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Preterm birth: Magnesium sulphate cuts cerebral palsy risk

Magnesium sulphate protects very premature babies from cerebral palsy, a new study shows. The findings of this Cochrane Review could help reduce incidence of the disabling condition, which currently affects around one in every 500 newborn babies overall, but up to one-in-ten very premature babies ...

Cancer drug delivery research at Case Western Reserve University cuts time from days to hours

CLEVELAND Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a technique that has the potential to deliver cancer-fighting drugs to diseased areas within hours, as opposed to the two days it currently takes for existing delivery systems. Using laboratory mice, drug delivery time from...

More than words: childbirth training change improves safety, cuts unnecessary procedures

CHAPEL HILL Relatively inexpensive interventions were effective in helping health care providers in Latin America improve the way they treat mothers during labor and delivery, reducing bleeding and sometimes saving lives of women during childbirth, according to a University of North Carolina at C...

Aerodynamic trailer cuts fuel and emissions by up to 15 percent

Creating an improved aerodynamic shape for truck trailers by mounting sideskirts can lead to a cut in fuel consumption and emissions of up to as much as 15%. Earlier promising predictions, based on mathematical models and wind tunnel tests by TU Delft, have been confirmed during road tests with an...

Safe water: simpler method for analyzing radium in water samples cuts testing time

A simpler technique for testing public drinking water samples for the presence of the radioactive element radium can dramatically reduce the amount of time required to conduct the sampling required by federal regulations. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved use of the new ...

High-dose anticlotting drug cuts heart attack, death risk in half

Pretreatment with double-dose anticlotting medication just before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) cuts the combined risk of heart attack and cardiac death by half, according to a study reported at the 30th Annual Scientific Sessions of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interve...

Soft-cell approach cuts animal tests

The new in-vitro technique pioneered by Dr Amanda Hayes and her UNSW colleagues, Shahnaz Bakand and Chris Winder, directly exposes human cells to airborne toxicants and measures cytotoxic effects. The cells are grown on a porous polyester membrane inside a small diffusion chamber and then exposed t...

Reminding doctors which antibiotics to prescribe cuts C. difficile infection rates

A study published today in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy1 provides the best available evidence that cases of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)---one of the most common and increasing types of hospital-acquired infection---can be reduced in hospital wards if doctors prescribe narrow-...

Heavy smoking cuts women's chance of pregnancy -- even with donated oocytes

Heavy smoking may reduce female fertility by directly affecting the uterus ?making it less receptive and reducing the chances the embryo will implant, according to research published on line (Thursday 9 November) in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction. The finding, ...

Gene transfer using mutant form of good cholesterol cuts vascular plaque and inflammation

Transfer of a gene that produces a mutant form of good cholesterol provides significantly better anti-plaque and anti-inflammation benefits than therapy using the "normal" HDL gene, according to a mouse study conducted by cardiology researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and reported in the Oct...

System Drastically Cuts Down Botulism Detection Time

A new study reveals critical molecular events in the origin of fat cells. The findings are central to understanding chronic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes, as fat cells produce hormones critical for metabolic control, the researchers said. The study finds that a hormonal cocktail routinel...

Measuring hormone cuts antibiotic use in half in pneumonia patients

Measuring a hormone in the blood can help doctors greatly reduce the number of days pneumonia patients have to take antibiotics to cure their infection, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 24. In the study, pneumonia patients whose...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...h acts like a bifocal, to capture both images simultaneously and combine them into one. Because the system combines two alignment sensors into one, it cuts the cost of alignment components in half and saves space. It has no moving parts and provides huge advantages in stability and repeatability over conv...

Healing power of aloe vera proves beneficial for teeth and gums, too

... CHICAGO (July 17, 2009) - The aloe vera plant has a long history of healing power. Its ability to heal burns and cuts and soothe pain has been documented as far back as the 10th century. Legend has it that Cleopatra used aloe vera to keep her skin soft. The modern use...

Global sunscreen won't save corals

... all sorts of risks," says Caldiera. "It is important we learn about the the full set of these risks and all of their implications." He considers deep cuts in human emissions of carbon dioxide to be the most effective safeguard against a global environmental crisis. "One of the good reasons to prefer CO 2...

New device detects heart disease using less than one drop of blood

...n the body has on cell binding (like clots form in arteries). "Most immediately, this is could be a new tool to assess cardiovascular health that cuts the amount of blood needed down to a pin prick. Its compact size might make it an excellent tool for use in developing countries where access to medic...

Olympus advances technology for laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery

...g tissue; and SonoSurg Ultrasonic Surgical System, which transmits ultrasonic vibrations into energy that prevents bleeding by coagulating blood as it cuts tissue. ...

6 young ASU faculty earn NSF Career awards

... money brought in by universities is restricted money that can be used only for the research activity it supports. It cannot be used to compensate for cuts in other parts of the university's budget. ...

Skin cancer study uncovers new tumor suppressor gene

... skin cells. MMP enzymes help the body to break down and recycle proteins, playing a crucial role in the process of remodeling skin after sunburns, cuts or other injuries. The MMP gene family has been associated with tumor growth in a variety of cancers, including breast, colon and melanoma. To expl...

Scientists at CSHL discover mobile small RNAs that set up leaf patterning in plants

...e small ta-siRNAs are generated from larger RNA strands called precursors that are snipped at specific sites. Two cellular ingredients ensure that the cuts occur in the right place: a microRNA molecule called miR390 that specifies the location of the first cut, and an enzyme called ARGONAUTE7 (AGO7) that ...

Freezing kidney cancer: Hot treatment should be new gold standard for destroying small tumors

...the case," emphasized Georgiades. "Traditionally, laparoscopic surgery has been the main treatment option for all renal cell cancers; it literally cuts the cancer out. The good news is that individuals no longer need to have a kidney partially or completed removed to treat their cancer," noted Georgia...

Amazon carbon sink threatened by drought

...search. "If the earth's carbon sinks slow or go into reverse, as our results show is possible, carbon dioxide levels will rise even faster. Deeper cuts in emissions will be required to stabilise our climate." The study, a global collaboration between more than 40 institutions, was based on the unus...

ChemoBrain: How cancer therapies can affect your mind

...ive and candid interviews with both those suffering from chemobrain and the physicians and scientists who have treated and studied this problem, Clegg cuts through the scientific jargon and explains in understandable terms how chemotherapy works at the most basic biological level. In doing so, she provid...

Scientists at CSHL discover mobile small RNAs that set up leaf patterning in plants

...e small ta-siRNAs are generated from larger RNA strands called precursors that are snipped at specific sites. Two cellular ingredients ensure that the cuts occur in the right place: a microRNA molecule called miR390 that specifies the location of the first cut, and an enzyme called ARGONAUTE7 (AGO7) that ...

Research project to boost European fish farming

... Europe is the part of the world that is most dependent on fish imports. This situation is due in part to the drastic cuts in local sea fish quotas and the collapse of fish stocks, which have also been observed in Sweden. The increased level of imports may have several con...

Robo-surgery: As safe and capable as a human assistant in key-hole gallbladder removal

... a long camera introduced through a 1 cm abdominal cut. The camera guides the surgeon in using the surgical instruments introduced through other small cuts (ranging from 0.5 to 1 cm). The assistant's job is to move the camera, which acts as the surgeon's eyes. A range of robots can now perform this tas...

Lost in translation

...n products which, as workhorses of the cell, carry out the very business of life. "What we now know is that in the event of miscoding, the ribosome cuts the bond and aborts the protein-in-progress, end of story," says Rachel Green, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and professor of molecul...

Researchers find chink in the armor of viral 'tummy bug'

...tand how carbohydrates are involved in rotavirus infection, researchers had focussed on treating mammalian cells with a protein called sialidase which cuts these surface sugars so the virus cannot attach. Previous to his group's work most scientists believed only some of the many strains of rotavirus i...

In many fungi, reproductive spores are remarkably aerodynamic

...ersed spores do not exhibit particularly drag-minimizing shapes." "We can see the signature of natural selection in this very simple principle that cuts across a range of species," Pringle says. "It is a real leap forward in our understanding of the biology of a mega-diverse group of microorganisms, sh...

Italy's geologic history becomes a personal tale in Walter Alvarez's new book

... published this month by W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Alvarez, a UC Berkeley professor of earth and planetary science, takes readers on a tour of road cuts and quarries - and even a wine cellar - to sketch this history, weaving in affectionate portraits of the geologists Alvarez and his wife, Milly, have ...

Another fisheries commission throws the science overboard in tuna decision, WWF says

...e Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) also rejected their scientists' pleas for significant cuts to catches in the face of declining tuna populations. "Commissions charged with protecting tuna populations are proving completely ineffective and ...

Innovative surgery by MSU veterinarian provides new lease on life to dogs

...ed as leading causes of post-surgery morbidity and implant failure. The surgery also is performed as a minimally invasive procedure, which drastically cuts the risk of catastrophic complications, fractures and dislocations. "Clinical results have been very positive, and we believe there is potential fo...

Scientists achieve first tracking of salmon from headwaters in Rockies through Pacific to Alaska

...migration within the hydropower system than below the dammed section. Evidence does not yet suffice to tell whether the Fraser has a problem that cuts salmon survival to that of a heavily dammed river, or whether factors other than dams play a larger, unsuspected role in salmon survival. However...

Research challenges conventional notions about salmon survival

...e and decline of this species. The authors stress that dams are not good for salmon. What is unclear is whether the Fraser River has a problem that cuts salmon survival to that of a heavily dammed river, or whether factors other than dams play a larger, unsuspected role in salmon survival. Says lead a...

Similar survival rates for Pacific salmon in Fraser, Columbia Rivers raises new questions

...et sufficient evidence to reach any conclusions. "Clearly dams are not good for salmon. What is unclear is whether the Fraser River has a problem that cuts salmon survival to that of a heavily dammed river, or whether factors other than dams play a larger, unsuspected role in salmon survival." Only in ...

Singapore opens Fusionopolis, its second major R&D hub in 5 years

... A*STAR's Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC), pointed out, "With Fusionopolis, we are trying to create a new model of doing research that cuts across many different borders. This mixing of different interests and backgrounds will lead to unexpected solutions to problems about which society ca...

Where optics meets medicine

...colleagues at Cornell University use tightly focused femtosecond lasers to introduce clots in the microvasculature in the brains of rodents. The laser cuts open the cells lining the blood vessels, triggering natural clotting mechanisms and leading to the formation of an occlusion. The clotting process, as...

Evolving designer ecosystem sheds light on unintended consequences

... authors emphasize how modern urban water systems shatter any limitations imposed by the topographic contours of a region. The Central Arizona Project cuts a blue swatch across the Sonoran Desert and subdivides watersheds, to deliver a reported 1.7 109 m3 per year (or 1.5 million acre-feet) of surface wa...

Common treatment to delay labor decreases preterm infants' risk for cerebral palsy

... BIRMINGHAM, Ala. -- Intravenous magnesium sulfate supplementation before preterm delivery cuts the risk for handicapping cerebral palsy in half, according to research led by University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) obstetrician Dwight Rouse, M....

Fish cancer gene linked to pigment pattern that attracts mates

...y mature at 4.5 months. The ones with the skin cancer gene can develop melanomas at about 7 months and die a few months later. "Melanoma formation cuts the reproductive life cycle in half," Fernandez said. "It has a huge cost for males." But during the few months when the male is sexually mature an...
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