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Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient

CORVALLIS, Ore. Automobile owners around the world may some day soon be driving on tires that are partly made out of trees which could cost less, perform better and save on fuel and energy. Wood science researchers at Oregon State University have made some surprising findings about the potent...

A breath mint made from... coffee?

We all know why Starbucks puts boxes of breath mints close to the cash register. Your morning latte can create a startling aroma in your mouth, strong enough to startle your co-workers too. But intriguing new research from Tel Aviv University by renowned breath specialist Prof. Mel Rosenberg o...

Breakthrough made in assessing marine phytoplankton health

CORVALLIS, Ore. Researchers from Oregon State University, NASA and other organizations said today that they have succeeded for the first time in measuring the physiology of marine phytoplankton through satellite measurements of its fluorescence an accomplishment that had been elusive for years. ...

New study: Home energy savings are made in the shade

Trees positioned to shade the west and south sides of a house may decrease summertime electric bills by 5 percent on average, according to a recent study* of California homes by researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)...

A full-sized California-style home made of bamboo

A new type of eco-friendly residential house made of bamboo now stands in Changsha, Hunan Province, China. A team led by Yan Xiao, a professor at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering and also a founding director of the Institute of Modern Bamboo, Timber and Composite Structures of the Hunan U...

Breakthrough made in energy efficiency, use of waste heat

CORVALLIS, Ore. Engineers at Oregon State University have made a major new advance in taking waste heat and using it to run a cooling system a technology that can improve the energy efficiency of diesel engines, and perhaps some day will appear in automobiles, homes and industry. This heat-ac...

Jumbo-sized discovery made in Malaysia

NEW YORK (JANUARY 14, 2008) New data released today by the Wildlife Conservation Society and Malaysia's Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) reveals that a population of endangered Asian elephants living in a Malaysian park may be the largest in Southeast Asia. WCS and D...

Einstein researchers develop technique to count messages made by single genes

November 16, 2008 In a study in the advance online edition of Nature Structural and Molecular Biology , researchers from Albert Einstein College of Medicine describe a technique for looking more precisely at a fundamental step of a cell's life a gene, DNA, being read into a message, mRNA. The ...

Acrylic glass made of sugar

This press release is available in German Duisburg/Leipzig. In future, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA for short) - better known as acrylic glass - could be made from natural raw materials such as sugars, alcohols or fatty acids. PMMA is manufactured by polymerising methyl methacrylate (...

Sensitive nanowire disease detectors made by Yale scientists

New Haven, Conn. Yale scientists have created nanowire sensors coupled with simple microprocessor electronics that are both sensitive and specific enough to be used for point-of-care (POC) disease detection, according to a report in Nano Letters . The sensors use activation of immune cells by...

Nanojewels made easy

TEMPE, Ariz. Butterfly wings, peacock feathers, opals and pearls are some of nature's jewels that use nanostructures to dazzle us with color. It's accomplished through the way light reaches our eyes after passing through the submicroscopic mazes within these materials. The seemingly effortless...

Gypsy moth management made more efficient, cost-effective

A computer model that provides land managers with a more efficient and cost-effective approach for controlling gypsy moths and other invasive pests has been created by biologists at Penn State University and the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. Gypsy moths, which were introduced to ...

Nano-softball made of DNA

This release is available in German . For quite some time, DNA, the stuff our genes are made of, has also been considered the building material of choice for nanoscale objects. A team led by Gnter von Kiedrowski at the Ruhr University in Bochum has now made a dodecahedron (a geometric ...

Gene discovery made easier with powerful new networking technique

AUSTIN, TexasThe identification of disease-causing genes will be much easier and faster using a powerful new gene-networking model developed by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin. Edward Marcotte and his colleague, postdoctoral researcher Insuk Lee, used the gene network technique...

Seismic images show dinosaur-killing meteor made bigger splash

AUSTIN, TexasThe most detailed three-dimensional seismic images yet of the Chicxulub crater, a mostly submerged and buried impact crater on the Mexico coast, may modify a theory explaining the extinction of 70 percent of life on Earth 65 million years ago. The Chicxulub crater was formed when a...

Where and why humans made skates out of animal bones

Archaeological evidence shows that bone skates (skates made of animal bones) are the oldest human powered means of transport, dating back to 3000 BC. Why people started skating on ice and where is not as clear, since ancient remains were found in several locations spread across Central and North E...

Evil genes made me do it

While there have been numerous medical studies investigating the physiological and biochemical basis for behavioral disorders such as antisocial personality disorder and borderline personality disorder, there have been virtually no comprehensive studies aimed at providing a physiological explanati...

Depression, aging, and proteins made by a virus may all play role in heart disease

COLUMBUS, Ohio Researchers here have linked an increase in two immune system proteins essential for inflammation to a latent viral infection and proposed a chain of events that might accelerate cardiovascular disease. The same process may be involved in a host of other ailments plaguing the e...

Scientists capture the first image of memories being made

This release is available in French . The ability to learn and to establish new memories is essential to our daily existence and identity; enabling us to navigate through the world. A new study by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (The Neuro), McGill Universi...

Progress made in HIV vaccine development

Researchers have successfully tested two candidate vaccines that may eventually be used together to confer immunity against HIV infection. Their findings are published in the December 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. Barney S. Graham, MD, PhD, and colleagues ...

Iowa State researchers improving plastics made from corn and soy proteins

David Grewell picked up the little plastic model of a molecule he keeps in his office. He scrunched the model's folding pieces into a ball. That's about the shape of a soy or corn protein, said Grewell, an Iowa State University assistant professor of agricultural and biosystems engineering. Then he...

Progress being made in exploring potential use of stem cells to treat heart disease

Scientists are making headway in exploring the potential future use of stem cells to treat heart disease, according to a review article in the current issue of Nature (June 29, 2006). Authored by Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease Director Deepak Srivastava, MD, and Gladstone Institut...

Data published in PNAS show antibodies can be made 10 times more toxic to cancer cells

Engineering the "Fc" region of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) increases their toxicity to cancer cells, potentially improving the utility of targeted cancer therapies, according to research conducted at Xencor, which will be published in the March 14 print issue of the Proceedings of the National Aca...

Growth hormone is made in the brain, report scientists

Scientists have found that growth hormone, a substance that is used for body growth, is produced in the brain, according to an article published in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The researchers -- from three institutions –?found that growth hormone is produced withi...

Major advance made on DNA structure

Oregon State University researchers have made significant new advances in determining the structure of all possible DNA sequences ?a discovery that in one sense takes up where Watson and Crick left off, after outlining in 1953 the double-helical structure of this biological blueprint for life. On...

Low oxygen likely made Great Dying worse, greatly delayed recovery

The biggest mass extinction in Earth history some 251 million years ago was preceded by elevated extinction rates before the main event and was followed by a delayed recovery that lasted for millions of years. New research by two University of Washington scientists suggests that a sharp decline in ...

Advances in lung cancer research announced at conference

...Investigator in TGen's Cancer and Cell Biology Division and Director of Thoracic Oncology at TGen Clinical Research Services at Scottsdale Healthcare, made both announcements at the 13th World Conference on Lung Cancer in San Francisco. In one presentation, Dr. Weiss described research that eventually ...

Highest ever winter water temperatures recorded

...sensing specialists at CSIRO's Wealth from Oceans Flagship have been observing the current in recent days using satellite data, and ocean measurements made near Maria Island on Tasmania's east coast. CSIRO oceanographers Katy Hill, David Griffin and George Cresswell study ocean behaviour in the Austral...

Navigating in the ocean of molecules

...m was consciously designed in a very user-friendly way so that non-experts can use it to analyse their data themselves," he adds. The researchers have made Scaffold Hunter available free of charge on the Internet. The source code can also be obtained: advanced users can thus adapt the program to their req...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

...ed in the 34-meter (111.55-feet) radio telescope of the Deep Space Network, made measurements from 22 May to 16 June 2006. The authors detected nonthermal m...n. The authors believe that the results show that improved SSH measurements made by planned missions will enable significant advances in the study of ocean ...

Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's

... AUGUSTA, Ga. Cancer and Alzheimer's have excess protein in common and scientists say learning more about how proteins are made and eliminated will lead to better treatment for both. Medical College of Georgia researchers Drs. Nahid F. Mivechi and Dimitrios Moskofidis have r...

'Green' energy from algae

...lot-scale and demonstration plants shall be built on the northern KIT campus, with the favorable conditions in terms of space and infrastructure being made use of. "This will represent a major node in the presently rather rapid networking of algae biotechnology", emphasizes Posten. To make energy producti...

Venomous sea snakes play heads or tails with their predators

...ds, claims research published today in Marine Ecology . The discovery, made by Dr Arne Redsted Rasmussen and Dr Johan Elmberg, showed that Yellow-lippe...ur is a hitherto overlooked anti-predator adaptation. The discovery was made while senior author Arne Redsted Rasmussen was diving off the coast of the ...

New DNA and RNA aptamers offer unique therapeutic advantages

...hors describe the methods used to identify aptamers that specifically bind protein drug targets of interest, the types of modifications that have been made to aptamers to enhance their therapeutic potential, and the different types of aptamers that are currently in development. They also discuss the chall...

Bioethanol's impact on water supply 3 times higher than once thought

...farm to the fuel pump. But these estimates failed to account for widely varied regional irrigation practices, the scientists say. The scientists made a new estimate of bioethanol's impact on the water supply using detailed irrigation data from 41 states. They found that bioethanol's water requiremen...

ComCam Selected by ePortation on New Maritime Domain Awareness Project

...ements contained in this press release are forward-looking statements. A safe-harbor provision may not be applicable to the forward-looking statements made in this press release. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties, including timely development, market acceptance o...

Lead-based consumer paint remains a global public health threat

...e a product that has long been known to be dangerous to people." Clark says calls for a global ban on the use of lead in paintssuch as the one in made in his 2006 paperappear to be having some impact. In May of 2009, a United Nations-sponsored international forum passed a resolution to establish a gl...

Pitt researchers find promising candidate protein for cancer prevention vaccines

...thy people naturally developed an immune response against a protein that is made in excess levels in many cancers, including breast, lung, and head and neck...at perhaps 20 to 30 percent of people already recognize it as abnormal when made in excess, we can be more confident about the safety of a vaccine strategy ...

New stem cell research could reduce number of animal experiments

... previously most stem cells were derived from embryos, this new research project will instead use Induced Pluripotent Stem cells (iPS cells) which are made from skin cells from adults. Dr Subramanian has been awarded a major three year grant by the National Centre for Replacement, Refinement & Reductio...

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

...lts clearly show the need to move away from annual crops and increase our use and domestication of perennial crops. "So far, little effort has been made to improve perennial crops," he says. "Some of greatest possibilities for transforming agriculture may well come from overlooked systems such as peren...
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