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Your own private global warming

A group of researchers from the British Antarctic Survey have collected individuals from a wide range of species commonly found in Antarctic waters and subjected them to increasing levels of water temperature to learn how each species is prepared to cope with the conditions that they are likely to...

Your own private global warming

A group of researchers from the British Antarctic Survey have collected individuals from a wide range of species commonly found in Antarctic waters and subjected them to increasing levels of water temperature to learn how each species is prepared to cope with the conditions that they are likely to...

Scientists should look at their own carbon footprint

Scientists studying the impact of climate change on the Arctic need to consider ways to reduce their own carbon footprints, says a researcher who regularly flies north to study the health of caribou. In the June issue of Arctic , the journal of the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of N...

The importance of being helpful -- Cooperative cichlids boost their own reproductive success

Subordinate individuals living within a group of vertebrates sometimes assist a more dominant pair by helping to raise the dominant pair's offspring and this has been shown to occur among subordinate female cichlids. Reporting in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE , Dik Heg a...

Our brains make their own marijuana: We're all pot heads deep inside

U.S. and Brazilian scientists have just proven that one of Bob Dylan's most famous lines"everybody must get stoned" is correct. That's because they've discovered that the brain manufactures proteins that act like marijuana at specific receptors in the brain itself. This discovery, published online...

Siblings of mentally disabled face own lifelong challenges, according to researchers

WASHINGTON People who have a sibling with a mental illness are more likely to suffer episodes of depression at some point in their lives, say researchers who analyzed four decades of data. Additionally, they found people with a sibling with low IQ are more likely to live near that brother or s...

Key to 'curing' obesity may lie in worms that destroy their own fat: McGill researchers

This release is available in French . A previously unknown mutation discovered in a common roundworm holds the promise of new treatments for obesity in humans, McGill University researchers say. Their study was published Dec. 3 in the journal Nature , and was funded by the Canadian Cance...

New antibiotic beats superbugs at their own game

The problem with antibiotics is that, eventually, bacteria outsmart them and become resistant. But by targeting the gene that confers such resistance, a new drug may be able to finally outwit them. Rockefeller University scientists tested the new drug, called Ceftobiprole, against some of the dead...

The body's own 'cannabis (marijuana)' is good for the skin

Scientists from Hungary, Germany and the U.K. have discovered that our own body not only makes chemical compounds similar to the active ingredient in marijuana (THC), but these play an important part in maintaining healthy skin. This finding on "endocannabinoids" just published online in, and sc...

From Canada to the Caribbean: Tree leaves control their own temperature, Penn study reveals

PHILADELPHIA - The temperature inside a healthy, photosynthesizing tree leaf is affected less by outside environmental temperature than originally believed, according to new research from biologists at the University of Pennsylvania. Surveying 39 tree species ranging in location from subtropic...

Weill Cornell team discovers how brain's own tPA helps regulate blood flow to neurons

NEW YORK (Jan. 17, 2008) -- The human brain contains its own store of a powerful enzyme (and stroke drug) called tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), which appears to be a key regulator of blood flow to brain cells, a team at the Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City reports. "We found ...

Doctors learn to control their own brains' pain responses to better treat patients

Physicians apparently learn to shut off the portion of their brain that helps them appreciate the pain their patients experience while treating them and instead activate a portion of the brain connected with controlling emotions, according to new research using brain scans at the University of Chi...

Clever plants chat over their own network

Chat network Many herbal plants such as strawberry, clover, reed and ground elder naturally form networks. Individual plants remain connected with each other for a certain period of time by means of runners. These connections enable the plants to share information with each other via internal c...

ESF EURYI award winner aims to stop cancer cells reading their own DNA

A promising new line in anti-cancer therapy by blocking the molecular motors involved in copying genetic information during cell division is being pursued by young Dutch researcher Dr. Nynke Dekker in one of this years EURYI award winning projects sponsored by the European Science Foundation (ESF)...

Ancient ecosystems organized much like our own

It was an Anomalocaris-eat-trilobite world, filled with species like nothing on today's Earth. But the ecology of Cambrian communities was remarkably modern, say researchers behind the first study to reconstruct detailed food webs for ancient ecosystems. Their paper, published this week in the ope...

Lemurs' evolutionary history may shed light on our own

DURHAM, N.C. -- After swabbing the cheeks of more than 200 lemurs and related primates to collect their DNA, researchers at the Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy (IGSP) and Duke Lemur Center now have a much clearer picture of their evolutionary family tree. Found in nature only on the...

St. Jude study shows genes play an unexpected role in their own activation

Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered how a single molecular “on switch” triggers gene activity that might cause effects ranging from learning and memory capabilities to glucose production in the liver. The “on switch,” a protein called CREB, is a transcription ...

New study examines 'brain's own marijuana'

A researcher at the University at Buffalo’s Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) is investigating the “brain’s own marijuana?-- called endocannabinoid -- in the regulation of stress, stress-related behavior and anxiety. A five-year, $1.7 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Healt...

Lab research may one day lead to cancer treatment using patient's own immune cells

A new line of developing research is underway that hopes to use a patient's own immune cells to fight cancer. The field, known as adoptive immunotherapy, is a specialty procedure performed in only a handful of institutions, which may one day include University Hospitals Case Medical Center. Juli...

It's in your head: The brain's own globin defends you from shock and stroke

The next generation of treatments for shock or stroke could be based on a protein that is already in our heads ?neuroglobin. In a review article to be published in the November issue of The FASEB Journal, scientists from University of Rome describe this protein, which may be the key to unlocking ne...

'Protecting virus' offers instant flu protection and converts flu infections into their own vaccines

Research led by Professor Nigel Dimmock at the University of Warwick is developing an entirely new method of protecting against flu. This has been shown to protect animals against various strains of flu, and could offer protection against the full range of influenza A infections, including H5N1 an...

Scientists use an 'ice lolly' to find polar bacteria in their own backyard

To study the bacteria which survive in extreme cold, scientists no longer have to go to extreme environments, such as Antarctic lakes and glaciers. Bacteria previously isolated from polar climates, and have properties which allow them to survive in extreme cold, have been isolated from soil in temp...

Bacteria have their own immune system protecting against outside DNA

Bacteria like Salmonella have a complicated immune system that helps them recognize and isolate foreign DNA trying to invade their cell membrane, according to a University of Washington-led study in the June 8 issue of Science Express. The research, which also included scientists at the Sidney Kimm...

Brain's own cannabis compound protects against inflammation

Some clinical studies have indicated that marijuana or its active cannabinoid ingredient alleviates symptoms of the inflammatory disease multiple sclerosis (MS). Also, researchers have found that the brain's natural "endocannabinoids" are released after brain injury and are believed to alleviate ne...

Agricultural research key to food security

...Beltagy says, must work more closely with their counterparts in the North, to develop technology transfer initiatives, and with policy-makers in their own countries, to convince them of the value of what they do and to advocate for policies that help farmers make use of the best available technologies an...

Douglas-fir, geoducks make strange bedfellows in studying climate change

... accurate models of sea surface temperatures and at time scales more than twice the length of the instrument measurements. "Each species brings its own 'perspective' of past climate, such that their combination provides a more accurate account," Black added. Results of the study are being published...

Reprogramming human cells without inserting genes

...ew avenue for reprogramming cells that could eventually lead to treatments for a range of human diseases and traumatic injuries by coaxing a patient's own cells to repair and regenerate the damaged tissues. The research team reported its findings in the paper "Induction of Stem Cell Gene Expression in...

Freshwater fish at the top of the food chain evolve more slowly

...sualize the bones, muscles, and connective tissue, they measured the fine parts of the head and mouth. "A fish mouth is much more complicated than our own mouth," says Wainwright. "Whereas we have one bone that moves our jaw fish actually have two dozen separately moving bones, and lots of muscles that...

Study shows cancer vaccines led to long-term survival for patients with metastatic melanoma

...nt-specific cancer vaccines derived from patients' own cancer cells and immune cells were well tolerated ...jected with a vaccine that included each patient's own immune cells (dendritic cells) and 500 micrograms ...ood and mixed with a cell culture of the patient's own melanoma cells that had been self-renewing and pro...

Stress signals link pre-existing sickness with susceptibility to bacterial infection

...eration of more energy producing mitochondria. Infectious bacteria, like Legionella , target the mitochondria and might use them to supplement their own needs and survival requirements. By manipulating AMPK levels, scientists were able to directly influence the ability of bacteria to replicate inside o...

Indonesia Now Using MegaMatcher Biometric Technology in Integrated Passport Issuance System

... system integrators, security companies and hardware providers integrate Neurotechnology's algorithms and software development technologies into their own products, with millions of customer installations worldwide. Neurotechnology's identification algorithms have consistently earned the highest ...

Study reveals a reprogrammed role for the androgen receptor

...umor almost invariably gains the ability to grow without external androgen. One of the ways such cells re-start their growth is by producing their own androgen, scientists have discovered. Another way involves the androgen receptor itself the "keyhole" in the cell nucleus that androgen molecules fit...

Placenta-derived stem cells may help sufferers of lung diseases

...in) mice." According to Dr. Parolini, cells delivered via intra-peritoneal transplant, regardless of the cells being allogenic or xenogenic (host's own cells or from another individual respectively), the procedure resulted in a significant anti-fibrotic effect on the lab animals. A "consistent" reduc...

Researchers develop 'brain-reading' methods

...n is more complex than that simple model. In their analysis of global brain activity, the researchers found that different processing tasks have their own distinct pattern of neural connections stretching across the brain, similar to the fingerprints that distinctively identify each of us. Rather than be...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...y changes the accessibility of compiler technologies, allowing access to average software developers and scientists. ROSE enables users to build their own tools, including defect detection tools to uncover undetected bugs, code optimization tools to maximize program performance and program transformation...

High construction cost for cycads

... tissues," said Marler. "Both of these factors indicate the construction costs of this leaf form are substantial." Green leaves must pay back their own construction costs, but each leaf is also required to supply the energy needed to maintain its live tissues throughout its lifespan. Additionally, lar...

Fujitsu PalmSecure Certified Under International Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level 2

...they are implementing the most secure, robust biometric available today. It also significantly reduces the time and costs associated with having their own systems assessed for Common Criteria certification by demonstrating to evaluators that the developers are building their systems using components that...

Reviews of microbial gene language published in special issue of Trends in Microbiology

...ms as well as the benefits of adopting this shared language for gene function. We strongly encourage the authors of scientific papers to include their own Gene Ontology term assignments when publishing new experimental data about genes and we hope that scientific journals will assist in this process. Thi...

Researchers achieve major breakthrough with water desalination system

...rious techniques for optimizing the system so that it can run with minimum energy consumption." "The last time UCLA went into the field with its own newly built pilot system was in the '60s," Cohen said. "This new system is one-twentieth the size of what was built then, maybe even smaller, and can ...

'Show me the money!' MDA greenlights grants

...nable my final phase postdoctoral training; thereby providing me what I hope is a major career development opportunity that will form the basis for my own independent career, a career in which I can use both my MD and Ph.D. training in further development of therapies for ALS." All projects seeking ...
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