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materials in Biological News

Aluminum-oxide nanopore beats other materials for DNA analysis

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Fast and affordable genome sequencing has moved a step closer with a new solid-state nanopore sensor being developed by researchers at the University of Illinois. The nanopore sensor, made by drilling a tiny hole through a thin film of aluminum oxide, could ultimately prove capa...

New 'smart' materials for the brain

Research done by scientists in Italy and Switzerland has shown that carbon nanotubes may be the ideal "smart" brain material. Their results, published December 21 in the advance online edition of the journal Nature Nanotechnology , are a promising step forward in the search to find ways to "bypas...

So-called 'sandfish' could help materials handling and process technology specialists

It moves as quickly in sand as a fish moves through water, which is why this lizard, a species of skink ( Scincus scincus ) that grows to about 15 cm long and lives in the deserts of North Africa and the Near East, is commonly known by the name "sandfish."Although it looks fairly unremarkable, thi...

New research center at Brandeis to combine materials science and biology

Waltham, MABrandeis University has won a highly competitive $7.8 million grant from the National Science Foundation to establish a Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC). The Center will study the effects of imposing constraints on materials, such as DNA confined in cells and th...

'Smart' materials get smarter with ability to better control shape and size

AUSTIN, TexasA dynamic way to alter the shape and size of microscopic three-dimensional structures built out of proteins has been developed by biological chemist Jason Shear and his former graduate student Bryan Kaehr at The University of Texas at Austin. Shear and Kaehr fabricated a variety of...

Fast AFM probes measure multiple properties of biomolecules or materials simultaneously

New research demonstrates that novel probe technology based on flexible membranes can replace conventional atomic force microscopy (AFM) cantilevers for applications such as fast topographic imaging, quantitative material characterization and single molecule mechanics measurements. In addition ...

Making sure the wonder materials don't become the wonder pollutant

Carbon nanotubes are 10,000 times thinner than a human hair, yet stronger than steel and more durable than diamonds. They conduct heat and electricity with efficiency that rivals copper wires and silicon chips, with possible uses in everything from concrete and clothes to bicycle parts and electro...

Lensless camera uses X-rays to view nanoscale materials and biological specimens

ARGONNE, Ill. (Feb. 19, 2007) X-rays have been used for decades to take pictures of broken bones, but scientists at the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and their collaborators have developed a lensless X-ray technique that can take images of ultra-small structures bur...

Sea cliff erosion, hemp construction materials and more at UCSD Engineering Conference

Sea cliff erosion prediction, an automatic cameraman, wall boards made from hemp and plant-based glues, computers with common sense, origami optics, privacy-preserving surveillance systems, the strength of toucan beaks, and stem cell control with nano-science are just a few of the more than 250 re...

Purdue researchers obtain a snapshot clarifying how materials enter cells

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - A group of Purdue University researchers has captured a key step in the metabolic process that allows materials, such as nutrients and drug treatments, to move in and out of cells. A research team led by Jue Chen, an associate professor of biological sciences, obtained a ...

Scientists discover record-breaking hydrogen storage materials for use in fuel cells

Scientists at the University of Virginia have discovered a new class of hydrogen storage materials that could make the storage and transportation of energy much more efficient and affordable through higher-performing hydrogen fuel cells. Bellave S. Shivaram and Adam B. Phillips, the U.Va. phy...

Biomass as a source of raw materials

This release is available in German . For the protection of the environment, and because of the limited amount of fossil fuels available, renewable resources, such as specially cultivated plants, wood scraps, and other plant waste, are becoming the focus of considerable attention. Processe...

Stanford researchers develop biodegradable substitutes for wood, plastic bottles and other materials

Stanford University researchers have developed a synthetic wood substitute that may one day save trees, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and shrink landfills. The faux lumber is made from a new biodegradable plastic that could be used in a variety of building materials and perhaps replace the pe...

Pitt researchers create non-toxic clean-up method for potentially toxic nano materials

PITTSBURGHUniversity of Pittsburgh researchers have developed the first natural, nontoxic method for biodegrading carbon nanotubes, a finding that could help diminish the environmental and health concerns that mar the otherwise bright prospects of the super-strong materials commonly used in produc...

Extreme nature helps scientists design nano materials

Scientists are using designs in nature from extreme environments to overcome the challenges of producing materials on the nanometre scale. A team from the UK's John Innes Centre, the Scripps Research Institute in California and the Institut Pasteur in Paris have identified a stable, modifiable vir...

Findings a step toward making new optical materials

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Chemical engineers have developed a "self-assembling" method that could lead to an inexpensive way of making diamondlike crystals to improve optical communications and other technologies. The method, developed at Purdue University, works by positioning tiny particles onto...

Now, self-healing materials can mimic human skin, healing again and again

The next generation of self-healing materials, invented by researchers at the University of Illinois, mimics human skin by healing itself time after time. The new materials rely upon embedded, three-dimensional microvascular networks that emulate biological circulatory systems. “In the same mann...

Intelligent materials to regenerate bone tissue

More than half a million people in the European Union and a million in the United States suffer from disorders in or serious defects of some part of their bone structure. Operations involving grafts or implants, required to mitigate the damage, depend decisively on the materials used. The Europea...

Blood-compatible nanoscale materials possible using heparin

Researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have engineered nanoscale materials that are blood compatible using heparin, an anticoagulant. The heparin biomaterials have potential for use as medical devices and in medical treatments such as kidney dialysis. The researchers prepared several m...

UCLA scientists store materials in cells natural vaults

In the realm of nanotechnology, or study of the tiny, scientists often aim to safely deliver and leave material in the human body without causing harm. A big challenge is how to design a package for this biomaterial that will be compatible with living cells and will not provoke an immune reaction. ...

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young

... PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] Carbon nanoparticles are widely used in medicine, electronics, optics, materials science and architecture, but their health and environmental impact is not fully understood. In a series of experiments, researchers at Brown Unive...

New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible

...very easy to make, label and manipulate," said Zehui Cao, a postdoctoral researcher in the laboratory of chemistry professor Yi Lu, who led the study. materials science and engineering professors Gerard Wong and Jianjun Cheng were co-principal investigators on the study with Lu. Graduate students Rong Tong (wh...

Obama administration announces more than $327 million in Recovery Act funding for science research

...climate, and environmental remediation; Improvements at high-intensity light sources--today's cutting edge tools for advanced research in energy, materials science, and a host of other fields; Facilities upgrades and new equipment at several national laboratories and universities for fusion energy re...

New insights into health and environmental effects of carbon nanoparticles

...e that emergence of a nanotechnology industry is raising concerns about the potential adverse health and environmental effects of nanoparticles. These materials show promise for use in a wide range of products, including cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and electronics. The study focused on determining how diff...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...sed on the huge flood channels that drained some of the canyons, and on the materials that are exposed to depths of over 8 km. At stake in the debate is whether ..., California, using an airborne imaging spectrometer, to determine if these materials could be uniquely identified with reflectance spectroscopy. Such informatio...

University has grand designs to build a house of straw

...will be assessing straw bales and hemp as building materials so that they can be used more widely in the buildi...ector of the BRE Centre in Innovative Construction materials at the University of Bath, said: "Up to this point...omes fit for the challenge. "Made from natural materials that are beautiful, affordable and sustainable, Ba...

Scientists closer to making implantable bone material, thanks to new research

...to research published today in the journal Nature materials . Many scientists are currently trying to crea...ved. The idea is that, ultimately, these bone-like materials could be inserted into cavities so that real bone ...chemical properties and structure of the bone-like materials they are growing. Now, scientists from Imperia...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...ecognition of exceptional new products, processes, materials or software developed throughout the world and int... to help prevent terrorists from smuggling nuclear materials into the country. The Land Mine Locator is a h...peed up the exposure of coatings, paints and other materials to determine their durability and resistance to we...

High-tech vehicle design boosts emergency rescue capacity

... was the development of a completely new type of four-stretcher support that can be installed in different vehicles. The box kit uses high performance materials and can be adapted to a range of vehicles while offering weight reductions of up to 50% compared with previous products. Principal specifications incl...

What scientists know about jewel beetle shimmer

...nown for something else--providing a blueprint for materials that reflect light rather than absorbing it to pro...ready are studying ways to commercialize and apply materials that have properties similar to jewel beetles. ...ncy security measure. Car companies could use the materials to paint automobiles that change color depending o...

Silicon with afterburners: Process developed at Rice could be boon to electronics manufacturer

...hat is at the heart of all modern integrated circuits, said James Tour, Rice's Chao Professor of Chemistry and professor of mechanical engineering and materials science and of computer science. Doping introduces impurities into pure crystalline silicon as a way of tuning microscopic circuits to a particular...

New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions

... from cell membranes to the surfaces of artificial materials is opening peepholes on the very basics of cell-to...faces could lead to new classes of self-assembling materials for use in precision optics, nanotechnology, elect... .) Controlling interactions between colloidal materials In the May issue of Soft Matter , a journal o...

UK bioscience sparkles with new Diamond fellowship

...ections and integrate new scientific approaches into their work. Examples include exploring new methods of using different enzymes to breakdown waste materials for use as biofuels and exploring how young children develop language which could lead to interventions for children with language difficulties. ...

K-State plant pathologists develop online teaching modules used globally

...arsely stocked libraries, scarce and expensive software, and even a lack of materials in students' native languages are barriers to training plant pathologists i...hing modules for students in Bolivia by adding new material and translating materials into Spanish. The workshop is part of a larger joint project funded by t...

Facile synthesis of nanoparticles with multiple functions advanced in Singapore

... Nanostructured materials have garnered great interest worldwide due to thei...l synthesis has been recently published in Nature materials . IBN researchers have developed a protocol to ...monly available. Many useful metals and scarce materials that are soluble in water may now become readily e...

Toxin detection as close as an inkjet printer

...rsity, working with the Sentinel Bioactive Paper Network, describe a method for printing a toxin-detecting biosensor on paper using a FujiFilm Dimatix materials Printer. The researchers demonstrated the concept on the detection of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors such as paraoxon and aflatoxin B1 on p...

New Report Just Published: World Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers Market Report

...ectra-Physics, Inc., Q-Peak, Inc, Rofin-Sinar Technologies Inc., Scientific materials Corporation, and TRUMPF Laser GmbH + Co. KG. Market data and analytics are ...nc (USA) II-64 Rofin-Sinar Technologies Inc. (USA) II-64 Scientific materials Corporation (USA) II-64 TRUMPF Laser GmbH + Co. KG (Germany) II-65 ...

New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments

...rvice. Simmons and Singh also hold appointments with Sandia National Laboratories. Auto-fluorescence is an intrinsic optical property of biological materials that has often been viewed as a nuisance by scientists trying to image specific biological objects. Living cells contain molecules which fluoresce whe...

Academy Library accepted to prestigious Biodiversity Heritage Library

...ated to digitizing the published literature on biodiversity in order to preserve it and to make it more widely available. Scanning and cataloguing the materials preserves them in an alternate, more durable form so they can be readily available to researchers, educators and the general public, as well as future...

UH team analyzes Hurricane Ike's effects on waterways, fish contamination

...d industrial activity kicking back up that there might be some new material coming in." What those new sources are remains unclear, Rifai said, and materials that were manufactured with PCBs before the ban may still be in use. "Historically with PCBs, if you've made a million transformers, you didn't hav...
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