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cleaner in Biological News

UV lotion lights the way to cleaner facilities

A team of Canadian scientists using a lotion which glows under ultraviolet light have shown that up to a third of patient toilets are not properly cleaned. Their findings, published in BioMed Centrals journal, BMC Infectious Diseases, also show that spores from the nasty bacteria Clostridium diffi...

Argonne helps China create cleaner Beijing for 2008 Olympics

The U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory is working closely with Chinese scientists and policy makers toward the goal of creating a cleaner Beijing and developing sustainable technologies for the 2008 Olympic Games and beyond. Recently, DOE and China's Ministry of Science an...

Innovative civil engineering application promises cleaner waters

Blacksburg, Va. -- Streams, lakes, and bays may soon be cleaner thanks to an innovative approach to managing stormwater runoff being developed at Virginia Tech and funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A novel software application will help engineers and planners select the...

MIT: A quicker, easier way to make coal cleaner

WASHINGTON, DC--Construction of new coal-fired power plants in the United States is in danger of coming to a standstill, partly due to the high cost of the requirement whether existing or anticipated to capture all emissions of carbon dioxide, an important greenhouse gas. But an MIT analysis sug...

Biodiesel study targets cleaner air, cleaner engines

Cleaner engines, cleaner air and more uses for local farm products were the focus of a just-completed study of biodiesel as an alternative fuel source on selected Ontario farms. This province-wide initiative is the only one of its kind in Canada. It involved six farms to evaluate the effectiveness...

DOE publishes research roadmap for developing cleaner fuels

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today released an ambitious new research agenda for the development of cellulosic ethanol as an alternative to gasoline. The 200-page scientific "roadmap" cites recent advances in biotechnology that have made cost-effective production of ethanol from cellulose, ...

Plants reveal a secret and bring researchers nearer a cleaner future

Using sunlight to power our homes and offices is an unaccomplished dream due to the still inefficient technology for a better use of solar energy. The study of photosynthesis in plants could provide new clues by explaining how they absorb almost 100% of the sun-light reaching them, and how they tra...

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

...high-yielding, scalable and economic manufacturing processes. These processes use enzyme catalysts from the marine microbes, which lead to greener and cleaner manufacturing methods. Dr Robert Speight, from Ingenza Ltd, explained: "We are using biology in our chemical processes to come up with improved man...

Improved air quality during Beijing Olympics could inform pollution-curbing policies

... The air in Beijing during the 2008 Olympics was cleaner than the previous year's, due to aggressive efforts by the Chinese government to curtail traffic, increase emissions standards and halt construction i...

Report shows the power of US cities to mitigate climate change and steps they need to take to adapt

...Washougal, WA states that "a proactive approach to adaptation and mitigation will reward business and residential consumers with lower energy bills, a cleaner environment and a regional, localized economy that will offer additional jobs to many of its residents". The report found that all participating ci...

Scientific evidence of health problems from past contamination of drinking water at Camp Lejeune is limited and unlikely to be resolved with further study

...ous toxic industrial solvents, including PCE -- which entered the groundwater as a result of spills and improper disposal practices by an off-base dry cleaner -- and TCE from on-base spills and leaks from underground storage equipment. Considerable public controversy grew over the potential health consequen...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

...ematician Alex Tolstoy, of ATolstoy Sciences in the United States, and colleagues at the University of Bradford in the United Kingdom have developed a cleaner way that hears where a blockage is located, using a technique pioneered in underwater acoustics. With further development, the method could be used to...

Carnegie Mellon to unveil new sequestration plan

...veil a novel "two-stage'' approach for developing new energy technologies that can help society reduce dangerous greenhouse gas emissions and create a cleaner economy during a policy briefing January 9 at 1 p.m. at 1200 New York Ave. N.W. in Washington, D.C. Morgan, who heads a team of investigators from...

2009 DOE INCITE projects allocated at ORNL

... National Laboratories and Madhava Syamlal will help make combustion energy cleaner and more efficient with allocations of 30 million hours and 13 million hour...rials that will be able to convert a vehicle's waste heat into electricity. cleaner aircraft gas turbine engines will be the focus of a project led by Robert M...

Synthetic biology key in the 21st century

...media? And while these scientists featured in Esquire Drew Endy, Jay Keasling and Craig Venter may hold the keys to improved medial treatments and cleaner fuels, are there adequate controls and security measures to limit potential risks? The development of www.synbioproject.org marks an effort to answer...

Engineering algae to make fuel instead of sugar

... WASHINGTON, Dec. 17 - In pursuing cleaner energy there is such a thing as being too green. Unicellular microalgae, for instance, can be considered too green. In a paper in a special energy is...

Dune and dirty: Hurricane teaches lessons through ecosystem research

..., we lose fisheries. "Bird watching and hunting are also huge economically," he noted, "and marshes also filter runoff from the mainland to provide cleaner water to the bays." Feagin said the marshes also play a role in building new land because the plants slow down rising tide water, causing suspended...

Urea tanks on diesel trucks -- that's the law in the United States starting in 2010

...s a 3%𔃃% fuel savings and reduced carbon dioxide emissions. "The exhaust coming from the tailpipe of an SCR-equipped vehicle may actually be cleaner than the air around it," Doran adds. In fact, according to Daimler Trucks, the engine efficiency achieved by using SCR technology in Europe has sav...

Acoustical Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami, Florida

...all undergraduate colleges. In this approach many short pictures of the vibrating instruments are taken and then processed together to form a single, cleaner picture. The images they produce rival the images obtained with expensive holographic interferometers. Papers 4 and 8 present examples of mathematic...

Yale journal finds nanomaterials may have large environmental footprint

...ity of constructing miniature devices atom-by-atom has also given rise to expectations that precision in nanomanufacturing will lead to less waste and cleaner processes. "Research in this issue reveals the potential of environmental impacts from nanomanufacturing to offset the benefits of using lighter n...

British scientists go cloud-hopping in the Pacific to improve climate predictions

...clouds and may affect how much rain they produce. The scientists will also find out whether clouds made from these particles are more reflective than cleaner clouds so having a greater affect on climate. Lead scientist, Professor Hugh Coe from the National Centre for Atmospheric Science said: "These are...

Case Western Reserve University project ties soil conservation and river management together

... rivers," said Whiting. For instance, fine sediment carried into rivers can cloud the water and can choke out freshwater bugs and fish that require cleaner water. Fine sediment deposited on the stream bottom can smother eggs laid by fish including salmon and walleye. To preserve these populations of fish...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 24, 2008

...s an electric field that thins fuel, or reduces its viscosity, so that smaller droplets are injected into the engine. That leads to more efficient and cleaner combustion than a standard fuel injector, the researchers say. Six months of road testing in a diesel car showed that the device increased highway ...

'Chemical equator' discovery will aid pollution mapping

...ly, scientists believed that the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) formed the boundary between the polluted air of the Northern Hemisphere and the cleaner air of the Southern Hemisphere. The ITCZ is a cloudy region circling the globe where the trade winds from each hemisphere meet. It is characterised by...

Iowa State engineer works to clean and improve engine performance

...internal combustion engine in 1879. There are fuel injectors and turbochargers and electrical controls. There's more horsepower, better efficiency, cleaner burning and greater reliability. But Kong with the help of 15 graduate students and all kinds of sensors recording engine cylinder pressure, ener...

Fuel emissions from marine vessels remain a global concern

... introduction of emission control technologies and cleaner fuels into the international marine sector. These ... the model, the authors demonstrated that although cleaner fuels increase GHG emissions during their producti... petroleum industrywhich suggested that the use of cleaner fuels in the marine sector would exacerbate green ...

Heavy metal link to mutations, low growth and fertility among crustaceans in Sydney Harbor tributary

...Science of the Total Environment , reveal genetic mutations among crustaceans ( Melita plumulosa ) in the Parramatta River but none among those in the cleaner Hawkesbury River. Earlier this year, UNSW scientists revealed that copper-contaminated seaweeds in Sydney Harbour were killing 75 percent of the of...

Greenland ice core reveals history of pollution in the Arctic

... animals such as caribou, seals and whale. "Impacts on human health in the Arctic region haven't been determined," said McConnell. But he suggested cleaner burning coal technologies, or better yet reduced reliance on coal burning, may head off the potential problem. ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 23, 2008

.... But there's been some progress toward reducing air pollution levels in Beijing, including switching many of the city's coal-fired power plants to cleaner burning, natural gas facilities as well as stricter vehicle emissions controls. But these strides are being undercut by China's booming economy and in...

Why eating less can help the environment

...couragement for them to buy good, local produce and avoid highly processed, heavily packaged and nutritionally inferior food. As well as leading to a cleaner environment, this would also lead to better health. ...

Corporations can profit from being environmentally friendly

...lly and must adhere to multiple regulations. "Many policymakers believe environmental regulations are a win-lose propositionsociety benefits from a cleaner environment, but businesses are at an economic disadvantage," says Darnall. "This research shows it can be a win-win. Companies that develop greener p...

URI researcher: China can't fully fix air quality problem for Olympics

...it's going to have a minor effect," said Rahn. "They've tried to relocate some of the polluting industries over time, and Beijing has gotten a little cleaner each year because of it, but the background pollutants still blow in just the same." The government's plan to reduce pollution during the Olympics...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 25, 2008

...effects. Researchers recently developed new pyrotechnic formulas that replace perchlorate with nitrogen-rich materials or nitrocellulose that burn cleaner and produce less smoke. At the same time, these nitrogen-rich formulas also use fewer color-producing chemicals, dramatically cutting down on the amou...

Beijing game for clean air challenge

...r quality needs to improve says Wen-Xing. He concludes that the Chinese Government is committed to reducing the air pollution in Beijing further, for cleaner air in time for the Games this summer. ...

Carnegie Mellon receives $1.85 million

...on Climate Change Initiative created by the DDCF to develop new energy technologies that can help society reduce greenhouse gas emissions and create a cleaner economy. By focusing these grants on how energy technology innovation occurs and how it can be improved through better policy, the aim is to ensur...

Elsevier launches new journal: Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering

...a niche in the integration of previously disparate disciplines. Natural gas use is currently growing across all economic sectors. Natural gas burns cleaner than oil or coal, and this environmental benefit has encouraged its use. While decades ago, natural gas was seen as an unwanted by-product of oil and ...

Cleaner diesels thanks to laser light

... and Shell), Eindhoven University of Technology will investigate further improvements to the measuring system with the ultimate objective of producing cleaner diesel engines. ...

Massive Canadian oilfield could be exploited using new UK system

..., and this, and the increasing cost of conventional light oil, could lead to the widespread exploitation of heavy oil. The world needs to switch to cleaner ways of using energy such as fuel cells, said Professor Malcolm Greaves, who developed the THAI™ process. But we are decades away from creati...

200 journals join in theme issues on poverty and human development

.... They found that prioritizing the poor did have a much greater impact, even though the better-off children were also in need of better nutrition, and cleaner water and fuel. "Our finding that greater health gains can be achieved by prioritizing the poor provides new evidence on how policies and programs...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Sept. 26, 2007

...This studys findings may increase current knowledge about the role of lubrication oil in particle-formation dynamics as engine technology improves and cleaner internal combustion engines are developed, the researchers state. ARTICLE #4 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Role of Lubrication Oil in Particulate Emissions...
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