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Penn-Wistar team gains insight into HIV vaccine failure

PHILADELPHIA (July 20, 2009) A team of researchers from The Wistar Institute and the University of Pennsylvania reports new evidence refuting a popular hypothesis about the highly publicized failure in 2007 of the Merck STEP HIV vaccine study that cast doubt on the feasibility of HIV-1 vaccines....

SNM's clinical trials network gains added support from industry leader

Reston, Va.The SNM Clinical Trials Network, an initiative designed to address the need for streamlined drug discovery through the integration of imaging biomarkers into multi-center clinical trials, recently added Genentech, Inc. as a supporter. SNM, the world's largest medical and scientific s...

Oral contraceptives impair muscle gains in young women

NEW ORLEANSMany active young women use oral contraceptives (OC) yet its effect on their body composition and exercise performance has not been thoroughly studied. A team of researchers has now examined the effects of OC on female muscle mass, and found that oral contraceptive use impairs muscle ga...

Oral contraceptives impair muscle gains in young women

NEW ORLEANSMany active young women use oral contraceptives (OC) yet its effect on their body composition and exercise performance has not been thoroughly studied. A team of researchers has now examined the effects of OC on female muscle mass, and found that oral contraceptive use impairs muscle ga...

New study indicates link between weight gains during pregnancy and dieting history

October 1, 2008, St. Louis, MO Women who have a history of dieting or other restricted eating practices are at risk of gaining an inappropriate amount of weight during pregnancy. In a study published in the October 2008 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, researchers from...

For good or ill Ireland gains another mammal species

Dave Tosh, from the School of Biological Sciences at Queens University, found the greater white-toothed shrew in Tipperary and Limerick while working with University College Cork and BirdWatch Ireland. Its natural range is in parts of Africa, France and Germany and before now the closest it has be...

Phase 2 of Singapore's Biomedical Sciences Initiative gains momentum for clinical research

A new partnership to build an integrated neuroscience research programme that spans basic science all the way to clinical research. Strategic research infrastructure for tertiary hospitals and medical schools, and a national organisation to support and strengthen late phase clinical trials in Sin...

Voice Biometrics Gains Traction as Most Accurate and Convenient Technology to Secure Customer Privacy

Largest Consumer Deployment Reaches 275,000 Enrollment Milestone NEW YORK, Aug. 20 /PRNewswire/ -- This week at SpeechTEK, the voice solutions showcase, PerSay, the leader in voice biometrics, will demonstrate how its VocalPassword technology powers Bell's Voice Identification Service. Bel...

Eminent inventor of DNA fingerprinting gains new recognition

The inventor of DNA Fingerprinting at the University of Leicester, Professor Sir Alec Jeffreys, is to be honoured with a prestigious international accolade later this year, it has been announced. Sir Alec, who is Royal Society Wolfson Research Professor in the Department of Genetics, is to be awa...

Mass production of human papillomavirus could lead to gains against cervical cancer

Researchers may be on the verge of exploiting the vulnerabilities of a virus that causes cervical cancer, thanks to a newly developed technique that enables scientists to mass-produce human papillomavirus (HPV) in the laboratory. HPV, which exists in more than 100 forms, is the most prevalent sex...

Fragile US vaccine system needs improvement despite dramatic gains in health over past century

A comprehensive system of vaccine development in the U.S. resulted in a reduction of 87 to more than 99 percent in illness from ten vaccine-preventable diseases during the twentieth century. These dramatic successes should not be taken for granted, however, as the vaccine system now faces numerous ...

Researchers make gains in understanding antibiotic resistance

Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers chiseling away at the problem of antibiotic resistance now have a detailed explanation of how the drugs' main cellular target in bacteria evolves to become resistant to some of these medications. The findings are already leading to new experimental antibi...

Study reveals a reprogrammed role for the androgen receptor

...ocking drugs. Such medications can hold the disease in check for a period of time that varies from patient to patient, but the tumor almost invariably gains the ability to grow without external androgen. One of the ways such cells re-start their growth is by producing their own androgen, scientists hav...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

...s by more than 60 percent. The study concludes that this approach can bring about "explicit benefits in environment and health, together with possible gains in climate stabilization." ARTICLE #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "Deployment of Coal Briquettes and Improved Stoves: Possibly an Option for both Envir...

Study: Illegal fishing harming present and future New England groundfish fisheries

...as reached an economic and moral tipping point where the potential economic gains from illegal fishing far outweigh the expected cost of getting caught." ... NEGF fishery does not significantly deter illegal fishing because economic gains from violating fishing regulations are nearly five times the economic value...

The importance of being helpful -- Cooperative cichlids boost their own reproductive success

...ominant pairsa behaviour that enhanced their own chances of successfully reproducing. More specifically, a subordinate's helping behaviour ensures she gains access to the breeding substrate, on which she lays her eggs. Heg and colleagues show that subordinates may be prepared to increase their care "pa...

A genome may reduce your carbon footprint

...ptation across its natural range and local adaptation to soil, temperature, and moisture conditions. It is still largely undomesticated and thus large gains might be realized through fixation of beneficial alleles in breeding populations. There are likely to be a few genes with large effects that will dram...

Does mom know when enough is enough?

...l of Nutrition Education and Behavior reports that mothers who miss signs of satiety in their infants tend to overfeed them, leading to excess weight gains during the 6 month to 1 year period. Ninety-six low-income black and Hispanic mothers, who chose to formula feed exclusively, were enrolled in the ...

Mass Biologic Labs/UMass Med School and Medarex license C. difficile monoclonal antibody to Merck

... for the treatment of C. difficile infection (CDI). CDA-1 and CDB-1 were co-developed by Medarex and MBL. Under the terms of the agreement, Merck gains worldwide rights to develop and commercialize CDA-1 and CDB-1. Medarex and MBL will receive an upfront payment of $60 million and are potentially eli...

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers develop new reversible, green window technology

...nly glazing system that permits effective passive heating in winter without glare or high radiant temperature near a window and reduces unwanted solar gains in summer without obstructing the view outdoors," explains Prof. Evyatar Erell, a researcher at BGU's Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research....

Study critiques corn-for-ethanol's carbon footprint

...ote in their report, "our analysis shows that carbon releases from the soil after planting corn for ethanol may in some cases completely offset carbon gains attributed to biofuel generation for at least 50 years." The report said that "cellulosic" species -- such as switchgrass -- are a better option fo...

Building strong bones: Running may provide more benefits than resistance training, MU study finds

...hich it is applied. Therefore, high-impact, dynamic, multi-directional activities, including structured jump-training (plyometrics), result in greater gains in bone strength. Playing basketball, volleyball, or soccer are also good options." In the study, the researchers determined the effects of long-te...

Bacteria are models of efficiency

...etical model was tested in real bacteria. Do bacteria 'weigh' the costs of constructing and maintaining their protein production machinery against the gains to be had from being able to produce more proteins in less time? What happens when a critical piece of equipment is in short supply, say a main riboso...

Scientists uncover new genetic variations linked to psoriasis

... Two international teams of researchers have made significant gains in understanding the genetic basis of psoriasis, a chronic skin condition that can be debilitating in some patients. Their research, involving thousan...

New report on science learning at museums, zoos, other informal settings

...in science, such as women and minorities. Evaluations of museum-based and after-school programs suggest that these programs may also support academic gains for children and youth in these groups. More broadly, there is strong evidence that educational television can help people learn about science, al...

The effect of parental education on the heritability of children's reading disability

...icy would acknowledge genetic constraints on meeting these standards among some children with reading disability, and honor the functionally important gains they make in reading and other academic skills even if they do not reach grade level. ...

Beckman Coulter Updates 2008 Outlook

...ciated with acquisitions, environmental remediation, restructuring, including relocations in connection with our supply chain improvement initiatives, gains or losses upon sale of assets or businesses and other items that we do not expect to be recurring, because we are unable to forecast such items with r...

Replacing corn with perennial grasses improves carbon footprint of biofuels

...drop in carbon as fields were converted from corn to Miscanthus, switchgrass or native perennial grasses, the loss was fairly quickly offset by yearly gains in soil carbon as the grasses became established. "Consistent with our hypothesis, the perennial feedstocks like Miscanthus and switchgrass start b...

Synthetic virus supports a bat origin for SARS

...y simple recombination event may have been enough to allow a coronavirus to move from one species to another, Denison said, adding that "after a virus gains the capacity to jump species, additional simple adaptations may be adequate to increase its ability to grow in the new animal host." At all stages o...

Orchid Cellmark Reports Third Quarter 2008 Financial Results

...ge rates all contributed to the revenue decline, despite increases in forensics casework volume." Mr. Bologna added, "We did achieve important gains in core business segments, including U.S. paternity, U.S. forensic casework in the Dallas facility and U.K. police force tender revenues. U.K. forensi...

Gaining too much weight during pregnancy nearly doubles risk of having a heavy baby

...y twice as likely to have a heavy baby. Published in the November issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology, the study found that more than one in five women gains excessive weight during pregnancy, doubling her chances of having a baby that weighs 9 pounds or more. "Too many women gain too much weight during...

Ultrasound shown to exert remote control of brain circuits

...c frequencies utilized by Tyler and his colleagues to construct their pulsed ultrasound waveforms, overlap with a frequency range where optimal energy gains are achieved between transcranial transmission and brain absorption of ultrasound which allows the ultrasound to penetrate bone and yet prevent damag...

Study: Elderly Women can increase strength but still risk falls

...in the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise , compared strength gains of inactive elderly women and inactive young women after both groups partic...f his training protocol may have affected the older group's ability to make gains in power, LaRoche is continuing to research older women's capacity to devel...

Yale journal finds nanomaterials may have large environmental footprint

... New Haven, Conn.Environmental gains derived from the use of nanomaterials may be offset in part by the process used to manufacture them, according to research published in a special issu...

MU scientists 'see' how HIV matures into an infection

... Tang said. "What we were able to see is how it self-activates from an immature form when the virus is not infective into a mature form when the virus gains infectivity." Tang and his colleagues used a novel NMR method called paramagnetic resonance relaxation enhancement and were able to see the tempora...

News from the October 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...ng prior to pregnancy was related to higher weight gains in pregnancy. The researchers note that excess...ained eating behaviors were associated with weight gains above the Institute of Medicine's recommendations ...for normal, overweight, and obese women and weight gains below the recommendations for underweight women." ...

Collaboration between researchers yields more comprehensive portrait of brain cancer

...d in collaboration with Drs. Gavin Sherlock and James Brooks at Stanford, and Dr. Jun Li at the University of Michigan. Tumors generally accumulate gains and losses in DNA as they grow, and measuring these changes in a number of samples can illuminate which changes are necessary for tumor development. ...

OHSU commercial collaborations have surged

... prime example of the pragmatic approach we have taken in negotiating with industry, and it is that approach which has helped enable us to achieve the gains we have." Intel's Digital Health Group has sponsored studies by OHSU researchers which focus on technological innovations to enhance independent liv...

Soil's carbon storage capacity investigated

...by elimination of summer fallow, fertilization, and establishment of grass, gains in soil organic C between Years 6 and 12 were negligible in all treatments except the fertilized grass treatment. Most of the gains in total soil organic C were due to increased light fraction C. The results...

Tips on how to build a better home for biological parts

...if methods developed in other fields of engineering are to be applied to biology. If successful, this approach will result in significant productivity gains for the biotechnology industry. The findings of the research, published in the Public Library of Science's open-access journal PLoS One, arose from ...
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