii at Manoa researchers reveal ocean acidification at Station ALOHA

...chool of Ocean, Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa founded the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program, in part to establish a long-term record of the oceanic response to rising atmospheric CO 2 . Monthly research cruises to Station ALOHA, north of Oahu, have y...

More than half of Texas physicians do not always recommend HPV vaccine to girls

...uke of that mandate from the legislature. Kahn said she was approached by the Texas Medical Association to assist them in conducting this survey as part of their efforts to assess educational needs related to HPV vaccination among Texas physicians. Kahn and colleagues surveyed 1,122 physicians. Of ...

Abnormal brain circuits may prevent movement disorder

... see something for the first time. They saw that there were two places along the motor pathway that seemed to stop the flow of neural signals from one part of the circuit to the other. Those with only one lesion in the circuit developed the debilitating movements and those with two lesions did not. "There...

Scary ancient spiders revealed in 3-D models, thanks to new imaging technique

...t palaeontologists analyse fossils by splitting open a rock and looking at the creatures encased inside. This means that scientists can often only see part of the fossil and cannot explore all of the fossil's physical features. The researchers believe their new technique could be used to re-explore pre...

Pitt researchers find promising candidate protein for cancer prevention vaccines

...esponse to MUC1, typically after pelvic surgery, mumps or mastitis, have a much lower risk for ovarian cancer," Dr. Finn said. "Cyclin B1 and MUC1 are part of a big family of self-proteins that become over-produced during cancer development, so they have great potential as targets in prevention vaccines."...

Brain difference in psychopaths identified

...gest that psychopaths have biological differences in the brain which may help to explain their offending behaviours. Dr Craig added: 'This study is part of an ongoing programme of research into the biological basis of criminal psychopathy. It highlights that exciting developments in brain imaging such ...

Holding breath for several minutes elevates marker for brain damage

...ment Nine competitive breath-hold divers (eight men and one woman) took part in this study, along with six individuals who had limited experience with b...h or disease. The American Physiological Society (APS) has been an integral part of this scientific discovery process since it was established in 1887. ...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

...tained by the building with no greenroof. Although her results are preliminary, Starry thinks that cities can reap benefits from making greenroofs a part of their building requirements, as cities like Toronto and Berlin have recently done. Using GIS satellite imagery, she estimated the number and area o...

Race/ethnicity, family income and education associated with sugar consumption

...ethesda, MD, and Information Management Services, Inc., Silver Spring, MD, analyzed responses to questions about added sugars. Both NCI and NHLBI are part of the National Institutes of Health. In men and women, intakes of added sugars were inversely related to both education and family income. There w...

New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein

...puter simulation (using an important process called the Wang-Landau algorithm) that sheds light on how a crucial proteinglycophorin Abecomes an active part of living cells. The new use of Wang-Landau could lead to a better understanding of the controlling mechanisms behind protein folding. "Our goal is...

Research shows rates of severe childhood obesity have tripled

...y children at risk for diabetes and heart disease, according to a report in Academic Pediatrics by an obesity expert at Brenner Children's Hospital, part of Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center. "Children are not only becoming obese, but becoming severely obese, which impacts their overall ...

E-Noses: Testing their mettle against fly noses

...O research team is looking to collaborate with developers of solid-state chemical sensors in the search for more effective devices. This research is part of a much larger project developing an improved electronic nose, the Cybernose, for use in the wine industry. Using insect receptors, the Cybernose wi...

Freshwater fish at the top of the food chain evolve more slowly

...eder," says co-author Peter Wainwright of the University of California at Davis. One key to feeding on fish is to have a large mouth, but the other part of the equation is speed, the researchers explain. "A largemouth bass mostly relies on swimming to overtake its prey, and at the last moment will pop ...

Fox Chase researchers uncover one force behind the MYC oncogene in many cancers

...ournal of Biological Chemistry , available online now. Previously the researchers found that a chromosomal inversion a genetic misalignment, where part of the chromosome containing the DLX5 gene gets flipped around during cell division cooperates with another known oncogene, AKT2, to drive cancer in ...

1 in 6 health workers won't report in flu pandemic -- study by Ben-Gurion U. researchers

...nent in the workers' motivation to prepare for the event and to respond to it. Personal safety assurances of workers can and should be provided as part of training. It is important to note that 24 percent of the respondents did not perceive their work environment as safe, and 15 percent of the respon...

Biologists rediscover endangered frog population

...d 82 tadpoles, which were taken to the San Diego Zoo's Institute for Conservation Research. The frog recovery effort has been funded by Caltrans in part to mitigate for emergency work to stabilize a slope near the frog's habitat on state Route 330 in the San Bernadino Mountains. "The emergency slope ...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

...eader in biofortification for more than a decade. The Center is a recipient of funds from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to conduct research as part of BioCassava Plus, an international initiative seeking to make cassava a more nutritionally rich and balanced staple plant crop. The project has dem...

UBC researchers help push for standard DNA barcodes for plants

... Two University of British Columbia researchers are part of an international team recommending standards for the DNA barcoding of land plants, a step they hope will lead to a universal system for identifying...
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