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Scientists examine perceptions of risk and the spread of disease

KNOXVILLE -- As swine flu spread from Mexico to Texas and then fanned out farther in the United States, Americans began to alter their behavior. Families kept children home from school, postponed trips to the mall, and stayed home instead of eating out. In so doing, the American population may hav...

Scientists examine human behavior and the threat of disease

KNOXVILLE -- As swine flu spread from Mexico to Texas and then fanned out farther in the United States, Americans began to alter their behavior. Families kept children home from school, postponed trips to the mall, and stayed home instead of eating out. In so doing, the American population may hav...

Researchers examine bacterial rice diseases, search for genetic solutions

AMES, Iowa -- As a major food source for much of the world, rice is one of the most important plants on earth. Keeping it safe from disease has become, in part, the task of a group of three researchers from Iowa State University and one from Kansas State University. The researchers are looki...

Researchers examine role of climate change in disease spread

GALVESTON, Texas Ever since scientists first proposed that our planet might be experiencing widespread climate change, concerns have been raised about its implications for the spread of arboviruses viruses carried by arthropods such as mosquitoes, midges and ticks. However, while alterations in ...

Researchers examine developing hearts in chickens to find solutions for human heart abnormalities

COLUMBIA, Mo. When it is head versus heart, the heart comes first. The heart is the first organ to develop and is critical in supplying blood to the rest of the body. Yet, little is known about the complex processes that regulate the heartbeat. By studying chickens' hearts, a University of Missou...

Studies examine genetic determinants of ADHD

Boston, Mass. January 07, 2009 A special issue of American Journal of Medical Genetics (AJMG): Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics presents a comprehensive overview of the latest progress in genetic research of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The issue covers major trends in the...

Researchers examine role of soil patterns in dam restoration

MADISON Looking at the site today, it's easy to forget that a dam and pond stood for 43 years on the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Franbrook Farm Research Station in southwestern Wisconsin. All traces of the structure are gone, and acres of plants, both native and weedy, now carpet the floor ...

Agriculture experts meet in Beijing to examine impacts of food prices and climate change on farmers

A decades-long period of steadily declining food prices driven down by unprecedented advances in agricultural productivity is coming to a definitive close. Prices for wheat have tripled and those for maize and rice nearly doubled since 2000, and there is no sign that prices will fall soon. On th...

Researchers examine closest living relative to primates

COLLEGE STATION, Nov. 1, 2007 Researchers at Texas A&M Universitys College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, in collaboration with scientists representing institutions around the world, have discovered the closest living relative to primates. They did so after completing a mul...

Researchers examine world's potential to produce biodiesel

MADISON -- What do the countries of Thailand, Uruguay and Ghana have in common" They all could become leading producers of the emerging renewable fuel known as biodiesel, says a study from the University of Wisconsin-Madison Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies. The ease of manufacturing ...

Conference to examine role technology can play in helping US manage healthcare costs

WHAT: Economic Strategy for Health Care through Bio and Information Standards and Technologies, a conference designed to examine the role technology and technical standards can play in helping the United States manage health care costs. WHY ATTEND: To learn where technology investments should b...

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

While solar power and hybrid cars have become popular symbols of green technology, Stanford researchers are exploring another path for cutting emissions of carbon dioxide, the leading greenhouse gas that causes global warming. Carbon capture and storage, also called carbon sequestration, traps c...

UTSA researchers examine effects of global warming on Antarctic

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report citing the detrimental loss of sea ice sheets in the Arctic due to global warming echoes what many in the scientific community have been saying for years. Now researchers at The University of Texas at San Antonio's Department of Earth and Envi...

New nanotechnology able to examine single molecules, aiding in determining gene expression

A new nanotechnology that can examine single molecules in order to determine gene expression, paving the way for scientists to more accurately examine single cancer cells, has been developed by an interdisciplinary team of researchers at UCLA's California Nanosystems Institute (CNSI), New York Uni...

Researchers examine why food tastes bad to chemotherapy recipients

About two million cancer patients currently receiving certain drug therapies and chemotherapy find foods and beverages to have a foul metallic flavor, according to a medical study. In general, more than 40 percent of hospitalized patients suffer from malnutrition due to taste and smell dysfunction....

Scientists find universal rules for food-web stability

...that allows them to efficiently analyze the impact of innumerable parameters on complex systems. "By using a method called generalized modeling, we examine whether a given food web can, in principle, be stable, i.e., whether its species can coexist in the long term," says Thilo Gross from MPIPKS. Complex ...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

...n. However, most ocean circulation studies have focused on open regions. To examine how waves below the surface, known as internal waves, are modified by close... Xing and Davies create an idealized cross-sectional model of a fjord. They examine a version with a single isolated sill as well as one with two sills separat...

Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's

...hich is over active in some of the most aggressive breast cancers. By comparing the resulting mouse to one that just over expresses Her2/Neu, they can examine the impact of Hsf1, Dr. Mivechi says. "That is how these findings will translate to patients," Dr. Mivechi says. "We need to know, not only how de...

Scientists open doors to diagnosis of emphysema

...e in patients. "It would allow us to use MMP12 as a biomarker to monitor disease evolution and the risk of emphysema formation. It could also serve to examine the response to therapeutic interventions in patients with inflammatory lung diseases," says Marcus Mall, group leader at the Children's Hospital at t...

Race/ethnicity, family income and education associated with sugar consumption

...s of factors related to added sugars intake in a multivariate setting---the first such analysis with US national data. In addition, it was possible to examine factors within subpopulations defined by race/ethnicity. The five subpopulations analyzed differ from each other in many respects, several of which ar...

New hope for fisheries

...per, which appears in the July 31 issue of the journal Science , provides new hope for rebuilding troubled fisheries. The study had two goals: to examine current trends in fish abundance and exploitation rates (the proportion of fish taken out of the sea) and to identify which tools managers have applie...

MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions

... professor of plant sciences. "The ability to manage the timing, duration and intensity of water deficit stress under field conditions is essential to examine plant responses to drought. Thus, the drought simulators will bridge the gap between controlled environment facilities, such as growth chambers and gr...

Global curbs on overfishing are beginning to work

...aper, which appears in the 31 July issue of the journal Science , provides new hope for rebuilding troubled fisheries. The study had two goals: to examine current trends in fish abundance and exploitation rates (the proportion of fish taken out of the sea) and to identify which tools managers have applie...

Iron isotopes as a tool in oceanography

...iments and seawater and compares the affects of contrasting sediment geochemistry on iron flux generating processes. "In the future I would like to examine processes of sedimentary iron cycling in the high-latitudes, where sediments are subject to enhanced rates of environmental change due to changing cli...

Rodent size linked to human population and climate change

...n density and anthropologically-caused climate change." While Pergams' study was by no means comprehensive, it was the first attempt of its kind to examine data on mammals from many global locations to find links between morphological change and variables such as population density and changing climate. ...

Key OSU water research receives national funding

... redcedar and those with redcedar encroachment is not known. Land managers could benefit greatly from having this information." The study will also examine the degree to which eastern redcedar encroachment can reduce stream flow production at the watershed level. Engle, who serves as director of the di...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

...ellow 10 years ago worked alongside Dr. Tim H.M. Huang at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, to develop some of the first technology to examine genome-scale DNA methylation, is working with an NIH initiative to refine the technology to support the genome-wide DNA methylation sequencing effort....

Researchers capture bacterial infection on film

...or Richard Ffrench-Constant, Professor of Molecular Natural History at the University of Exeter, added: "For the first time this allows us to actually examine infection in real time in a real animal it's a major advance!" ...

Scripps-led study shows ocean health plays vital role in coral reef recovery

...fferent degrees of local stress from pollution, overfishing and sediment and nutrient run off from land. By using x-rays, the researchers were able to examine the coral's annual growth rate records since 1950, including the time before and after a major bleaching event in 1998. "It is clear that Mesoameri...

$2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked

...s, gene mutations and copy numbers, microRNAs (ribonucleic acid), methylation, mitochondrial mutations and gene expression. Many of these studies will examine the entire genome. "By pooling our talents we have a much better chance of rapid success," Dr. Gazdar said. "The challenge is going to be interpret...

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis may pose neurological risks

... manipulating the developing embryo and no rigorous long-term studies have been carried out. Ran Huo, Qi Zhou and colleagues used a mouse model to examine how a blastomere biopsy, as the key manipulation during the PGD procedure, could affect fetal, neonatal and adult development. They found that the...

LincRNAs serve as genetic air-traffic controllers

...this chromatin structure is so precisely targeted by specific enzymes and not others. "By utilizing a technology known as RIP-Chip we were able to examine RNA-protein interaction on a large scale and determine which lincRNAs are associated with each enzyme we examined," he adds. To analyze this tremendou...

New theory on why male, female lemurs same size

...y of ways it can be tested." Dunham said she hopes to travel to Madagascar within the next year to begin gathering data for a new project that will examine the impacts of climate change on lemur populations. Lemurs evolved on the African island in isolation from other primates for 65 million years, and...

A 'heart healthy' diet and ongoing, moderate physical activity may protect against cognitive decline

...nto, and Senior Scientist and Director, Geriatric Research Unit, Brain Sciences Program at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and colleagues sought to examine the associations between both long-term strenuous and moderate activity levels and cognition in recently postmenopausal women. Study participants w...

Growing Demand for Rapid Screening and Detection Systems Pushes the European Maritime Security Market, Finds Frost & Sullivan

...he market is expected to have total revenues of more than euro 240 million from 2008 to 2015. In this research, Frost & Sullivan's expert analysts examine the following markets: screening and detection systems, access control and surveillance systems in the maritime industry. "The spiralling inciden...

2 reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer

...f ovarian tumors and compare these profiles among different levels of exposure to reproductive hormones." There is a need for additional studies to examine reproductive factors in other populations, specifically among older women and those of various ethnicities, according to Robbins. Additionally, she su...

Forsyth scientists suggest linkages between obesity and oral bacterial infection

...be circumstantial as being related to diet or opportunistic due to metabolic changes. In the next phase of this research, Dr. Goodson plans to further examine this relationship by initially conducting a controlled cohort study to see if this initial observation can be reproduced. In addition, he hopes to con...

Spontaneous assembly

...on image," said Liphardt. "With other technologies, we have to choose between observing large clusters or observing single proteins. With PALM, we can examine a cell and see single proteins, protein dimers, and so forth, all the way up to large clusters containing thousands of proteins. This enables us to se...

Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births

...s the U-M study is a stepping stone to larger and more detailed studies examining the role of phthalates and premature births. The researchers hope to examine a larger population of pregnant women to corroborate these initial study findings, and conduct experimental lab studies to further explore the biologi...

All in sight

...t against the background of the cold North Atlantic or Antarctic waters. Infrared thermography is already in use with great success, for example to examine the heat insulation of buildings. However, the ship-based detection of whales on sea presents new challenges: the camera must have "all-round visibili...
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