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Researchers reveal types of genes necessary for brain development

Researchers from Harvard Medical School and Brandeis University have successfully completed a full-genome RNAi screen in neurons, showing what types of genes are necessary for brain development. Details of the screen and its novel methodology are published July 4th in the open-access journal PLoS...

Further development of Water Framework Directive necessary

Leipzig. Experts from 20 countries have called for the guidance documents for the implementation of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) to be updated. The consensus among the scientists and stakeholders who discussed risks for European rivers at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Rese...

Proteins necessary for brain development found to be critical for long-term memory

A type of protein crucial for the growth of brain cells during development appears to be equally important for the formation of long-term memories, according to researchers at UC Irvine. The findings could lead to a better understanding of, and treatments for, cognitive decline associated with norm...

Researchers show key protein necessary for normal development of red blood cells

Virginia Commonwealth University researchers studying hemoglobin genes, mutations of which play a role in genetic blood disorders like sickle cell anemia and beta-thalassemia, have shown in studies with mice that the KLF2 protein is crucial for making young red blood cells. The findings may poin...

Researchers find new genes necessary to make embryo

Researchers at New York University and the medical schools at Harvard and Yale universities have identified new genes necessary for embryonic development, according to findings published in the latest issue of Genome Research. This discovery is an important step toward a complete mapping of which p...

Carnegie donates landmark clones to biology

... is found in all other bacteria, fungi, and plants demonstrates that it was necessary in the atmosphere where they developedperiods in which the toxic ammonium a...sure on the system. The simplest explanation is that the mechanism is still necessary today, probably to control uptake and prevent toxicity. "The newly dona...

Carnegie Mellon's Jean VanBriesen leads research team on Monongahela River

...egie Mellon's research resonates with the mission of the Colcom Foundation, which has a long history of assessing and addressing the cause before it's necessary to respond to the symptom. It's a privilege to support Carnegie Mellon's preventative strategy," said Carol Zagrocki, program director of the Colcom F...

Plankton Power and RTDC announce proposed algae-to-biofuels pilot facility on Cape Cod

...s. "We are extremely pleased by the vision and commitment of our consortium partners to achieve the infrastructure, resources, and collaboration necessary to advance commercial development of promising algae-to-biofuel technology on the Cape," said Curtis S. Felix, CEO and Founder of Plankton Power. "The...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

...le crops of the subsistence farmer with substantially more macronutrients, such as protein, vitamins and minerals. Creating crops that contain all the necessary nutrients for human health in appropriate amounts could very well become the ultimate solution to malnutrition," said Roger N. Beachy, president, Dona...

Bioterrorism and disaster preparedness explored in special issue of Medical Decision Making

...ne of the CDC's principal bioterrorism-response programs, the Cities Readiness Initiative (CRI), a program that recommends the medical countermeasures necessary to minimize the hospital surge resulting from anthrax-related illness and response in the first two days after a major bioterrorism attack. The r...

Spallation Neutron Source sees first target replacement

...rget and render it unusable. The target is modular: It can be changed out whenever necessary. Some researchers estimated the first change would become necessary a year ago. One reason for the target's longer than expected life could be the decision to run the SNS at lower power--and step up the SNS's power ...

Results of national assessment of first responder location systems to be announced Aug. 3

... addition to the technical difficulties involved in locating people in three dimensions to within one foot inside buildings--this level of accuracy is necessary to determine on which side of a wall someone is located or to find someone in a space filled with dense smoke. "WPI began work on this problem after t...

Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles

...d improperly, can cause ACL tears. "These findings suggest that training the central control process---the brain and reflexive responses---may be necessary to counter the fatigue induced ACL injury risk," said McLean, who also has an appointment with the U-M Bone & Joint Injury Prevention Center. McLea...

Carnegie Mellon team makes sequestration recommendations

... risk-based assessment on geologic sequestration projects during their operating life, which will finance the FGSB and any remediation or compensation necessary during long-term stewardship. Create a stopgap federal indemnity program for the stewardship phase of "first-mover" geologic sequestration projects....

Vaccine blocks malaria transmission in lab experiments

...of the malaria-causing parasite, Plasmodium , as it grows within the mosquito. Sexual development is a critical step in the parasite's life cycle and necessary for continued transmission of malaria from mosquitoes to humans. The study is published in the July 22 edition of the journal PLoS ONE . "Develop...

C. difficile spores spread superbug

...e alcohol-based disinfectants tested had no success in preventing transmission. Instead, a 20-minute surface disinfection using a sporicidal agent was necessary to reduce environmental spore contamination enough to eliminate transmission. Further results detailing the success of individual hospital disinfectan...

Frost & Sullivan: North American Government Biometrics Markets Thrive With Active R&D Thrust

...cy, convenience, and time efficiency. The need for greater security to deal with fraudulence, illegal immigration, and criminal activities has made it necessary for government enterprises to rely on security solutions. Technological innovations have provided the market with strong forward momentum, and investm...

Fujitsu PalmSecure Certified Under International Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level 2

...ftware Developer Kit (SDK). SDK enables developers to enhance the security of their software applications and IT systems by supplying all the necessary equipment and resources for integrating PalmSecure. The Common Criteria certification provides developers with a higher level of assurance that they a...

$29.4 million grant establishes CTSI at NYU in partnership with Health and Hospitals Corporation

...d quickly to the bedside and into the community. Supporting education, training and development of researchers who can conduct the investigations necessary to bring scientific advances to the public. Through the CTSI, established mentors will provide side-by-side partnerships with promising investigators...

Study by NTU professors provides important insight into apoptosis or programmed cell death

...g to Professor Li, they discovered that during apoptosis, the cell's rescue mechanism is inhibited when certain proteins (i.e. 'anti-factors' that are necessary to keep a cell alive) are no longer able to enter the cell's nucleus, thus stopping the cell's ability to initiate its self-repair process. In add...

A matter of density, not quantity

...volume with bacteria and wait for them to reach the required population through cell division, or enclose a few cells in an extremely tiny volume. The necessary signaling compounds can also become sufficiently concentrated by this route because the released signals cannot diffuse far away from the cell but ins...

Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet

...rs prior to the evolution of vascular plants, but it explains how a massive increase in Earth's oxygen could happen, which has been long postulated as necessary for animals to evolve big time." "The isotopes are screaming that this happened in the Neoproterozoic," he added. ...

Report shows the power of US cities to mitigate climate change and steps they need to take to adapt

...ientists that emissions need to be reduced by 80% by 2050, the report finds these early steps to be promising, but that continued aggressive action is necessary over the next 40 years to meet the scale of the challenge. ...

US-Mexico border wall could threaten wildlife species

...ead author Aaron D. Flesch, a biologist from the University of Arizona they may be critical. "Movement of pygmy owls from Mexico to Arizona may be necessary for the persistence of the Arizona population," Flesch pointed out. The security wall could have a bigger impact on the movement of bighorn sheep, ...

Dietary supplements manufacturers gain new tool to help ensure quality products

... liquid chromatography (HPLC) full-color images that greatly simplify the analysis of ingredients of botanical originmaking it a central repository of necessary information for dietary supplements manufacturers. "With the release of this new Dietary Supplements Compendium, USP is seeking to partner with in...

Hormone clue to root growth

...h water, nutrients and anchorage. Understanding how roots grow and how hormones control that growth is crucial to improving crop yields, which will be necessary to address food security and produce better biofuels. Now an international group of scientists, led by the Centre for Plant Integrative Biology at...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

... are able to differentiate more then 120 Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains," says Manfred Hfle. This is important for infectious diseases in which it is necessary to know which strain is the causative agent. Further information are whether it is just one or more strains and where they derive from. The latter can...

Investing wisely to save the Great Barrier Reef

...f Marine Science, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and the Queensland Government worked in collaboration to design the process and provide the necessary scientific input to support the decision. Stakeholders were consulted via surveys and workshops held with regional natural resource management ag...

Virus-resistant grapevines

...thod on actual grapevines and then to carry out field tests." The scientists' long-term goal is to curb the use of pesticides. "Certain pesticides are necessary to fight GFLV infections," Schillberg explains. But they often only have a limited effect. They are also harmful to the environment and therefore bann...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

... are able to differentiate more then 120 Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains," says Manfred Hfle. This is important for infectious diseases in which it is necessary to know which strain is the causative agent. Further information are whether it is just one or more strains and where they derive from. The latter can...

New test can detect both genetic and chromosomal abnormalities in embryos

...hat inherited by the embryo. This can be achieved very rapidly using current microchip technology known as microarray." With karyomapping it is not necessary to know the exact DNA mutation that is being sought; the scientists just need to take the relevant chunk of DNA from the parent that carries the mutat...

New MRI technique could mean fewer breast biopsies in high-risk women

... Lumps with smooth edges often are benign, while those with jagged edges can signal cancer. To generate the kind of crisp, three-dimensional images necessary for such a diagnosis, Block, UW-Madison radiology associate professor Fred Kelcz and graduate student Catherine Moran are capitalizing on their unique...

New biomarker method could increase the number of diagnostic tests for cancer

...e -- may be suitable for use in preclinical studies to rapidly screen large numbers of candidate protein biomarkers in the hundreds of patient samples necessary for verification. MRM provides a rapid way to determine whether a candidate biomarker is detectable in blood. This is critically important for cl...

Xie Lab uncovers molecular machinery related to stem cell fate

...ostasis. An imbalance between the two can lead to tissue degeneration and to the development of tumors. It has long been known that the BAM protein is necessary for germline stem cell differentiation, but the specific molecular mechanism underlying BAM function had remained a mystery until now. Examining ...

Nematode courting caught on camera

...es of the species Caenorhabditis elegans . As the hermaphrodite does not actively co-operate in mating, it is up to the male to make and maintain the necessary contact. He presses the front side of his tail against the hermaphrodite while he backs along and searches for the vulva. If not found along this firs...

Pushmi-pullyu of B-cell development discovered

... Although every cell in the body carries the genes necessary to function as an antibody-producing B cell, only ...." Although DNA in every cell contains the genes necessary to become B cells, two factors help keep them sile...s estimated that EBF can turn on hundreds of genes necessary for B-cell development. The researchers did not kn...

A Canada-wide technology platform for mapping the human interactome

...at the IRCM is coordinating such an important Canada-wide initiative under the leaderschip of Dr. Coulombe. The IRCM is fully committed to provide all necessary support for the success of this new technology platform," added Dr. Tarik Mry, President and Scientific Director of the IRCM. ...

Researchers to reveal aging's origins on global stage

...nimals and humans. "Aging occurs because the complex biological molecules of which we are all composed become dysfunctional over time as the energy necessary to keep them structurally sound diminishes. Thus, our molecules must be repaired or replaced frequently by our own extensive repair systems," Hayflick...

Targeting helpers of heat shock proteins could help treat cancer, cardiovascular disease

...n inhibit the hormone response." Hsp90, is one of the most common of the ubiquitous heat shock proteins. These proteins are essential in the body, necessary to even digesting food. In healthy times they fold proteins properly so they'll do the right job, sometimes even delivering them where needed. During ...

Leading scientists and scholars urge action on climate issues

...equate and urge the nation's leadership to take clear leadership towards meet the objectives of the 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change, steps necessary to avert a "global climatic catastrophe". In part, the letter reads, "In many political circles around the world, the view has taken hold that na...
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