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New lab test offers better prediction of HIV microbicide safety

July 9, 2009 (BRONX, NY) Scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have devised a laboratory test for predicting whether microbicides against HIV are safe for human use. The researchers have also discovered why several supposedly "safe" microbicides made women more ...

Biological warfare in bacteria offers hope for new antibiotics

Scientists are to study a group of proteins that are highly effective at killing bacteria and which could hold the key to developing new types of antibiotics. Researchers from the Universities of York and Leeds have been awarded 3.3m from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Counc...

MS study offers theory for why repair of brain's wiring fails

Scientists have uncovered new evidence suggesting that damage to nerve cells in people with multiple sclerosis accumulates because the body's natural mechanism for repair of the nerve coating called "myelin" stalls out. The study, published today, July 1, 2009, in the print edition of " Genes ...

Embryology study offers clues to birth defects

LA JOLLA, Calif., June 9, 2009 -- Gregg Duester, Ph.D., professor of developmental biology at Burnham Institute for Medical Research (Burnham), along with Xianling Zhao, Ph.D., and colleagues, have clarified the role that retinoic acid plays in limb development. The study showed that retinoic aci...

Stem cell protein offers a new cancer target

A protein abundant in embryonic stem cells is now shown to be important in cancer, and offers a possible new target for drug development, report researchers from the Stem Cell Program at Children's Hospital Boston. Last year, George Daley, MD, PhD, and graduate student Srinivas Viswanathan, in ...

Novel vaccine approach offers hope in fight against HIV

A research team may have broken the stubborn impasse that has frustrated the invention of an effective HIV vaccine, by using an approach that bypasses the usual path followed by vaccine developers. By using gene transfer technology that produces molecules that block infection, the scientists prote...

MIT’s implantable device offers continuous cancer monitoring

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--Surgical removal of a tissue sample is now the standard for diagnosing cancer. Such procedures, known as biopsies, are accurate but only offer a snapshot of the tumor at a single moment in time. Monitoring a tumor for weeks or months after the biopsy, tracking its growth and h...

Princeton geoscientist offers new evidence that meteorite did not wipe out dinosaurs

A Princeton University geoscientist who has stirred controversy with her studies challenging a popular theory that an asteroid wiped out the dinosaurs has compiled powerful new evidence asserting her position. Gerta Keller, whose studies of rock formations at many sites in the United States, Me...

Synthetic chemical offers solution for crops facing drought

RIVERSIDE, Calif. Crops and other plants are constantly confronted with adverse environmental conditions, lowering yield and costing farmers billions of dollars annually. Plants use specialized signals, called stress hormones, to sense difficult times and adapt to stressful conditions to enhance ...

Star Trek-like technology offers noninvasive monitor for patients and athletes

HOUSTON (April 29, 2009) How long will it take to develop Star Trek-like medical technologies? The gap between science fiction and reality is closing faster than many people may think. A noninvasive, needle-free system that uses light to measure tissue oxygen and pH will soon be an alternati...

Brown-led team offers first look at how bats land

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] People have always been fascinated by bats, but the scope of that interest generally is limited to how bats fly and their bizarre habit of sleeping upside down. Until now, no one had studied how bats arrive at their daytime perches. A Brown University-led re...

Fighting global warming offers growth and development opportunities

Combating climate change may not be a question of who will carry the burden but could instead be a rush for the benefits, according to new economic modeling presented today at "Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges & Decisions" hosted by the University of Copenhagen. Contrary to current cos...

Study offers clues to beating hearing loss

Researchers at the University of Leeds have made a significant step forward in understanding the causes of some forms of deafness. The Leeds team has discovered that the myosin 7 motor protein - found in the tiny hairs of the inner ear that pick up sound - moves and works in a different way from...

New paper offers key insights into how new species emerge

This year marks both the bicentennial of Charles Darwin's birth and the 150th anniversary of the publication of his seminal work "On the Origin of Species." Just in time for the Darwin observances, a new paper appearing today in the journal Science by a team led by University of Notre Dame rese...

UC Davis discovery offers hope for treating kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is typically without symptoms until it has spread to other organs, when it is also the most difficult to treat. Newer chemotherapies show great promise for extending survival during later disease stages, but they can also be highly toxic. In one of the first discoveries of its ki...

International public-private partnership offers new paradigm for medicinal chemistry

The Wellcome Trust has announced a 4.1 million investment in a new initiative to generate small molecule inhibitors "chemical probes" for 25 proteins involved in epigenetic signalling, and to release these probes into the public domain with no restriction on use. Early stage information sharing...

Rong Li Lab offers insight into adaptive ability of cells

The Stowers Institute's Rong Li Lab has published findings that shed light on the ability of cells to adapt to disruptions to their basic division machineries findings that may help explain how cancer cells elude the body's natural defense mechanisms or chemotherapy treatment. The work was publis...

Light pollution offers new global measure of coral reef health

We've all seen the satellite images of Earth at night--the bright blobs and shining webs that tell the story of humanity's endless sprawl. These pictures are no longer just symbols of human impact, however, but can be used to objectively measure it, according to a study in the December 2008 iss...

Advance offers revolution in food safety testing

CORVALLIS, Ore. -- Microbiologists at Oregon State University have developed a new technology to detect illness-causing bacteria an advance that could revolutionize the food industry, improving the actual protection to consumers while avoiding the costly waste and massive recalls of products that...

Worm genome offers clues to evolution of parasitism

The genome of a humble worm that dines on the microbial organisms covering the carcasses of dead beetles may provide clues to the evolution of parasitic worms, including those that infect humans, say scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Max-Planck Institute f...

Combining advanced medical and information technologies offers pathway to lower health care costs

Washington D.C. (September 22, 2008): Integrating sophisticated medical technologies for patient monitoring with advanced information systems and clinical expertise has the potential to significantly improve medical care while lowering treatment costs. This is especially true for patients with chr...

New study offers solution to global fisheries collapse

A study published in the September 19 issue of Science shows that an innovative yet contentious fisheries management strategy called "catch shares" can reverse fisheries collapse. Where traditional "open access" fisheries have converted to catch shares, both fishermen and the oceans have benefit...

Giant grass offers clues to growing corn in cooler climes, researchers report

A giant perennial grass used as a biofuels source has a much longer growing season than corn, and researchers think they've found the secret of its success. Their findings offer a promising avenue for developing cold-tolerant corn, an advance that would significantly boost per-acre yields. The ...

Vaccine against HER2-positive breast cancer offers complete protection in lab

PHILADELPHIA Researchers at Wayne State University have tested a breast cancer vaccine they say completely eliminated HER2-positive tumors in mice - even cancers resistant to current anti-HER2 therapy - without any toxicity. The study, reported in the September 15 issue of Cancer Research, a...

New giant clam species offers window into human past

Researchers report the discovery of the first new living species of giant clam in two decades, according to a report to be published online on August 28th in Current Biology , a Cell Press publication. While fossil evidence reveals that the new species, called Tridacna costata , once accounted f...

New oral angiogenesis inhibitor offers potential nontoxic therapy for a wide range of cancers

The first oral, broad-spectrum angiogenesis inhibitor, specially formulated through nanotechnology, shows promising anticancer results in mice, report researchers from Children's Hospital Boston. Findings were published online on June 29 by the journal Nature Biotechnology . Because it is nont...

Biodesign's Rittmann offers promising perspectives on society's energy challenge

Perhaps there is no greater societal need for scientific know-how than in finding new ways to meet future energy demands. Skyrocketing gas prices, an uncertain oil supply, increasing demand from around the world, and the looming threat of climate change have made identifying and developing realist...

Ancient protein offers clues to killer condition

More than 600 million years of evolution has taken two unlikely distant cousins turkeys and scallops - down very different physical paths from a common ancestor. But University of Leeds researchers have found that a motor protein, myosin 2, remains structurally identical in both creatures. T...

Center for Computer Forensics Offers Expert to Volunteer as CFCE Certification Applicants Coach

Forensic examiner coaches law enforcement agents, supports CFCE training by providing volunteer coaching SOUTHFIELD, Mich., May 9 /PRNewswire/ -- The Center for Computer Forensics (CCF) announced today that it will be lending Ed Moore, one of its examiners, as a volunteer co...

Publication offers labs consensus recommendations for diagnosing parasitic diseases

ASM Press announces the latest addition to its Cumulative Techniques and Procedures in Clinical Microbiology (Cumitechs) publication series: Cumitech 46 -- Laboratory Procedures for Diagnosis of Blood-Borne Parasitic Diseases. This Cumitech is intended to provide guidance to the laboratory pe...

Stem cell breakthrough offers diabetes hope

Scientists have discovered a new technique for turning embryonic stem cells into insulin-producing pancreatic tissue in what could prove a significant breakthrough in the quest to find new treatments for diabetes. The University of Manchester team, working with colleagues at the University of S...

Major international collaboration offers new clues to genetics of type 2 diabetes

An international collaboration of scientists from Europe and the US has identified six new genes which play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes, extending the total number of genes implicated in common forms of the disease to sixteen. The findings provide valuable new insights into the...

New whitepaper offers options for university implementation of NIH policy

Washington, DC and Cambridge, MA February 29, 2008 SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), Science Commons, and the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) have jointly released a white paper to help university and medical school administrators ensure their institution...

New dinosaur from Mexico offers insights into ancient life on West America

SALT LAKE CITY A new species of dinosaur unearthed in Mexico is giving scientists fresh insights into the ancient history of western North America, according to an international research team led by scientists from the Utah Museum of Natural History at the University of Utah. To date, the di...

Intellifit(R) Offers Custom-Made Jeans with a High-Tech Twist

PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 11 /PRNewswire/ -- Most fashion consumers consider custom-made jeans to be a luxury reserved for celebrities and lottery winners. But Intellifit, a leader in proprietary apparel fit technology for retail, is out to change that perception. This week, the company will begin ...

New research offers prioritization plan for reducing nutrient pollution in feeder streams

To help resource managers improve the health of coastal waters degraded by nutrient pollution, a group of scientists has developed a framework for prioritizing stream restoration efforts aimed at reducing the amount of nitrogen flowing downstream. The framework, published in the online version of ...

Genetic breakthrough offers promise in tackling kidney tumors

A new study has shown promising results in fighting a severe genetic disorder which can create tumours throughout the body. Advances in genetic knowledge have transformed our understanding of disease in recent years. We now know which genes are linked to a wide variety of conditions. However, s...

Protein controls blood vessel formation, offers new drug target

CHAPEL HILL After an injury, the body grows new blood vessels to repair damaged tissue. But sometimes too much growth causes problems, as when new blood vessels in the eyes leak, causing diabetic retinopathy and blindness if not treated. A protein called CIB1 discovered by researchers at the U...

Conference on healthspan offers new opportunities for interdisciplinary collaboration

IRVINE, Calif. -- More than 160 participants gathered this week for the fifth annual National Academies Keck FUTURES INITIATIVE conference. This year's topic, "The Future of the Human Healthspan: Demography, Evolution, Medicine and Bioengineering," drew scientists, engineers, and medical researche...

Darwin Symposium at Field Museum offers broad overview of his science and its impact

CHICAGOWorld-class experts from the United States and Great Britain will speak at The Field Museum for a one-of-a-kind symposium on Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution, which continues to excite the world and direct scientific research 125 years after Darwins death. The free one-day sympo...
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