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Nanotechnology holds promise for STD drug delivery

New Haven, Conn. Yale researchers describe a breakthrough in safe and effective administration of potential antiviral drugs small interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules that silence genes the first step in development of a new kind of treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The work is r...

New drug holds out promise of normal diet for sufferers of devastating PKU genetic disease

Imagine being forced to say no to a child crying for more food at supper. Sadly, Margie Fischer doesn't have to imagine it; that was normal life at her family's dinner table for years. Her daughter Maggie, now 20, suffers from phenylketonuria (PKU), a genetic disease that means her body can't tole...

High blood sugar's impact on immune system holds clues to improving islet cell transplants

AUGUSTA, Ga. A biological tit for tat may hold clues to improving the success of islet cell transplants intended to cure type 1 diabetes, according to a Medical College of Georgia scientist. In type 1, the immune system attacks insulin-producing cells causing high blood glucose levels that ma...

Oral rinses used for tracking HPV-positive head and neck cancers holds promise for cancer screening

PHILADELPHIA A study published in the journal Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, validates a non-invasive screening method with future potential for detection of human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive head and neck cancers. In the study, resear...

Research identifies type of vaccine that holds promise in protecting against TB

ST. LOUIS -- Researchers are one step closer to finding a vaccine that better protects against tuberculosis. An investigational vaccine for TB tested at Saint Louis University appears likely to offer significantly better protection against the potentially fatal disease than the one in current use....

New synthetic form of protein holds promise to stop cancer spread

Researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee have a pending patent on a new synthetic form of a protein involved in certain types of cancers and immune system diseases. The protein, CXCL12, is known as a chemokine. Chemokines are proteins that regulate the movement of cells int...

Bad sign for global warming: Thawing permafrost holds vast carbon pool

GAINESVILLE, Fla. --- Permafrost blanketing the northern hemisphere contains more than twice the amount of carbon in the atmosphere, making it a potentially mammoth contributor to global climate change depending on how quickly it thaws. So concludes a group of nearly two dozen scientists in a p...

MSU's discovery of plant protein holds promise for biofuel production

EAST LANSING, Mich. Scientists at Michigan State University have identified a new protein necessary for chloroplast development. The discovery could ultimately lead to plant varieties tailored specifically for biofuel production. Chloroplasts, which are specialized compartments in plant cells,...

Death, division or cancer? Newly discovered checkpoint process holds the line in cell division

Each day, a staggering number of cells perform a feat that still amazes researchers with its complexity: they divide to produce perfect replicas of each other. The process is called mitosis, and an inability to control it is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Little is known about the biochemica...

Cow stomach holds key to turning corn into biofuel

An enzyme from a microbe that lives inside a cows stomach is the key to turning corn plants into fuel, according to Michigan State University scientists. The enzyme that allows a cow to digest grasses and other plant fibers can be used to turn other plant fibers into simple sugars. These simple...

Craniosynostosis minimally invasive surgery holds more promise than old procedure

COLUMBIA, Mo. Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of the skull, is estimated to affect one out of every 2,000 babies. For the past several years, physicians have used two procedures to correct the problems. One procedure was to make an incision from ear to ear, strip back the scalp of the infa...

Material Technologies Holds First Electrochemical Fatigue Sensor Training for Private Inspection Firms

LOS ANGELES, Feb. 4 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Material Technologies, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: MTTG) ("MATECH") held its first 4-day training for private inspection firms last week. Company officers and inspectors attended a four-day training in St. George, UT last week to learn how to impleme...

Stanford's nanowire battery holds 10 times the charge of existing ones

Stanford researchers have found a way to use silicon nanowires to reinvent the rechargeable lithium-ion batteries that power laptops, iPods, video cameras, cell phones, and countless other devices. The new version, developed through research led by Yi Cui, assistant professor of materials scien...

'Chlamy' genome holds clues for renewable energy, the environment and human health

University of Minnesota researchers contributed to a national effort to sequence the genome of an ancient, one-celled organism that will help advance research in a broad range of areas, from biofuels to restoring the environment to understanding a variety of human diseases. The organism, Chlamy...

Brain holds clues to bipolar disorder

Looking into the brain is yielding vital clues to understanding, diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder, according to findings being presented today at the Seventh International Conference on Bipolar Disorder. Two studies, featured in a press briefing held at 12:15 p.m., Thursday, June 7, have h...

Research holds promise for herpes vaccine

A study by a Montana State University researcher suggests a new avenue for developing a vaccine against genital herpes and other diseases caused by herpes simplex viruses. In a study published earlier this year in the Virology Journal, MSU virologist William Halford showed that mice vaccinated w...

The first tree genome is published: Poplar holds promise as renewable bioenergy resource

Wood from a common tree may one day factor prominently in meeting transportation fuel needs, according to scientists whose research on the fast-growing poplar tree is featured on the cover of tomorrow's edition of the journal Science. The article, highlighting the analysis of the first complete ...

Honey bee genome holds clues to social behavior

By studying the humble honey bee, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have come a step closer to understanding the molecular basis of social behavior in humans. "The honey bee (Apis millifera) has been called a model system for social behavior," said Saurabh (pronounced ...

Creation of antibiotic in test tube holds promise for better antibiotics

Scientists have made nisin, a natural antibiotic used for more than 40 years to preserve food, in a test tube for the first time using nature's toolbox. They also identified the structure of the enzyme that makes nisin and gives it its unique biological power. The work -- published in the March 1...

MIT research holds promise for Huntington's treatment

Researchers at MIT and Harvard Medical School have identified a compound that interferes with the pathogenic effects of Huntington's disease, a discovery that could lead to development of a new treatment for the disease. There is no cure for Huntington's, a neurodegenerative disorder that now aff...

Study in Science holds promise for a new approach to drug therapy

Researchers believe they have found a way to change the action of 60 percent of currently available medications, in some cases making them many times more effective, according to an article published in the April 21 edition of the journal Science. The discovery has the potential to improve treatmen...

Study Holds Promise For New Way To Fight HIV

UCL (University College London) scientists have found that the closest living relative to the extinct Irish Elk (giant deer) lives on our shores. The team tested for DNA and skeletal features to prove that the giant deer - which roamed across Europe and Siberia with prehistoric man and is the subje...

GM crop that holds on to its seeds offers higher yields

Researchers have found a way of boosting the yield of a major crop by stopping its seedpods from bursting open. Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) is the most important oilseed crop in India after groundnut. It is grown largely to produce cooking oil from the seeds. However, because the seedpods op...

Science study holds implications for gene therapy and stem cell biology

A study in the May 20 issue of Science holds mixed blessings for scientists who follow research in gene therapy and stem cell biology. The study, conducted by scientists from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Hannover Medical School and Hamburg University in Germany, reveals import...

Antibody targeting of glioblastoma shows promise in preclinical tests, say Lombardi researchers

...s. Researchers at Lombardi/Georgetown University Medical Center have been working on this line of research since the mid 1980s, and the institution holds a patent on the "target" of the novel antibody a region on the ALK receptor. The patent also covers potential therapies. Before Wellstein joined Lomba...

Sex in the Caribbean: Environmental change drives evolutionary change -- eventually

... Caribbean Sea was cut off from the Pacific Ocean, many new species appeared in the fossil record, and all reproduced sexually," said Aaron O'Dea, who holds a Tupper Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Well-preserved fossils show that cupuladriid bryozoans, colonial an...

Maternal, paternal genes' tug-of-war may last well into childhood

... week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , is the latest wrinkle in the two-decades-old theory known as genomic imprinting, which holds that each parent contributes genes that seek to nudge his or her children's development in a direction most favorable, and least costly, to that paren...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...croscope Stage The TEAM Stage will make one of the world's most powerful electron microscopes even better by enabling atomic-scale imaging in 3-D. It holds and positions samples inside electron microscopes with unprecedented stability, position-control accuracy and range of motion. (Jointly with Attocube ...

Airway cells use 'tasting' mechanism to detect and clear harmful substances

...onducted, worked in the lab of senior study author Michael Welsh, M.D., UI professor of internal medicine and molecular physiology and biophysics, who holds the Roy J. Carver Chair of Internal Medicine and Physiology and Biophysics. Welsh also is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator. "These fi...

Sticky protein helps reinforce fragile muscle membranes

...ated dystroglycan is required to attach the membrane to the extracellular proteins and thus reinforce the membrane integrity," said Campbell, who also holds the Roy J. Carver Chair of Physiology and Biophysics. "However, this tool also suggests that delivering functional dystroglycan to muscles may be a po...

UK Identity and Passport Service and IBM Sign 7-year National Biometric Identity Service (NBIS) Contract

...curity of the UK border. IBM will also provide a replacement for the UK Border Agency's (UKBA) Immigration and Asylum Fingerprint System (IAFS) which holds biometrics collected from visa applicants. (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20090416/IBMLOGO ) James Hall, Chief Executive...

Down Under dinosaur burrow discovery provides climate change clues

...ne he had identified in Montana. "I stared at it for a long time," recalls Martin. "In paleontology, the saying, 'where luck meets preparation' really holds true." The probable burrow etched into the Early Cretaceous outcrop is about six-feet long and one-foot in diameter. It gently descends in a semi-s...

Spontaneous assembly

...e," said Jan Liphardt, the biophysicist who led this research. Liphardt holds a joint appointment with Berkeley Lab's Physical Biosciences Division and U... of organizing thousands of proteins into complex and reproducible patterns holds promise for a wide range of applications in nanotechnology, including the f...

1-finger exercise reveals unexpected limits to dexterity

...y years about how the properties of muscles influence their everyday function, and how "redundant" our bodies are. According to Valero-Cuevas, who holds a joint appointment in the USC Viterbi School of Engineering's department of biomedical engineering and the USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physica...

Nitrogen research shows how some plants invade, take over others

...iomass nitrogen pool that was not driven by increased ecosystem level nitrogen inputs," Knops said. "But we found the white pine takes up nitrogen and holds on to it much longer, with leads to an accumulation of much more nitrogen in the plant and a depletion of nitrogen in the soil. We concluded high nitr...

Study finds role for parasites in evolution of sex

...ual populations face extinction at the hands of parasites. The scenario works on mathematical models, but there have been few attempts to see if it holds in nature. Enter Potamopyrgus antipodarum , a snail common in fresh water lakes in New Zealand. What makes these snails interesting is that there ...

Pacific Northwest forests could store more carbon, help address greenhouse issues

...stands more than 600 years old in the Klamath Mountains; The entire study region of Oregon and Northern California, as far south as San Francisco, holds a total live biomass of about two billion tons of carbon about 14 percent of the biomass in the whole nation; If forests in this region were mana...

Nursery programs for corals receive TLC from NOAA this Independence Day

...man, in UM's Marine Biology and Fisheries division, established a staghorn coral nursery within Biscayne National Park in 2007. This nursery presently holds approximately 500 fragments, and nursery fragments have already been used to restore four reefs where staghorn corals were depleted. The proposed plan...

How mitochondria get their membranes bent

...ble in German . Mitochondria are the powerhouses of cells. Underneath their smooth surface they harbor an elaborately folded inner membrane. It holds a multitude of bottleneck like invaginations, which expand into elongated cavities (cristae). The narrow shape of the entrance or pore to the cristae ...

Study on keeping nuclear bombs from US ports shows misplaced fear over cargo scanning cost

...izes screening (a rapid primary scan of all containers, followed by a more careful secondary scan of only a few containers that fail the primary test) holds promise as a feasible solution for meeting the 100% scanning requirement." "Estimating the Operational Impact of Container Inspections at Internatio...
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