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Center to investigate plant cells for better biomass fuels

Cutting edge approaches and methodology employed by plant and molecular biologists, chemists, physicists, material scientists, computational modelers and engineers will be applied to plant cells in the newly funded Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation, a Department of Energy, Energy ...

Scientists develop new method to investigate origin of life

Scientists at Penn State have developed a new computational method that they say will help them to understand how life began on Earth. The team's method has the potential to trace the evolutionary histories of proteins all the way back to either cells or viruses, thus settling the debate once and...

Growing use of nanomaterials spurs research to investigate possible downsides

TEMPE, Ariz. Potential risks from the use of nanomaterials will be explored by three Arizona State University engineering faculty in a project supported by a $400,000 grant from the U.S.Department of Energy Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Nanomaterials are becoming more preval...

Prison study to investigate link between diet and behavior

Trials will soon be underway in three UK prisons to investigate the link between nutrition and behaviour. Funded by the Wellcome Trust, the study will look at which nutrients are most important and at what dosage. In the study, volunteers from three young offenders institutions housing male pri...

University awarded £5M to investigate how cells communicate

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have been awarded 5 million to investigate how cells respond to stimuli such as stress and UV radiation. Biologists at Liverpool will investigate the role of the NF-kappaB signalling system to determine how cells decide when to die. NFkB governs respo...

Largest study to investigate risk factors of autism to begin enrolling families

OAKLAND, Calif., November 14, 2007 Researchers from Kaiser Permanente and the California Department of Public Health, as well as from five other sites nationwide, today will begin enrolling families in the largest study to date investigating the genetic and environmental factors that may cause au...

Louisiana Tech researchers investigate tracking, sensors to assist Air Force

Two Louisiana Tech faculty members, Dr. Sumeet Dua, an assistant professor of computer science, and Dr. Rastko Selmic, an assistant professor of electrical engineering, are using their skills and technical knowledge to help the U.S. Air Force and Department of Defense with sensor networks and trac...

Binghamton University researchers investigate evolving malaria resistance

Funded by a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, scientists at Binghamton University, State University of New York, hope to understand how the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum evolved resistance to the once-effective medication chloroquine. Malaria is responsible for...

Carnegie Mellon scientists investigate initial molecular mechanism that triggers neuronal firing

BOSTONCarnegie Mellon University chemists have solved a decade-long molecular mystery that could eventually help scientists develop drug therapies to treat a variety of disorders, including epilepsy and Alzheimers disease. Using intensive theoretical and computational calculations, Carnegie Mellon...

Arctic expedition will investigate alien-like glacier

A scientific expedition to a remote glacier field in Canada's High Arctic may help researchers unlock the secrets about the beginning of life and provide insights for future exploration of our solar system. A team assembled by the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America plans to...

USC researchers investigate protein that protects tumors

A protein that allows breast cancer cells to evade the body's natural immune responses could be a target of future cancer therapies, according to a study by scientists from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California. The study, published in the July 1 issue of the Ame...

UCLA launches $20 million stem cell institute to investigate HIV, cancer and neurological disorders

Experts in bioengineering, imaging, molecular genetics, immunology, ethics, hematology/oncology and cellular biology to collaborate on Proposition 71 research Drawing together experts from fields as diverse as engineering to molecular biology, UCLA officials announced March 16 the formation of t...

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young

...ated experiments in the works. They plan to test fruit flies' response to nanosilver and other nanomaterials with different chemistries, and they will investigate why the adult Drosophila died from varieties of the carbon nanoparticles. ...

La Jolla Institute discovers novel tumor suppressor

...urprising occurrence suggested that PLC-beta 3 acted as a safeguard that inhibited the development of a variety of tumors. He and his team set out to investigate further, choosing to focus specifically on myeloproliferative disease because almost all of the mice with a defective PLC-beta 3 gene eventually devel...

New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein

... consists of two structurally similar units that are held together by intra- or intermolecular forces.) "One particularly promising approach is to investigate the thermodynamics of protein folding through examining the energy landscape," Landau explained. "By doing this, we can learn about the characteristic...

Large trees declining in Yosemite

...ly resist fire more than small-diameter trees, so fewer large trees could also slow forest regeneration after fires. "Although this study did not investigate the causes of decline, climate change is a likely contributor to these events and should be taken into consideration," said USGS scientist emeritus Ja...

Nanodiamonds deliver insulin for wound healing

... Ho's group next will work on integrating the nanodiamond-insulin complexes into a gel and conducting preclinical studies. The researchers also will investigate different areas of medicine in which the nanodiamond-insulin clusters could be used. Nanodiamonds have many advantages for biomedical applications....

EPA grant to University of Chicago for research on food allergy triggers

... WASHINGTON The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has awarded a $433,100 grant to the University of Chicago to investigate how allergic reactions to food are initiated. The research is expected to lead to improved methods to assess whether pesticides produced in geneticall...

International research team seeks to unravel flatworm regeneration

... of this species consists of stem cells, making it a unique model system to investigate the function of stem cells. Many planaria genes resemble those of human...similar function in the planarian stem cells. Further studies are needed to investigate this. ...

University of Miami receives stimulus funds for study of hurricane impacts on structures, ecosystems

...Target for completion of the building is Summer 2012. "We are thrilled with the prospect of this new research building, which will help us further investigate how hurricanes and other extreme weather phenomena affect our natural and manmade environment," said Dr. Roni Avissar, dean of the Rosenstiel School a...

Happier, healthier, more productive hens on omega-3?

... UK's leading egg production company. The three-year research project will investigate the benefits of omega-3 supplemented diets in laying hens. Eighteen mil...en taken off the diet. Dr Tarlton will lead a multidisciplinary team to investigate the benefits of supplemented omega-3 diets in laying hens. They will look ...

A matter of density, not quantity

...tions as to how quorum-sensing-regulated processes are relevant both to large colonies of cells and to single cells in confined spaces. In order to investigate this phenomenon, two different approaches can be taken: either seed a macroscopic volume with bacteria and wait for them to reach the required populat...

Two dietary oils, two sets of benefits for older women with diabetes

...increased a hormone called adiponectin. Increasing this hormone may have instilled an improved ability to burn dietary fats, said Belury, who hopes to investigate this mechanism in a follow-up study. Belury said that other work she is conducting in animals suggests that at least in the case of CLA, the fatty ...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

..., we are able to say from which clam species the germ originates." The new technique can also be used to characterize other bacterial pathogens and to investigate how pathogenic bacteria evolve in the environment. "Hereby, this high resolution method makes an important contribution towards a fast and precise rec...

Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows

...a possible study path toward a better understanding of the problem. The study appears in the June issue of Pediatric Research . It is the first to investigate the risk of being born preterm for infants who have a variety of congenital brain defects. "The most important thing about this study is that to-d...

Evolution: Crabs go deep to avoid hot water

... Researchers from the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, have drawn together 200 years' worth of oceanographic knowledge to investigate the distribution of a notorious deep-sea giant the king crab. The results, published this week in the Journal of Biogeography , reveal temperature ...

Colorectal cancer

...s frequently not discovered until it has already formed metastases. To investigate which genetic mutations favor the formation of metastases, the researchers ...ortant in the developing embryo." In the future the researchers want to investigate the role of the other 114 genes more closely, in order to better understand...

The sound of light: Innovative technology shatters the barriers of modern light microscopy

... dawn of the microscope scientists have been using light to scrutinize thin sections of tissue to ascertain whether they are healthy or diseased or to investigate cell function. However, the penetration limits for this kind of examination lie between half a millimeter and one millimeter of tissue. In thicker lay...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

..., we are able to say from which clam species the germ originates." The new technique can also be used to characterize other bacterial pathogens and to investigate how pathogenic bacteria evolve in the environment. "Hereby, this high resolution method makes an important contribution towards a fast and precise rec...

Female human embryos adjust the balance of X chromosomes before implantation

...ppens in the human blastocyst, then alternative strategies for generating human ES cell lines need to be developed. Obviously, an important step is to investigate exactly when and how reactivation of the X chromosome happens in the human embryo and to use this information in the derivation of new human ES cell l...

What makes a great footballer?

...archers as a difficult 'black box' to understand. "To develop an understanding of the evolution and function of complex performance traits, we need to investigate the role of individual skill". ...

NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

...f inflammatory bowel disease, in children is typically treated with a liquid nutrient diet. It is not known how this treatment works. This team will investigate whether it works by altering the composition of the intestinal microbiome. Partial funding for this project will be provided by NIH's Office of Dieta...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

...he study to understand the frequency and concentration of pesticide residues that might be found in U.S. homes. EPA and HUD scientists plan to further investigate these findings and the study's questionnaire results to explore the relationships between pesticide concentrations found in homes and housing factors ...

UC Davis grant zeroes in on novel asthma diagnosis and treatment

...o discovered a novel therapeutic target for treating inflammation, has received a three-year $750,000 grant from the American Asthma Foundation to investigate whether his discovery will work on asthma, a chronic disease affecting 300 million people worldwide, including 23 million Americans. "In our stu...

The SIB recognizes the next generation of bioinformaticians

...ultiple alignments of many protein families now contain more than 100 homologous sequences(and some even several thousand), which makes it possible to investigate the evolutionary constraints that act on particular residues in much detail. Such analyses reveal that protein residues are constrained in very compli...

Size did matter

...in Grenoble, through collaboration with Paul Tafforeau, a palaeontologist at the ESRF. This method is currently the most powerful and sensitive way to investigate in three dimensions and at a microscopic scale, the internal anatomy of exceptional fossils without damaging them. "Holotomography is a non-destructiv...

Rosenstiel students come out on top

... of osmoregulation in aquatic organisms. Working with Dr. Martin Grosell, he is using pupfish, Cyprinodon sp. , as a model organism to comparatively investigate the sodium transport mechanisms fish have evolved to osmoregulate in fresh water environments. Brix entered the Ph.D. program at the Rosenstiel School...

Protecting the food crops of the future

... Biologists are investigating how to control when plants flower - to help farmers reap a bumper harvest. The University of Leeds team will also investigate whether the flowering process can be made more robust and able to withstand predicted changes in the climate. Professor of Plant Development at the...

Stress puts double whammy on reproductive system, fertility

...y be possible to block GnIH to reduce some of the effects of stress on reproduction. The researchers plan to confirm the results in female rats and investigate further the role of GnIH in reproduction. ...

They are young and need the job: A second chance for dangerous T-cells

... needs, since they can be obtained in the millions from the blood of patients. Young T-cells, on the other hand, only exist in the thymus. We will now investigate whether there is a specific time window in the life of a young T-cell that allows negative selection or reprogramming into regulatory T-cells. We are ...
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