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Fox Chase researchers uncover one force behind the MYC oncogene in many cancers

Philadelphia (July 27, 2009) DLX5, a gene crucial for embryonic development, promotes cancer by activating the expression of the known oncogene, MYC, according to researchers from Fox Chase Cancer Center. Since the DLX5 gene is inactive in normal adults, it may be an ideal target for future anti-...

Innerscope Research(R) Uses Same-Day Results From Biometric Study to Identify Key Themes, Styles Behind Effective, Engaging Speaker Presentations

CEO Dr. Carl Marci to discuss results March 19 during 12 p.m. Advertising Research Foundation webcast BOSTON, March 17 /PRNewswire/ -- Innerscope Research (R), a revolutionary media research firm, recently conducted a live biometric study of an Advertising Research Foundation (ARF) conferen...

Inactivity of proteins behind longer shelf life when freezing

Frozen biological material, for example food, can be kept for a long time without perishing. A study by researchers at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, is close to providing answers as to why. A cell's proteins are programmed to carry out various biological functions. The protein's level o...

Discovering the secret code behind photosynthesis

Scientists from Queen Mary, University of London have discovered that an ancient system of communication found in primitive bacteria, may also explain how plants and algae control the process of photosynthesis. Two-component signal transduction systems (TCSTs) have long been recognised as the m...

Scientists present 'moving' theory behind bacterial decision-making

Biochemists at North Carolina State University have answered a fundamental question of how important bacterial proteins make life-and-death decisions that allow them to function, a finding that could provide a new target for drugs to disrupt bacterial decision-making processes and related diseases...

Biologists discover gene behind 'plant sex mystery'

An enigma unique to flowering plants has been solved by researchers from the University of Leicester (UK) and POSTECH, South Korea. The discovery is reported in the journal Nature on 23 October 2008. Scientists already knew that flowering plants, unlike animals require not one, but two s...

Europe rallies behind nanotechnology to wean world from fossil fuels

Nanotechnologies can be used to develop sustainable energy systems while reducing the harmful effects of fossil fuels as they are gradually phased out over the next century. This optimistic scenario is coming closer to reality as new technologies such as biomimetics and Dye Sensitized solar Cells ...

New book tutors future presidents and public on science behind the headlines

Berkeley -- In the event of a standoff between the United States and Iran over uranium enrichment, would Barack Obama, if elected president, know enough about the physics of nuclear weapons to assess the threat? In leading the nation toward reduced greenhouse gas emissions, would John McCain as...

UCSF researchers identify virus behind mysterious parrot disease

Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, have identified a virus behind the mysterious infectious disease that has been killing parrots and exotic birds for more than 30 years. The team, led by UCSF professors Joseph DeRisi, PhD, and Don Ganem, MD, also has developed a diagn...

UCLA study identifies mechanism behind mind-body connection

BACKGROUND: Every cell contains a tiny clock called a telomere, which shortens each time the cell divides. Short telomeres are linked to a range of human diseases, including HIV, osteoporosis, heart disease and aging. Previous studies show that an enzyme within the cell, called telomerase, keeps ...

Birds migrate earlier, but some may be left behind as the climate warms rapidly

Many birds are arriving earlier each spring as temperatures warm along the East Coast of the United States. However, the farther those birds journey, the less likely they are to keep pace with the rapidly changing climate. Scientists at Boston University and the Manomet Center for Conservation ...

Source of drug-tolerant tuberculosis possibly behind TB relapses, intensity of treatment

PITTSBURGHUniversity of Pittsburgh-led researchers discovered that the primary bacteria behind tuberculosis can grow on surfaces and that drug-tolerant strains flourish in these bacterial communities, the research team recently reported in Molecular Microbiology . The findings suggest a possible ...

Forum to focus on math and mechanics behind life processes

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Developing fundamental math and mechanics to explain life processes like embryo development, cellular migration and growth could open doors to a new frontier in biology, many researchers say. A group of these scientists and engineers will gather in Woods Hole, Mass. June 18-2...

The secret behind silkworm's hardy stomachs

Silkworms have a unique ability to eat toxic mulberry leaves without feeling ill, and researchers have come one step closer to understanding why: silkworms contain a special digestive enzyme that is not affected by mulberrys toxic chemicals. Mulberry leaves contain an extremely high amount of a...

Incense is psychoactive: Scientists identify the biology behind the ceremony

Religious leaders have contended for millennia that burning incense is good for the soul. Now, biologists have learned that it is good for our brains too. In a new study appearing online in The FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ), an international team of scientists, including researchers from...

Pitt and University of Chicago researchers uncover process behind heart muscle contraction

PITTSBURGHResearchers from the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Chicago were able to control heart muscle function in a new way after discovering the previously unknown role of two enzymes in heart muscle contraction, as detailed in the April 11 cover story of the Journal of Biologic...

Mystery behind the strongest creature in the world

The strongest creature in the world, the Hercules Beetle, has a colour-changing trick that scientists have long sought to understand. Research published today, Tuesday, 11 March, in the New Journal of Physics, details an investigation into the structure of the species peculiar protective shell wh...

New study uncovers secrets behind butterfly wing patterns

Irvine, Calif., Oct. 25, 2007 -- The genes that make a fruit fly's eyes red also produce red wing patterns in the Heliconius butterfly found in South and Central America, finds a new study by a UC Irvine entomologist. Bob Reed, assistant professor of ecology and evolutionary biology, discovered...

Scientists decipher mechanism behind antimicrobial 'hole punchers'

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. In the battle against bacteria, researchers have scored a direct hit. They have made a discovery that could shorten the road to new and more potent antibiotics. The rapid development of bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics (such as penicillin or vancomycin) has become...

Technology reveals 'lock and key' proteins behind diseases

A new technology developed at the University of Toronto is revealing biochemical processes responsible for diseases such as cystic fibrosis and could one day pave the way for pharmaceutical applications. A study appearing in the April 13 issue of Molecular Cell describes how U of T and Johns Hop...

Large-scale genomics project will hunt genes behind common childhood diseases

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is launching an ambitious program to identify the genes responsible for common childhood diseases. Making use of advanced automated technology from the biotechnology company Illumina, Inc., the Hospital's new Center for Applied Genomics will house one of the ...

MIT chemist discovers secret behind nature's medicines

MIT scientists have just learned another lesson from nature. After years of wondering how organisms managed to create self-medications, such as anti-fungal agents, chemists have discovered the simple secret. Scientists already knew that a particular enzyme was able to coax a reaction out of stubb...

Protein behind autumn color splendor identified

In September the chlorophyll starts to disappear from the leaves of plants. This reveals the yellow and red pigments that bring us the explosion of colors we now have in store. A research team at Ume's Plant Science Center (UPSC) has now identified a protein that helps bring out the color splendor...

What's really making you sick? Plant pathologists offer the science behind Sick Building Syndrome

Science-based identification of mold and other causes of Sick Building Syndrome may improve its management, say plant pathologists with The American Phytopathological Society (APS). Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) refers to a situation in which building occupants experience health problems while in...

Are rice and wheat behind China's population boom?

The rapid growth of the earliest cities in northern China starting as far back as 2400 to 2000 BC is the result of successful rice farming combined with other crops, says University of Toronto anthropologist Gary Crawford. Although we often associate rice with Chinese agriculture, most archeologi...

Mouse gene shows new mechanism behind cardiac infarction in man

A gene that, in different variants, increases or decreases the level of atherosclerosis has been identified in mice. The corresponding human gene has been shown to play a role in the development of myocardial infarction. The results of the study is published this week on Nature Genetics Online. ...

Hybrid vehicle rebates produce scant environmental benefits, high cost

...the introduction of hybrid rebates. "People are choosing hybrids over similarly priced small- and medium-sized conventional cars, which are not far behind hybrids for fuel efficiency and emissions," says Chandra. "The reductions in carbon emissions are therefore not great." The study also finds that t...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...otential utility of iron isotopes for addressing important questions in ocean and Earth science. Different biological and chemical processes can leave behind characteristic isotopic "fingerprints." Of specific interest here, iron isotopes in sediment pore fluids may be a unique tracer of bacterial processes...

UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble

...ructure of chromatin, a key player in DNA regulation, to reconcile a longstanding controversy in this field. This new finding could unlock the mystery behind the origin of many diseases such as cancer. The details of this breakthrough discovery are highlighted in a paper in the Proceedings of the Natio...

Iron isotopes as a tool in oceanography

...d bottom waters. However the ubiquity of sedimentary iron inputs to seawater remains unknown. Different biological and chemical processes can leave behind characteristic isotopic 'fingerprints'. Of specific interest here, iron isotopes in sediment pore fluids may be a unique tracer of sediment respiratio...

New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein

...teinglycophorin Abecomes an active part of living cells. The new use of Wang-Landau could lead to a better understanding of the controlling mechanisms behind protein folding. "Our goal is to present the methodology in a clear, self-consistent way, accessible to any scientist with knowledge of Monte Carlo...

Humans lend a hand to critically endangered waterbird

...ervation , the study by UEA conservation experts explores the exact reasons behind the decline of the critically endangered white-shouldered ibis. Funded b...yanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia, the precise causes behind the bird's continuing decline have until now been poorly understood, which ...

New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions

...imply by changing the composition of the membrane. This is useful both for technological applications, and for illuminating the fundamental mechanisms behind colloidal interactions." The observations were made using an inverted microscopy technique in which the glass spheres were placed in a 655-nanomet...

'Invisibility cloak' could protect against earthquakes

... "The waves are then directed outside the cloak where they return to their previous size. The cloak does not reflect waves they continue to travel behind it with the same intensity. At this stage, therefore, we can only transfer the risk from one area to another, rather than eliminate it completely." ...

Reviews of microbial gene language published in special issue of Trends in Microbiology

...emarked: "Symbiotic microbes have developed many ingenious ways to deliver effector molecules into their hosts to facilitate colonization. The biology behind this invasion of the host cell is rich and diverse and Gene Ontology terms help to reveal common themes in the delivery of effector molecules by diffe...

Playing it safe

... reprogramming proteins. These stem cells have the capacity to generate all types of body tissue. The culture conditions alone were the crucial factor behind the success of the reprogramming process. ( Cell Stem Cell , July 2, 2009) The testis is a sensitive organ and an astonishing one at that. Even at ...

Mystery of bat with an extraordinary nose solved

... Blacksburg, Va. A research paper co-written by a Virginia Tech faculty member explains a 60-year mystery behind a rare bat's nose that is unusually large for its species. The findings soon will be published in the scientific trade journal, Physical Review Lette...

Evolution: Crabs go deep to avoid hot water

...eek in the Journal of Biogeography , reveal temperature as a driving force behind the speciation and radiation of a major seafloor predator; globally, and ov...id climate change." This study elucidates temperature as a driving force behind the speciation and radiation of a major seafloor predator globally and over...

First riser-drilling research operations undertaken

... slow for the current speed usually observed in the Kumano Basin. Yet, fairings are to be mounted onto to a riser pipe to smooth the hydrodynamic flow behind the riser pipe (to reduce riser drag) and suppress the vortex-induced vibration under high current conditions. The motion of the riser also will be mo...

New trigger for chronic inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis discovered

...all patients do not respond to one or more of the treatments currently available, and even these can become less successful over time. The researchers behind the new study say stopping the disease closer to the root of the problem could be the best way to treat it, and their results suggest a new target for...
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