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Aussie meat ants may be invasive cane toad's Achilles' heel

Ecologists in Australia have discovered that cane toads are far more susceptible to being killed and eaten by meat ants than native frogs. Their research published in the British Ecological Society's journal Functional Ecology reveals a chink in the cane toad's armour that could help control t...

Racing cane toads reveals they get cold feet on Southern Australia invasion

Cane toads weren't allowed to compete in the Olympics, but scientists have raced cane toads in the laboratory and calculated that they would not be able to invade Melbourne, Adelaide or Hobart and are unlikely to do well in Perth or Sydney, even with climate change. According to research by Dr ...

Invasion of the cane toads

Why do some invasive species expand rapidly in a new environment while others do not" Scientists from the United States and Australia are beginning to make headway on this question after analyzing how fast cane toads invaded different regions of Australia. Using over 70 years of data o...

Scientists work to plug microorganisms into the energy grid

...llected, much more efficiently than the energy rich distillation process necessary to produce ethanol. Schirmer says they are currently using sugar cane as a cost-effective option and estimates an 80 percent reduction in carbon footprint compared to petroleum-based fuels. "It is a bridge feedstock. ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 6, 2009

...s instead of alcohol. In laboratory studies, the two engineered microbes helped boost methyl halide production from switchgrass, corn cob husks, sugar cane waste, and poplar wood to levels with commercial potential. MTS ARTICLE #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "Synthesis of Methyl Halides from Biomass Using...

Biofuels could hasten climate change

...lm also results in significant impoverishment of both plant and animal communities. Other tropical crops suitable for biofuel use, like soybean, sugar cane and jatropha, are all likely to have similar impacts on climate and biodiversity. "Biofuels are a bad deal for forests, wildlife and the climate i...

Sequencing of sorghum genome completed

... where corn would not. Brazil's extensive biofuel economy is based on sugar cane and is regarded as the most productive biofuel crop in the world. Sweet sorghum rivals sugar cane for this application and sorghum is superior to corn as a biofuel since the...

Replacing corn with perennial grasses improves carbon footprint of biofuels

...that would take decades to repay. While perennial grasses add carbon to the soil each year, DeLucia said, it could take up to a century for the sugar cane to rebuild soil carbon to former levels on native land. Harvesting the corn residue for cellulosic ethanol production also reduced the carbon in t...

Brown chemist finds gray mold's killer gene

... typically involve gene clusters, like a package," cane explained. "One great advantage to our investigati... and you find the others." In laboratory tests, cane and the team introduced a mutant gene that deleted... from this pathway, you can eliminate this toxin," cane said. The team now is working on a similar proc...

Growing fuel and medicine: Advancing biofuels and plant-produced therapeutics

...is a grossly inefficient process as compared to other sources such as sugar cane which is the basis for ethanol production in Brazil. Corn yields only 320 to 420 gallons of ethanol per acre, while sugar cane yields in Brazil range from 720 to 870 gallons per acre. Ethanol from corn,...

Economic value of insect pollination worldwide estimated at 153 billion euros

...epend on insect pollinators for their production was on average much higher than that of the crops not pollinated by insects, such as cereals or sugar cane (760 and 150 per metric ton, respectively). The vulnerability ratio was defined as the ratio of the economic value of insect pollination divided by th...

New UGA biomass technology dramatically increases ethanol yield from grasses and yard waste

...h Foundation, Inc., which has filed a patent application. Inexpensive waste productsincluding corn stover or bagasse, the waste from corn and sugar cane harvests, fast-growing weedsand non-food crops grown for biofuel, such as switchgrass, Napiergrass and Bermudagrass, are widely viewed as the best sus...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- July 16, 2008

...h on the topic in 30 years, is scheduled for the July 23 issue of the weekly Journal of the American Chemical Society . In the new study, David E. cane and Chieh-Mei Wang point out that these two substances, geosmin and methylisoborneol, are volatile organic substances produced by certain soil bacteri...

New study points to agriculture in frog sexual abnormalities

...tural areas around the world," which means they are a good generalist species. One of the sites consisted almost entirely of land devoted to sugar cane or vegetable farms. The amount of farmland declined in three other sites, with the last being entirely suburban. Researchers calculated the amount of ...

Transgenics transformed

...orn prices rose this summer by about 50 percent over last year. Preuss and colleagues hope to apply the technology to other plants, including sugar cane and switch grass, which could also serve as biofuel sources. They are also looking at other applications and expanding the gene carrying capacity of t...

Good earth: Brown chemists show origin of soil-scented geosmin

... about how geosmin is made. Then, a few years ago, cane found the gene responsible for geosmin formation i...esyl diphosphate to geosmin. In their new work, cane and his lab team found that this protein, called g...at geosmin is created by this bifunctional enzyme, cane said. The two steps of the process that forms geos...

Iowa State University botanists identify new species of North American bamboo

... its distinctiveness was not recognized. Hill cane differs from the other two native North American bamboo species ?commonly known as switch cane and river cane ?in an important way: It drops its leaves in the f...

A green way to slag off bunnies

...last furnaces, is dirt-cheap and environmentally friendly. What’s more, it’s already known to act as an effective fertilizer in rice paddies and sugar cane fields. And as it’s not an active chemical, it could circumvent the convoluted pesticide regulatory approval pathway and be used straight away. ...

Stem cell transplants improve recovery in animal models for stroke, cerebral palsy

...heelchair or out of a wheelchair to walking with a cane or from a cane to walking unassisted. If somebody can go from a wheelchair to a cane that is a big improvement, that is how we look at ...

South America's vast pantanal wetland may become next everglades, UNU experts warn

... have impacted on the watershed on a large scale. In highlands surrounding the Pantanal, "the implementation of industrialized soybean, corn, sugar cane and cotton monoculture transformed millions of square kilometers of savannah, into open fields. Riparian forests along rivers have been cut down or de...
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