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Short stressful events may improve working memory

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- Experiencing chronic stress day after day can produce wear and tear on the body physically and mentally, and can have a detrimental effect on learning and emotion. However, acute stress -- a short stressful incident -- may enhance learning and memory. Researchers at the Unive...

Double success for Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia scientists working on chromosome segregation

Lars Jansen's work on the formation of the centromere, a key cellular structure in powering and controlling chromosome segregation and accurate cell division, has just earned him a paper in Nature Cell Biology and a prestigious EMBO installation grant, of 50,000 euro per year, for a maximum of f...

Computer simulations explain the limitations of working memory

[PRESS RELEASE, 31 March 2009] Researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet (KI) have constructed a mathematical activity model of the brain's frontal and parietal parts, to increase the understanding of the capacity of the working memory and of how the billions of neurons ...

Virtual reality: Keyhole surgeons training could help meet European working time directives

Trainee surgeons who add virtual reality (VR) training to standard 'apprenticeship' training in key-hole surgery learn more quickly, work with greater accuracy and have less errors than those with no VR training, and perform as well as those who use additional video training. The finding of this C...

Don't forget the vitamin A when working with its carrier protein

Vitamin A is an essential nutrient involved in vision, growth, cellular differentiation, and immune function. Because vitamin A is fat-soluble, it is chaperoned through the body on carrier proteins. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in a study funded by USDA and NIH, discovered ...

Researcher working on destruction of chemical weapons

COLLEGE STATION, Sept. 24, 2008 America's war on terror includes fighting the dark side of deadly chemical agents, and Texas A&M University chemist Dr. Frank Raushel is helping with the fight by developing an enzyme that might neutralize one such chemical agent, the organophosphates. Synthetic ...

FSU joins coalition working to improve nation's power grid

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- Florida State University's Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS) has joined a prominent national coalition that seeks to transform the nation's electric power systems. CAPs is now a member of the GridWise Alliance, a group of 69 leading companies and academic institutions w...

Simian foamy virus found in several people living and working with monkeys in Asia

A research team led by University of Washington scientists has found that several people in South and Southeast Asian countries working and living around monkeys have been infected with simian foamy virus (SFV), a primate virus that, to date, has not been shown to cause human disease. The findings...

Smithsonian scientists working to save microscopic threatened species

The Smithsonians National Zoo recently acquired 12,000 new animalsmicroscopic Elkhorn coral larvae harvested by National Zoo scientists in Puerto Ricoas part of an international collaborative program to raise the threatened species. National Zoo scientists hope to one day return the animals, once ...

UK scientists working to help cut ID theft

The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is part of Biotesting Europe, a new 358,000 biometrics project, part-funded by the European Union. The project will ensure that future testing procedures and facilities meet the needs of systems users and developers, building confidence in this growing indus...

Autism gene identified by researchers at Yale working with a global research consortium

Yale School of Medicine autism experts Fred Volkmar, M.D. and Ami Klin are part of a global research consortium from 19 countries to identify a gene and a region of a chromosome that may lead to autism in children. The findings are published online today in Nature Genetics and also will be publis...

Tiny scaffolding allows stem cells to become working fat cells

Researchers here have used a new microscopic, three-dimensional scaffolding to coax mouse stem cells to transform themselves into fat cells, and then to function identical to how fat cells naturally do in the body. While other studies have previously grown fat cells, or adipocytes, in the laborat...

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists

...nd teachers. For example, Emory undergraduate nursing student Adam Houck is working with Emory nursing professor Sandra Dunbar. Their project tests whether inv...heir diets and medication plans. Emory undergraduate Garron Deshazer is working with Emory cardiologist John Oshinski to study how cardiac imaging can help...

'Green' energy from algae

...y, our approach is completely different, as we are working with closed photobioreactors", underlines the scie...le. Posten's institute hosts one of the two KIT working groups focusing on research in the field of algae ...constituents are released." Cooperation of both working groups now aims at bundling the existing know-how,...

Neuropathic pain: The sea provides a new hope of relief

...its structure is very different from pain-relieving drugs currently in use. Initial experiments suggested that it may have pain-relieving properties. working with Yen-Hsuan Jean MD, PhD and other colleagues, Dr Wen tested capnellene and a second very similar compound, in isolated microglial cells and in exp...

Pitt researchers find promising candidate protein for cancer prevention vaccines

...t as abnormal when made in excess, we can be more confident about the safety of a vaccine strategy to immunize high-risk groups against it." She is working with collaborators to open, by the end of the year, a clinical trial of a cyclin B1 treatment vaccine in lung cancer patients, and she plans to assess...

Agricultural research key to food security

...th-South gap, which delays the transfer of technologies to the developing world, and the gap between developing world research communities and farmers working in the field. Agricultural research institutions in the South, el-Beltagy says, must work more closely with their counterparts in the North, to dev...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

...se colorful patterns attract prey to pitcher plants. Aaron Ellison of Harvard University and his coauthor Katherine Bennett, a fifth grade teacher working under a National Science Foundation Research Experience for Teachers grant, placed painted tubes mimicking pitcher plants' natural color spectrum of ...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

...orn rootworm could be much more environmentally friendly," says Jrg Degenhardt, who was recently appointed professor at the University of Halle. While working in the group of Jonathan Gershenzon at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena he had already contributed to a key discovery four years ...

La Jolla Institute discovers novel tumor suppressor

...ents. "We wanted to better understand the PLC-beta 3 enzyme's possible role as a signaling pathway in asthma and other allergic diseases, so we began working with mice genetically engineered not to have that enzyme," he said. "We noticed that these mice developed a strange phenotype myeloproliferation and ...

New hope for fisheries

...sessment of the world's fisheries, and brought together many of the world's most talented fisheries scientists and ecologists for a two-year series of working groups at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) in Santa Barbara, California. The current paper is the result of those mee...

Scientists decoding genomic sequences of H1N1 using isolates from outbreak in Argentina

... July 30, 2009 -- Researchers at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health are working with Argentina's National Institute of Infectious Diseases, the National Administration of Laboratories and Health Institutes (ANLIS), and Roche 454 L...

Parasites ready to jump

...n repress transposon activity. Professor Klaus Frstemann of the Gene Center of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt (LMU) in Munich and a team of researchers working with the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster have now uncovered a new type of cellular defence that acts against DNA sequences present in high copy numbe...

Antibody targeting of glioblastoma shows promise in preclinical tests, say Lombardi researchers

.... Researchers at Lombardi/Georgetown University Medical Center have been working on this line of research since the mid 1980s, and the institution holds a p... an analysis of different, independent studies." Wellstein had also been working on a method to shut off the pathway. Several years ago, GUMC investigators ...

U of M study identifies risk factors of disordered eating in overweight youth

... is also important to prevent the use of disordered eating behaviors among overweight adolescents. Findings from this study indicate the importance of working with overweight youth to prevent an unhealthy preoccupation with weight, promote a positive psychological well-being, avoid unhealthy weight control b...

K-State researcher, collaborators study virulence of pandemic H1N1 virus

...ility that has been designated for Manhattan. "Our strength at K-State is that we are very familiar with zoonotic diseases and we can contribute by working on models for animal and human diseases," Richt said. "This expertise is very critical now that an agent causing a pandemic flu in humans most likely ...

Leicester research paves way for first use in Europe of an insect to fight invasive plant

... academic interest acquired an important and unforeseen application. Two of the basic tenets of Biological Control are 1 understand the plants you are working with and 2 search for Biocontrol agents in the area where the plants evolved. Cytological, morphological and historical work previously carried out at...

Study links virus to some cases of common skin cancer

...ancer, but our findings indicate that it is a lot more prevalent than we initially thought." To learn if people with SCC harbored the virus, Toland, working closely with first author and graduate research associate Amy Dworkin and Ohio State pathologists O. Hans Iwenofu and Sara B. Peters, examined DNA sam...

Douglas-fir, geoducks make strange bedfellows in studying climate change

...ve individuals. If so, it may be possible to extend geoduck chronologies over several centuries and greatly extend our climate histories." Black is working with Jason Dunham, an ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Corvallis, and OSU graduate student Brett Blundon to apply tree ring techniques to ...

Reprogramming human cells without inserting genes

...d of cell type and tissue. While the study of embryonic stem cells continues to yield important knowledge, research teams around the world are also working to change, or reprogram, fully-differentiated cells like skin cells, back to a more pluripotent state. Called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS), th...

Naming evolution's winners and losers

...ds of millions of years. It's a real mystery to biologists how there can be any tuataras, given their low rate of speciation. They must have something working for them that has allowed them to persist. In species richness, these are losers, but in another sense, this highlights how unique they are. There are...

Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications

...clinical treatments[2]. Professor Hongkui Deng from Peking University is working on the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells into pancreatic beta c... stem cell therapy[4]. Professor Lin Liu from Nankai University has been working on creating versatile patient-specific pluripotent stem cell lines that can...

University of Toronto helps to 'barcode' the world's plants

...y at the University of Toronto and the head of the Canadian plant barcoding working group. "This discovery is important because understanding biodiversity is c...the group authorship of the Consortium for the Barcode of Life (CBOL) Plant working Group. ...

Biologists rediscover endangered frog population

...San Gabriel mountain ranges. In those areas, the frog occupies less than a half-mile of stream. This rediscovery is a windfall for all the partners working to increase the number of mountain yellow-legged frogs in the wild by government and nonprofit partners. In addition to the USGS and the San Diego Nat...

Indonesia Now Using MegaMatcher Biometric Technology in Integrated Passport Issuance System

...n engine for the Indonesian Integrated Biometric Passport Issuance System. MegaMatcher SDK multi-biometric technology was used by X/LINK Software, working with ICT Solution Provider PT. Berca Hardayaperkasa, to develop a distributed passport issuance system that enables the Republic of Indonesia's 10...

ISU researchers find possible treatment for spinal muscular atrophy

...called SMN2. The SMN2 gene doesn't seem to serve any function that researchers can identify. Singh has discovered a way of using SMN2 to produce the working SMN protein. When SMN2 makes enough SMN, it compensates for the mutated or malfunctioning SMN1 gene. All proteins in human bodies are made by copyin...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

...im H.M. Huang at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, to develop some of the first technology to examine genome-scale DNA methylation, is working with an NIH initiative to refine the technology to support the genome-wide DNA methylation sequencing effort. "The work of Drs. Robertson and Shi ...

Spallation Neutron Source sees first target replacement

...t into place, returned to the target station and then refilled with the mercury. The entire process is performed with remote manipulators by operators working in a control room adjoining the target bay--a procedure that will be repeated each time the target is changed, which ultimately at full power could oc...

Humans lend a hand to critically endangered waterbird

...ed out in Western Siem Pang Important Bird Area (IBA), northern Cambodia, where 160-200 of the birds survive around half of the global population. working in partnership with BirdLife International, the researchers found that the ibis prefer to forage in open and accessible sites with low vegetation and ...

Results of national assessment of first responder location systems to be announced Aug. 3

... afternoon. The workshop will also include talks by several corporate teams working on various types of location technology, including Argon ST, ENSCO Inc., Ho...r, they will explain the difficulties of navigating and communicating while working in the extreme environment of a burning building or while responding to cri...
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