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illness in Biological News

Fighting obesity and illness with a novel approach to nutrition

The syndrome's principal clinical manifestations are abdominal obesity and high levels of a type of blood fat called triglycerides which are a strong predictor for a person's risk for stroke. The potential complications are serious: hardening of the arteries, an increased risk of cardiovascular di...

Large-scale investment catapults CAMH's mental illness and addiction research forward

The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) is proud to announce a landmark investment of $15 million by the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) into research that will propel the understanding, intervention, treatment and prevention of mental illness and addiction to the next level of ex...

Researchers to study lyme-like illness in Texas

Tao Lin, D.V.M., and Steven J. Norris, Ph.D., both with the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, have been named grant recipients of the Norman Hackerman Advanced Research Program (ARP) by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Boar...

Research pioneer in the developmental origins of psychiatric illness is awarded the Sackler prize

A leader in recent research on the interaction of genes and environment in the development of psychiatric illness, Avshalom Caspi, Ph.D. of King's College London, has been awarded the Mortimer D. Sackler, M.D., Prize for Distinguished Achievement in Developmental Psychobiology. Presented jointly b...

Fresh-cut produce washing practices can minimize food-borne illness risks

WASHINGTON, DC -- Researchers at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently examined the safety and quality of "wash techniques" used in the production of packaged produce. The study, published in the October 2007 issue of HortScience, simulated washing techniques to learn more ab...

Laser can spot illness before symptoms appear

It may not rank among the top 10 causes of death, but decompression sickness can be fatal. Instead of waiting for symptoms to appear, a University of Houston professor is developing a laser-based system that can diagnose the sickness in a matter of seconds. Kirill Larin, assistant professor of b...

Soy isoflavone may inhibit common gastrointestinal illness in infants

The soy isoflavone genistin--at concentrations present in soy infant formula-- may reduce a babys susceptibility to rotavirus infections by as much as 74 percent, according to a University of Illinois study published in Septembers Journal of Nutrition. Rotavirus is the primary cause of diarrhea...

Repeat C-section before 39 weeks raises risk of neonatal illness

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Women choosing repeat cesarean deliveries and having them at term but before completing 39 weeks gestation are up to two times more likely to have a baby with serious complications including respiratory distress resulting in mechanical ventilation and NICU admission. UAB resear...

Plastics suspect in lobster illness

MBL, WOODS HOLE, MAThe search for what causes a debilitating shell disease affecting lobsters from Long Island Sound to Maine has led one Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) visiting scientist to suspect environmental alkyphenols, formed primarily by the breakdown of hard transparent plastics. ...

Gene chips used to distinguish ventilator-associated pneumonia from underlying critical illness

St. Louis, Feb. 13, 2008 Critically ill patients who need a ventilator to breathe face a high risk of pneumonia. The lung infection, however, is exceedingly difficult to diagnose because a patient's underlying condition often skews laboratory test results and masks pneumonia's symptoms a realit...

Scientists tackle mystery mountain illness

Experts at the University are studying an illness known as HAPE (high altitude pulmonary oedema), which causes fluid to build up in the lungs can and can occur from as low as 2,500 metres, affecting people of all age groups and fitness levels. Little is known about the condition and there is no...

Gene linked with mental illness shapes brain region, researchers find

A gene variant associated with mental illness goes hand-in-hand with enlargement of a brain region that handles negative emotions, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and the Central Texas Veterans Health Care System have found. The region of the brain called the pulvinar is larger a...

Spousal illness can trigger partner death

In the largest study ever to quantify caregiver burden and the widower effect, researchers found that for people aged 65 and older, hospitalization of a spouse can harm the wellbeing of his or her partner and significantly contribute to that partner's death. This risk also varies with the ill spous...

ADA releases position paper on food and water safety

...untry, identifies new tools that can help decrease illness and encourages continued research, education and t... foods not traditionally associated with foodborne illness outbreaks. New issues associated with food safety ...odNet and PulseNet, to detect food- and waterborne illness outbreaks in the United States. "These government ...

Bioterrorism and disaster preparedness explored in special issue of Medical Decision Making

...diness Initiative (CRI), a program that recommends the medical countermeasures necessary to minimize the hospital surge resulting from anthrax-related illness and response in the first two days after a major bioterrorism attack. The researchers found that a CRI-compliant prophylaxis campaign starting tw...

Early detection and quick response are key to defense against anthrax attack

...er happening." The study predicts that a campaign initiated two days after exposure would protect as many as 87 percent of exposed individuals from illness -- a rate considered successful by the CDC. Each additional day needed to complete the campaign would result in an average of up to 2.9 percent more h...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

...al and neurological disorders is expected to grow for a variety of reasons: an ageing population will lead to an increased risk for age-related mental illness and neurological disorders, especially dementia and Parkinsons disease. By 2040, Alzheimers disease will double in Western and triple in Eastern Europ...

LSUHSC research helps link schizophrenia to specific DNA region

...ple who do not respond or only partially respond," notes Buccola, principal investigator on the LSUHSC study. "Understanding the underpinnings of this illness will open doors to new and potentially better treatments." According to the National Institute of Mental Health, schizophrenia is a chronic, severe...

Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually

...topic. The study says that government action to reduce sulfur emissions from shipping fuel (the source of air pollution linked to an increased risk of illness and death) could reduce that toll. The study is in the current issue of ACS' Environmental Science & Technology , a semi-monthly publication. Jam...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...e east coast of the United States in the 21st century. Since the end of the 1990s, Vibrio parahaemolyticus epidemics have led to thousands of cases of illness in Chile. In the future, due to ballast water or climate change, the species may also gain importance in Europe. As in the Cholera bacterium, various ...

Ben-Gurion U. researchers reveal connection between cancer and human evolution

...hough mitochondria's role in the emergence of new species has been investigated recently, the idea that they are responsible for our susceptibility to illness startles many." To test this hypothesis, the researchers analyzed the genome mitochondria mutations from 98 unrelated individuals. Combinations of mu...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...e east coast of the United States in the 21st century. Since the end of the 1990s, Vibrio parahaemolyticus epidemics have led to thousands of cases of illness in Chile. In the future, due to ballast water or climate change, the species may also gain importance in Europe. As in the Cholera bacterium, various ...

A Canada-wide technology platform for mapping the human interactome

...interact together and with other molecules such as RNAs or DNA will allow us to better define the very bases of life and the misfunctions that lead to illness and eventually death. "There is even hope that this knowledge of the intricate molecular functioning of human cells will lead to the development of be...

Infant formula adulteration with melamine underscores need for better detection methods

...kshop this week to explore better ways to detect deliberately falsified protein content in food ingredients. The presence of false protein can lead to illness and death, as with thousands of Chinese children in the tragic melamine adulteration of infant formula this year and with pets in the United States in...

Brain-computer interface, developed at Brown, begins new clinical trial

...le amount with the assistance of the first participants in the BrainGate trial, not only about how the motor cortex continues to work after paralyzing illness or injury, but also about how to harness these powerful intracortical signals for controlling computers and other assistive devices," Hochberg said. ...

Liver disease 'shrunk' by blood-pressure drug

...archers analysed a small clinical trial of losartan, a drug normally prescribed for hypertension, on 14 patients in Spain, who had Hepatitis C. The illness was at an advanced stage causing fibrosis - scarring in the liver - which would usually have progressed to liver failure. Half of the patients in t...

NIH announces new program to develop therapeutics for rare and neglected diseases

...reatments. Private companies seldom pursue new therapies for these types of illness because of high costs and failure rates and the low likelihood of recoverin...y few basic researchers study rare diseases, so the underlying cause of the illness frequently remains unknown. In addition, because rare diseases are rare, re...

Babies born to native high-altitude mothers have decreased risk of low birth weight

...w altitude. The question of why babies born at high altitude are smaller is not an academic one. Low birthweight is associated with higher rates of illness and mortality. By understanding this physiology, researchers hope to find out how to protect from reductions in fetal growth even in low-oxygen enviro...

UCI awarded $45 million for infectious disease research

...some of the region's best scientists to cooperate in research teams. Each person brings a special expertise. Our common goal is prevention and cure of illness by some of the most serious pathogens facing people in the U.S., Latin America and Pacific Rim countries," Barbour said. "We appreciate the new vote o...

Flow of potassium into cells implicated in schizophrenia

...brain memory hub of people with the chronic mental illness and linked to a hotspot of genetic variation. ...nes have recently been statistically linked to the illness in large genome-wide association studies. "Ou...searchers analyzed the gene's association with the illness in 5 independent samples comprising hundreds of fa...

Older men more likely than women to die after pneumonia

... percent vs. 4.5 percent), 90 days (11.4 percent vs. 8.6 percent) and one year (21 percent vs. 16 percent). "Even compared to women with an equivalent illness severity, men were more likely to die," Dr. Yende noted. "Survival differences persist up to one year after the initial hospitalization, when most pat...

Alzheimer's, asthma, cancer, malaria and TB focus of new Singapore grants

...sing genomics, proteomics and bioimaging to investigate the mechanisms of infection in tuberculosis and malaria, which cause deaths as well as serious illness despite widespread efforts to prevent their transmission. In their studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), which infects an estimated two bill...

Rutgers study finds many consumers ignore food product recalls

... than those purchased by others, appearing to believe that food recalls just don't apply to them. Despite widespread awareness of recent foodborne illness outbreaks and a sense that the number of food recalls is increasing, about half of Americans say that food recalls have had no impact on their lives, ...

Altered gene can increase risk of schizophrenia

...t in the general population is more than 40 percent. Approximately 1 percent of the general population has schizophrenia but not all of those with the illness will have this altered gene. Brzustowicz estimates that the frequency of the altered gene in people with schizophrenia is going to be higher than the ...

Team identifies a molecular switch linking infectious disease and depression

...levels of certain immune system proteins, called inflammatory cytokines, in the blood and brain. Mice exposed to BCG display the normal symptoms of illness (lack of appetite, reduced activity), but after these symptoms fade the mice continue to exhibit depressive-like behaviors that can be reversed with a...

The host makes all the difference

...se, the researchers were able to identify strong differences in the progression of the influenza between the seven strains. In five of the strains the illness was mild: the animals lost weight, recovering completely after seven to eight days. However, in two of the mouse strains the animals lost weight rapid...

When acute hepatitis develops into chronic hepatitis

... patients with hepatitis B and compared the extent to which the altered incidence of the T cell subsets in the blood influences the development of the illness and which genes are responsible for this. Guzman's and Geffers's teams were able to show that, with acute hepatitis B, the effector T cells are ex...

Periodontitis and myocardial infarction: A shared genetic predisposition

...itself to be associated not only with the same risk factors such as smoking, but it shares, at least in parts, the same genetic predisposition with an illness that is the leading cause of death worldwide.," warned Schaefer. Knowledge of the risk of heart attacks could also induce patients with periodontitis ...

New discovery may lead to new class of allergy drugs

...sease Control and Prevention Allergies, more than 50 million Americans suffer from allergies each year. Allergies are the 6th leading cause of chronic illness in the U.S., costing more than $18 billion. The most severe type of allergic reaction is called "anaphylaxis," which can be fatal. ...

Statins may treat blood vessel disorder that can lead to fatal strokes

...tack," Li said. According to Connie Lee of the Angioma Alliance, "Cavernous angioma or cerebral cavernous malformation is a common but little known illness that can strike with devastating consequences for individuals in any stage of life. The disease has affected the strongest among us, including promine...
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