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Carnegie Mellon team makes sequestration recommendations

PITTSBURGHCarbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology, which captures carbon dioxide from power plants and safely disposes of it deep underground, will not meet its full potential in the United States without new federal regulations that create a uniform regulatory environment. This is th...

What makes a great footballer?

While most fans are in awe of what their football heroes can do with a football, the source of their remarkable skill remains strangely mysterious. Although being in excellent physical condition undoubtedly helps, few people actually believe that intense physical training alone can turn an average...

Discovery of a water snake that startles fish in a way that makes them flee into its jaws

Forget the old folk tales about snakes hypnotizing their prey. The tentacled snake from South East Asia has developed a more effective technique. The small water snake has found a way to startle its prey so that the fish turn toward the snake's head to flee instead of turning away. In addition, th...

GARP makes the difference

Scientists from the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research in Braunschweig, Germany and the Medical School Hannover, Germany have succeeded in treating immune cells in a way that enables them to inhibit unwanted immune reactions such as organ rejection. Their results have now been published in th...

Hidden genitalia in female water striders makes males 'sing'

In a study published in the open-access, peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE June 10, Chang Seok Han and Piotr Jablonski at Seoul National University, Korea, report that by evolving a morphological shield to protect their genitalia from males' forceful copulatory attempts, females of an Asian species...

UF makes gene therapy advance in severe genetic disorder

GAINESVILLE A dog born with a deadly disease that prevents the body from using stored sugar has survived 20 months and is still healthy after receiving gene therapy at the University of Florida putting scientists a step closer to finding a cure for the disorder in children. Called glycogen st...

DOE makes largest Danforth Campus research award in history

Washington University and the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center have received two awards totaling $35 million from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to do research on novel energy initiatives. At $20 million, the Washington University award is the largest ever received on the Danforth Campus...

New study reveals the protein that makes phosphate chains in yeast

It can be found in all life forms, and serves a multitude of purposes, from energy storage to stress response to bone calcification. This molecular jack-of-all trades is polyphosphate, a long chain of phosphate molecules. Researchers at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelber...

Stem cell therapy makes cloudy corneas clear, according to Pitt researchers

PITTSBURGH, April 9 Stem cells collected from human corneas restore transparency and don't trigger a rejection response when injected into eyes that are scarred and hazy, according to experiments conducted in mice by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Their study will...

A little java makes it easier to jive, researcher says

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Stopping to smell the coffee and enjoy a cup of it before your morning workout might do more than just get your juices flowing. It might keep you going for reasons you haven't even considered. As a former competitive cyclist, University of Illinois kinesiology and community h...

New high-throughput screening technique makes probing puzzling proteins possible

Understanding the tens of thousands of proteins that compose the human proteome has emerged as a key challenge of this century, and research efforts to date have already enabled major advances in drug discovery and understanding basic biology. But many potential avenues have been blocked by lack o...

Scripps scientists find structure of a protein that makes cancer cells resistant to chemotherapy

A research team at the Scripps Research Institute has obtained the first glimpse of a protein that keeps certain substances, including many drugs, out of cells. The protein, called P-glycoprotein or P-gp for short, is one of the main reasons cancer cells are resistant to chemotherapy drugs. Unders...

The host makes all the difference

"Where there are many scientific works dealing solely with the flu virus, we have investigated how the host reacts to an infection," says Klaus Schughart, head of the Experimental Mouse Genetics research group. In infection experiments the researchers have now discovered that an excessive immune ...

The egg makes sure that sperm don't get too old

In contrast to women, men are fertile throughout life, but research at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, has now shown that a fertilising sperm can get help from the egg to rejuvenate. The result is an important step towards future stem cell therapy. The risk of chromos...

Tobacco makes medicine

Tobacco isn't famous for its health benefits. But now scientists have succeeded in using genetically modified tobacco plants to produce medicines for several autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, including diabetes. The research is published in the open access journal BMC Biotechnology . A lar...

Liking sweets makes sense for kids

Philadelphia (March 18, 2009) As any parent knows, children love sweet-tasting foods. Now, new research from the University of Washington and the Monell Center indicates that this heightened liking for sweetness has a biological basis and is related to children's high growth rate. "The relati...

Oh baby, interventional radiology makes childbirth safer

SAN DIEGO, Calif. (March 10, 2009)Innovative, interventional radiology treatments are making childbirth safer for women who have C-sections that are complicated by massive bleeding and for those who suffer from the pregnancy condition of "invasive" placenta. The results of two studies detailing th...

Red wine vs. white? It makes no difference when it comes to breast-cancer risk

SEATTLE The largest study of its kind to evaluate the effect of red versus white wine on breast-cancer risk concludes that both are equal offenders when it comes to increasing breast-cancer risk. The results of the study, led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, were publishe...

Mount Sinai Hospital researcher makes stem cell breakthrough

(Toronto, ON, February 25, 2009) In a study to be released on March 1, 2009, Mount Sinai Hospital's Dr. Andras Nagy discovered a new method of creating stem cells that could lead to possible cures for devastating diseases including spinal cord injury, macular degeneration, diabetes and Parkinson...

Peptides-on-demand: McGill researcher's radical new green chemistry makes the impossible possible

This release is available in French . McGill University chemistry professor Chao-Jun (C.J.) Li is known as one of the world leading pioneers in green chemistry, an entirely new approach to the science which eschews the use of toxic, petrochemical-based solvents in favour of basic substanc...

Rett Syndrome Research Trust advisor makes significant discovery

A paper published online today in Nature Neuroscience reveals the presence of methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) in glia. MeCP2 is a protein associated with a variety of neurological disorders, including Rett Syndrome, the most physically disabling of the autism spectrum disorders. The researc...

Tree lizard’s quick release escape system makes jumpers turn somersaults

If you've ever tried capturing a lizard, you'll know how difficult it is. But if you do manage to corner one, many have the ultimate emergency quick release system for escape. They simply drop their tails, leaving the twitching body part to distract the predator as they scamper to safety. Accordin...

Biophysical Reviews makes debut in 2009

The International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and Springer will launch the journal Biophysical Reviews in spring 2009. Biophysical Reviews is the new official journal of the IUPAB, the leading international biophysics organization consisting of 52 national societies with app...

Our unconscious brain makes the best decisions possible

Researchers at the University of Rochester have shown that the human brainonce thought to be a seriously flawed decision makeris actually hard-wired to allow us to make the best decisions possible with the information we are given. The findings are published in today's issue of the journal Neuron...

'Fly guy' makes memory breakthrough

Dr. Francois Bolduc keeps more than 300,000 fruit flies in a basement laboratory, where he manipulates their genes and then tests their mental abilities. He's called the "fly guy," and he may sound like a comic book villain, but Bolduc is no mad scientist. A new recruit to the University of Al...

Feed a cold, feed a fever: Research shows calorie cut makes it harder to fight flu

EAST LANSING, Mich. -- Dieters or those who consume fewer calories during flu season could have a harder time fighting off the flu virus, according to research by Michigan State University nutritional immunology professor Elizabeth Gardner. In a study published in the November issue of the Jou...

What makes an axon an axon?

Inside every axon is a dendrite waiting to get out. Hedstrom et al. converted mature axons into dendrites by banishing a protein crucial for neuron development. The results suggest that this transformation could occur after nerve cell damage. The study, to be published in the Nov. 17 issue of...

Trustee makes donation to start new solar energy research center at Rensselaer

Troy N.Y. Thomas R. Baruch, a member of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Board of Trustees and alumnus of the Class of 1960, has donated a gift that will help to establish a new center at the Institute devoted to bio-energy research. The new center the Baruch '60 Center for Biochemical Solar...

Chips are down as Manchester makes protein scanning breakthrough

Scientists at The University of Manchester have developed a new and fast method for making biological 'chips' technology that could lead to quick testing for serious diseases, fast detection of MRSA infections and rapid discovery of new drugs. Researchers working at the Manchester Interdiscipl...

Mitochondrial cholesterol makes response to chemotherapy difficult in hepatic cancer

This release is available in Spanish . Cancer is a disease characterised by important metabolic alterations. Not only these adaptative changes give higher proliferative capacity to cancer cells, but they also contribute to higher resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. The research group led...

'Cross fire' from the brain makes patients tremble

A typical symptom of Parkinson's disease is tremor in patients. A group of scientists, including Professor Peter Tass from Forschungszentrum Jlich have succeeded in demonstrating the mechanisms which cause the so-called tremor: neuron clusters in the depths of the brain drive the tremor. This disc...

What makes life go at the tropics?

What causes tropical life to thrive: temperature, or sunlight? The answer is not necessarily both. According to a study published online this week in PNAS Early Edition, the explosion of species at the tropics has much more to do with warmth than with light. The diversity was unrelated to pr...

Hunger hormone: Makes food more attractive

This release is available in French . A new brain-imaging study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University reveals that ghrelin - a stomach hormone, acts on specific regions of the brain to enhance our response to food related cues and eating for pleasure. T...

American College of Medical Genetics makes genetic testing recommendations in new policy statement

Consumers are increasingly being marketed a broad range of genetic tests. Paternity tests at the drugstore.Personal genome mappingGene tests to predict future baldness. With ongoing genetic discoveries and technology improvements, more genetic tests are available than ever before and along with g...

14-year-old CEO makes chemistry a game with 'Elementeo'

Age seems to be no obstacle when it comes to starting a business. Thats the case with 14-year-old Anshul Samar, CEO of Alchemist Empire, Inc., who invented a trading card game, Elementeo, that aims to teach chemistry to students in a fun, unusual way. At the 235th National Meeting of the Americ...

Bacterium sequenced makes rare form of chlorophyll

Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis and Arizona State University have sequenced the genome of a rare bacterium that harvests light energy by making an even rarer form of chlorophyll, chlorophyll d. Chlorophyll d absorbs red edge, near infrared, long wave length light, invisible to th...

Diabetes makes it hard for blood vessels to relax

One way diabetes is bad for your blood vessels is by creating too much competition for an amino acid that helps blood vessels relax, researchers say. That amino acid, L-arginine, is broken down by the enzyme arginase to urea, which helps the body eliminate toxins resulting from the proteins we ...

New process makes nanofibers in complex shapes and unlimited lengths

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. The continuous fabrication of complex, three-dimensional nanoscale structures and the ability to grow individual nanowires of unlimited length are now possible with a process developed by researchers at the University of Illinois. Based on the rapid evaporation of solvent from s...

Case researcher in RNA biology makes waves by challenging current thinking

In the January 18th issue of Molecular Cell, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher Kristian E. Baker, Ph.D. challenges molecular biologys established body of evidence and widely-accepted model for nonsense-mediated messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) decay. With her collabora...

Decoy makes sitting duck of superbugs

Scientists from the John Innes Centre have proven that by taking a short stretch of DNA from a bacterium and delivering it with an existing antibiotic they can switch off antibiotic resistance. Together with technology transfer company PBL, the scientists have launched a spin-out company, Proc...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... new early-warning signs of the potential loss of sight ... for the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic retinopathy, potentially ... "We had not expected to see such striking changes ... Elsner, professor and associate dean in the IU School ... set out to study the early signs, in volunteer ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... wild animals and plant life, but there,s an invisible ... in the soil, decomposing organic matter and releasing carbon ... fungi play in ecological systems, their identities have only ... generated a genetic map of more than 10,000 species ... this week in the Proceedings of the National ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... View of Domestication," a special feature of The ... ( PNAS ) published April 29, raises a ... deep history that most of us take for granted. ... in many spots around the globe shifted from hunting ... and plants. , It seems so straightforward and yet ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 2New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 3Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 2Stanford biologists help solve fungal mysteries 3Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 2Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 3Genetic study tackles mystery of slow plant domestications 4
(Date:4/18/2014)... 2014) Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason (BRI) ... particular molecule in metastatic breast cancer reduces both the ... metastases. BRI scientists have found in models of the ... 60 - 80 percent and can keep the tumor ... million five-year grant comes from the National Cancer Institute ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... today in PLOS Pathogens , children who live ... can mount an immune response to infection with malaria ... of high fever and illness and partially control the ... may help researchers develop future interventions that prevent or ... Each year, approximately 200 million cases of malaria occur ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... MD, was recently invited to submit a review ... Microbiology , one of the world,s foremost scientific ... specialist, and chair of the Department of Pediatrics ... analyzed the epidemiology and microbiology of co-infections during ... as more recent 2009 novel H1N1 pandemic. ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... NY (April 16, 2014) The cause of neuronal ... new study proposes that neurons may be mistaken for ... system, similar to the way autoimmune diseases like type ... body,s cells. The study was published April 16, 2014, ... new, and likely controversial, idea in Parkinson,s disease; but ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Benaroya Research Institute evaluates immunology approach to blocking breast cancer 2Health News:Chronic inflammation may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer 2Health News:Chronic inflammation may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer 3Health News:Study sheds light on how the immune system protects children from malaria 2Health News:Is Parkinson's an autoimmune disease? 2
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