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Ward in Biological News

Sesame seed extract and konjac gum may help ward off Salmonella and E. coli

A new study in SCI's Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture shows that konjac gum and sesame seed extract may offer protection against different strains of E. coli and Salmonella bacteria. The study by Dr Petra Becker et al from Wageningen University and Research Centre, the Netherlan...

Defensins Ward Off HIV In Two Ways

The body attempts to protect itself from HIV infection via the innate immune system. Defensins are proteins found in cells, which have been shown to have anti-HIV activity. However, the mechanism by which the defensins control HIV infection has not been known. Appearing online on February 17 in adv...

ISU researchers find possible treatment for spinal muscular atrophy

...functional SMN proteins. Singh's solution is to replace that poor-performing gene with another gene. Humans need a certain level of SMN protein to ward off Spinal Muscular Atrophy. When SMN1 fails to create functioning proteins, Spinal Muscular Atrophy is the result. There is a gene already in hum...

Harvard scientists solve mystery about why HIV patients are more susceptible to TB infection

...sed levels of a molecule called IL-10, which elevated the amount of a protein called "BCL-3" in alveolar macrophages and that reduced their ability to ward off TB infection. "HIV and TB represent two of the most significant health challenges in human history and the combination of the two infections ...

Ecological Society of America announces 2009 award recipients

...10,000 members. Cooper Award: Jerry Jenkins, Glenn Motzkin and Kirsten ward Jerry Jenkins of the Wildlife Conservation Society and his coauthors Glenn Motzkin and Kirsten ward will receive this year's William Skinner Cooper Award for their paper, "Ha...

'Platforms in space' to help businesses

...considerable experience of Earth Observation to build new partnerships and broker existing solutions which can bring this into reality." Dr. David ward of the enterprise and business development unit said "G-STEP will exploit GMES technologies and the wider R&D base to advance business innovation and ...

Protein regulates movement of mitochondria in brain cells

... the cell body proper. Understanding the mechanisms that regulate the movement of mitochondria may help scientists identify how the brain's cells ward off and potentially repair damage. An example is the role that mitochondria play as a calcium buffer. One of the mitochondria's functions is to hel...

Changing climate likely to make 'super weed' even more powerful

...ignaling & Behavior , is believed to be the first to report the effects of UV-B radiation on plant allelopathy, the production of toxins by a plant to ward off encroachment by neighboring plants. The authors include Thimmaraju Rudrappa, a former postdoctoral researcher at UD who is now a research scien...

New book suggests Earth perhaps not such a benevolent mother after all

...st the diversity of life, but the actual biomass," ward said. "Life keeps evolving, and there are unintend... Princeton University Press. In the 208-page book, ward argues that humans have to use engineering to mana...tash it in a bank because we're going to need it," ward said. "The end of life as we know it is when we re...

Camphor-containing products may cause seizures in children

...ronx─over a two-week period. In the first case, a 15-month-old Hispanic boy accidently ingested camphor cubes that his parents were using to ward off evil spirits. In the second case, a 22-month-old Hispanic boy ate a camphor-containing product that was placed around his apartment to control roa...

Nine Additional Virginia Law Enforcement Agencies Deploy BIO-key(R) and DaPro Systems Solution

...e, but the Sheriff's Office has primary law enforcement responsibility across almost 500 square miles," stated Patrick County Sheriff's Office Captain ward Stone. "With MobileCop, our deputies and investigators can get the information they need to protect themselves and get their jobs done. We now have ...

NIH funds development of resistance-breaking insecticides to reduce malaria transmission

...d also be less likely to cause the emergence of new target site-resistant strains, he said. And the team has developed a number of other strategies to ward against metabolic resistance mechanisms in the Anopheles gambiae mosquito. In addition to principal investigator Carlier and co-investigator Bloomq...

Ma and Pa solutions to global warming

...he greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Projects associated with trapping heat, fuel resources and greenhouse gas capture could all contribute to efforts to ward off debilitating climate change. "When the climate sours, farm economies clank and civilisation burps, people abandon their homesteads and trek som...

Chinese slimming capsules

...mptoms of poisoning, including nausea, tachycardia, headache, agitation, dyspnea, and insomnia. A 14-year old girl had to be admitted to a psychiatric ward because of acute confusion. A man developed a psychosis after taking the capsules. Severe symptoms of poisoning mainly occurred in combination with ot...

Nine Additional Virginia Law Enforcement Agencies Deploy BIO-key(R) and DaPro Systems Solution

...e, but the Sheriff's Office has primary law enforcement responsibility across almost 500 square miles," stated Patrick County Sheriff's Office Captain ward Stone. "With MobileCop, our deputies and investigators can get the information they need to protect themselves and get their jobs done. We now have ...

Sexy or repulsive? Butterfly wings can be both to mates and predators

... New Haven, Conn. Butterflies seem able to both attract mates and ward off predators using different sides of their wings, according to new research by Yale University biologists. Trying to find the balance between th...

Men are the weaker sex

... Nurses in the maternity ward often say that a difficult labor is a sign of a baby boy. Now, a Tel Aviv University study provides scientific proof that a male baby comes with a big...

Tips from the American Journal of Pathology

...1357 Mouse Model of Human Psoriasis Researchers led by Nicole ward at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland have developed a new mouse mo...a DA, Rastegar J, Knutsen DA, Lowther A, Askew D, Gilliam AC, McCormick TS, ward NL: Keratinocyte but not endothelial cell specific over-expression of Tie-...

LSTM and UoL secure £1.4m ($2m) to develop new 'magic bullet' antimalarial drug

...ting its host. Having identified this enzyme, project PI Professor Steve ward (LSTM), Professor Paul O'Neill (UoL) and Dr Giancarlo Biagini (LSTM) are no...ll be put forward for further pre-clinical development. Professor Steve ward explained: "New drugs to treat malaria are urgently required because the p...

Older killer whales make the best mothers

... Frontiers in Zoology shows that estimated survival rates for calves born to these older mothers were 10% higher than those for other calves. Eric ward from the Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, USA, coordinated a team of researchers who studied killer whales inhabiting the inland and nears...

International copper industry defines role in the fight against hospital infections

...blic health. The first results from a clinical trial in Birmingham, England, demonstrate that the use of copper on certain surfaces on a busy hospital ward resulted in 90-100 percent fewer micro-organisms than the amount found on the control ward. In the U.S., hospital-acquired infections claim the liv...

Fish choose their leaders by consensus

...ckleback fish preferred to follow larger over smaller leaders," said Ashley ward of Sydney University. "Not only that, but they also preferred fat over thin...hools of stickleback fish making the decision about which leader to follow. ward presented groups of three-spined sticklebacks with two fish replicas differ...

Apelin hormone injections powerfully lower blood sugar

...n just as they do insulin. The researchers said they will now examine the effects of chronic apelin treatment in the mice to see if the hormone can ward of obesity and insulin resistance in the longer term. " In conclusion," the researchers wrote, "the present study reveals apelin as a new endocrine...

Biochemists manipulate fruit flavor enzymes

...GLV) respectively. GLVs confer characteristic aromas to fruits and vegetables. Green leaf volatiles and jasmonates emitted by plants also serve to ward off predators. "Mind you plants can't run away from bugs and other pests. They need to deal with them. One of the things they do is to release volatil...

Early cessation of breastfeeding by HIV+ women in poor countries and child survival

...ilies have difficulty affording infant formula." Formula fed infants also miss out on protective antibodies passed on through breast milk needed to ward off the deadly infant diseases prevalent in many parts of the world. Formula feeding, also, may carry a social stigma for mothers and is often seen as...

UT pathologists believe they have pinpointed Achilles heel of HIV

...nt to host cells, which initiate infection and eventually lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS. Normally the body's immune defenses can ward off viruses by making proteins called antibodies that bind the virus. However, HIV is a constantly changing and mutating virus, and the antibodies pro...

UCLA study identifies mechanism behind mind-body connection

...ong periods of time, though, it wears down the immune system. We are testing therapeutic ways of enhancing telomerase levels to help the immune system ward off cortisol's effect. If we're successful, one day a pill may exist to strengthen the immune system's ability to weather chronic emotional stress." ...

Scientists learn how food affects the brain

... In addition to helping protect us from heart disease and cancer, a balanced diet and regular exercise can also protect the brain and ward off mental disorders. "Food is like a pharmaceutical compound that affects the brain," said Fernando Gmez-Pinilla, a UCLA professor of neurosurg...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2008

...le to better engineer devices from materials that are based on complexity," ward said. Co-authors are Jian Shen, Shuhua Liang, Kenji Fuchigami, Lifeng Yin, Elbio Dagotto and ward Plummer. The research was funded by the Department of Energy and the Nation...

Census of Marine Life lists 122,500 known species, over halfway to complete inventory by Oct. 2010

...ry known species have first to be validated, and the register must also simultaneously try to keep pace with new discoveries," says WoRMS data manager ward Appeltans of the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), noting that one expert representing each taxonomic group is assigned to control the quality of the ...

Worm-like marine animal providing

...es over. It may be that with a second line of defense, vertebrates, compared with invertebrates like amphioxus, are less reliant on innate immunity to ward off infection. The neural crest cells of vertebrates are an excellent example of how "old" genes have acquired new functions. In all vertebrates, n...

Canyon County Idaho Sheriff's Office to Purchase Stinger S-200s

...y Sheriff's Office (CCSO) Caldwell, ID has purchased Stinger System' S-200 Electronic Immobilization Device. CCSO is a 329-man department. Lt. Daren ward stated "The CCSO has been using the other EID product and was seeking alternatives that would be more reliable, rugged, and price considerate. In thes...

When following the leader can lead into the jaws of death

... The study was carried out at the University of Leicester, by Ashley J. W. ward now at the University of Sydney and in collaboration with David J. T. Sumpt...shold number of fellow group members perform a particular behaviour. Dr ward added: Our experiments examined whether groups of fish could be led by repl...

UV lotion lights the way to cleaner facilities

...isolation had much cleaner toilets, with only 14% glowing brightly under UV light. Further assessments showed that differences in toilet cleaning were ward dependent and since specific cleaners work on different wards, the results likely reflect characteristics of the individual cleaning staff. More wo...

UIC scientists discover how some bacteria survive antibiotics

...the protein-synthesizing factories of the cell. A newly-made protein exits the ribosome through a tunnel that spans the ribosome body. Antibiotics can ward off an infection by attaching to the ribosome and preventing proteins the bacterium needs from moving through the tunnel. Some bacteria have learn...

AMNH scientists grace Science & Nature covers

...more typical few keystone species, to determine a conservation plan for a tropical hotspot, a biologically rich but threatened region. The research by ward Wheeler, Curator in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, also drew from analysis of many taxa: by comparing at the genetic level 77 animals from 21 d...

Synthetic molecules may be less expensive alternative to therapeutic antibodies, researchers find

...or treating cancer. One of the compounds blocked the growth of human tumors in a mouse model. Antibodies are molecules produced by the body to help ward off infection. Natural and manmade antibodies work by latching onto very specific targets such as receptors on the surface of cells. Many new drugs...

Insects take a bigger bite out of plants in a higher CO2 world

...spring. The team turned its attention to the hormonal signaling pathways of the plants, focusing on a key defensive chemical the plants produced to ward off an insect attack. When insects eat their leaves, soybeans and other plants produce a hormone, jasmonic acid, that starts a chain of chemical react...

Subterfuge, counter-surveillance and assassination: The body's fight with cervical cancer

...cells - cellular assassins, which when activated, release specialised enzymes into target cells to kill them. Despite the bodys valiant efforts to ward off the virus, women are still contracting this awful disease, so there are clearly other mechanisms at work. We need to look at the role of the othe...

Killer fungus spells disaster for wheat

...th other stem rusts to produce completely new variants. Iran is a hotspot for barberry. Scientists have now found out how Ug99 took hold, says Rick ward of CIMMYT, the wheat breeding institute in Mexico that started the Green Revolution. It turns out most of Kenya was planted with a wheat variety that ...
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(Date:8/20/2014)... plastic bags could one day be made out of ... are now reporting. The novel process they developed and ... its agricultural and plastic waste problems, appear in the ... S. Bayer and colleagues at the Italian Institute of ... In 2012, its production reached 288 million tons worldwide, ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... absorbs light and its energy is finally utilized ... Photovoltaic devices, mostly build from silicon based semiconductors, ... approach for the development of cheaper and renewable ... isolated membrane protein complexes of photosynthesis. Prof. Dr. ... from thermophilic cyanobacteria that live in a hot ...
(Date:8/19/2014)... systems be used in supermarkets to encourage healthier spending ... to answer that very question by tracking the purchasing ... Stars System to rate the nutritional value of foods ... Brand Lab,s David Just, PhD, and Brian Wansink PhD, ... records of over 150 Hannaford Supermarkets in the Northeastern ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):A semi-artificial leaf faster than 'natural' photosynthesis 2
(Date:8/20/2014)... (PRWEB) August 20, 2014 The Board ... Perkins Eastman is pleased to announce the ... services in China and the surrounding region. ... Richard Sprow AIA has relocated to the ... career in healthcare planning and design and to better ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... persistent and deadliest infectious diseases in the world, killing ... who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins. New ... Africa to seals and sea lions that brought the ... people there before Europeans landed on the continent. , ... Source of New World Human Tuberculosis," was published in ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Sockeye salmon that sprint to spawning grounds through fast-moving ... University of British Columbia scientists. , When salmon encounter ... downstream of dams they must move upstream using ... to sprinting for humans. , "Days after sockeye passed ... dying only a short distance from their spawning grounds," ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... 2014 As concerns regarding the health ... ( http://www.injurybeacon.com/power-morcellator/ ) in gynecological surgery continue to ... from New York are urging the U.S. Food & ... devices. In a letter dated August 19th, Sens. Kirsten ... agency to seriously consider the testimony given during the ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Research from Columbia University Medical Center shows that ... growth and that blocking nerve signals using surgery or ... disease. The study was conducted by the laboratory of ... MD, PhD, in Norway and is published in today,s ... have long observed that human and mouse cancers contain ...
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