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Weight loss -- not one size fits all

There is no "one size fits all" when it comes to weight loss through exercise, says Queensland University of Technology behavioural scientist Neil King. Dr Neil King, from QUT's Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, is the lead author of a study conducted in collaboration with the Univ...

Jet-propelled imaging for an ultrafast light source

...evice which the researchers call a gas dynamic virtual nozzle (GDVN) is only about a millimeter in diameter (not counting feed lines and cables) and fits to the side of the beamline's vacuum chamber. After passing through the beam, the liquid droplets and the gas (typically carbon dioxide) freeze in a t...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

...he National Institutes of Health established an epigenomics program to coordinate such efforts to better understand how this method of gene regulation fits into normal development, aging, learning and memory as well as its role in cancer, obesity, depression and other disease. DNA methylation inhibitor...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

..._releases/2009/NR-09-07-03.html GeMini - a portable gamma-ray spectrometer based on germanium technology. The instrument is so small that it fits in the palm of a hand, and this spectrometer is outfitted with an innovative low-powered, miniature cooling mechanism. GeMini was launched on NASA's M...

UAB students' Nintendo Wii CPR earns American Heart Association support

...he education grant, Rogers said. "The Heart Association's high interest in our students' innovations points to potential of this project and how it fits in with its desire to deliver reliable CPR education to the masses," Rogers said. When completed, the UAB Wii CPR program will become available on ...

Tryptophan deficiency may underlie quinine side effects

...hat cannot make their own tryptophan have to rely exclusively on external sources, and thus die if tryptophan transport is blocked). This discovery fits in well with evidence that quinine reactions are more severe in malnourished individuals. Unlike yeast, humans cannot make their own tryptophan and th...

TRAPping proteins that work together inside living cells

...colleagues build a tiny molecule called a tag into the initial protein. They then add a small molecule called TRAP to the living cell, which finds and fits into the tag like two pieces in a puzzle. TRAP waves around, bumping into nearby proteins. The scientists control TRAP with a flash of light, causing...

Promising device snags young inventors coveted spot at IShow

...f chronic disease, especially for underserved populations." "It represents the intersection of engineering technology, health care and business and fits with UH's role in producing entrepreneurs, especially in the melding of UH's expertise in science, engineering and business with our Methodist partner...

'Disordered' amino acids may really be there to provide wiggle room for signaling protein

... signaling adaptor, an important link between different proteins in a pathway. Oddly, researchers have noted that the ezrin-binding motif conveniently fits into a cleft on the surface of the PDZ domains, but assumes a helical structure, which is highly unusual for this class of proteins. As is typical...

The evolution of gene regulation

...t. Most of the time, however, lactose is not present. At these times, the gene that encodes the lactase enzyme is blocked by a repressor. Only one key fits the lock to this protein, to detach the repressor from the lactase gene: a lactose molecule, as a single, unmistakable sign that this sugar is present...

Simulating pharmaceutical and personal care product transport

...ts showed that the MACRO model could not reproduce the measured rhodamine WT concentrations in drain discharge. The updated version resulted in better fits to measured data for both PPCP and rhodamine WT concentrations. However, it was not possible to simulate all compounds using the same set of hydraulic...

International team tracks clues to HIV

...drug design," the team wrote. "A long time ago, people noticed that C-60 fits perfectly into the hydrophobic pocket in HIV, and it has an inhibition effe...ugh their "in-silico," or computer-based, calculations, they found two good fits among the fullerene derivatives tested and are now working to enhance their...

Lyncean Technologies Inc. receives $1.2 M from NCRR to develop new imaging technique

...ing infrared light pulse stored in a high-finesse cavity. Each collision produces x-rays through inverse Compton scattering. The entire x-ray source fits in a 10x25 ft room similar in size to those used for Magnetic Resonance Imaging in medical clinics. The first scientific publication using the CLS ...

Analysis finds strong match between molecular, fossil data in evolutionary studies

... an imperfect but very good fit to the molecular data," Jablonski said. The fits were generally far better than random. The few exceptions included freshwat...University of Chicago), then decided to push their luck. They looked at the fits again, but this time focused on geographic range and body size. The result:...

Ultrasound imaging now possible with a smartphone

... coupling USB-based ultrasound probe technology with a smartphone, enabling a compact, mobile computational platform and a medical imaging device that fits in the palm of a hand. William D. Richard, Ph.D., Washington University Associate Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, and David Zar, Was...

Researchers use brain interface to post to Twitter

...ee service, Twitter has been called a "micro-blogging" tool. User updates, called tweets, have a 140-character limit a manageable message length that fits locked-in users' capabilities, says Williams. Tweets are displayed on the user's profile page and delivered to other Twitter users who have signed ...

For cancer cells, genetics alone is poor indicator for drug response

...s notion that cells produce proteins in orderly, uniform ways, like an assembly line, but they don't," says Sorger. "Rather, cells produce proteins in fits and starts, and the timing and degree varies from one cell to the nexteven cells that are identical in every way. This randomness is something that we...

Men are the weaker sex

..., and many others. "It's almost like males and females are a different species," he says. "They complete and complement each other, but a 'one-size fits all' medical approach does an injustice to both males and females. Men and women are different in so many respects, and these differences are more sig...

CRG buys Genomatix' Next Generation Sequencing analysis solution

...in Barcelona. This is a very impressive institution with outstanding scientists and cutting edge equipment at a wonderful location. Our GGA definitely fits into that environment and will contribute substantially to the analysis of data produced by their sequencers. " The Genomatix Genome Analyzer (GGA...

Study examining role of genetics and environment in type 1 diabetes

...l develop the disease, he says. Dr. She's studies are yielding protein markers that indicate there are actually subtypes of type 1 diabetes, which fits with the large number of genes and apparent environmental factors that seem to come into play. "You are probably not going to stop the disease in all ...

Singapore research organisations team up to advance drug discovery using brain tumor stem cells

...gst partners. This research collaboration with clinicians and scientists from NNI and SICS will bring together different expertise and resources. This fits well with Lilly's new collaborative model known as the Fully Integrated Pharmaceutical Network (FIPNet) model, and will enhance and accelerate Lilly's...

Basic research critical to America's economic recovery

...o further economic development and quality job creation in communities around the country. "Funding for research grants and science infrastructure fits perfectly with the goals of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act," Andresen said. "It immediately creates jobs and stimulates economic activity...

New open-source software permits faster desktop computer simulations of molecular motion

...ivity and resourcefulness from computers they already own." With OpenMM, researchers can use GPUs to perform massively parallel calculations. OpenMM fits squarely with Simbios' mission of providing computational tools to stimulate research in biology and medicine, according to Russ Altman, principal inv...

Researchers 'unzip' molecules to measure interactions keeping DNA packed in cells

... and Genetics. DNA the molecules that contain genetic information are nucleic acids often illustrated as long, thin strands of double helices. DNA fits inside cell nuclei by being wound like thread around proteins called histones, forming tightly packed bundles called nucleosomes. But that same DNA mu...

First Science from the Compact Light Source: A miniature synchrotron for your home lab

...ing infrared light pulse stored in a high-finesse cavity. Each collision produces x-rays through inverse Compton scattering. The entire x-ray source fits in a 10x25 ft room similar in size to those used for Magnetic Resonance Imaging in medical clinics. ...

Grape-seed extract kills laboratory leukemia cells, proving value of natural compounds

...Kentucky. "What everyone seeks is an agent that has an effect on cancer cells but leaves normal cells alone, and this shows that grape seed extract fits into this category," he said. Shi adds, however, that the research is not far enough along to suggest that people should eat grapes, grape seeds, or ...

'Hobbit' fossils represent a new species, concludes University of Minnesota anthropologist

...he simulation to the original Flores skull discovered in 2003, McNulty and Baab were able to demonstrate conclusively that the original "hobbit" skull fits the expectations for a small fossil hominin species and not a modern human. Their study was published online this month in the Journal of Human Evolu...

Snowy owl -- a marine species?

... Wildlife satellite studies could lead to a radical re-thinking about how the snowy owl fits into the Northern ecosystem. "Six of the adult females that we followed in a satellite study spent most of last winter far out on the Arctic sea i...

Exercise helps overweight children reduce anger expression

... indicates that aerobic exercise may be an effective strategy to help overweight kids reduce anger expression and aggressive behavior." The finding fits with evidence that exercise reduces depression and anxiety in children and with what's considered common knowledge that exercise helps adults manage a...

Compact research freezers to debut in space

...science. There is a huge demand to store all this biomaterial until you can examine it, process it or carry it back to Earth, and that's where GLACIER fits in," Connor said. The freezers have gone through rigorous quality review, including repeated vibration, acoustic, electrical and toxicity testing a...

AGU journal highlights: Nov. 11, 2008

...mulations include synthetic tracers that provide information about the amount of ozone produced from the fires. The authors find that the global model fits well with local observations and that a clear increase in observed ozone is found when the model predicts a strong impact of pollution from the fires....

SNPs affect folate metabolism in study of Puerto-Rican adults

...enotype) displayed a 33.8% lower blood DNA uracil content than those with one or less copies of a variant gene (CC and CT genotypes). This observation fits with previous work showing that, under certain conditions, those with the TT genotype have a significantly lower risk for colorectal cancer than CC an...

Caltech-led researchers find negative cues from appearance alone matter for real elections

...l lose an election. This influence appears to be more uniform than the influence exerted by positive evaluations based on appearance. This finding fits with prior studies in cognitive neuroscience as well as in political theory. "The results from our two studies suggest that intangibles like a can...

San Diego Supercomputer Center and UCSD announce 'Triton Resource'

...os, Director of UC Systems at SDSC. "We're engaging the science users at the earliest stage in the process so that we can build the resource that best fits their needs," said Papadopoulos. "The group is really defining the balance of the machine and must factor in all constraints. The group represents di...

Mass extinctions and the evolution of dinosaurs

...dded: "It just wasn't a case of dinosaurs exploding onto the scene because of a special adaptation. Rather, they had to wait their turn and evolved in fits and starts before finally dominating their world." Dinosaurs originated about 230 million years ago and survived the Late Triassic mass extinction ...

Lack of large-scale experiments slows progress of environmental restoration

...ys Joy B. Zedler of the University of Wisconsin- Madison. "Most people wouldn't buy a new shirt without trying on several different kinds to see which fits best and looks right. It's similar with restoration; we want to find the best fit between the methods we use and the outcomes we want." Most ofte...

High blood pressure takes big toll on small filtering units of the kidney

...tension changes the attachment of those tethers so they don't respond and the blood vessel can't either. "We are trying to figure out how all this fits together," says Dr. Inscho. Figuring out the critical steps of this "amazingly elegant, amazingly precise and very complicated" process will lead to b...

African-Americans have unique lung cancer risks from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

...smoking. This is approximately two-fold higher than the risk typically seen from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among whites. "The one size fits all risk prediction clearly does not work," said Carol Etzel, Ph.D., assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Canc...

PTC124 shows activity in cystic fibrosis; Phase 2 proof-of-concept data published in Lancet

...th PTC," noted Preston Campbell, III, M.D., Executive Vice President of Medical Affairs at the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation. "The development of PTC124 fits well with our strategic goal of supporting approaches that have the potential to modify the course of CF. We are continuing to work together with PTC...

New book further supports controversial theory of 'Man the Hunted'

..."We are not saying that our theory is absolutely correct and will never be disproven," he says "But we are saying that the evidence we have today best fits the theory of Man the Hunted than of Man the Hunter." Background on the original 'Man the Hunted.' Sussman's book, "Man the Hunted: Primates,...
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