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New test can detect both genetic and chromosomal abnormalities in embryos

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: One-step screening for both genetic and chromosomal abnormalities has come a stage closer as scientists announced that an embryo test they have been developing has successfully screened cells taken from spare embryos that were known to have cystic fibrosis. They tol...

Brain protein central to both Parkinson's, drug addiction identified

Scientists have identified a protein that appears not only to be central to the process that causes Parkinson's disease but could also play a role in muting the high from methamphetamine and other addictive drugs. The action of the protein, known as organic cation transporter 3 or oct3, fills a...

Sexy or repulsive? Butterfly wings can be both to mates and predators

New Haven, Conn. Butterflies seem able to both attract mates and ward off predators using different sides of their wings, according to new research by Yale University biologists. Trying to find the balance between these two crucial behaviors is one of nature's oldest dilemmas, according to Je...

1 drug may help people both lay down the drink and put out the cigarette

A popular smoking cessation drug dramatically reduced the amount a heavy drinker will consume, a new Yale School of Medicine study has found. Heavy-drinking smokers in a laboratory setting were much less likely to drink after taking the drug varenicline compared to those taking a placebo, accordin...

USC researchers identify gene variant associated with both autism and gastrointestinal dysfunction

A study led by researchers at the University of Southern California (USC) and Vanderbilt University have identified a specific gene variant that links increased genetic risk for autism with gastrointestinal (GI) conditions. The findings suggest that disrupted signaling of the MET gene may contr...

Rise or fall of reef fish driven by both economy and ecology

Overfishing on coral reefs isn't simply caused by too many people, according to a new report published in the February 10th issue of Current Biology , a Cell Press publication. Rather, the researchers found that the biomass of fish found on coral reefs in the western Indian Ocean depended mostly ...

Herpes drug inhibits HIV in patients infected with both viruses

This release is available in French . Researchers at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), McGill University and other institutions have discovered how a simple antiviral drug developed decades ago suppresses HIV in patients who are also infected with herpes. Their study was publi...

Interdisciplinary volume on biological rhythms serves as both primer and in-depth resource

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. (Sept. 4, 2008) A variety of organismsfrom bacteria and fungi to plants and animalshave biological rhythms, where the timing and duration of fundamental biological processes is naturally adjusted to allow them to adapt and survive, even under fluctuating environmental c...

Scientists find that squid beak is both hard and soft, a material that engineers want to copy

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) How did nature make the squids beak super hard and sharp allowing it, without harm to its soft body to capture its prey? The question has captivated those interested in creating new materials that mimic biological materials. The results are published in this weeks ...

Global Biopact on biofuels can bring benefits to both rich and poor nations

A GLOBAL Biofuels Biopact between rich and poor countries can help alleviate poverty in the developing world while helping to solve the problems of global warming and energy security in the developed world, says a new paper in the journal Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining published by SCI and ...

Genes that both extend life and protect against cancer identified

A person is 100 times more likely to get cancer at age 65 than at age 35. But new research reported today in the journal Nature Genetics identifies naturally occurring processes that allow many genes to both slow aging and protect against cancer in the much-studied C. elegans roundworm. Many o...

Mixing large doses of both acetaminophen painkiller and caffeine may increase risk of liver damage

WASHINGTON, Sept. 26 2007 -- Consuming large amounts of caffeine while taking acetaminophen, one of the most widely used painkillers in the United States, could potentially cause liver damage, according to a preliminary laboratory study reported in the Oct. 15 print issue of ACS Chemical Research ...

The best both of worlds -- how to have sex and survive

Researchers have discovered that even the gruesome and brutal lifestyle of the Evarcha culicivora, a blood gorging jumping spider indigenous to East Africa, cant help but be tempted by that big is beautiful mantra no matter what the costs. A study recently published in Ethology found that despite ...

Golf course: Playing fields, wildlife sanctuaries or both

COLUMBIA, Mo. "FORE"...Though they may not help improve a person's golf game, stream salamanders might change the way golfers think about the local country club in the near future, following a new University of Missouri study. "There are more than 17,000 golf courses in the United States, and ...

Of mice and men: similarities between skeletons of both

Jerusalem -- A new book by researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem that details the skeletal structure of the mouse demonstrates a surprising similarity between mice and humans. The book,Micro-Tomorgrphic Atlas of the Mouse Skeleton, was authored by a team from the Hebrew University...

40,000-year-old skull shows both modern human and Neandertal traits

Humans continued to evolve significantly long after they were established in Europe, and interbred with Neandertals as they settled across the continent, according to new research published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) USA. Professor Joao Zilhao of the U...

Anti-herpes treatment reduces HIV levels in women infected with both viruses

Experts call for HSV control measures, including vaccine, to rank high on international HIV prevention and research agenda as exciting trial findings are published Treating women who are infected with both the HSV-2 and HIV viruses with anti-herpes treatment can reduce the amount of HIV in the bl...

New measure of sexual arousal found for both men and women

According to a new study published in the latest issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine and conducted in the Department of Psychology of McGill University, thermography shows great promise as a diagnostic method of measuring sexual arousal. It is less intrusive than currently utilized methods, and...

'Best of both worlds' -- Targeting a single gene could inhibit bone decay and stimulate bone growth

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Medicine have found by targeting the function of a single gene that it is possible to inhibit bone decay while simultaneously stimulating bone formation. This concept may lead to drug treatments for osteoporosis and other bone diseases. Seni...

Recycled paper and compost could both be key tools to control plant disease

New research by the University of Warwick should have gardeners and commercial growers competing for both recycled paper and organic waste composts. The University's plant research department, Warwick HRI, is finding that recycled paper based composts are proving to be a major weapon in the fight a...

Sleep deprivation doubles risks of obesity in both children and adults

Research by Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick has found that sleep deprivation is associated with an almost a two-fold increased risk of being obese for both children and adults. Early results of a study by Professor Francesco Cappuccio of the University of Warwick's Warwick Me...

Queensland scientists identify molecule that links both sides of the brain

A Queensland Brain Institute-led team has identified a molecule that plays a key role in establishing the major nerve connections between each side of the adult brain. QBI neural migration laboratory head Associate Professor Helen Cooper said her group's research provided new clues regarding dev...

A Jekyll and Hyde of cytokines: IL-25 both promotes and limits inflammatory diseases

The same signal responsible for promoting the type of immune responses that cause asthma and allergy can also limit the type of inflammation associated with debilitating diseases like inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis and multiple sclerosis, according to researchers from the University of Penns...

Pair of cancer genes found to drive both cell migration and division

Johns Hopkins researchers have found that two genes already known to control cell movement are also needed for proper cell division. They report their findings in the April issue of Developmental Cell. The researchers discovered that the two genes are required for a dividing cell's halves to sepa...

Conserved amino acids play both structural and mechanistic roles in sandwich-like protein

The question of whether amino acids in sandwich-like proteins are there to stabilize the structure or to speed up the protein-folding process is best answered by "all of the above," according to researchers at Rice University in Houston. This discovery, reported in today's issue of the Proceedin...

Advances in lung cancer research announced at conference

...l Research Services at Scottsdale Healthcare, made both announcements at the 13th World Conference on Lung...drug called TH-302. The two clinical trials are both evaluating the safety and effectiveness of TH-302, a drug activated in the absence of oxygen. both clinical trials involve patients with advanced sol...

Highest ever winter water temperatures recorded

...Current (EAC), at Tasmania. The exact location of this meeting point varies both seasonally and from year-to-year, depending on how strongly each current is... monthly just east of Maria Island since 1944, showing how the influence of both the EAC and Leeuwin Current systems varies in Tasmanian waters. As part of ...

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

...type of enzyme called an amine oxidase. This could be key to cheaper, more efficient and sustainable process in the synthesis of valuable chemicals by both the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries." Commenting on the findings, BBSRC Chief Executive Professor Doug Kell, said: "Green and White biot...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

...mes as large as carbon dioxide, methane is a strong greenhouse gas, as is nitrous oxide, which has about 300 times carbon dioxide's warming potential. both are produced in the ocean by microbial activity. Although more than 30 years old, assessments of the rate of methane emitted by the ocean are included...

Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water

...ss that uses electricity to draw salt ions out of water through a membrane. both methods require large amounts of energy. "Water desalination can be accom...s -- membranes that allow either positive or negative ions through, but not both -- between the central chamber and the positive and negative electrodes. Sa...

'Green' energy from algae

...n dioxide (CO 2 ) into biomass. From this biomass, both potential resources and active substances as well ..., where considerable progress is being achieved in both process technology and biology", explains Posten. ... the constituents are released." Cooperation of both working groups now aims at bundling the existing k...

Growing evidence of marijuana smoke's potential dangers

...moke vs. tobacco smoke in terms of toxicity to cells and to DNA. Scientists exposed cultured animal cells and bacteria to condensed smoke samples from both marijuana and tobacco. There were distinct differences in the degree and type of toxicity elicited by marijuana and cigarette smoke. Marijuana smoke c...

Scary ancient spiders revealed in 3-D models, thanks to new imaging technique

...ce, which enabled them to take 3,000 x-rays of each fossil. These x-rays were then compiled into precise 3D models, using custom-designed software. both Cryptomartus hindi and Eophrynus prestivicii were around the size of a 50 pence piece and they roamed the Earth during the Carboniferous period, 359...

Agricultural research key to food security

...goal of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Extreme weather events due to climate change and the recent trend to convert croplands to biofuels both threaten to put even more people at risk. The solution, says el-Beltagy a member of TWAS, the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World must ...

New stem cell research could reduce number of animal experiments

...ought to cause the disease. She said: "These are exciting times for stem cell research and there is tremendous potential in the iPS cell technology both for medical applications and in basic biology. "This technology will not only help understand the mechanisms underlying the disease, but will also ...

The way you eat may affect your risk for breast cancer

...restriction methods. Pollak is professor of oncology at McGill University and director of the Cancer Prevention Center at the Jewish General Hospital, both in Montreal. This study "contributes to accumulating evidence that caloric restriction acts by altering hormone levels rather than by directly star...

K-State researchers say after-school programs should promote activity, healthy nutrition

...ed that boys were significantly more active than girls during indoor free play and organized outdoor activities; however, moderate activity levels for both genders were similar. This shows that the girls had lower participation in vigorous-intensity physical activity. Dzewaltowski said after-school pro...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

...as possible, with a mix of trees and shrubs," she says. "But we may not need a dense, native forest. There likely are designs that are compatible with both lakeshore development and sustaining lake food webs." Greenroofs can save cities millions of gallons of water Having a garden on your roof isn't...

Race/ethnicity, family income and education associated with sugar consumption

...nc., Silver Spring, MD, analyzed responses to questions about added sugars. both NCI and NHLBI are part of the National Institutes of Health. In men and women, intakes of added sugars were inversely related to both education and family income. There were significant differences across race...

New hope for fisheries

...s and may collapse vulnerable species. That's why we require a combination of measures, including gear restrictions and closed areas, in order to meet both fisheries and conservation objectives." The authors caution that much work remains to be done to end global overfishing, as a large fraction of glo...
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