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Unique in Biological News

New DNA and RNA aptamers offer unique therapeutic advantages

New Rochelle, NY, August 5, 2009A novel class of drugs composed of single strands of DNA or RNA, called aptamers, can bind protein targets with a high strength and specificity and are currently in clinical development as treatments for a broad range of common diseases, as described in a comprehens...

Climate change threatens Lake Baikal's unique biota

Siberia's Lake Baikal, the world's largest and most biologically diverse lake, faces the prospect of severe ecological disruption as a result of climate change, according to an analysis by a joint US-Russian team in the May issue of BioScience. The lake is considered a treasure trove for biologist...

Weizmann Institute scientists develop a unique approach for splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen

The design of efficient systems for splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen, driven by sunlight is among the most important challenges facing science today, underpinning the long term potential of hydrogen as a clean, sustainable fuel. But man-made systems that exist today are very inefficient an...

Rot's unique wood degrading machinery to be harnessed for better biofuels production

WALNUT CREEK, Calif.An international team led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory (FPL) have translated the genetic code that explains the complex biochemical machinery...

Researchers find pathway and enzyme unique to tularemia organism

San Antonio Researchers are closer to developing therapies to combat the deadly tularemia infection, according to a study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ' online Early Edition. Karl Klose, director of the South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Dis...

NC State takes research lead in protecting Puerto Rico's unique freshwater fisheries

A team of researchers led by North Carolina State University has made an enormous advance in the understanding of some of Puerto Rico's most remarkable ecosystems by conducting the first comprehensive study of the island's freshwater fish species. NC State's Dr. Thomas Kwak, who led the study, say...

GUMC and Oak Ridge National Labs announce unique research partnership

Washington, DCGeorgetown University Medical Center and Oak Ridge National Laboratory announced today an agreement between the institutions that formalizes their research relationship and will help facilitate additional biomedical researchparticularly in the areas of structural biology, systems gen...

Caltech geobiologists discover unique 'magnetic death star' fossil

PASADENA, Calif.-- An international team of scientists has discovered microscopic, magnetic fossils resembling spears and spindles, unlike anything previously seen, among sediment layers deposited during an ancient global-warming event along the Atlantic coastal plain of the United States. The...

European researchers harness unique properties of boron to develop new drugs and diagnostics

Researchers are on the verge of unleashing the power of the element boron in a new generation of drugs and therapies, as decades of research begins to bear fruit. Boron has to date far been one of biology's best kept secrets, but is now attracting fast growing research interest and investment from...

African-Americans have unique lung cancer risks from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

PHILADELPHIA Scientists at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center have developed a risk prediction assessment for lung cancer specifically for African Americans that suggests a greater risk from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a report published in the September issue of Canc...

Climate change could severely impact California's unique native plants

Berkeley -- The native plants unique to California are so vulnerable to global climate change that two-thirds of these "endemics" could suffer more than an 80 percent reduction in geographic range by the end of the century, according to a new University of California, Berkeley, study. Because e...

Yerkes researchers identify language feature unique to human brain

Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, have identified a language feature unique to the human brain that is shedding light on how human language evolved. The study marks the first use of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a non-invasive imaging technique, to com...

First study hints at insights to come from genes unique to humans

St. Louis, March 21, 2008 Among the approximately 23,000 genes found in human DNA, scientists currently estimate that there may be as few as 50 to 100 that have no counterparts in other species. Expand that comparison to include the primate family known as hominoids, and there may be several hundr...

Starter's orders for unique Ph.D.s in sport

Top researchers at The University of Nottingham are teaming up with colleagues in other higher education institutions around the region, to work on pioneering Sport PhD courses. They include research into a mobile biosensor, to detect the use of illegal performance-enhancing drugs in sports, an...

A unique experiment with chlorine -- and a new way of teaching

Imagine turning up to an undergraduate class, being given a dissertation by one of your student predecessors and told to improve on it. This was the experience of successive cohorts of undergraduates at UCL's (University College London's) Department of Science and Technology Studies between 20...

A unique arrangement for egg cell division

Heidelberg, 09 August 2007 - Which genes are passed on from mother to child is decided very early on during the maturation of the egg cell in the ovary. In a cell division process that is unique to egg cells, half of the chromosomes are eliminated from the egg before it is fertilised. Using a powe...

Scientists spy enzyme that makes us unique

Have you ever wondered why you inherited your mothers smile but not your fathers height? Researchers at the Universities of Leeds and Dundee are one step closer to unravelling how nature combines both maternal and paternal DNA to create genetically unique offspring. In a world first, Leeds rese...

Species unique to tidal marshes face threats

Tidal marshes cover only about 45,000 square kilometers worldwide--about the area of Denmark. In comparison with other habitats, tidal marshes support few nonaquatic vertebrate species, but their unique characteristics have led to the evolution of species and subspecies that are endemic (found nowh...

Researchers reveal lung's unique innate immune system

For the first time, scientists have documented an organ-specific innate immune system. In research published in the April 18 edition of the journal Immunity, scientists at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine outline the unique mechanism by which the lung shapes its de...

Computers to save unique type of American red squirrel

UK expertise is being exported to North America to help prevent a unique type of red squirrel dying out in as little as 30 years time. Researchers from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in England, working with The University of Arizona in the US, have developed a special computer model whic...

New, unique microscope for nanotech

UC Davis researchers in nanotechnology, chemistry and biology now have access to one of the most advanced microscopes of its type in the world. The new Spectral Imaging Facility, opened this fall, is a combination of an atomic force microscope and a laser scanning confocal microscope, the first com...

Cultural norms not unique to human societies

Humans are not alone in their desire to conform to cultural norms, according to new study findings that confirm, for the first time, chimpanzees share the same conformist tendencies. Researchers, in determining how chimpanzee communities share and maintain traditions, discovered they possess a natu...

Invitrogen Launches i-Path -- A Unique Systems Biology Platform at BIO 2005

Scientists in Belgium have discovered how to clone human embryos from eggs that have been matured in the laboratory. Their discovery should make it easier for scientists to create embryonic stem cell lines from cloned embryos and develop them to provide eggs and sperm for infertile couples, the 21s...

Scientists discover unique microbe in California's largest lake

Scientists at the University of Oregon have discovered a form of blue-green algae that lives independently in California's Salton Sea, using near-infrared light for photosynthesis, according to an article published in this week's online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences...

The transparent organism: EMBLEM and Carl Zeiss give labs a unique look at life

A novel high-tech microscope will be brought to the marketplace, giving laboratories everywhere fascinating new insights into living organisms. EMBLEM Technology Transfer GmbH (EMBLEM), the commercial entity of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), announced today that it has signed a l...

EMBO pioneers pension plan for internationally mobile postdoctoral researchers

... the plan will be managed by Allianz, one of the highest-rated worldwide insurers operating in more than seventy countries. "The pension plan is a unique concept that has been tailored to the requirements of EMBO Fellows," said Harald Huhn, Managing Director of the Company Pension Scheme Division at MLP...

Argonne to showcase science and technology at community open house

...tory Facebook page. The educational event will feature interactive exhibits, hands-on demonstrations, engaging presentations and tours of Argonne's unique facilities. Let your imagination soar as you learn about the wonders of science, explore technology innovation and experience Argonne's research fi...

Moving to the US increases cancer risk for Hispanics

...es within each Hispanic population group, in order to evaluate habits that may predispose them to certain cancers. More research should focus on these unique populations in relation not only to cancer, but to other diseases, according to the researchers. ...

delSECUR CORPORATION Announces Agreement to Purchase the Intellectual Property Assets of the Corporation

...hat goal." delSECUR, a public company (Pink Sheets: DLSC) with its head office in S. Burlington, VT., is a technology development company of a unique authentication process based on abstract images of biological data collected from the fingers of living persons. For further information co...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

...are better at avoiding predators Insect herbivore species often specialize on the host plants that they eat, evolving adaptations to use a plant's unique set of resources. However, specialization doesn't come without costs. "A lot of evolutionary ecologists have pondered the advantages of being a s...

ADA releases position paper on food and water safety

...afety issues evolve as the environment changes," according to the authors. "Recent food- and waterborne illnesses have occurred in new settings and/or unique foods not traditionally associated with foodborne illness outbreaks. New issues associated with food safety and security that have emerged support the...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...nd terrestrial sections. This discovery offers the unique opportunity to study, in close vicinity, impacts o...re, iron isotopes in sediment pore fluids may be a unique tracer of bacterial processes that contribute to t...es on the coastal shelves. This study confirms the unique isotopic fingerprint of pore-fluid iron in coastal...

Iron isotopes as a tool in oceanography

.... Of specific interest here, iron isotopes in sediment pore fluids may be a unique tracer of sediment respiration by dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria. ...p future interpretations of the rock record. "Additionally," they say, "the unique isotopic fingerprint of pore fluid iron in continental shelf settings is co...

Rodent size linked to human population and climate change

... Island deer mice from coastal California and white-footed mice northwest of Chicago -- and noted fast change among both. "I suspected they weren't unique examples," he said. "I wondered whether these changes were occurring elsewhere, whether they were global in nature, and what some of the causes may be...

'Shifting Sands' highlights past, present and future of Maryland coastal bays ecosystem

...nd Maryland's Coastal Bays ecosystem," said lead author Bill Dennison from the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. "Through their unique approach of weaving together the region's scientific exploration and history, the authors tell give a holistic view of the Coastal Bays." The 396-p...

Naming evolution's winners and losers

...ust have something working for them that has allowed them to persist. In species richness, these are losers, but in another sense, this highlights how unique they are. There are incredibly disparate patterns of species richness." Tuataras were a bit more diverse in their heyday; there may have been a ...

Bizarre walking bat has ancient heritage

...es worldwide that has a true four-legged walking gait when manoeuvring on the ground. It uses its wings as forelegs. Its thumb and toe claws have a unique extra talon for extra grip, plus a system of adhesive, gecko-like grooves in the soft, deeply wrinkled soles of its feet, The team has found that o...

Scientists discover Amazon river is 11 million years old

... level - which resulted in new sedimentological and paleontological analysis of samples from the river sediment. "River sediment records provide a unique insight into the palaeoclimate and geography of the hinterland," said Jorge Figueiredo from the University's Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences ...

Nottinghamshire Police First Law Enforcement Agency to Deploy ForensicSoft in United Kingdom

...t provides tools that help forensic investigators and legal professionals address the growing volume of investigations involving digital evidence. Our unique insight into the practice of computer forensics, combined with our innovative research and development team, is producing tools to fill needs in the d...

Microbes and their hosts -- exploring the complexity of symbiosis in DNA and cell biology

... New Rochelle, NY, July 28, 2009The unique association between microorganisms and their hosts, whether insects, plants, or mammals, provides a fascinating view into how microbial symbionts adap...
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