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Improved air quality during Beijing Olympics could inform pollution-curbing policies

The air in Beijing during the 2008 Olympics was cleaner than the previous year's, due to aggressive efforts by the Chinese government to curtail traffic, increase emissions standards and halt construction in preparation for the games, according to a Cornell study. Led by Max Zhang, assistant pr...

Women with endometriosis need special care during pregnancy to avoid risk of premature birth

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: The largest study to date of endometriosis in pregnant women has found that the condition is a major risk factor for premature birth, the 25th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology heard today (Wednesday July 1). Dr. Henrik Falco...

Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy

WASHINGTON -- A growing amount of scientific evidence indicates that how much weight women gain during pregnancy and their starting weight at conception can affect their health and that of their babies, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council. The report...

Treatment for extreme nausea, vomiting during pregnancy

This press release is available in French . Montreal, May 6, 2009 Nausea and vomiting are telltale indicators of pregnancy, affecting more than 80 percent of future mothers. For a few moms-to-be, symptoms can become so severe that hospitalization is required. Yet a new medication proto...

Researchers discover that gene switches on during development of epilepsy

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. A discovery made by researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine while studying mice may help explain how some people without a genetic predisposition to epilepsy can develop the disorder. In a study published this month in the Journal of Neuroscience , senior ...

Differences among exercisers and nonexercisers during pregnancy

NEW ORLEANSNo one doubts that mothers especially pregnant mothers are among the busiest people on earth. And while the benefits of exercise for these women and their developing fetuses are widely known, many expectant mothers do not exercise. A survey examining daily activities of moms-to-be wil...

Differences among exercisers and nonexercisers during pregnancy

NEW ORLEANSNo one doubts that mothers especially pregnant mothers are among the busiest people on earth. And while the benefits of exercise for these women and their developing fetuses are widely known, many expectant mothers do not exercise. A survey examining daily activities of moms-to-be wil...

Satellites show how Earth moved during Italy quake

Studying satellite radar data from ESA's Envisat and the Italian Space Agency's COSMO-SkyMed, scientists have begun analysing the movement of Earth during and after the 6.3 earthquake that shook the medieval town of L'Aquila in central Italy on 6 April 2009. Scientists from Italy's Istituto per...

Frogs reveal clues about the effects of alcohol during development

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) cause malformations in babies, including facial defects, short stature, and mental and behavioral abnormalities. The African frog, Xenopus, is a valuable tool for understanding early vertebrate development since these embryos ...

Crickets may predict human survivability during global warming

How well crickets adapt to rising temperatures may provide clues about whether or not humans can survive global warming. UCF scientist Wade Winterhalter landed an $860,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Energy for an innovative study that fuses global warming models with a biological model t...

Social support during breast-feeding helps humans have more children

COLUMBUS, Ohio The fact that human mothers have support from family while they're breast-feeding may be a key strategy that enables humans to reproduce more rapidly than other primates, new research suggests. Social support helps mothers conserve energy in a way that allows their bodies to pre...

Smoking during pregnancy may impair thyroid function of mom and fetus

Chevy Chase, MDCigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with potentially harmful changes in both maternal and fetal thyroid function, according to a new study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism ( JCEM ). "We studied the i...

College students find comfort in their pets during hard times

COLUMBUS, Ohio A new study suggests that college students may handle stressful situations better if they have a pet. Research has already shown that pets can improve the quality of life for people who are aging or those who are chronically ill. But researchers at Ohio State University recently...

Immunity stronger at night than during day

The immune system's battle against invading bacteria reaches its peak activity at night and is lowest during the day. Experiments with the laboratory model organism, Drosophila melanogaster, reveal that the specific immune response known as phagocytosis oscillates with the body's circadian rhy...

Proteins strangle cell during division

A Swedish research group, partly financed by NWO, has discovered a new mechanism for cell division in a microorganism found in extremely hot and acidic conditions. The results of the research offer insights into evolution, but also into the functioning of the human body. The research has been rece...

Damage inflicted during cardiac attacks more widespread, MSU researchers find

EAST LANSING, Mich. Cholesterol crystals released in the bloodstream during a cardiac attack or stroke can damage artery linings much further away from the site of the attack, leaving survivors at greater risk than previously thought. George Abela, a physician in Michigan State University's Co...

Flu shot protects kids -- even during years with a bad vaccine match

Children who receive all recommended flu vaccine appear to be less likely to catch the respiratory virus that the CDC estimates hospitalizes 20,000 children every year. This is according to new research published in Pediatrics by the University of Rochester Medical Center. The study looked at...

Gaining too much weight during pregnancy nearly doubles risk of having a heavy baby

(PORTLAND, Ore.) October 31, 2008 A study by the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research of more than 40,000 women and their babies found that women who gained more than 40 pounds during their pregnancies were nearly twice as likely to have a heavy baby. Published in the November issue of O...

Gender biases in leadership selection during competitions within and between groups

What makes a great leader? Traits that we look for typically include a sense of power, great negotiating skills and lots of charisma. However, a recent study suggests that it is not just an outgoing personality and great communication skills that determine who is chosen as leader of a group. Previ...

Depression during pregnancy can double risk of preterm delivery

October 23, 2008 (Oakland, Calif.) - Depressed pregnant women have twice the risk of preterm delivery than pregnant women with no symptoms of depression, according to a new study by the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research. The study is published online in the Oxford University Press's journal ...

Study sheds new light on dolphin coordination during predation

CORVALLIS, Ore. Spinner dolphins have long been known for their teamwork in capturing prey but a new study using high-tech acoustics has found that their synchronization is even more complex than scientists realized and likely evolved as a strategy to maximize their energy intake. The study, b...

Guidelines urge physical activity during pregnancy

EAST LANSING, Mich. Moderate physical activity during pregnancy does not contribute to low birth weight, premature birth or miscarriage and may actually reduce the risk of complications, according to a Michigan State University professor who contributed to the U.S. government's first-ever guideli...

Food for thought -- regulating energy supply to the brain during fasting

LA JOLLA, CAIf the current financial climate has taught us anything, it's that a system where over-borrowing goes unchecked eventually ends in disaster. It turns out this rule applies as much to our bodies as it does to economics. Instead of cash, our body deals in energy borrowed from muscle and ...

Rethinking who should be considered 'essential' during a pandemic flu outbreak

Not only are doctors, nurses, and firefighters essential during a severe pandemic influenza outbreak. So, too, are truck drivers, communications personnel, and utility workers. That's the conclusion of a Johns Hopkins University article to be published in the journal of Biosecurity and Bioterror...

New study indicates link between weight gains during pregnancy and dieting history

October 1, 2008, St. Louis, MO Women who have a history of dieting or other restricted eating practices are at risk of gaining an inappropriate amount of weight during pregnancy. In a study published in the October 2008 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, researchers from...

Experts discuss climate change during UH lecture series

HOUSTON, Sept. 25, 2008 Noted energy and environment experts are participating in an eight-part lecture series at the University of Houston, addressing the implications of climate change for the world and for the Houston area. "The Science and Policy of Climate Change" lecture series is free...

Nutritionists of the UGR suggest diet improvements during Ramadan

This press release is available in French and Spanish . Researchers from the departments of Department of Nutrition and Bromatology and Department of Chemistry-Physics of the University of Granada have carried out a study in which they have revealed the need of counterbalancing the ...

Energy secretary, IEEE-member industry leader to deliver keynote addresses during GridWeek 2008

WASHINGTON (21 August 2008)-- U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman and Enrique Santacana, president and CEO of ABB Inc., will be the keynote speakers during GridWeek 2008 in Washington. The event, 22-25 September at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center, is an annual gatheri...

Consumption of nut products during pregnancy linked to increased asthma in children

Expectant mothers who eat nuts or nut products like peanut butter daily during pregnancy increase their children's risk of developing asthma by more than 50 percent over women who rarely or never consume nut products during pregnancy, according to new research from the Netherlands. "We were pre...

VaxInnate to discuss seasonal and pandemic flu vaccines during BIO 2008 this week

SAN DIEGO, CA, June 16, 2008 -- VaxInnate Corporation announced today that it will discuss its novel proprietary technology for producing seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines during BIO 2008 here this week. VaxInnate will participate in the following three BIO 2008 panel discussions: ...

Exercise during pregnancy leads to a healthier heart in moms- and babies-to-be

SAN DIEGO, CA Studies have shown that exercise has a positive effect on mothers-to-be, and no detrimental impact on their developing offspring. A new study further extends the knowledge of research in this area and has found that not only do women benefit from exercise in pregnancy, but their fet...

Computers explain why pears may become brown during commercial storage

Internal browning of pears stored under low oxygen conditions is related to restricted gas exchange inside the fruit, according to a study published March 7th in the open-access journal PLoS Computational Biology. Researchers at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium suggest a computer mode...

Antarctic life hung by a thread during ice ages

Frozen in time frozen in place frozen solid All of these phrases have been used to describe Antarctica, and yet they all belie the truth about this southerly point on the globe. Although the area is covered in ice and bears witness to some of the most extreme cold on the planet, this ecosystem i...

USC researchers identify mechanism that controls activation of stem cells during hair regeneration

Los Angeles, Jan. 16, 2007 -- Researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) have identified a novel cyclic signaling in the dermis that coordinates stem cell activity and regulates regeneration in large populations of hairs in animal models. The signaling switch involves bone morphoge...

Mom's obesity during conception phase may set the stage for offspring's obesity risk

BETHESDA, MD -- The number of overweight and obese Americans continues to grow rapidly. Today, 50 percent of adults are overweight and up to 20 percent are obese. While the number of overweight/obese children is at an all time high, the steady increase of overweight infants -- individuals under 11...

Intravenous gene therapy protects normal tissue of mice during whole-body radiation

LOS ANGELES, Oct. 28 Gene therapy administered intravenously could be an effective agent to protect vital organs and tissues from the effects of ionizing radiation in the event of large-scale exposure from a radiological or nuclear bomb, according to an animal study presented today by University ...

Amazon forest shows unexpected resiliency during drought

Drought-stricken regions of the Amazon forest grew particularly vigorously during the 2005 drought, according to new research. The counterintuitive finding contradicts a prominent global climate model that predicts the Amazon forest would begin to "brown down" after just a month of drought and ...

Low vitamin D during pregnancy linked to pre-eclampsia

PITTSBURGH, Sept. 7 Vitamin D deficiency early in pregnancy is associated with a five-fold increased risk of preeclampsia, according to a study from the University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences reported this week in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. A serious...

Muscle mass: Scientists identify novel mode of transcriptional regulation during myogenesis

In an upcoming issue of G&D, Drs. Maria Divina Deato and Robert Tjian (HHMI, UC Berkeley) reveal that the formation of an alternative transcriptional core promoter complex directs cell-type specific differentiation during myogenesis. The article uncovers a whole new level of transcriptional contro...

Dual-imaging technique useful before -- and during -- brain surgery

Brain specialists associated with the Neuroscience Institute at the University of Cincinnati (UC) and University Hospital say the ability to incorporate—in real time—two high-tech imaging tools into the operating room can improve the functional abilities of patients who undergo brain surgery. N...
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