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Study shows CGM devices also benefit people with type 1 diabetes

NEW YORK, May 27, 2009 People with type 1 diabetes who have already been successful in achieving recommended blood sugar goals can further benefit from using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices, according to results of a major multi-center clinical trial by the Juvenile Diabetes Research ...

Study examining role of genetics and environment in type 1 diabetes

AUGUSTA, Ga. Another 200 newborns in Georgia and Florida with high-risk genes for type 1 diabetes will be enrolled over the next year in a long-term study to determine how genetics and environment cause the disease. A $10 million, five-year grant renewal from the National Institutes of Health ...

Molecule that suppresses immune response under study in type 1 diabetes

AUGUSTA, Ga. - The idea is to teach the immune system of children at high risk for type 1 diabetes not to attack the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. "We want to create a no-go zone," said Dr. Andrew Mellor, immunologist who directs the Medical College of Georgia Immunotherapy Center. T...

Researchers identify a cell type that limits stroke damage

Quebec City, January 27, 2009A research team including Serge Rivest of University Laval's Faculty of Medicine has demonstrated the existence of a type of cells that limits brain damage after a stroke. The study was recently published in the online version of Nature Medicine . Laboratory experi...

Princeton researchers discover new type of laser

A Princeton-led team of researchers has discovered an entirely new mechanism for making common electronic materials emit laser beams. The finding could lead to lasers that operate more efficiently and at higher temperatures than existing devices, and find applications in environmental monitoring a...

Reprogrammable cell type depends on a single gene to keep its identity

Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered that a certain differentiated cell type is so ready to change its identity that it requires the constant expression of a gene called Prox1 to dissuade it. The researchers showed that Prox1 acts as a two-way switch whose inacti...

St. Jude identifies genomic causes of a certain type of leukemia relapse

Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have identified distinctive genetic changes in the cancer cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that cause relapse. The finding offers a pathway to designing treatments for ALL relapse in children and, ultimately, in adults. ...

Fear of hypoglycemia a barrier to exercise for type 1 diabetics

This press release is available in French . Montreal, November 26, 2008 According to a new study, published in the November issue of Diabetes Care , a majority of diabetics avoid physical activity because they worry about exercise-induced hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and severe conseque...

New type of vaccines deliver stronger and faster immune response

A new vaccine principle is being developed by scientists at the University of Copenhagen which if it works to its full expected potential could help to save millions of lives and revolutionise current vaccine technology. The 'InVacc' platform, as it is known, represents an advance on the origina...

JDRF funded research shows promise for prevention, reversal of type 1 diabetes

New York, NY, November 18, 2008 -- Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco have reported that two common cancer drugs have been used to block and reverse type 1 diabetes in mice. The JDRF-funded study, published in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , was led b...

New type of fuel found in Patagonia fungus

BOZEMAN, Mont. -- A team led by a Montana State University professor has found a fungus that produces a new type of diesel fuel, which they say holds great promise. Calling the fungus' output "myco-diesel," Gary Strobel and his collaborators describe their initial observations in the November i...

Moderate use averts failure of type 2 diabetes drugs in animal model

Drugs widely used to treat type 2 diabetes may be more likely to keep working if they are used in moderation, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found in a study using an animal model. The drugs, sulfonylureas, help type 2 diabetics make more insulin, impr...

Green tea may delay onset of type 1 diabetes

AUGUSTA, Ga. A powerful antioxidant in green tea may prevent or delay the onset of type 1 diabetes, Medical College of Georgia researchers say. Researchers were testing EGCG, green tea's predominant antioxidant, in a laboratory mouse with type 1 diabetes and primary Sjogren's syndrome, which d...

Research identifies type of vaccine that holds promise in protecting against TB

ST. LOUIS -- Researchers are one step closer to finding a vaccine that better protects against tuberculosis. An investigational vaccine for TB tested at Saint Louis University appears likely to offer significantly better protection against the potentially fatal disease than the one in current use....

Scientists propose the creation of a new type of seed bank

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) While an international seed bank in a Norwegian island has been gathering news about its agricultural collection, a group of U.S. scientists has just published an article outlining a different kind of seed bank, one that proposes the gathering of wild species at interval...

Researchers continue to find genes for type 1 diabetes

Genetics researchers have identified two novel gene locations that raise the risk of type 1 diabetes. As they continue to reveal pieces of the complicated genetic puzzle for this disease, the researchers expect to improve predictive tests and devise preventive strategies. "As we add to our know...

'Friendly' bacteria protect against type 1 diabetes, Yale researchers find

In a dramatic illustration of the potential for microbes to prevent disease, researchers at Yale University and the University of Chicago showed that mice exposed to common stomach bacteria were protected against the development of Type I diabetes. The findings, reported in the journal Nature ...

New once-a-week treatment for type 2 diabetes developed by Mount Sinai researcher

(Toronto, ON, September 8, 2008) In a study published by the Lancet journal today, Toronto researcher Dr. Daniel Drucker reported that a new once-weekly treatment for type 2 diabetes could replace the more common twice-daily injection. "Over two million Canadians have diabetes," said Dr. Da...

Rhode Island Hospital study finds link between obesity, type 2 diabetes and neurodegeneration

PROVIDENCE New research from Rhode Island Hospital found that obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) can contribute to mild neurodegeneration with features common with Alzheimer's disease (AD) the first study to show that obesity can cause neurodegeneration. The study appeared in the Journ...

CSHL scientists identify new drug target against virulent type of breast cancer

Tumor cells in a particular subset of breast cancer patients churn out too much of a protein called ErbB2 -- also often called HER2 -- which drives the cells to proliferate unchecked. Patients unlucky enough to be in this group -- about one in four -- have poorer prognoses and clinical outcomes t...

How to stop a new type of heart attack

PACEMAKERS are supposed to protect people from heart attacks. But to do that they have to provide digital as well as biological security. Earlier this year, a team led by William Maisel at Harvard Medical School demonstrated how a commercial radio transmitter could be used to modify wireless com...

Newly discovered molecular switch helps decide cell type in early embryo development

CINCINNATI Researchers have discovered a central molecular switch in fruit fly embryos that opens new avenues for studying the causes of birth defects and cancer in humans. Writing about their study in the Aug. 12 Developmental Cell, scientists at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center d...

Moores UCSD Cancer Center study links vitamin D, type 1 diabetes

Sun exposure and vitamin D levels may play a strong role in risk of type 1 diabetes in children, according to new findings by researchers at the Moores Cancer Center at University of California, San Diego (UCSD) and the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine. This association comes on the h...

Natural compounds in cocoa tied to blood flow improvements for adults with type 2 diabetes

McLEAN, VA (May 26, 2008) Scientists have found that consuming cocoa flavanols naturally occurring compounds in cocoa may offer a benefit to those affected by type-2 diabetes. Consuming a cocoa flavanol-rich beverage daily may have the potential to positively impact the blood vessel dysfunct...

New type of drug shrinks primary breast cancer tumors significantly in just 6 weeks

Berlin, Germany: A drug that targets the cell surface receptors that play an important role in many types of cancer can bring about significant tumour regression in breast cancer after only six weeks of use, a scientist told the 6th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC-6) today (Thursday 17 Ap...

Michigan Tech researchers link 11 genetic variations to type 2 diabetes

HOUGHTON, Mich.--Mathematicians at Michigan Technological University have developed powerful new tools for winnowing out the genes behind some of humanitys most intractable diseases. With one, they can cast back through generations to pinpoint the genes behind inherited illness. With another, t...

Major international collaboration offers new clues to genetics of type 2 diabetes

An international collaboration of scientists from Europe and the US has identified six new genes which play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes, extending the total number of genes implicated in common forms of the disease to sixteen. The findings provide valuable new insights into the...

Potential association of type 2 diabetes genes with prostate cancer

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Scientists have identified six new genes which play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes, and among the group is the second gene known to also play a role in prostate cancer. The new findings bring the total number of genes or genomic regions implicated in diabetes to...

Engineers demonstrate a new type of optical tweezer

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- February 25, 2008 -- Researchers at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) demonstrated a new type of optical tweezer with the potential to make biological and microfluidic force measurements in integrated systems such as microfluidic chips. The tweezer, ...

100 percent of people carry at least 1 type of pesticide

This release is available in Spanish . A study carried out by researchers from the Department of Radiology and Physical Medicine of the University of Granada , in collaboration with the Andalusian School of Public Health (Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pblica), found that 100% of Spaniards...

Another type of nanotube, a how-to guide to making bamboo-structured carbon nanotubes

Nanotechnology is area if science that has recently captured the attention of people all around the world. At the heart of the nanotechnology revolution are carbon nanotubes, amazing materials with astonishing properties. They have applications in most fields, with new possibilities emerging regu...

Children's Hospital studying drug with the potential to prevent/delay onset of type 1 diabetes

PITTSBURGH Nov. 9, 2007 Researchers at Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC are participating in an international clinical trial currently underway to study the effectiveness of oral insulin in preventing or delaying the onset of type 1 diabetes in people at risk for the disease. The rese...

UVa Health System team uncovers gene's role in type 1 diabetes

Researchers at the University of Virginia Health System have identified an enzyme thought to be an important instigator of the inner-body conflict that causes Type 1 diabetes. A chronic condition that affects nearly three million American children and adults, Type 1 diabetes is more severe than Ty...

Genetic differences in clover make one type toxic

That clover necklace you make for your child could well be a ring of poison. Thats because some clovers have evolved genes that help the plant produce cyanide to protect itself against little herbivores, such as snails, slugs and voles, that eat clover. Other clover plants that do not make cyani...

Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes

Monday, August 13, 2007 Today, researchers report for the first time that genetic variants in mitochondriaenergy-producing structures harboring DNA that are inherited only from the motherare directly linked to metabolic markers for type 2 diabetes. The study, which highlights the role of mito...

Nitrous oxide emissions respond differently to no-till depending on the soil type

MADISON, WI, October 20, 2008--The practice of no-till has increased considerably during the past 20 yr. The absence of tillage coupled with the accumulation of crop residues at the soil surface modifies several soil properties but also influence nitrogen dynamics. Soils under no-till usually host...

Snoring in children might be an allergic type disease

The research found that snoring is in fact part of the spectrum of childhood allergic diseases. So whilst the condition looks and sounds similar in adults and children it can have quite different causes and risk factors. The study published in the latest edition of the international medical jo...

Risk of stroke doubles if diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes

Individuals diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are at double the risk of having a stroke compared to those without diabetes, according to new research from the University of Alberta. It was found that the risk of a stroke is considered high within the first five years of treatment for Type 2 diabetes ...

Antibody therapy prevents type 1 diabetes in mice

University of Pittsburgh investigators have successfully prevented the onset of type 1 diabetes in mice prone to developing the disease using an antibody against a receptor on the surface of immune T-cells. According to the investigators, these findings, which are being published in the January iss...

Vasectomy may put men at risk for type of dementia

Northwestern University researchers have discovered men with an unusual form of dementia have a higher rate of vasectomy than men the same age who are cognitively normal. The dementia is Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA), a neurological disease in which people have trouble recalling and understan...
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