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Ozone depletes oil seed rape productivity

High ozone conditions cause a 30% decrease in yield and an increase in the concentration of a group of toxic compounds within oilseed rape plants. Combined with the results of previous studies which have shown a decrease in oil, protein and carbohydrate content of oilseed rape seeds in high ozone,...

Ozone depletes oil seed rape productivity

High ozone conditions cause a 30% decrease in yield and an increase in the concentration of a group of toxic compounds within oilseed rape plants. Combined with the results of previous studies which have shown a decrease in oil, protein and carbohydrate content of oilseed rape seeds in high ozone,...

UCSB scientists document fate of huge oil slicks from seeps at coal oil point

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) Twenty years ago, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez was exiting Alaska's Prince William Sound when it struck a reef in the middle of the night. What happened next is considered one of the nation's worst environmental disasters: 10.8 million gallons of crude oil spilled into the...

Source of major health benefits in olive oil revealed

Scientists have pinned down the constituent of olive oil that gives greatest protection from heart attack and stroke. In a study of the major antioxidants in olive oil, Portuguese researchers showed that one, DHPEA-EDA, protects red blood cells from damage more than any other part of olive oil. ...

Microbes in mud flats clean up oil spill chemicals

Micro-organisms occurring naturally in coastal mudflats have an essential role to play in cleaning up pollution by breaking down petrochemical residues. Research by Dr Efe Aganbi and colleagues from the University of Essex, presented at the Society for General Microbiology's meeting at Harrogate t...

The Prestige oil spill caused changes in the cell structure of mussels

This release is available in Spanish . The oil spill from the Prestige petroleum oil tanker in 2002 caused serious damage to the ecosystems in the Bay of Biscay. A PhD thesis at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) has studied the consequences of this spill for the mussels inh...

Smithsonian scientist warns that palm oil development may threaten Amazon

Oil palm cultivation is a significant driver of tropical forest destruction across Southeast Asia. It could easily become a threat to the Amazon rainforest because of a proposed change in Brazil's legislation, new infrastructure and the influence of foreign agro-industrial firms in the region, acc...

Arctic governments and industry still unprepared for oil spills 20 years after Exxon Valdez

Two decades after the Exxon Valdez oil spill devastated a vast stretch of the Alaskan coast, governments and industry in the Arctic would be unable to effectively manage a large oil spill, according to a new report by World Wildlife Fund. As the 20th anniversary of the Exxon Valdez spill approache...

Cleaning up oil spills can kill more fish than spills themselves, say Queen's biologists

Kingston, ON A new Queen's University study shows that detergents used to clean up spills of diesel oil actually increase its toxicity to fish, making it more harmful. "The detergents may be the best way to treat spills in the long term because the dispersed oil is diluted and degraded," says...

Trailblazing rural community shows green heating oil a viable option

Local schools and homes in the small Georgian town of Reepham in Norfolk are taking part in the groundbreaking 12-month trial, led by the University of East Anglia (UEA). Like two million homes across the UK and Ireland, the properties depend on heating oil for warmth and hot water, and the ai...

Using the other guy's toolkit: Similarities of pumping blood, oil examined

HOUSTON, Dec. 2, 2008 Scientists and engineers from two of the nation's largest industries medicine and energy will come together Dec. 8, along with academicians from the University of Houston, to explore synergies in moving oil and pumping blood. Much like moving oil through a pipeline, t...

Mineral oil contamination in humans: A health problem?

From a quantitative standpoint, mineral oil is probably the largest contaminant of our body. That this contaminant can be tolerated without health concerns in humans has not been proven convincingly. The current Editorial of the European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology reflects on this a...

Bacteria manage perfume oil production from grass

Scientists in Italy have found bacteria in the root of a tropical grass whose oils have been used in the cosmetic and perfumery industries. These bacteria seem to promote the production of essential oils, but also they change the molecular structure of the oil, giving it different flavours and pro...

Pregnant women consuming flaxseed oil have high risk of premature birth

A study has found that the risks of a premature birth quadruple if flaxseed oil is consumed in the last two trimesters of pregnancy. The research was conducted by Professor Anick Brard of the Universit de Montral's Faculty of Pharmacy and the Sainte-Justine Hospital Research Center and Master's st...

Nanoparticles assemble by millions to encase oil drops

HOUSTON -- May 29, 2008 -- In a development that could lead to new technologies for cleaning up oil spills and polluted groundwater, scientists at Rice University have shown how tiny, stick-shaped particles of metal and carbon can trap oil droplets in water by spontaneously assembling into bag-lik...

Marine chemist says 'not so fast' to quick oil detection method

A new method for assessing environmental contamination after oil spills is in danger of being applied in situations where it doesn't work and might produce false conclusions, a scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) has warned. Private firms and government agencies have recen...

Oregano oil works as well as synthetic insecticides to tackle common beetle pest

New research in the Society of Chemical Industrys Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture shows that oregano oil works as well as synthetic insecticides to combat infestation by a common beetle, Rhizoppertha dominica, found in stored cereals. Not only does oregano oil work as well as syn...

Synchrotron light unveils oil in ancient Buddhist paintings from Bamiyan

The world was in shock when in 2001 the Talibans destroyed two ancient colossal Buddha statues in the Afghan region of Bamiyan. Behind those statues, there are caves decorated with precious paintings from 5th to 9th century A.D. The caves also suffered from Taliban destruction, as well as from a s...

Ancient reptile rises from Alberta oil sands

One of the oldest and most complete plesiosaur fossils recovered in North America, and the oldest yet discovered from the Cretaceous Period, represents a new genus of the prehistoric aquatic predator according to University of Calgary palaeontologists who have formally described the creature after...

First wind turbines on Galapagos Islands will halve diesel imports, reduce risk of future oil spills

In January 2001, the world held its breath when the tanker Jessica, loaded with 150,000 gallons of fuel, struck a reef and began breaking up in the heart of one of the most precious, famous and fragile ecosystems on earth the Galapagos Islands. At risk were vast numbers of unique species of fl...

Fish oil -- helpful or harmful?

Toronto, ON Fish oil supplements may help some cardiac patients while harming others, suggests a new review of evidence compiled by St. Michaels Hospital and University of Toronto researchers. In a systematic review of trials where patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators used fis...

Prolonged respiratory problems for oil spill clean-up volunteers

Workers and volunteers who helped in the clean-up effort after the 2002 Prestige oil spill off the Galician coast of Spain exhibit prolonged respiratory symptoms resulting from their exposure, say researchers from Spain in the first study to examine the long-term effects of such exposures on worke...

Skin oil -- ozone interactions worsen air quality in airplanes

Airline passengers and crews who gripe about poor cabin air quality could have a new culprit to blame: the oils on their skin, hair and clothing. A study in the current issue of ACS Environmental Science & Technology suggests interactions between body oils and ozone found in airplane cabins could ...

Mice run faster on high-grade oil

Between the 1932 and 2008 Olympic Games, world record times of the men's 100m sprint improved by 0.6 seconds due to improved training techniques and technological advances. Imagine if this improvement could be achieved by a simple change in diet. Scientists at the Research Institute of Wildlife E...

Fowl soil additive breaks down crude oil

It is an unlikely application, but researchers in China have discovered that chicken manure can be used to biodegrade crude oil in contaminated soil. Writing in the International Journal of Environment and Pollution the team explains how bacteria in chicken manure break down 50% more crude oil t...

Exxon Valdez oil found in tidal feeding grounds of ducks, sea otters

Seventeen years after the Exxon Valdez ran aground in Alaska’s Prince William Sound, compelling new evidence suggests that remnants of the worst oil spill in U.S. history extend farther into tidal waters than previously thought, increasing the probability that the oil is causing unanticipated long-...

A hope for oil spill bioremediation

A recently published article in Environmental Microbiology reveals that indigenous microbiota of the Galician shore is readily able to degrade crude oil. Scientists from the Estación Experimental del Zaidín (Spanish Council for Research, CSIC) in Granada investigated in situ crude oil degradation a...

'Green' energy from algae

... one of the most urgent challenges of our times. Energy plants like rape or oil palm are being discussed fervently, as they may also be used for food produ... algae produce five times as much biomass per hectare and contain 30 to 40% oil usable for energy production", says Professor Cle-mens Posten, who directs ...

Plankton Power and RTDC announce proposed algae-to-biofuels pilot facility on Cape Cod

...g from 20 years of cold saltwater species research and production. The biodiesel from Plankton Power algae is a "drop-in" replacement for home heating oil and petroleum diesel and will be produced for commercial distribution. The Cape Cod Algae Biorefinery Consortium recently submitted a $20 million prop...

Scientists discover Amazon river is 11 million years old

...ape about 2.4 million years ago. University of Liverpool researchers, in collaboration with the University of Amsterdam and Petrobras, the national oil company of Brazil, analysed sedimentary material taken from two boreholes near the mouth of the river to calculate the age of the Amazon river and the...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...ne if an energy source exists before drilling for it, which could save millions of dollars in drilling costs, and help discover billions of dollars in oil and gas. Nanocrystal Solar Cells This technology perform the same function as conventional solar cellsturning sunlight into electricitybut at on...

When children have breathing problems

...their toxic and mutagenic properties. We selected four comparative source regions: a residential area in the immediate vicinity of Argentina's largest oil refinery, an area with heavy traffic in the centre of La Plata, a suburban area and a rural area." The children whose health formed the basis of th...

Happier, healthier, more productive hens on omega-3?

... Most of us are aware of the potential health benefits of omega-3 found in fish oil and flax seed. Now researchers are looking at how omega-3 may help laying hens avoid bone damage. A grant of 1.7 million has been awarded to Dr J...

Results from trials of DHA in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline

...heimer's. DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is naturally found in the body in small amounts, and is the most abundant omega 3 fatty acid in the brain. DHA oil is abundant in some marine microalgae, which provide the DHA that makes fatty fish a good source of DHA. Dietary DHA is also available in foods enrich...

Two dietary oils, two sets of benefits for older women with diabetes

...US, Ohio A study comparing how two common dietary oil supplements affect body composition suggests that ... study, 16 weeks of supplementation with safflower oil reduced fat in the trunk area, lowered blood sugar...height. All of the women in the study took one oil for 16 weeks, followed by the other...

Waste water treatment plant mud used as 'green' fuel

...ocol, as well as posing no risk to human health and being profitable. These are the results of an environmental impact assessment. Dependency on oil and coal could be coming to an end. Researchers from the Rovira i Virgili University (URV) have analysed the environmental and human health impacts of...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

..." microscopic algae could yield massive amounts of oil Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research ...new solution to the global energy crisis "milking" oil from the tiny, single-cell algae known as diatoms,... geologists believe that much of the world's crude oil originated in diatoms, which produce an oily subst...

Leading scientists and scholars urge action on climate issues

...bon dioxide, the principal greenhouse gas and a by-product of burning coal, oil and natural gas, to 450 parts per million and to limit the rise of global t...ns are willing to accept in deflecting further emissions from burning coal, oil and gas, and from deforestation. The scholars emphasize that "The Waxman-Ma...

Nonstick and laser-safe gold aids laser trapping of biomolecules

...noughwith diameters of 100 to 500 nanometers and a height of 20 nanometersthat the scientists could avoid hitting the posts directly with lasers. Like oil and water, traditionally laser tweezers and gold dont mix. By making very small islands of gold, we positioned individual molecules where we wanted th...

Trans fats hinder multiple steps in blood flow regulation pathways

...hanging the arrangement of double bonds in the essential fatty acids in the oil and "saturating" the "unsaturated" carbon chain with hydrogen. Because doub... formation of blood clots needed for wound healing). While some in the food oil industry believed this problem could be overcome simply by adding more lino...
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