Stem cell therapy makes cloudy corneas clear, according to Pitt researchers
PITTSBURGH, April 9 Stem cells collected from human corneas restore transparency and don't trigger a rejection response when injected into eyes that are scarred and hazy, according
to experiments conducted in mice by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Their study will...
Taste, odor intervention improves cancer therapy, according to Virginia Tech, Wake Forest study
BLACKSBURG, Va., March 30, 2009 Cancer and its therapies, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, may directly alter and damage taste and odor perception, possibly leading to patient malnutrition, and in severe cases, significant morbidity, according
to a Virginia Tech Wake Forest University Co...
Brain structure assists in immune response, according to Penn vet study
PHILADELPHIA - For the first time, a team of researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine have imaged in real time the body's immune response to a parasitic infection in the brain.
The findings provide unexpected insights into how immune cells are regulated in the...
Human beta cells can be easily induced to replicate, according to study in Diabetes
PITTSBURGH, Jan 13 Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have successfully induced human insulin-producing cells, known as beta cells, to replicate robustly in a living animal, as well as in the lab. The discovery not only could improve models and methods for studying dia...
Siblings of mentally disabled face own lifelong challenges, according to researchers
WASHINGTON People who have a sibling with a mental illness are more likely to suffer episodes of depression at some point in their lives, say researchers who analyzed four decades of data.
Additionally, they found people with a sibling with low IQ are more likely to live near that brother or s...
Following the leader can be a drag, according to student's research on flapping flags
From the Tour de France to NASCAR, competitors and fans know that speed is only part of the equation. Strategy -- and the ability to use elements like aerodynamic drafting, which makes it easier to follow closely behind a leader than to be out in front -- is also critical.
But in some cases, dr...
Individuals vary their immune response according to age, sex and the costs
Is it always good to respond maximally when pathogens or disease strike, or should individuals vary their immune response to balance immediate and future costs? This is the question evolutionary physiologists Oliver Love, Katrina Salvante, James Dale, and Tony Williams asked when they examined how...
Three Dimensional Visualization of Right Ventricle Provides Important Information for Treatment of Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot, According to a Study in The American Journal of Cardiology
Model Created Using Piecewise Smooth Subdivision Surface Provides Both Shape and Volumetric Evaluation of Tetralogy of Fallot Patients
SEATTLE, April 8, 2008 /PRNewswire/ -- Three dimensional visualization
of the right ventricle provides important shape and volumetric insights
that help ca...
Viruses evolve to play by host rules, according to University of Pennsylvania researchers
PHILADELPHIA -- Biologists at the University of Pennsylvania and Harvard University have examined the complete genomes of viruses that infect the bacteria E. coli, P. aeruginosa and L. lactis and have found that many of these viral genomes exhibit codon bias, the tendency to preferentially encode ...
BIO-key(R) PocketCop(R) Project 'Leading the Nation' According to Televised Report
Oklahoma County's Use of PocketCop on BlackBerry Smartphones Keeps Officers Informed and In Touch
WALL, N.J., Nov. 20 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- BIO-key International,
Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: BKYI), a leader in finger-based biometric
identification and wireless public sa...
Folic acid lowers blood arsenic levels, according to Mailman School of Public Health study
October 8, 2007 -- A new study by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health finds that folic acid supplements can dramatically lower blood arsenic levels in individuals exposed to arsenic through contaminated drinking water. This toxic element, naturally present in some a...
Fireproofing homes dramatically reduces forest fire size, according to new study
A new study involving the University of Colorado at Boulder that modeled the spread of forest fires in Colorado and other western states indicates the size and intensity of fires is directly linked with the density and flammability of houses built in the so-called wildland-urban interface.
Rapid oral HIV test shows great promise according to MUHC-led research
A convenient, easy to use, and rapid alternative to blood-based HIV testing may become the new standard for field testing according
to a new MUHC study. The study shows that the oral fluid-based OraQuick HIV1/2 test is 100 per cent accurate and patients?preferred choice.
Senior and lead author ...
With cellulosic ethanol, there is no food vs. fuel debate according to MSU scientist
As more and more corn grain is diverted to make ethanol, there have been public concerns about food shortages. However, ethanol made from cellulosic materials instead of corn grain, renders the food vs. fuel debate moot, according
to research by a Michigan State University ethanol expert.
Good times ahead for dinosaur hunters, according to U of Penn scientist's dinosaur census
The golden age of dinosaur discovery is yet upon us, according
to Peter Dodson at the University of Pennsylvania. In a forthcoming issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Dodson revises his groundbreaking 1990 census on the diversity of discoverable dinosaurs upward by 50%, o...
Biodiversity key to sustainable biofuel according to University of Minn. researcher's findings
Ecosystems containing many different plant species are not only more productive, they are also better able to withstand and recover from climate extremes, pests and disease over long periods of time.
These findings, published in the June 1 issue of Nature, are the culmination of 12 years of exper...
Morning grogginess more debilitating than sleep deprivation, according to CU-Boulder study
A new University of Colorado at Boulder study shows that people who awaken after eight hours of sound sleep have more impaired thinking and memory skills than they do after being deprived of sleep for more than 24 hours.
The study showed test subjects had diminished short-term memory, counting sk...
Brain networks change according to cognitive task
Using a newly released method to analyze functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), Northwestern University researchers have demonstrated that the interconnections between different parts of the brain are dynamic and not static. This and other findings answer longstanding debates about how brain...
Past droughts geographically widespread in the West, according to tree-ring data
When it's dry, it's dry all over, according
to a new analysis of more than 400 years of annual streamflow in the Upper Colorado and Salt and Verde river basins.
By using data from tree rings, University of Arizona researchers conclude that water supply for those western rivers fluctuated in synch...
Yellowstone microbes fueled by hydrogen, according to U. of Colorado study
Microbes living in the brilliantly colored
hot springs of Yellowstone National Park use primarily hydrogen for
fuel, a discovery University of Colorado at Boulder researchers say
bodes well for life in extreme environments on other planets and could
add to understanding of bacteria inside the human...
Advances in lung cancer research announced at conference
...ance of these microRNAs are being explored, and more studies are warranted, according
to the team, which was funded by the Ibis Foundation of Arizona, the TGen F... or 67 percent, of patients with NSCLC "achieved stable disease or better," according
to a release by Threshold and Scottsdale Healthcare. More details about the...
EMBO pioneers pension plan for internationally mobile postdoctoral researchers
...erg based independent financial services and wealth management consulting company, has developed the concept and will also administer the pension plan according
to the needs of highly mobile scientists. Funds invested in the plan will be managed by Allianz, one of the highest-rated worldwide insurers operating...
Navigating in the ocean of molecules
...lecules. Written out in full, this figure would fill two lines of closely-spaced numbers on a typed page. However, only some of these - 1060 molecules according
to the estimates - are potential active agents. Identifying these islands of biological activity in the ocean of all potential compounds is not an eas...
AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009
...to measure sea surface height (SSH) with resolution as high as 10 kilometers (6.2 miles), a significant improvement over conventional radar altimetry. according
to a study by Klein et al., such SSH measurements will make it possible for scientists to study not only the surface of the ocean but also the circula...
Carnegie Mellon's Jean VanBriesen leads research team on Monongahela River
The focus will be on the presence and effect of bromide associated with Marcellus Shale gas produced water, and sulfate from acid mine drainage, according
to VanBriesen, a professor of civil and environmental engineering and faculty director of the Center for Water Quality in Urban Environmental Systems ...
Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water
... A process that cleans wastewater and generates electricity can also remove 90 percent of salt from brackish water or seawater, according
to an international team of researchers from China and the U.S.
Clean water for drinking, washing and industrial uses is a scarce resource in some ...
First human gets new antibody aimed at hepatitis C virus
...t step in this program, which will be a Phase 2 study in liver transplant patients."
HCV attacks the liver and can eventually lead to liver failure. according
to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3.2 million Americans are chronically infected with HCV and some 10,000 die annually of the di...
'Green' energy from algae
...does not only work in countries with an extremely high solar irradiation. Most algae need a maximum of ten percent of the incident sunlight intensity. according
to Posten, the remaining fraction would just be wasted, if light management in the photobioreactor would not be optimum. Posten points out that the Sa...
Moving to the US increases cancer risk for Hispanics
...anic population in the United States is increasing according
to Ramirez nearly one in every three people will ... such as unhealthy diets, smoking and alcohol use, according
to Pinheiro and Ramirez.
Additional studies ar... warranted to assess the variations in cancer risk according
to socio-economic status and length of time spent ...
Women often opt to surgically remove their breasts, ovaries to reduce cancer risk
...o undergo surgery as a precautionary measure to decrease their cancer risk, according
to a report in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention , a journal of...ere are unfortunately no clearly proven non-surgical prevention strategies, according
to Isaacs. These women face a 50 to 85 percent lifetime risk of breast canc...
Abnormal brain circuits may prevent movement disorder
...oximately 30% of people who carry the mutated gene called DYT1 will develop the involuntary movements that can prevent them from living a normal life, according
to Dr. Eidelberg.
The puzzle was why.
In the latest study, the new advances in diffusion imaging allowed them to see something for the first t...
Beautiful plumage: Feather color and sex start the species revolution
...ation of a single DNA base can lead to a striking colour change, as demonstrated by two closely related flycatcher populations in the Solomon Islands. according
to a report in the American Naturalist -- selected and reviewed by Faculty of 1000 member Rebecca Kilner (University of Cambridge) along with Assoc...
UBC researchers find first-ever 'wanderlust gene' in tiny bony fish
...sly associated with physical traits is also dictating behaviour in a tiny fish widely regarded as a living model of Darwin's natural selection theory, according
to a University of British Columbia study.
Measuring three to 10 centimetres, stickleback fish originated in the ocean but began populating freshwa...
Pitt researchers find promising candidate protein for cancer prevention vaccines
...ing it, we noted that many healthy people already had an immune response, or antibodies, against the protein, even though they'd never had cancer."
to the researchers, the immune response most likely developed during a childhood viral infection, when inflammatory responses are strong. Cells infect...
Hybrid vehicle rebates produce scant environmental benefits, high cost
...s were going to buy them anyway," says Chandra. "So for the majority, rebates are not changing behaviour they are subsidizing planned purchases."
to the study, the inefficiency of rebate programs rises disproportionately when governments increase rebate levels. "When B.C.'s rebate jumped from $1...
Holding breath for several minutes elevates marker for brain damage
... BETHESDA, Md. (August 4, 2009) Divers who held their breath for several minutes had elevated levels of a protein that can signal brain damage, according
to a new study from the Journal of Applied Physiology . However, the appearance of the protein, S100B, was transient and leaves open the question of ...
Race/ethnicity, family income and education associated with sugar consumption
...icant differences across race/ethnicity groups with Asian-Americans having the lowest intake of added sugars and Hispanics with the next lowest intake according
to racial/ethnic categories. Black men had the highest intake among men, although white and American Indian/Alaskan Native men were also high. Black w...
ADA releases position paper on food and water safety
...nce the most serious consequences of foodborne illnesses," the authors write.
"New food and water safety issues evolve as the environment changes," according
to the authors. "Recent food- and waterborne illnesses have occurred in new settings and/or unique foods not traditionally associated with foodborne i...
New hope for fisheries
...ans Flagship in Australia, since "there are no single silver bullet solutions. Management efforts must be customized to the place and the people."
to the authors' analysis, Alaska and New Zealand have led the world in terms of management success by not waiting until drastic measures are needed to...
Drug-proof zebrafish reveal secrets of addiction
...es are expressed in neurogenic domains of the adult fish brain these are domains where neurons are generated from neural stem cells during adulthood. according
to the researchers, " These factors, which are also dramatically down-regulated by amphetamine, can serve as valuable new entry points into studying t...