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Yale in Biological News

Nanotechnology 'culture war' possible, says Yale study

New Haven, Conn, Rather than infer that nanotechnology is safe, members of the public who learn about this novel science tend to become sharply polarized along cultural lines, according to a study conducted by the Cultural Cognition Project at Yale Law School in collaboration with the Project on ...

UNC, Yale partner to study effects of cocaine use on mother-infant relationships

CHAPEL HILL Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Yale University have been awarded almost $10 million to study the many ways cocaine use during pregnancy can negatively affect interactions between mothers and their infants. The project's researchers hope their f...

Sensitive nanowire disease detectors made by Yale scientists

New Haven, Conn. Yale scientists have created nanowire sensors coupled with simple microprocessor electronics that are both sensitive and specific enough to be used for point-of-care (POC) disease detection, according to a report in Nano Letters . The sensors use activation of immune cells by...

'Friendly' bacteria protect against type 1 diabetes, Yale researchers find

In a dramatic illustration of the potential for microbes to prevent disease, researchers at Yale University and the University of Chicago showed that mice exposed to common stomach bacteria were protected against the development of Type I diabetes. The findings, reported in the journal Nature ...

LSU, Yale team study agricultural impact on Mississippi River

BATON ROUGE According to a study published in Nature by researchers at LSU and Yale University, farming has significantly changed the hydrology and chemistry of the Mississippi River, injecting more carbon dioxide into the river and raising river discharge during the past 50 years. LSU Profes...

Leading scientist named new chair of Cell Biology at Yale

Yale University announced today the appointment of James E. Rothman, one of the world's leading cell biologists, as chair of Yale School of Medicine's Department of Cell Biology. Additionally, Rothman will launch the Center for High-Throughput Cell Biology at Yale's West Campus, formerly the site...

Autism gene identified by researchers at Yale working with a global research consortium

Yale School of Medicine autism experts Fred Volkmar, M.D. and Ami Klin are part of a global research consortium from 19 countries to identify a gene and a region of a chromosome that may lead to autism in children. The findings are published online today in Nature Genetics and also will be publis...

MicroRNA gene that regulates lifespan found by Yale scientists

Genes that control the timing of organ formation during development also control timing of aging and death, and provide evidence of a biological timing mechanism for aging, Yale researchers report in the journal Science. "Although there is a large variation in lifespan from species to species, t...

Grand Challenges in Global Health initiative funds Yale project

Yale has been offered $17 million from the Grand Challenges in Global health initiative to genetically engineer mice with immune systems similar enough to humans to aid in testing the safety and effectiveness of potential vaccines. Funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Yale proje...

$6.5 Million Grant for Microarray Center at Yale School of Medicine

In 1909, while harvesting a typical corn crop (Zea mays) in Illinois, a field worker noticed a plant so unusual that it was initially believed to be a new species. Its "peculiarly shaped ear" was "laid aside as a curiosity" and the specimen was designated Zea ramosa (from the Latin ramosus, "having...

Hormone levels contribute to stress resilience

...tions of extreme stress, such as those regularly experienced by soldiers, police, and firefighters. Dr. Charles A. Morgan III and his colleagues from yale University and the VA National Center for PTSD have worked closely with collaborators at the Special Forces Underwater Warfare Operations Center to st...

Naming evolution's winners and losers

... a graduate student of biology at Washington State University; Alex Dornburg, a former undergraduate in Alfaro's laboratory, now a graduate student at yale University; Daniel Rabosky, a graduate student of biology at Cornell University; and Giorgio Carnevale, a postdoctoral scholar at Italy's University o...

Newly discovered gene fusion may lead to improved prostate cancer diagnosis

...on. Using pair-end digital sequencing of messenger RNA -- the message that all cells produce -- the computational team, lead by Dr. Mark Gerstein from yale University and Andrea Sboner from Weill Cornell Medical College, were able to identify messages that emanated from two separate genes. The approach le...

Leading scientists and scholars urge action on climate issues

...rotocol. The letter was initiated after discussion among four scholars long involved in the issues: J. G. Speth, currently retiring as Dean of the yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies; Richard A. Houghton, Acting Director and Senior Scientist, The Woods Hole Research Center; William Schle...

Mate selection: How does she know he'll take care of the kids?

... and is there truth in advertizing? Researchers at yale theorize that when males must provide care for the...ate student in ecology and evolutionary biology at yale and lead author of the study. The peacock's or... care because females will pick up the slack. The yale researchers focused on those species, like stickle...

Bisphenol A exposure in pregnant mice permanently changes DNA of offspring

...aylor, MD, professor and chief of the reproductive endocrinology section at yale University School of Medicine. To find the answer to that question, Taylor and his co-workers at yale injected pregnant mice with a low dose of BPA on pregnancy days 9 to 16. Af...

Women faring well in hiring process for science faculty jobs at research universities

..., Audrey G. Ratner Professor in Learning Development and co-director of the yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity, yale University School of Medicine. "There is a movement toward more gender equ...

From 'alarmed' to 'dismissive': The six ways Americans view global warming

...cording to a new report, "Global Warming's Six Americas," by researchers at yale and George Mason universities. The researchers, who surveyed 2,129 adult Am...obal warming, that's a misnomer," said Anthony Leiserowitz, director of the yale Project on Climate Change and a co-author of the report. "There is no singl...

Yale study: Most polluted ecosystems recoverable

...s of 240 independent studies by researchers at the yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies. Their ...the June edition of the journal PLoS ONE . The yale researchers found that forest ecosystems recovered..." said Oswald Schmitz, an ecology professor at the yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies and co-...

'Father of green chemistry' Paul Anastas to head EPA research

...lished 24 green chemistry chapters in countries around the world. He joined yale in January 2007. "Paul is the right person at the right time for this cr...d; and the Heinz Award in the Environment. Anastas will be on leave from yale during his time at the EPA, but promised that the Center for Green Chemistr...

Study shows CGM devices also benefit people with type 1 diabetes

...rsity, the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes at the University of Colorado Denver, the University of Iowa, the University of Washington, and yale University, and coordinated by the Jaeb Center for Health Research in Tampa, Florida. Participants all had good diabetes control when they enrolled i...

City rats loyal to their 'hoods, scientists discover

...st 50 years, says scientist Greg Glass of Johns Hopkins, who co-authored the Molecular Ecology paper with other researchers from Johns Hopkins and the yale University School of Medicine. To understand why, researchers trapped nearly 300 rats from 11 residential areas of Baltimore and conducted genetic ...

Yale team identifies key to potential new treatment for allergy-induced asthma

...aven, Conn. In research that could lead to new asthma drugs, scientists at yale School of Medicine, Hydra Biosciences of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and the ...lead author, Sven-Eric Jordt, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology at yale School of Medicine, "When compared to normal mice, those lacking the gene f...

Meet DNA's personal assistants

...ession, and schizophrenia. A Worldwide Reach Utilizing his basic research, Dr. Shomron developed a popular online tool that Harvard, MIT, and yale researchers are regularly referencing to "see" what kinds of microRNAs appear in the human and other genomes. "It's like looking at the globe for firs...

'Annals of the ESA' selected as one of 100 most influential journals

...nces librarian." The poll's questions were developed by the DBIO Natural History Expert Panel, consisting of Lori Bronars, Kline Science Library at yale University; Eleanor MacLean, Life Sciences Library at McGill University in Montreal, Canada; and Constance Rinaldo, head of the Ernst Mayr Library of ...

Nanotechnology holds promise for STD drug delivery

... New Haven, Conn. yale researchers describe a breakthrough in safe and effective administration of...prevention and treatment of human disease," said lead author Kim Woodrow , yale postdoctoral fellow in Yale's School of Engineering & Applied Science . "W...

Learning how the pieces responsible for interpreting the human genome work

...work on 20, 21 and 22 April at the "Institut d'Estudis Catalans", in Barcelona. Thomas Gingeras, from Cold Spring Harbor, and Michael Snyder, from yale University, both at US, explain today in press conference that "we are at an exciting time in Biology. As Herbert Auer suggests we are defining the in...

Genetic switch potential key to new class of antibiotics

...has revealed that RNA is much more than a passive middleman, and instead exerts decisive control over expression. Researchers in the Breaker lab at yale and Nudler lab at NYU reported in 2002 that regulatory mechanisms arising from riboswitches regulate gene expression at the level of the mRNA by chang...

Yale researchers uncover secrets of salmonella's stealth attack

...nd hijack cellular functions to avoid destruction, yale researchers report in the April 17 issue of the jo...ll and help the pathogen avoid destruction. The yale study describes the crucial role a bacterial prote... the internal vesicle containing the pathogen. The yale group found that Salmonella coaxes the cell to "...

Bird feathers produce color through structure similar to beer foam

...ostructures with a structure similar to beer foam or a sponge, according to yale University researchers. Most colors in naturefrom the color of our sk...res look like sponges with air bubbles. Now an interdisciplinary team of yale engineers, physicists and evolutionary biologists has taken a step toward u...

Sexy or repulsive? Butterfly wings can be both to mates and predators

...redators using different sides of their wings, according to new research by yale University biologists. Trying to find the balance between these two cru...e time, those on the underside could help avoid predators. Working with yale biologist Antnia Monteiro, Oliver used new tools to put the old theory to t...

Stanford scientists find new solutions for the arsenic-poisoning crisis in Asia

...y in Asia in 2004 with two Stanford colleagues: Chris Francis, an assistant professor of geological and environmental sciences, and Karen Seto, now at yale University. The initial study was funded with a two-year Woods Institute Environmental Venture Projects grant. Five years later, the research team app...

Lombardi research: Monoclonal antibodies primed to become potent immune weapons against cancer

...iner was asked by Lancet editors to write a review article discussing the newest research in this field. His co-authors are Madhav Dhodapkar, MD, of yale University and Soldano Ferrone, MD, of the University of Pittsburgh. Their analysis, based on reviewing the last eight years of research on monoclo...

Gene decides whether coral relative will fuse or fight

... "We have identified a gene that controls how a colonial animal recognizes a member of its own species based on cell-cell contact," said Leo Buss of yale University. "The ability to recognize individuals implies a capacity to categorize such encounters and, in this case, it allows colonies to discrimina...

1 drug may help people both lay down the drink and put out the cigarette

...on drug dramatically reduced the amount a heavy drinker will consume, a new yale School of Medicine study has found. Heavy-drinking smokers in a laboratory ...use disorders," said Sherry McKee, associate professor of psychiatry at the yale School of Medicine and lead author of the study. Smokers are more likely...

Cutting-edge amfAR grants fight HIV/AIDS in the lab and on the phone

... ultimately serve as the basis for a new drug to reinstate the ability of APOBEC3G to degrade HIV. Jing Jin, Ph.D./Mentor: Walther Mothes, Ph.D. yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT $125, 000 Cellular factors required for HIV cell-to-cell transmission: A cell can become newly infecte...

CO2 drop and global cooling caused Antarctic glacier to form

...illion years ago. What happened? What changed? A team of scientists led by yale geologists offers a new perspective on the nature of changing climatic cond...supported by physical evidence of glacier formation in that region, say the yale scientists. There are about 70 meters of vertical sea level rise repres...

Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation awards prestigious fellowships to 13 top young investigators

... Oscar R. Colegio, MD, PhD, with his sponsor Ruslan M. Medzhitov, PhD, at yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, is studying the role of immune cells ca...cer. Kristina M. Herbert, PhD, with her sponsor Joan A. Steitz, PhD, at yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, is studying the mechanism by which smal...

Origin of claws seen in 390-million-year-old fossil

...olution of the front claw of living scorpions and horseshoe crabs was identified with the discovery of a 390 million-year-old fossil by researchers at yale and the University of Bonn, Germany. The specimen, named Schinderhannes bartelsi , was found fossilized in slate from a quarry near Bundenbach in ...

NJIT history professor receives national endowment for humanities

...e thought and culture of 18th century Scotland. yale University Press will publish the book in its Research Series of the yale Boswell Editions, one of the oldest and most estee...ill research the project this winter and spring at yale University and next summer at the National Library...
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