Review of probiotic trial research finds only Bifantis able to claim efficacy for IBS symptoms
CINCINNATI March 23, 2009 A review by researchers at Northwestern University (Chicago, IL.) and University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI) of the utility of probiotics in the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) found that Bifidobacterium infantis 35624 was the only probiotic strain out of ...
US Patent Office rejects company's claim for bean commonly grown by Latin American farmers
WASHINGTON, DC (30 APRIL 2008)The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) today rejected all of the patent claims for a common yellow bean that has been a familiar staple in Latin American diets for more than a century.
The bean was erroneously granted patent protection in 1999, as ...
Comet probes reveal evidence of origin of life, scientists claim
Recent probes inside comets show it is overwhelmingly likely that life began in space, according
a new paper by Cardiff University scientists.
Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe and colleagues at the Universitys Centre for Astrobiology have
long argued the case for panspermia - the theory that...
Dinosaur extinction didn't cause the rise of present-day mammals, claim researchers
A new, complete 'tree of life' tracing the history of all 4,500 mammals on Earth shows that they did not diversify as a result of the death of the dinosaurs, says new research published in Nature today.
The study was undertaken in the UK by scientists at Imperial College London and the Zoological...
Life on Earth came from other planets
...summed up in a scientific paper to be published in the premier issue of Cosmology.com: "If life were to suddenly
appear on a desert island we wouldn't claim
it was randomly assembled in an organic soup or created by the hand of God; we'd conclude it washed to shore or fell from the sky. The
Earth too, is a...
American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009
...nderstanding of the basic biology of salty taste. But new pieces of the puzzle are emerging, including the discovery last year of what some scientists claim
is the primary receptor responsible for human salt taste perception.
Despite this challenge, companies are forging ahead with salt reduction resear...
Sulphur in just one hair could blow a terrorist's alibi
...ariation in a person's hair shows that he or she has been in a particular country, the method can help to break down the alibis of some terrorists who claim
not to have moved over recent months", says Santamara-Fernndez.
Various British security forces, such as the London Metropolitan Police, have alrea...
Carbon measuring system to help mitigate climate change
...hey are encouraging small scale enterprises, such as furniture making and carving, or planting forests and crops. Natural resource management projects claim
to have carbon benefits and organisations need to be able to demonstrate how their investments achieve global environment benefits.
Synthetic chemical offers solution for crops facing drought
... identified, and validated his results. Scientists from these labs are co-authors of the research paper.
"Several high-profile papers have tried to claim
discovery of ABA receptors but their research could not stand the test of time, and these papers were ultimately withdrawn," said Natasha Raikhel, the...
The first DFG research centers to be funded for another four years
...eir successfully started research projects, as the reviewers emphasised in their recommendations.
The DFG Research Centre in Bremen was able to lay claim
to and further establish its position as "one of the world's leading centres for marine-geoscientific research". Its objective, to use complex geoscie...
Experts lay to rest long-held misconceptions about high fructose corn syrup at ILSI-USDA workshop
..., that this increase in total calories was due to Americans eating more of everything.
White urges more care in interpreting experimental data that claim
to demonstrate metabolic effects for fructose-containing sweeteners. "It is inappropriate to extrapolate experimental outcomes derived from pure fruct...
BIO-key to Respond in Court to a Lawsuit Filed by Two Investors
...d stock. The Company does not believe that it is in breach of any redemption obligations to these investors and intends to defend itself against this claim
vigorously. The Company also is evaluating potential counterclaims it may have in the lawsuit.
Information warfare in the 21st century: Ideas are sometimes stronger than bombs
...zation's claims of exaggerated use of force can be refuted, or it can be shown that the terrorists are those who are injuring the population that they claim
to be defending. Another technique is to identify the point of weakness between the population and the organization, and use that to our advantage. Fo...
Synthetic biology can help extend anti-malaria drug effectiveness
For the microbial synthesis of artemisinin, the idea started with malaria, a disease first described in 4 B.C. by Hippocrates that continues to claim
the lives of more than a million victims each year, most of them children. The complex life-cycle of Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite that carries ...
Modern lifestyle prevents tooth decay
...e. He has published over 65 research papers in international scientific journals.
The overall aim of the review was to look at the evidence for the claim
that sugar was the main cause of dental caries (tooth decay). The authors concluded that out of 31 studies carefully reviewed, the majority did not fi...
Diet could reduce onset of eye disease by 20 percent
... University of Liverpool scientists claim
that the degeneration of sight, caused by a common eye disease, could be reduced by up to 20% by increasing the amount of fruit, vegetables and nuts i...
Energy drinks: The coffee of a new generation?
...end consuming more than two cans per day.
But many young people do not respect this warning. Furthermore, close to 50 percent of 18 to 24-year-olds claim
to consume energy drinks mixed with alcohol. Vodka Red Bulls are in vogue despite warnings against the mix.
"Usually when someone consumes too muc...
Vaccines and autism: Many hypotheses, but no correlation
... An extensive new review summarizes the many studies refuting the claim
of a link between vaccines and autism. The review, in the February 15, 2009 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases and now available online, looks a...
Why you can't hurry love
...mes into play. A male is assumed to always want to mate with a female, but a good male is more willing to pay the cost of a long courtship in order to claim
the prize of mating. This leads to an outcome in which the female is not willing to mate immediately, but instead requires the male to wait for an ind...
International copper industry defines role in the fight against hospital infections
...hospital ward resulted in 90-100 percent fewer micro-organisms than the amount found on the control ward.
In the U.S., hospital-acquired infections claim
the lives of some 100,000 people each year. The U.S. Copper Development Association (CDA) is taking a lead role in this international effort through t...
No quick or easy technological fix for climate change, researchers say
...Institute of the Environment, sees no evidence that such technological alterations of the climate system would be as quick or easy as their proponents claim
and says many of them wouldn't work at all.
Turco will present his new research on geoengineering conducted with colleague Fangqun Yu, a resear...
AGU journal highlights: Nov. 11, 2008
...o much higher frequencies (up to 13 Hz; wavelengths of the order of 1 centimeter (0.4 inches)), where surface tension becomes an important force. They claim
to have seen the acoustic waves excited by such tiny ripples in deep-sea pressure recordings obtained 5.5 kilometers (3.4 miles) beneath the sea surfa...
Synthetic Biology: Coming Up Fast!
... WASHINGTON Synthetic biology is being touted by scientists and venture capitalists as "the next big thing." Researchers claim
to be on the brink of creating artificial life in a laboratory and making the world's first synthetic microbes. The first blockbuster synbio drugan a...
Recommendations for children's exercise lacking say experts
..., which is a recognised precursor to type 2 diabetes later in life.
However the researchers did believe that improving children's diets, which they claim
to have "changed markedly" over the last two decades, would be likely to have a greater impact on their overall health and weight.
Dr. Brad Metcalf...
Majority of osteoporosis patients not receiving calcium and vitamin D with treatment
... vitamin D supplementation, yet the majority of patients in this research claim
they do not follow this approach.
"Patients with a low intake of calciu...larly
Even when patients do take some form of supplementation, up to 30% claim
they regularly miss a dose. An analysis of those patients who declared they...
Arctic ice on the verge of another all-time low
... are highly vulnerable to rising temperatures and predicted that the Arctic would be virtually ice-free in the summer months by 2070. Other scientists claim
it could become ice-free as early as 2040. Latest satellite observations suggest that the Arctic could be mainly ice-free even earlier."
Antidepressants need new nerve cells to be effective, UT Southwestern researchers find
...gyrus. Exercise, which can also relieve the symptoms of depression, stimulates the generation of new nerve cells in the same area.
"We would never claim
that what we study in mice directly relates to how antidepressants work in humans, but there are interesting features in parallel," Dr. Parada said. "...
September Geology and GSA Today media highlights
...SO4-water melt, together with sulfur-rich apatite at a temperature of ~950 degrees Celsius and a water pressure greater than 3 kbar. Chambefort et al. claim
that such unusually sulfate-rich magmas may be required to produce sulfur-rich magmatic-hydrothermal mineral deposits.
Particle size separation...
New book further supports controversial theory of 'Man the Hunted'
...r," says Sussman. "They are not scavengers because they avoid decomposing food."
Sussman and Hart also address the topic of cannibalism, which they claim
is "beyond rare," and atypical, strange human behavior. "It just hardly ever happens," Sussman says.
The philosophical question of how a new scient...
Smithsonian hosts tropical extinction debate in Panama
... Foundation, the Science Committee of the Smithsonian National Board, and the Smithsonian Office of the Undersecretary for Science.
Some scientists claim
that up to half of all species on earth may disappear during our lifetimes. Others dispute this view. Opening with a public symposium at the Institut...
ESA to feature wide range of UW-Madison presentations
...lants they should contain. Some insist that prairie species are needed to penetrate compacted soil and allow stormwater to permeate the ground. Others claim
that typical urban plants, such as turfgrasses and shrubs, work just as well.
As a first foray into this issue, soil scientists Nick Balster and Ma...
New studies predict record land grab as demand soars for new sources of food, energy and wood fiber
...RI study, From Exclusion to Ownership? Challenges and Opportunities in Advancing Forest Tenure Reform, finds that developing country governments still claim
an overwhelming majority of forests and have made limited progress in recognizing local land rights, leaving open the potential for great violence, as...
Why do people vote? Genetic variation in political participation
...litical participation," note the authors, "this study is the first attempt to test the idea empirically." They do so by conducting three tests of the claim
that part of the variation in political participation can be attributed to genetic factors. The results suggest that individual genetic differences m...
Breaking news: Study revives Olympic prospects for amputee sprinter
The scientific team was asked to evaluate the IAAFs initial claim
that the Cheetah Flex-Foot prostheses (J-shaped, high-performance prosthese...at Pistorius has a 25 percent energetic advantage at 400m race speeds. That claim
is specious because anaerobic energy supply cannot be quantified, Kram said...
Ancient sunflower fuels debate about agriculture in the Americas
...soamerica at a very early time, Lentz adds. Now the textbooks need to be rewritten.
More than just a matter of pride over which part of America can claim
a flower, the debate centers on when sunflower was domesticated and which civilization first cultivated it. Now there is solid evidence that two simil...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- April 16, 2008
...d and Mark Diesendorf investigate the eco-efficiency of mining and milling uranium for use as fuel in nuclear power plants. Advocates of nuclear power claim
it has the potential to mitigate global warming. Detractors, however, link it to dangers such as proliferation of nuclear weapons and problems such as...
Macadamia nuts can be included in heart healthy diet
...mong nuts with qualified health claims, according to researchers.
"We looked at macadamia nuts because they are not currently included in the health claim
for tree nuts, while other tree nuts are currently recommended as part of a heart healthy diet," says Dr. Amy E. Griel, a recent Penn State Ph.D. reci...
IDsmart Admits in Court Document That e-Smart's Technology was Used to Develop IDsmart's Smart Card
... were true. In the
original lawsuit filed against IDsmart the Company alleged the theft and
misappropriation of e-Smart's technology by IDsmart, which claim
repeatedly denied under oath to the court. The Company also reported the
theft of the technology to both the police and FBI in 2006, which IDs...
Geologist decries floodplain development
...iss says. The Corps of Engineers will come in and claim
its a 500-year levee, which is a claim
they cannot make yet routinely do. That just enco...fest itself in flooding.
Criss says the claim
that a levee will withstand floods for 500 years i...
New research suggests biofuel blending is often inaccurate
...nt (B5), while all diesel fuels sold in Minnesota are actually B2 (2 percent biofuel), in accordance with state standards.
Proponents of such fuels claim
that they are more environmentally friendly because they emit less pollutionsuch as sulfur, particulates, and hydrocarbonsand may be less toxic for th...