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International team finds key gene that allows plants to survive drought

A team of scientists from Canada, Spain and the United States has identified a key gene that allows plants to defend themselves against environmental stresses like drought, freezing and heat. "Plants have stress hormones that they produce naturally and that signal adverse conditions and help t...

New computational technique allows comparison of whole genomes as easily as whole books

Berkeley -- Taking a hint from the text comparison methods used to detect plagiarism in books, college papers and computer programs, University of California, Berkeley, researchers have developed an improved method for comparing whole genome sequences. With nearly a thousand genomes partly or f...

Disabling enzyme allows mice to gorge without becoming obese, new study finds

Berkeley -- Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have identified a new enzyme that plays a far more important role than expected in controlling the breakdown of fat. In a new study to be published Jan. 11 in the journal Nature Medicine , researchers report that mice that have ha...

New technique allows targeted inactivation of genes in research model

WORCESTER, Mass. Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) report today on a new technique that improves the ability of scientists to target individual genes for inactivationa technique with broad potential implications for both basic science research and human disease. ...

A new analysis method allows to find out the sex of the baby from the second month of pregnancy

The spin off of the University of Granada Lorgen, in collaboration with the Foetal Medicine Unit of the Maternity Hospital Virgen de las Nieves of Granada, has managed to develop a genetic trial that identifies the sex of the foetus from the eighth week of pregnancy separating the DNA found in th...

Rockefeller University Press allows authors to retain copyright to their published work

Citing the growing demand from the public and the scientific community for access to research data, The Rockefeller University Press has revised its copyright policy to allow authors to retain the rights to work published in its three journals. The policy, which became effective May 1, applies to ...

Fine print: New technique allows fast printing of microscopic electronics

A new technique for printing extraordinarily thin lines quickly over wide areas could lead to larger, less expensive and more versatile electronic displays as well new medical devices, sensors and other technologies. Solving a fundamental and long-standing quandary, chemical engineers at Prince...

Rodent fossils allows to determine climate of the Iberian Peninsula 6 million years ago

This release is available in Spanish . How did the rodents which inhabited the south of the Iberian Peninsula live six million years ago" The researcher of the UGR Raef Minwer-Barakat has attempted to answer this question through his doctoral thesis "Rodents and insectivorous of Upper T...

Tissue engineered scaffolding allows reproduction of cartilage tissue

A new study examines the use of tissue-engineered scaffolding made of cartilage cells, which have a limited ability to heal naturally, to replace defective cartilage tissue. Cartilage cells are extracted and seeded to the scaffold which is implanted into the body, where new cartilage tissue is grow...

Parachuting allows krill to eat and run

Antarctic researchers have recorded a novel behavior in krill that may help regulate greenhouse gases. Antarctic krill, one of the largest animal resources on Earth, parachute into the deeper layers of the ocean many times a night and sequester large amounts carbon in the process. The work is re...

Algal protein in worm neurons allows remote control of behavior by light

By introducing expression of a special green-algae gene into neurons of the tiny, transparent nematode C. elegans, researchers have been able to elicit specific behavioral responses by simply illuminating animals with blue light. The work paves the way for better understanding of how neurons commun...

Researchers identify molecular anchor that allows bacterial invasion of central nervous system

Could be target to block CNS infectionA single molecular anchor that allows bacteria to invade the nervous system may hold the key to treating many types of bacterial meningitis, a University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine study has found. By blocking the molecule's anchoring...

Stolen gene allows insect virus to enter cells

A gene enabling an insect virus to enter new cells was likely stolen from a host cell and adapted for the virus's use, researchers at Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) at Cornell University report. Virologists have long thought of baculoviruses, a group of viruses that can liquefy their insect hosts...

New law for resolution allows unprecedented sharpness in fluorescence microscopy

Editor : Detailed Information with Figures (pdf download) Max Planck researchers have succeeded in overcoming the law postulated by Ernst Abbe in 1873 for diffraction limited resolution in light microscopes. Stefan Hell and his co-workers have established a new law that promises unlimited re...

NIH Researchers Discover How Insulin Allows Entry of Glucose Into Cells

Researchers from the National Institutes of Health have discovered the critical sequence of events by which insulin stimulates the entry of glucose into fat cells. The study, appearing in the May 9 Journal of Cell Biology, was conducted by researchers from the National Institute of Child Health ...

Tiny scaffolding allows stem cells to become working fat cells

Researchers here have used a new microscopic, three-dimensional scaffolding to coax mouse stem cells to transform themselves into fat cells, and then to function identical to how fat cells naturally do in the body. While other studies have previously grown fat cells, or adipocytes, in the laborat...

Enzyme allows B cells to resist death, leading to leukemia

B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common leukemia in adults and is characterized by the progressive accumulation of mature B lymphocytes in the blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic tissues. It is believed that in the early stages of disease, B-CLL is the result of an undefined de...

Researchers find how protein allows insects to detect and respond to pheromones

University of Washington TechTransfer recently licensed software that will give scientists a huge advantage in the fight against disease. The software, known as Rosetta, predicts how proteins fold, information that is highly valuable to biological and biomedical researchers. UW Tech Transfer's Digi...

EMBO pioneers pension plan for internationally mobile postdoctoral researchers

..."The international portability of the pension plan allows contributors to continue in the plan as they move ...of the Company Pension Scheme Division at MLP. "It allows them to make early pension provisions without havi...ility of early-stage researchers. The EMBC support allows for incentive contributions of 100 euro per month ...

Scientists find universal rules for food-web stability

...hodology Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems (MPIPKS) in Dresden, Germany, have developed a new method that allows them to efficiently analyze the impact of innumerable parameters on complex systems. "By using a method called generalized modeling, we examine whe...

Climbing to new heights in the forest canopy

...where the plant grows by revolving in large arcs, known as circumnutation, giving them the greatest likelihood of encountering a support. Exactly what allows the plants to circumnutate is still poorly-understood and is a topic of much ongoing research involving biophysics. After contacting a support, the st...

Scientists open doors to diagnosis of emphysema

...y leading to emphysema. "We developed a tool which, for the first time, allows us to study MMP12 activity in specific cells, as if we were actually lookin...L. The researchers designed a special fluorescent probe that essentially allows MMP12 activity in macrophages to be quantified by the amount of fluorescenc...

Race/ethnicity, family income and education associated with sugar consumption

...zed differ from each other in many respects, several of which are related to added sugars intake. Thus, the ability to disentangle independent effects allows for a fuller understanding of differences across race/ethnicity." The NHIS is a cross-sectional study conducted annually by the National Center for...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...ltas, they were able to predict the avulsion location with 93% accuracy. These results represent the first mechanistic understanding of avulsions that allows for accurate prediction of their location. Mapping potentially asbestos-bearing rocks using imaging spectroscopy G.A. Swayze et al., U.S. G...

UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble

...use all these processes depend critically on the accessibility of the DNA, which is directly controlled by chromatin. A loosely folded chromatin fiber allows easy access to DNA sequences while a tightly folded fiber prevents or inhibits such access. This newfound discovery by Arya and his colleagues coul...

MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions

... areas of the state with different environments, crop species and soil types that are agriculturally important to the state. This strategic placement allows researchers to accommodate any crop, forage and turf species grown in Missouri and surrounding states. "Water is a finite resource that is in gr...

Opening a new window on daylight

... to saving on the lighting bills without pumping up the air-conditioning. The team has developed a formula for tropical sky climate conditions that allows them to assess different window configurations for daylighting. The formula takes into account glass type, solar and visible light transmittance and r...

Douglas-fir, geoducks make strange bedfellows in studying climate change

...r favorable or unfavorable for growth. When scientists look at numerous individuals of the same species, however, the consistency of the ring patterns allows them to build a model and compare that to known climatic measurements. But when you add in a second species and compare the growth rings of geoduc...

New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein

... explained. "By doing this, we can learn about the characteristics of proteins including possible folding pathways and folding intermediates. Thus, it allows us to bridge the gap between statistical and experimental results." Unfortunately, so much is happening physically and biochemically as proteins fo...

Naming evolution's winners and losers

...tebrate groups and used a computational approach to calculate whether the "species richness" of each group was exceptionally high or low. The research allows scientists to calculate for the first time which animal lineages have exceptional rates of success. Among the evolutionary winners are most mode...

Nottinghamshire Police First Law Enforcement Agency to Deploy ForensicSoft in United Kingdom

...s difficult or impossible to access. I can see our use of SAFE increase in correlation with the increase in netbook and sub-notebook submissions. SAFE allows us to avoid time-consuming disassembly whilst continuing to use our preferred imaging and analysis software. Benefits obviously vary case by case, but...

Fujitsu Expands Support for Ethernet Networks With New Additions to XG Switch Product Line

...ase-T with 4 ports of SFP optics and open slots for 1 or 2 dual port 10GbE uplink cards, depending upon the model. The low-power, 1U high form factor allows for easy integration into existing networks and system chassis while also providing an easy upgrade path for customers. The XG0224 and XG0448 S...

Freshwater fish at the top of the food chain evolve more slowly

...ke popping open an umbrella and inhale the prey item," says Wainwright. "They're able to strike very quickly and inhale a huge volume of water, which allows them to catch these big elusive prey." For largemouth bass and other species that feed primarily on fish, the researchers wanted to know how this f...

Microbes and their hosts -- exploring the complexity of symbiosis in DNA and cell biology

...ia and their ant hosts to illustrate how the bacteria rely on genetic, ecological, and physiological means to maintain the functional flexibility that allows them to meet the needs of an ant colony rather than the individual ants that make up the colony. Their thought-provoking review of the impact of symbi...

Indonesia Now Using MegaMatcher Biometric Technology in Integrated Passport Issuance System

...ms (AFIS) for both civil and forensic applications. MegaMatcher includes both fingerprint and face identification engines with a fusion algorithm that allows the two technologies to work together to provide very fast 1:N (1 to many) matching with higher reliability than AFIS or facial recognition alone. ...

Nanodiamonds deliver insulin for wound healing

...cine in which the nanodiamond-insulin clusters could be used. Nanodiamonds have many advantages for biomedical applications. The large surface area allows a large amount of therapeutic to be loaded onto the particles. They can be functionalized with nearly any type of therapeutic, including small molecul...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

...uter than physicists studying questions like the birth of the universe. Chinook's top job is to run NWChem, a computational chemistry program that allows researchers to simulate and predict the chemistry within and between molecules. But a wide variety of programs can run on the supercomputer. Scientist...

Researchers capture bacterial infection on film

... Researchers have developed a new technique that allows them to make a movie of bacteria infecting their living host. Whilst mos...atural History at the University of Exeter, added: "For the first time this allows us to actually examine infection in real time in a real animal it's a majo...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...090720.html High Performance Software for Engineering and Science allows engineers and scientists to perform large-scale numerical simulations of ph...sical phenomena rapidly and efficiently. The ability to perform simulations allows corporations and governmental agencies to replace costly and dangerous expe...

Parasitic worms make sex worthwhile

... Biology . The scientists' report represents direct experimental evidence for the "Red Queen Hypothesis" of sex, which suggests sexual reproduction allows host species to avoid infection by their coevolving parasites by producing genetically variable offspring. "We have shown that parasites can play a...
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