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RSV may hide in the lungs, lead to asthma, UT Southwestern researchers report

DALLAS Oct. 21, 2008 Conventional wisdom has been that respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) a common virus that causes infection in the lungs comes and goes in children without any long lasting impact. A study conducted in mice by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers, however, suggests...

UCLA scientists design masks to hide genetic mutations from cell

FINDINGS: UCLA scientists have devised a novel way to correct abnormal gene splicing ?a common mutation that often leads to disease. Splicing edits out the punctuation from a cell’s genetic blueprint, enabling its code to dictate protein production by the cell. Using new technology made by Gen...

Plankton can run, but can't hide from basking sharks

Basking sharks are much more canny predators than previously thought, ecologists have discovered. According to new research published online by the British Ecological Society's Journal of Animal Ecology, basking sharks are able to reverse their normal pattern of diving at dawn and surfacing at dusk...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

...to make themselves toxic. Others, like Singer's specialist caterpillars, might be more adept at camouflaging themselves by finding the best places to hide or to blend in. Singer's experiment is the first to quantify bird predation on specialist and generalist herbivores, and he hopes it will spark fu...

New discovery suggests trees evolved camouflage defense against long extinct predator

...noxious chemicals," said lead researcher Dr Kevin Burns from Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. "In contrast animals often use colours to hide from predators or advertise defences, but until now there has been little evidence of colour based defences in plants." Dr Burns' team studied the...

MicroRNAs help control HIV life cycle

...29 plays a key role in controlling the HIV life cycle. The study suggests that HIV may have co-opted this cellular defense mechanism to help the virus hide from the immune system and antiviral drugs. The research was published today in the journal Molecular Cell . Tariq Rana, Ph.D., director of the Pr...

Study on keeping nuclear bombs from US ports shows misplaced fear over cargo scanning cost

...ike a long range missile, the millions of shipping containers that are used to transport goods in ocean-going vessels provide terrorists with a way to hide a nuclear device destined for U.S. shores," they write. "Further, by using a container, terrorists can potentially achieve mass disruption to global s...

Disappearing act of world's second largest fish explained

... Researchers have discovered where basking sharks the world's second largest fish hide out for half of every year, according to a report published online on May 7th in Current Biology , a Cell Press publication. The discovery revises sc...

Olympus advances technology for laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery

...ther straight or bent, flexible or articulated. After the procedure the surgeon removes the port, allowing the natural contours of the belly button to hide the surgical incision. Along with the TriPort, the Olympus LESS platform consists of other advanced instruments including the unique 5mm deflect...

HIV pays a price for invisibility

... Mutations that help HIV hide from the immune system undermine the virus's ability to replicate, show an international team of researchers in the April 13 issue of the Journal of ...

DNA evidence is in, newly discovered species of fish dubbed H. psychedelica

...probably one of the reasons they weren't previously spotted. When a member of H. psychedelica is uncovered by divers it usually seeks a new place to hide within 10 or 15 minutes. And while other anglerfish change their coloring depending on the environment, the new species appears to maintain its wil...

Food counterfeiting, contamination outpace international regulatory systems

... Between the extremes of accidentally contaminated food and terrorism via intentional contamination lies the counterfeiter, seeking not to harm but to hide the act for profit. The melamine incidents are such examples. As an industrial chemical that mimics protein content in tests was added to milk and sub...

Biologists solve mystery of black wolves

...n had added substantially to the genetic legacy of a wild species." Scientists have thought that coat color is related to camouflage, perhaps to hide wolves from their prey or from one another. "Apparently, natural selection has increased the frequency of black coat color dramatically in wolf ...

Potential new herpes therapy studied

...on, and in many people the virus becomes resistant and there is no back-up medication. In HSV keratitis, even after a corneal transplant the virus can hide out in nerve cells and cause re-infection. "Our approach would keep it from popping up again," Lewin said. The UF team which also includes rese...

Mammals that hibernate or burrow less likely to go extinct

...tudy published in The American Naturalist , mammals that hibernate or that hide in burrows are less likely to turn up on an endangered species list. The st...rsity of Helsinki, one of the study's authors. "Species that don't sleep or hide are short-lived, but they may be more likely to leave successful descendant...

Queen's University Belfast works to save Strangford horse mussels

.... Horse mussels are important because they provide a hard surface for other species to grow on, in otherwise soft muddy areas. Other organisms also hide and shelter in the crevices and niches of clumps of horse mussels. They create a habitat for around 100 other species. Dr David Roberts, from Quee...

Pollinator decline not reducing crop yields just yet

...raction between yields and pollination is a hugely complex issue which needs to be teased-out further," Dr Cunningham says. "Global summaries can also hide local stories. In some places, local pollinator shortages are affecting local production. While these don't threaten overall global food supplies, the...

Snakes, salamanders and other creatures thrive in areas with higher deer populations

...enced and unfenced site. These boards are placed on top of the soil and act as rocks or other ground cover for salamanders, slugs and other animals to hide under for protection. The researchers then counted the number of invertebrates and vertebrates under each board every three to four weeks from May...

Deadly rugby virus spreads in sumo wrestlers

... infections, being the first time the wrestlers had been infected. However, in some cases the disease had recurred several times. "Herpes virus can hide in nerve cells for long periods of time and symptoms can reappear later," said Dr Yanagi. "Our research showed that the BgKL strain of herpes is react...

Cutting calories could limit muscle wasting in later years

... GAINESVILLE, Fla. Chemical concoctions can smooth over wrinkles and hide those pesky grays, but what about the signs of aging that aren't so easy to fix, such as losing muscle mass? Cutting calories early could help, say Un...

The Clorox Company's new indoor allergen product reduces common indoor allergens up to 90 percent

...eg; Anywhere® Anti-Allergen Fabric Spray denatures dust mite matter and pet dander by up to 90 percent. While most indoor allergen sprays trap or hide indoor allergens, Clorox® Anywhere® Anti-Allergen Fabric Spray chemically breaks apart or denatures dust mite matter and pet dander allergens ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 3, 2008

... C&EN Senior Business Editor Melody Voith points out that job applicants now have access to an array of products purported to alter urine samples to hide evidence of marijuana, cocaine, and other illegal drugs. Some are supposed to dilute evidence of illicit drugs to levels undetectable by conventional ...

Research exposes new target for malaria drugs

...r against the human immune system for eons, but a study in this week's Journal of Biological Chemistry has exposed one of the tricks malaria uses to hide from the immune proteins, which may aid in future drug development. Malaria parasites (plasmodia) are transmitted to people via infected mosquitoes...

Male fish deceive rivals about their top mate choice

... When competitors are around, male Atlantic mollies try to hide their top mate choice, reveals a new study published online on July 31st in...before, he noted. For instance, ravens try to trick rivals about where they hide food. Male pied flycatchers also may deceive females about whether they've ...

A viral cloaking device

...ave uncovered how one such virus, prevalent in humans, evolved over time to hide from the immune system. The human immune system and the viruses hosted b...The more we understand that, the more effectively we can fight viruses that hide out," Bjorkman adds. ...

Great Ape Trust's Wich lead author of Oryx paper on continuing orangutan population declines

...ny orangutans really remain, and how that compares to historical population sizes," Beck said. "Those responsible for environmental stewardship cannot hide indecisively behind purported scientific uncertainty. "Second, those answers are the results of pooled knowledge of nearly two dozen high-profile ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 25, 2008

... Fax: 34 971 173 184 Email: vdbsavg4@uib.es ARTICLE #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Toward perfumed-clothing: Fabric-friendly "microcapsules" hide unpleasant body odors Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research Researchers in Portugal are reporting development of a new type of "microcaps...

Britain's last Neanderthals were more sophisticated than we thought

.... Unlike earlier, more typical Neanderthal tools these were made with long, straight blades - blades which were then turned into a variety of bone and hide processing implements, as well as lethal spear points. "There were some questions about the validity of the earlier find, but our excavations have ...

To fight the cancer before the tumor grows

...ion" There are two reasons for this, says Professor von Knebel Doeberitz. The immune system often reacts too slowly and some tumor cells are able to hide because they lose the ability to express the foreign proteins on their surface. The results of the Heidelberg research team suggest that the gro...

Center for Computer Forensics Offers Expert to Volunteer as CFCE Certification Applicants Coach

... with the introduction of recovered e-mail messages and other electronic files and records. If an attempt has been made to delete, erase, or otherwise hide critical evidence, an experienced, competent examiner from the Center for Computer Forensics is necessary to lead the search and retrieval of the miss...

Synchrotron light unveils oil in ancient Buddhist paintings from Bamiyan

...layers were made of natural resins, proteins, gums, and, in some cases, a resinous, varnish-like layer. Protein-based material can indicate the use of hide glue or egg. Within the various pigments, the scientists found a high use of lead whites. These lead carbonates were often used, since Antiquity up to...

Hatchery fish outnumber wild chinook salmon in troubled fall run

...oung fish (called fry) have used up the food supply in their yolk sacs and must start feeding themselves, Barnett-Johnson said. "In the wild, they hide in the gravel until they use up the yolk sac, and then there is a period of slower growth while they learn to feed on aquatic insects. This abrupt tra...

Subterfuge, counter-surveillance and assassination: The body's fight with cervical cancer

...ell when there are molecules in the body that shouldn't be there and activate an immune response, says Professor Blair. But HPV uses the E7 protein to hide from them. We've always known the virus has clever ways of defending itself, but we now know how one of its main defence mechanism works. However, ...

New research reveals shark superhighways and hotspots

...xplains Lance Morgan, a marine scientist from the Marine Conservation Biology Institute and organizer of the AAAS session. Sharks have nowhere left to hide in an ocean subject to widespread fishing. Catch limits, finning bans and a network of enforced marine reserves are all necessary conservation strateg...

Marsupial lion tops African lion in fight to death

... New research published in the Journal of Zoology suggests that Thylacoleo killed prey rapidly, using its bolt-cutter type teeth to scissor through hide and flesh to produce major trauma and blood loss. By contrast, African lions and similar big cats of today use their bite force to suffocate prey,...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- Jan. 9, 2008

...of endless fascination for fishermen and aquarium owners is due to a sophisticated system of crystals that enhance light reflection and may help fish hide from predators in the wild, scientists in Israel are reporting. Their study is scheduled for the current issue of ACS Crystal Growth & Design, a bi-mo...

Personal Safes Market to Top $308 Million by 2011

... As safes become more of a mass-market commodity, manufacturers are creating new and innovative designs to accommodate homeowners. Table-top "safes" hide items in containers that imitate consumer products, such as beer cans or cleaning product containers, while discrete wall safes allow access through i...

Simple reason helps males evolve more quickly

...tions and more straightforward male inheritance, especially since the males Y chromosome contains very few genes. In females, a dominant allele can hide the presence of a recessive allele, said Lauren McIntyre, an associate professor of molecular genetics and microbiology in UFs College of Medicine. In...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Nov. 7, 2007

... are experts in the art of camouflage and renowned for their ability to make themselves look like fish, rocks, coral and other objects in an effort to hide from predators. By studying the various layers of skin of these creatures, particularly the chemicals in these layers that are behind their color tran...

Ecologist finds dire devastation of snake species following floods of '93, '95

... field assistant at the Tyson Research Station, already had placed numerous hide boards about Marais Temps Clair, they decided to broaden their reach and census the whole place. hide boards are plywood sheets about 3 by3 under which snakes take refuge from p...
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