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fuels in Biological News

Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually

Rising levels of smokestack emissions from oceangoing ships will cause an estimated 87,000 deaths worldwide each year by 2012 almost one-third higher than previously believed, according to the second major study on that topic. The study says that government action to reduce sulfur emissions from ...

Transportation fuels of the future: Nottingham leads the way

Fruit and veg may be good for you but in 10 years time we could be replacing fossil fuels and helping to save our planet by using the inedible bits that we throw away to run our cars, boats and planes. The University of Nottingham is to lead the way in the development of sustainable bioenergy ...

Ancient sunflower fuels debate about agriculture in the Americas

Ancient Sunflower Fuels Debate About Agriculture in the Americas Researchers at the University of Cincinnati and Florida State University have confirmed evidence of domesticated sunflower in Mexico 4,000 years before what had been previously believed. People sometimes ask What is the big dea...

Impacts of fossil fuels on fish and people

Scientist John Incardona will tell a scientific detective story that uncovers a previously unrecognized threat to human health from a ubiquitous class of air pollutants. Incardona of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration joins five other scientists from the U.S. government, Canadi...

Global deal fuels QUT's world-changing research

Queensland University of Technology has joined forces with the world's largest agribusiness company, Syngenta, to develop technologies that will provide an economical, green fuel alternative for cars. Queensland Premier Anna Bligh today announced the multi-million dollar deal between QUT, qutbl...

Coal-based fuels and products hit the refinery

A variety of end products including jet fuel, gasoline, carbon anodes and heating oil may be possible using existing refineries and combinations of coal and refinery by-products, according to a team of Penn State researchers. "One idea is based on the coal-to-jet fuel work that we have been doin...

Center to investigate plant cells for better biomass fuels

Cutting edge approaches and methodology employed by plant and molecular biologists, chemists, physicists, material scientists, computational modelers and engineers will be applied to plant cells in the newly funded Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation, a Department of Energy, Energy ...

Breaking the ties that bind: New hope for biomass fuels

LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, April 22, 2009Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers have discovered a potential chink in the armor of fibers that make the cell walls of certain inedible plant materials so tough. The insight ultimately could lead to a cost-effective and energy-efficient strategy for t...

Turning sunlight into liquid fuels

Berkeley, CA - For millions of years, green plants have employed photosynthesis to capture energy from sunlight and convert it into electrochemical energy. A goal of scientists has been to develop an artificial version of photosynthesis that can be used to produce liquid fuels from carbon dioxide ...

Biggest ever public investment in bioenergy to help provide clean, green and sustainable fuels

The biggest ever single UK public investment in bioenergy research has been announced today (27 January) by the main funding agency for the biosciences the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). The 27M BBSRC Sustainable Bioenergy Centre has been launched to provide t...

Europe rallies behind nanotechnology to wean world from fossil fuels

Nanotechnologies can be used to develop sustainable energy systems while reducing the harmful effects of fossil fuels as they are gradually phased out over the next century. This optimistic scenario is coming closer to reality as new technologies such as biomimetics and Dye Sensitized solar Cells ...

Ecological destruction fuels emerging diseases

The destruction of habitat by human activity and the extinction of species around the world is more than a looming environmental catastrophe, warns a Canadian zoologist. This ecological damage also endangers human health by turning parasites into "evolutionary land mines." Dr. Daniel (Dan) Brook...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

....1029/2009GL039076, 2009; http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GL039076 7. An overview of global dimming and brightening Radiation from the Sun fuels life on Earth and determines the climate of its inhabitants. The amount of radiation that reaches the Earth's surface helps to control evaporation rat...

University of Hawaii at Manoa researchers reveal ocean acidification at Station ALOHA

... The burning of fossil fuels has released tremendous amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) into the atmosphere, significantly impacting global climate. Were it not ...

'Green' energy from algae

...ical resources and climate change, development of CO 2 -neutral sustainable fuels is one of the most urgent challenges of our times. Energy plants like rape ...rom this biomass, both potential resources and active substances as well as fuels like biodiesel may be produced. While growing, algae take up the amount of ...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

...es. But a wide variety of programs can run on the supercomputer. Scientists are using Chinook to tackle problems such as: Gas hydrates: Pockets of fuels such as methane are often found deep under the sea, trapped in a lattice of water molecules. Researchers hope to understand these gas hydrates both as...

Stunting plants' skyward reach could lead to improved yields

...trigger growth, flowering time and other life processes. Those proteins are only responsive to certain parts of the light spectrum, however. Red light fuels photosynthesis to create energy, but tends to be absorbed by the leaves of nearby plants. An environment rich in far-red wavelengths tells a plant tha...

PNNL scientist garners early career presidential award

...n subsurface flow that addresses past and future energy needs: cleaning up buried nuclear or toxic contaminants and storing carbon dioxide from fossil fuels underground. Announced by the White House, the PECASE is the highest honor given by the U.S. government to scientists and engineers who are at the...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

... CORVALLIS, Ore. Widely sought efforts to reduce fuels that increase catastrophic fire in Pacific Northwest forests will be counte...uels to produce energy does not completely offset the need for other fossil fuels use and completely negate their input to the global carbon budget, the rese...

New national genome center launched

...r in genomics, which is increasingly essential to understanding how to tackle the challenges we face in food security, the development of eco-friendly fuels and fighting superbugs. "This project goes to show that partnership is the key to success - the new centre will help to advance vital research as ...

Pacific Northwest forests could store more carbon, help address greenhouse issues

...seen as a short-term bridge to a period where we will be using fewer fossil fuels and addressing carbon issues in other ways." Largely because of its many...ready sequester from 30-50 percent of the emissions caused by use of fossil fuels in the state. That's much better than many other states or the national tot...

In the warming West, climate most significant factor in fanning wildfires' flames

...ne, but a complex relationship between climate and fuels that varies among different ecosystems, according ...d lead investigator of the study. "Climate affects fuels in different ecosystems differently, meaning that ...at low precipitation and high temperatures dry out fuels and result in significant fire years, a pattern th...

GEN reports on alternative feedstocks for ethanol production

...sts say they are forging ahead in developing replacements for petrochemical fuels that will be cost-competitive and renewable while having a minimal impact o...ws.com/articles/chitem.aspx?aid=2942 ). "It's been estimated that fossil fuels constitute more than eighty percent of the world's main energy supply," say...

Rising acidity levels could trigger shellfish revenue declines, job losses

...antly in the next 50 years, according to a new study by researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). Intensive burning of fossil fuels and deforestation over the last two centuries have increased CO 2 levels in the atmosphere by almost 40 percent. The oceans have absorbed about one-t...

Mars mission could ease Earth's energy supply crisis

...and for oil exceeds supply, focus has now turned to trying to tap unconventional fossil fuels, such as tar sands. However, these unconventional fossil fuels must be extracted and upgraded to match the characteristics of more conventional oil deposits and make them commercially viable. The extraction proces...

More than just the tailpipe

...erkeley, said, "This study creates a framework for comprehensive environmental inventorying of several modes and future assessment of non-conventional fuels and vehicles can follow this methodology in creating technology-specific results. "Through the use of life-cycle environmental assessments, energy ...

Cost-effective measures could stop child pneumonia deaths

...stfeeding, zinc supplementation and vaccination for Hib and S. pneumoniae were found to be the most cost-effective interventions. The burning of solid fuels like wood, for cooking and heating, was found to contribute at least 20 percent to the burden of childhood pneumonia. "The interventions we examine...

Author says challenging simple concepts can save planet

...first is that going green means "powering down," or reducing our consumption of energy. Lapp says all we have to do is stop getting energy from fossil fuels and start getting it from renewable sources like the sun. "Every day the sun supplies us with 15,000 times the amount of energy we're now using in ...

The coming of biofuels: Study shows reducing gasoline emissions will benefit human health

...ms with Arpad Horvath, an associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at UC Berkeley. At the recent 31st Symposium on Biotechnology for fuels and Chemicals, conducted by the Society for Industrial Microbiology and held in San Francisco, he described a biofuels Life Cycle Impact Assessment (L...

Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers

...o-author, USGS scientist Dr. Dennis LaPointe, "this seasonal movement happens at the same time that mosquito populations soar at mid-elevations, which fuels high disease-transmission rates there. There's a continuous source of disease-susceptible birds each fall." Although most disease transmission now ...

Plastic that grows on trees, part two

...o learn how to convert plant biomass into a building block for plastics and fuels cheaply and efficiently. In new research, chemists have successfully conver...r plastics and "biofuels" such as gasoline and diesel, essentially the same fuels processed from crude oil. In previous work, PNNL researchers used a chemica...

Accolade for solar-hydrogen project

... biomass and water. It combines solar driven cleavage of water and the degradation of organic compounds avoiding the use of energy derived from fossil fuels and CO2 emissions. This year's E.ON Research Awards topic was on the application of nanotechnology in the energy sector. The awards were given to...

Biomass as a source of raw materials

... protection of the environment, and because of the limited amount of fossil fuels available, renewable resources, such as specially cultivated plants, wood s...als for the production of plastics. Furthermore, they are among the primary fuels in the world's economy. Bio-oil contains a phenolic fraction consisting ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 6, 2009

...olleagues note in the new study that using crop waste to produce methyl halides is one of the most attractive ways of transforming biomass into liquid fuels and chemical raw materials now derived from petroleum. Plants and microbes produce methyl halides naturally, but in amounts too small for commercial ...

New study: Home energy savings are made in the shade

...e. Trees sequester carbon in addition to providing shade, Butry said. We measured how much these shade trees reduced the carbon created by burning fuels to produce the electricity, and found that the trees also sequestered an equivalent amount of carbon on top of that. So theres a double benefit. U...

Bowman Global Change says public engagement critical to solving climate crisis

... environmental impact enable behavioral change and motivate the public to action. For example, connecting car mileage ratings to carbon emission rates fuels public demand for cars with better mileage, a systemic improvement with significant impact on reducing greenhouse gas emission rates. Calling on com...

Vanderbilt engineers play key role in new DOE energy frontier research center

...h $2.5 million per year for five years. "As global energy demand grows over this century, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary of Energy Steven Chu when announcing the program. "Meeting this challenge will ...

Potentially harmful chemicals found in forest fire smoke

... test fires organized by Colorado State University researchers. These researchers were doing controlled burns of ponderosa pines, underbrush and other fuels at the Forest Service Fire Science Laboratory in Missoula, Mont. The scientists collected smoke samples in a device that corrals small particles. U...

DOE funds bio-inspired solar fuel center at Arizona State

...er this century, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary of E...his energy to remove electrons from water molecules and employ them to make fuels such as carbohydrates and oils. Following the natural design principles...

DOE to establish Energy Frontier Research Center at PNNL

... and private firms across the nation. "As global energy demand grows over this century, there is an urgent need to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and imported oil and curtail greenhouse gas emissions," said Secretary of Energy Steven Chu. "Meeting this challenge will require significant scientif...
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