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More than half of Texas physicians do not always recommend HPV vaccine to girls

PHILADELPHIA - The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends the human papillomavirus vaccination for all 11- and 12-year-old girls, but results of a recent survey showed that more than half of Texas physicians do not follow these recommendations. The survey was published in Can...

Why the 'perfect' body isn't always perfect

Having an imperfect body may come with some substantial benefits for some women, according to a new article in the December issue of Current Anthropology . The hormones that make women physically stronger, more competitive and better able to deal with stress also tend to redistribute fat from...

Fiddler crabs reveal honesty is not always the best policy

Dishonesty may be more widespread in the animal kingdom than previously thought. A team of Australian ecologists has discovered that some male fiddler crabs "lie" about their fighting ability by growing claws that look strong and powerful but are in fact weak and puny. Published this week in the B...

Relearning process not always a 'free lunch'

Researchers at Sheffield University and the University of St. Andrews, United Kingdom, have helped determine why relearning a few pieces of information may or may not easily cause a recollection of other associated, previously learned information. The key, they find, is in the way in which the le...

People not always needed to alleviate loneliness

New research at the University of Chicago finds evidence for a clever way that people manage to alleviate the pain of loneliness: They create people in their surroundings to keep them company. Biological reproduction is not a very efficient way to alleviate ones loneliness, but you can make up ...

The insect vector always bites twice

The reality of the threat from vector-borne diseases has been recognized and the problem is prompting research scientists to take a strong interest. Most of these infections, classified as emerging or re-emerging diseases, are linked to ecosystem changes, climatic variations or pressure from human...

Physicist cracks women's random but always lucky choice of X chromosome

A University of Warwick physicist has uncovered how female cells are able to choose randomly between their two X chromosomes and why that choice is always lucky. Human males have both a X and a Y chromosome but females have two X chromosomes. This means that in an early stage in the development ...

Vitamins: Science doesn't always match policy

Some one hundred years after the first vitamin was named, what is known about them has not translated into beneficial, standardized recommendations for public health, says Irwin Rosenberg, MD, University Professor, and director of the Nutrition and Neurocognition Laboratory at the Jean Mayer USDA H...

When your brain talks, your muscles don't always listen

Have your neurons been shouting at your muscles again? It happens, you know. As we grow older, neurons--the nerve cells that deliver commands from our brains--have to "speak" more loudly to get the attention of our muscles to move, according to University of Delaware researcher Christopher Knig...

Survival of the selfless - scientists find cheats don't always prosper

Selfishness is not necessarily the best survival trait for microorganisms, according to researchers studying the comparative effectiveness of 'cheating' and 'cooperating' strains of yeast. Writing in the journal Nature today, the team reports that studies of lab-grown yeast populations suggest th...

Study finds evolution doesn't always favor bigger animals

Biologists have long believed that bigger is better when it comes to body size, since many lineages of animals, from horses to dinosaurs, have evolved into larger species over time. But a study published this week by two biologists at the University of California, San Diego in an early online ed...

Geckos: It's not always about sex

Usually when you give up something, there's a price to pay. Not so in the case of the Australian Bynoe's gecko. This line of all-female geckos doesn't need sex or a male to reproduce and, contrary to expectations, these "Wonder Woman" geckos can run farther and faster than their sexually reproducin...

Women often opt to surgically remove their breasts, ovaries to reduce cancer risk

...evention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. "Women have their breasts or ovaries removed based on their risk. It does not always happen immediately after counseling or a genetic test result and can take more than seven years for patients to decide to go forward with surgery," sa...

Beautiful plumage: Feather color and sex start the species revolution

...: the beginning of the evolution of new species. Other flycatchers in the Solomon Islands also vary their plumage colour, but the genetic basis is not always as clear as this single mutation. Dr Kilner highlighted this intriguing paper because it shows how a single gene can cause colour change in birds,...

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

...ral area or complexity increased, so did the numbers of natural enemies in the croplands. Chaplin-Kramer shows that increases in predators didn't always result in fewer aphids in the croplands, but she points out that agents of control are only half of the equation and sources of the pests themselves m...

UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble

...ated by DNA and they tend to forget that DNA is rarely present in its naked double-stranded helix form in higher organisms like humans, but that it is always associated with proteins in this complex aggregate we call chromatin," he added. "Undoubtedly, DNA codes for nearly all the proteins and RNAs manufact...

Parasites ready to jump

...obile elements, which include one or more genes, make up as much as half of the genetic material. "This demonstrates", says Frstemann, "that it is not always possible to tame these "selfish" genetic elements, although highly efficient mechanisms of defence have evolved. For instance, in the germ cells, whic...

Jet-propelled imaging for an ultrafast light source

...ht. Just as important, a sufficiently brief pulse may terminate before radiation damage effects can start. In this way it can outrun radiation damage, always one of the fundamental limitations to imaging in biology. Another quick pulse could be diffracted from another copy of the protein in a different ...

Test helps in fight against lung infections and for treating other life-threatening infections

...ients spend more time in hospitals, antibiotic costs and treatment costs increase as more aggressive treatment options are explored, and the potential always exists for these infections to cause death. Until bioFILM PA™, treatment of chronic infections required trying different antibiotics until on...

University has grand designs to build a house of straw

... of Bath, said: "Up to this point straw bales have not really been seen as a credible building material by much of the industry, even though straw has always been used in building for centuries, and straw bales have been used for about 100 years. "Straw bales are an agricultural by-product and the materi...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

...l surveillance to survive and grow." To find the differences, that means always looking at healthy tissue to identify the standard and how that happens. "W...don't understand that. If you look in the genome there are regions that are always methylated and regions that never are. How does a cell know that? To unders...

Humans lend a hand to critically endangered waterbird

...val," said lead author Hugh Wright, of UEA's School of Environmental Sciences. "This is a fascinating outcome as we tend to assume that human activity always has a negative impact on the natural world." Not all human influence is positive for the endangered ibis, however. Western Siem Pang - currently an...

Common allergy drug reduces obesity and diabetes in mice

... opposite. "For immunologists this is very important, because Tregs had always been thought to control other T cells and that's it," says Markus Feuerer, ...lities as well," says Mathis. She adds, half joking, "As an immunologist, I always thought that type 2 diabetes was a pretty boring condition. After these fin...

URI researcher sheds light on 'man-eating' squid; finds them timid, nonthreatening

... of his experience, the URI scientist is preparing a formal report with his recommendations for safely diving with the squid, including suggestions to always carry a back-up dive light and to be tethered to a boat. Any time humans enter the habitat of a large animal, there is potential for dangerous intera...

Ants more rational than humans

...ximize something, should simply be consistent in its preferences." Pratt says. "For animals trying to maximize their fitness, for example, they should always rank options, whether these are food sources, mates, or nest sites, according to their fitness contribution." "Which means that it would be irratio...

High-tech vehicle design boosts emergency rescue capacity

...as an excellent partner." Moreover, the co-operation was particularly smooth. "Specific intermediate results were well communicated, so that everybody always knew about each others' advances." The two small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) would certainly like to work together again in such a project, ...

URI researcher sheds light on 'man-eating' squid; finds them timid, non-threatening

... of his experience, the URI scientist is preparing a formal report with his recommendations for safely diving with the squid, including suggestions to always carry a back-up dive light and to be tethered to a boat. Any time humans enter the habitat of a large animal, there is potential for dangerous intera...

Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient

...e amount of energy needed to compound the rubber composite, improved the heat resistance of the product, and retained tensile strength. Traction is always a key issue with tire performance, and the study showed that the traction of the new product was comparable to existing rubber tire technology in a we...

Iowa State University researchers develop process for 'surgical' genetic changes

...me DNA into that spot," said Wright. "It's just that you have three meters of DNA in a cell if you unwound it. Putting the break where you want it has always been the problem." Zinc finger nucleases solve the problem and allows scientists to take greater advantage of homologous recombination, according to...

Our brain looks at eyes first to identify a face

..., despite such frequencies playing a significant role in, for example, determining a person's age. "In order to identify a face in an image, the brain always processes information with the same low resolution, of about 30 by 30 pixels from ear to ear, ignoring distance and the original resolution of the ima...

Baylor researchers unravel mystery of DNA conformation

...he forces induce one of two bases adenine or thymine to "flip out" of the sequence, thus relieving the stress that the molecule experiences. "It always happens in the underwound state," said Zechiedrich. "We wanted to know if torsional stress was the force that accounted for the base flipping that oth...

Telomeres resemble DNA fragile sites

... it is solved. The research lays new groundwork for the study of common fragile sites throughout the genome, explains de Lange. "Fragile sites have always been hard to study because no specific DNA sequence preceeds or follows them," she says. "In constrast, telomeres represent fragile sites with a known...

Research shows that 'invisible hand' guides evolution of cooperative turn-taking

...ndirect evidence for this in 2004; we have now shown it directly and found a simple explanation for it. Our findings confirm that cooperation does not always require benevolence or deliberate planning. This form of cooperation, at least, is guided by an 'invisible hand', as happens so often in Darwin's theo...

Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet

...at the oxygen isotopes as well, which allowed us to see that the peculiar carbon isotope signature previously interpreted in terms of catastrophes was always associated with intrusions of coastal ground waters during the burial transformation of initial limestone muds into rock. It's the same as we see in l...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

...logging, understory removal, prescribed fire and other techniques, can effectively reduce fire severity if used properly; Such fuel removal almost always reduces carbon storage more than the additional carbon the stand is able to store when made more resistant to wildfire, in part because most of the ca...

Genetic factors implicated in survival gap for breast, ovarian or prostate cancer

...of these factors in this disparity." "When you look at the dialogue about the issue of race and cancer survival that has gone on over the years, it always seems to come down to general conclusions that African-Americans in part have poorer access to quality treatment, may be diagnosed in later stages and...

Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: New patient radiation safety guidelines

...luoroscopy for interventional radiologists performing procedures on adult patients and children utilizing fluoroscopy. The safe use of fluoroscopy has always been a primary concern for interventional radiologists," said Michael S. Stecker, M.D., FSIR, an interventional radiologist and assistant professor at...

Robo-bats with metal muscles may be next generation of remote control flyers

..." Seelecke says. "We are using a shape-memory metal alloy that is super-elastic for the joints. The material provides a full range of motion, but will always return to its original position a function performed by many tiny bones, cartilage and tendons in real bats." Seelecke explains that the research ...

All in sight

...f 7200 x 563 pixels of about 4 megapixels each. The stabilization compensates the ship's movements with the effect that the upper edge of the image is always aligned with the horizon and the surrounding water surface does not move out of the picture. The system produces about a terabyte of data each day. ...

Stanford researchers publish comprehensive model for medical device development

... assure the public that critical elements of safe design practices are followed. However, the researchers point out that such standardization does not always permit product developers to streamline their processes where it would make sense. In turn, such rigidity can inhibit innovation, which often occurs i...
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(Date:7/10/2014)... Fe, Albuquerque, and other major cities in New Mexico, ... treated municipal wastewater rather than precious potable water supplies. ... 40% of all golf courses receive treated effluent. Reusing ... , Additionally, golf courses and homeowners alike fertilize their ... fertilizer is nitrate. A New Mexico State University turfgrass ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... , June 27, 2014  The American ... National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and ... its academic research and forensic science expert members ... Board is an element of the NIST,s Organization ... are among the first appointments made to the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... NEW YORK , June 27, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ("Provectus" or the "Company")(NYSE-MKT: ... action, filed in United States District Court, Middle ... Division, is on behalf of a class consisting ... otherwise acquired Provectus securities between December 17, 2013 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):'Tailored' water -- the latest in lawn care 2Ten Members of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Appointed to Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) 2Ten Members of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Appointed to Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) 3SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 2SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... 10, 2014 CBPartners, a global leader ... launched a new website. The redesigned site boasts ... access to the firm’s thought pieces, blog posts, and ... platform to showcase our insights, capabilities, and to provide ... Chief Executive Officer, Cyrus Chowdhury. “An enhanced online ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... (PRWEB) July 10, 2014 Parker ... protecting the rights of victims injured by defective ... a lawsuit over allegations that the woman’s hidden, ... a power morcellator used during a routine laparoscopic ... against Richard Wolf Medical Instruments Corporation over its ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... 10, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nature, not nurture, may ... individual chimpanzees, a new study finds. "As is ... to cognitive [thinking] abilities in chimpanzees," William Hopkins of ... in a news release from the journal Current ... into the evolution of intelligence in humans, Hopkins, team ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... Kristen Fischer HealthDay Reporter ... help ease the hot flashes that often accompany menopause, new ... than 50 percent of menopausal women, said Dr. Taraneh Shirazian, ... at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital ... more than 10 hot flashes a day, and she added ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... announcement that the "Mississippi Baby," believed to have been ... have detectable levels of the virus, the Elizabeth Glaser ... but remains hopeful that the scientific breakthrough that allowed ... than two years will continue to help researchers understand ... , "Although we had high hopes that the ...
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