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West Nile virus studies show how star-shaped brain cells cope with infection

A new study published as the cover article for the April 2009 issue of The FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ) promises to give physicians new ways to reduce deadly responses to viral infections of the brain and spinal cord. In the report, scientists from Columbia University, NY, detail for...

Vaccine to cope with viral diversity in HIV

The ability of HIV-1 to develop high levels of genetic diversity and acquire mutations to escape immune pressures contributes to our difficulties in producing a vaccine. David Nickle et al present here an efficient algorithm to develop vaccines that cope with the diversity of HIV or other variable ...

Fish on acid: Hagfish cope with high levels of CO2

The Pacific Hagfish is a strange animal: it feeds by gnawing its way into a carcass and staying inside to feed for up to 3 days. Scientists at the University of British Columbia (Canada) believe the Hagfish's gruesome method of feeding may cause the stagnant water inside the carcass to become acidi...

Growing crops to cope with climate change

Scientists at the UK's leading plant science centre have uncovered a gene that could help to develop new varieties of crop that will be able to cope with the changing world climate. Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) at the John Innes Centre in ...

Researchers learn how blood vessel cells cope with their pressure-packed job

UCSD scientists have gained a better understanding of how repetitive stretching of endothelial cells that line arteries can make them healthy and resistant to vascular diseases. UCSD researchers stretched cells in a workout chamber the size of a credit card to gain a better understanding of how ...

High-tech vehicle design boosts emergency rescue capacity

...ble for the type of off-road vehicle needed for rapid access to disaster zones. "Our four-stretcher carrier is adjustable at the front and rear end to cope with the state of shock of the patient," adds Strobel. "For easy maintenance all our loaded components are made of stainless steel. And all profiles a...

Warming climate threatens California fruit and nut production

... of plant dormancy, which is still relatively poorly understood, might point to additional strategies to manage tree dormancy, which will help growers cope with the agro-climatic challenges that lie ahead, the researchers suggested. ...

Your own private global warming

...ge of species commonly found in Antarctic waters and subjected them to increasing levels of water temperature to learn how each species is prepared to cope with the conditions that they are likely to experience in the future. The study showed that several of these species are already living really close t...

Laboring without the labor bed: It's a good thing

...says Hodnett. Reaction to the ambient room was overwhelmingly positive, as respondents were pleased to have options for mobility and for helping to cope with their labour. They also indicated they received greater one-on-one attention and support from their nurses. "This study raises questions abo...

Rampant helper syndrome

...A repair processes. Specifically, repair of UV damage to the DNA molecule. Plants and many other organisms that are exposed to intense sunlight must cope with an enormous degree of damage to their genes. To repair those mutations, they need the help of complex enzymes. These photolyases in turn require ...

Your own private global warming

...ge of species commonly found in Antarctic waters and subjected them to increasing levels of water temperature to learn how each species is prepared to cope with the conditions that they are likely to experience in the future. The study showed that several of these species are already living really close t...

Natural-born divers and the molecular traces of evolution

...ing how myoglobin, the molecule responsible for delivering oxygen to the muscles during locomotion, has been modified in seals and whales to help them cope with the needs of a life at sea. The researchers have found evidence indicating that the net positive charge of this protein is increased in marine...

Opposites attract -- how genetics influences humans to choose their mates

...has an important role to play in ensuring healthy reproduction, by helping to ensure that children are born with a strong immune system better able to cope with infection." ...

Hunt for 'climate-ready' crops accelerates as organizations search seed collections worldwide

...e scorching temperatures; and a project to increase the ability of maize to cope with erratic rains, while increasing its nutritional quality for small-scal...al plant breeding and molecular markers to increase the ability of maize to cope with erratic rains, while increasing its nutritional quality for small-scal...

Key protein regulating inflammation may prove relevant to controlling sepsis

...B scientists described their results showing the importance of WIP1 as an effective suppressor of inflammation and explained how the body was able to cope with an excess of inflammation brought on by the hyperactivation of the NFκB protein complex, is a signaling molecule that plays a key role in ...

Scientists aim to bring indigenous people into climate change monitoring and policy

... react to climate change in creative ways, drawing on traditional knowledge and new technologies to find solutions, which may help society at large to cope with climate change. ...

A big lesson from the reef

...le, ecosystems with many species are more stable over time. This is because, as conditions change, the system is more likely to have species that can cope with the new conditions. Having lots of species reduces the likelihood of a major ecological collapse. "In other words, high biodiversity is nature...

George M. Whitesides receives inaugural Dreyfus prize in the chemical sciences

...esearch." George Whitesides has received many awards. Among those from the American Chemical Society are the Award in Pure Chemistry, the Arthur C. cope Award, and the Society's highest award, the Priestley Medal. From other institutions his awards include the Materials Research Society's Von Hippel Aw...

Synthetic chemical offers solution for crops facing drought

...he various stress hormones, abscisic acid (ABA), produced naturally by plants, has emerged over the last 30 years as the key hormone that helps plants cope with drought conditions. Under such stress, plants increase their ABA levels, which helps them survive the drought through a process not fully underst...

Recession Puts Focus on Business Optimisation and Excellence to Strengthen Business Core

... Singapore, March 24 / b3c newswire / – To cope with the most disparaging economic climate in decades, business owners are pushed to explore the different varieties of standard-issue business strate...

'Climate change: Global risks, challenges and decisions'

...mate change, with poor nations and communities particularly at risk. Temperature rises above 2oC will be very difficult for contemporary societies to cope with, and will increase the level of climate disruption through the rest of the century. Key Message 3: Long-Term Strategy Rapid, sustained, an...

Children seriously affected when a parent suffers from depression

... to themselves. Daily family life becomes unfamiliar to the children The family members try their utmost, both as individuals and together, to cope with the situation, so that daily life can be restored to a more manageable level. The children take responsibility for both the depressed parent, sib...

Eugene-Springfield face Upper Willamette climate threats

...nd infirmed. "While Lane County farm and forest businesses will be affected by warming temperatures, the report identifies profitable strategies to cope with climate impacts such as increasing water use and energy efficiencies and developing distributed renewable energy technologies," said Roger Hamilt...

'It takes a genome: How a clash between our genes and modern life is making us sick'

...chool of Biological Sciences, suggests the increased rates of diseases such as diabetes, cancer and Alzheimer's are due to human genes being unable to cope with the 21st century Western lifestyle. "In the last two generations or so, we've changed our environment so much in terms of what we eat, what pa...

Lower increases in global temps could lead to greater impacts than previously thought, study finds

...iplinary environmental studies and Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment, said, "We need both mitigation and adaptation policies to cope with climate change, since we must adapt to changes we cannot prevent and mitigate changes that are hard to adapt tothat is, mitigation and adaptation...

Changing sexes on the sea floor

...at most of the population becomes male. The advantage of doing so, says the world-renowned coral reef researcher, is that male corals can more readily cope with stress when resources are limited. Apparently, when times get tough, nature sends in the boys. "We believe, as with orchids and some trees, se...

Mass media often failing in its coverage of global warming, says climate researcher

...ave to consult local leaders in both the public and private sectors to figure out the most politically and cost effective solutions to help localities cope with increasing global warming". ...

Tree lizard’s quick release escape system makes jumpers turn somersaults

...s made Gillis wonder how this loss may impact on a lizard's mobility and ability to survive. Specifically how do branch hopping, tree dwelling lizards cope with their loss. Teaming up with undergraduate student Lauren Bonvini, the pair began encouraging lizard leaps to see how well the reptiles coped with...

Lovejoy and Laurance, BBVA Foundation award in ecology

...me "to measure the manifold consequences of habitat fragmentation for the integrity of tropical forests", and to scientifically simulate how they will cope in future. The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards seek to recognize and encourage world-class research at international level, and can be...

Hoarding rainwater could 'dramatically' expand range of dengue-fever mosquito

... change and evolutionary change could act together to accelerate and expand the mosquito's range. But human behaviour in the form of storing water to cope with climate change is likely to have an even greater impact. Lead author, Dr Michael Kearney of the University of Melbourne says: "The potential ...

The global impact of climate change on biodiversity

... of York has repeated the survey 42 years later, and found that, on average, species had moved uphill by about 67 metres over the intervening years to cope with changes in climate. This is the first demonstration that climate change is affecting the distributions of tropical insects, the most numerous ...

'Smart scaffolds' may help heal broken hearts

... Imagine new treatments for heart disease or muscle loss that direct the body to repair damaged tissue rather than helping it cope with a weakened condition. That's not hard to do thanks to Canadian researchers, who for the first time, have developed an organic substance that attr...

College students find comfort in their pets during hard times

...dents and 13 percent of adults said their pet was important to helping them cope during difficult times. This belief was far more likely among those who wer...have started raising a family, and have years of experience learning how to cope with difficult situations. Many first and second-year students, however,...

Oregon's Rogue River Basin to face climate-change hurdles

...cil co-sponsored the Dec. 16 official release of the report in Medford, Ore. "Rogue basin communities must take the necessary steps to learn how to cope with the effects of climate change, and to develop the systems that will allow them to recover from its impacts," Harper said. "Our region is resilien...

New tool could unpick complex cancer causes and help sociologists mine Facebook

...proteins. This allowed a rapid and accurate analysis of the probabilities of interactions between each on the 14 proteins. The technique even able to cope with misconceptions in current understanding of particular networks as it the was designed to "overturn" any reject any data included in the "Informa...

CSHL researchers map changing epigenetic modifications that enable transposons to run amok

...me outside of their normal milieu, in culture dishes, have highly unstable genomes. Changes in gene activity, or how genes are "expressed," help cells cope with challenging culture conditions but inadvertently also leave genes prone to mis-regulation by transposons -- bits of DNA that can jump around in t...

Unique transatlantic tie-up to understand the aging process

... Increased life expectancy in the developed world is forecast to lead to a dramatically older population in coming decades. For society to cope and for more people to enjoy healthy and active older age it is crucial that we understand as much as possible about how our bodies change as we age. ...

Key link in how plants adapt to climate discovered by Stanford researchers

... this information is relayed to stomatal-development pathways. Thus, development of stomata can be altered "on the fly" to better enable the plant to cope with environmental conditions. For example, a leaf contains fewer pores when carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is in abundance and more when it is l...

New technique enables assessment of drought performance

... Measurement of chlorophyll fluorescence is an effective way of determining how well plants can cope with low-water conditions. The technique described in the open access journal Plant Methods , published by BioMed Central, allows a quantitative and ...

NSF funds research at Illinois on sustainable biofuels infrastructure

...onomy in the Midwest and we have the infrastructure to manage it," Sivapalan said. "Now the question is whether the existing infrastructure is able to cope with the sudden infusion of bioenergy-related activities, including new crops and a whole lot of new refineries." "From a biophysical point of view...
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(Date:4/20/2014)... a gift of germsgerms that help to kick-start ... fend off infection, may paradoxically interrupt a newborn,s ... susceptible to dangerous pathogens. , A new ... Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) sheds light on immunology ... a crucial role in fostering the rapid production ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... Protecting wildlife while feeding a world population predicted ... a holistic approach to conservation that considers human-altered ... , Wildlife and the natural habitat that supports ... a world where at least three-quarters of the ... the rest is vulnerable to human-caused impacts such ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... A team of researchers led by a University ... to receive a $7.5 million Department of Defense grant ... basic scientific foundations for the predictable design of light-weight, ... diversity of structures from plants and animals, including the ... what biological systems have constructed over millions of years ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study of gut microbes, antibiotics: Clues to improving immunity in premature infants 2Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 2Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 3Stanford researchers rethink 'natural' habitat for wildlife 4Mantis shrimp, toucan and trilobite, oh my 2Mantis shrimp, toucan and trilobite, oh my 3
(Date:4/20/2014)... in children, codeine continues to be prescribed in U.S. ... Children,s Hospital San Francisco. , As reported in the ... provider prescription behaviors to promote the use of better ... "Despite strong evidence against the use of codeine in ... numbers of them each year," said Sunitha Kaiser, MD, ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... group of scientists from the University of Kentucky ... Aging has found interesting new information in a ... disease (PD). , Published in the journal ... cognitive function in depressed and non-depressed patients with ... used to treat motor symptoms of Parkinson,s disease ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... made a discovery that turns 160 years of neuroanatomy ... long known to be essential for the fast transmission ... not as ubiquitous as thought, according to a new ... Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) and the University,s Department of ... Jeff Lichtman, of Harvard,s Department of Molecular and Cellular ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... (Seattle, WA April 18, 2014) Benaroya Research ... to research how blocking a particular molecule in metastatic ... and the number of lung metastases. BRI scientists have ... protein can shrink tumors by 60 - 80 percent ... to the lung. The $1.8 million five-year grant comes ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... . A ... A team led by Ludwik Leibler from the Laboratoire ... Letourneur from the Laboratoire Recherche Vasculaire Translationnelle (INSERM/Universits Paris ... principle of adhesion by aqueous solutions of nanoparticles can ... tissues. This easy-to-use gluing method has been tested on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:UCSF study finds codeine often prescribed to children, despite available alternatives 2Health News:Treating depression in PD patients: New research 2Health News:Finding turns neuroanatomy on its head 2Health News:Finding turns neuroanatomy on its head 3Health News:Benaroya Research Institute evaluates immunology approach to blocking breast cancer 2Health News:Innovative strategy to facilitate organ repair 2Health News:Innovative strategy to facilitate organ repair 3
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