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Pregnancy not turning minds to mush: Study

Pregnancy and motherhood may make us all go a little gooey, but it's not turning mums' brains into mush, according to mental health researchers at The Australian National University. The study conducted by the Centre for Mental Health Research (CMHR) at ANU suggests that despite fears mothers...

NIH EUREKA award funds research at WPI aimed at turning adult skin cells into stem-like cells

WORCESTER, Mass. A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has received a three-year, $900,000 award from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a project aimed at developing a novel way of transforming adult skin cells into stem-like cells. If successful, the research could r...

Pacific coast turning more acidic

CORVALLIS, Ore. An international team of scientists surveying the waters of the continental shelf off the West Coast of North America has discovered for the first time high levels of acidified ocean water within 20 miles of the shoreline, raising concern for marine ecosystems from Canada to Mexic...

Cow stomach holds key to turning corn into biofuel

An enzyme from a microbe that lives inside a cows stomach is the key to turning corn plants into fuel, according to Michigan State University scientists. The enzyme that allows a cow to digest grasses and other plant fibers can be used to turn other plant fibers into simple sugars. These simple...

Montana State University researcher finds renewed interest in turning algae into fuel

BOZEMAN -- The same brown algae that cover rocks and cause anglers to slip while fly fishing contain oil that can be turned into diesel fuel, says a Montana State University microbiologist. Drivers can't pump algal fuel into their gas tanks yet, but Keith Cooksey said the idea holds promise. ...

Seals protect brain, conserve oxygen by turning off shivering response on icy dives

Seals shiver when exposed to cold air but not when diving in chilly water, a finding that researchers believe allows the diving seal to conserve oxygen and minimize brain damage that could result from long dives. The researchers presented the study at The American Physiological Society's conferen...

Oceans turning to acid from rise in CO2

Editor : A 0.1 change over 200 years? I'd like to see how they calculated that, and their standard error - but as with the last article, don't panic just yet! Still, if it's a real trend, it could be alarming. Oceans are quite big... It takes a lot of acid to change its pH, I guess! A report i...

UBC researchers find first-ever 'wanderlust gene' in tiny bony fish

...g put and acclimatizing to the current salinity." "The combination of physical and behavioural traits could explain why the low-armour allele keeps turning up during marine sticklebacks' 'invasion' of freshwater habitats," says Barrett. "The new behavioural association we've identified may also shed l...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

... Shi says. "A tumor is not only gaining methylation in certain areas and turning this gene off, it's losing methylation in normally methylated areas," echoe...d to turn the gene off," he says. "A lot of people think of cancer cells turning genes on, like oncogenes, that allow them to grow faster, evade immune surv...

International conference on CO2 sequestration processes

... WHAT: turning Carbon Dioxide to Stone: Plant Startup, Conference & Field Trips WHERE: Reykjavik, Iceland WHEN: Sept. 7-8, 2009 (Optional: Sept. 5-6 and 9-11). ...

Ethiopian government celebrates rinderpest eradication

...t-stable vaccine that didn't need to be kept cold, clearing the way for transportation to rural areas. "Eradication of rinderpest is an incredible turning point for East Africa," said Peter Walker, PhD, director of FIC and the Irwin H. Rosenberg Professor of Nutrition and Human Security at The Friedman S...

Wood stoves -- a viable home heat source?

...ing many consumers to rethink how they heat their homes. For some this means moving towards modern alternative energy options, while others have been turning to a more traditional method for a solution to these rising costs. In Canada and the United States, wood burning stoves have been reevaluated as a po...

Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet

... TEMPE, Ariz. Earth's 4.5-billion-year history is filled with several turning points when temperatures changed dramatically, asteroids bombarded the planet and life forms came and disappeared. But one of the biggest moments in E...

GUMC discovery highlights new direction for drug discovery

... forms protein complexes in order to control gene transcription. "We believe that when RHA binds to EWS-FLI1, the combination becomes more powerful at turning genes on and off," says the study's first author, Hayriye Verda Erkizan, PhD, a postdoctoral researcher in Toretsky's lab. Then, from a library of ...

New trigger for chronic inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis discovered

...blem could be the best way to treat it, and their results suggest a new target for therapies. When a microbe infects the body, the body responds by turning on a molecular switch to set the immune system into action and protect the body from disease. Today's findings show that a signal molecule called tena...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

...cantly less body fat (up to 10 percent less) than other mice. Importantly, the new research adds evidence to the belief that acetic acid fights fat by turning on genes for fatty acid oxidation enzymes. The genes churn out proteins involved in breaking down fats, thus suppressing body fat accumulation in the ...

Discovery of a water snake that startles fish in a way that makes them flee into its jaws

...e its prey so that the fish turn toward the snake's head to flee instead of turning away. In addition, the fish's reaction is so predictable that the snake act...an amazing 78 percent of the fish turned toward the snake's head instead of turning away. Next, the biologist noticed that the first part of its body that t...

Cancer-causing protein can also help fight the tumors it causes

...the discovery in the journal Public Library of Science One and a recent review about such cell-to-cell transferring of proteins in FEBS Letters. turning a cancer-causing protein against cancer itself The idea that proteins can transfer between cells challenges the original theory of the cell, accor...

Shape matters in the case of cobalt nanoparticles

... Shape is turning out to be a particularly important feature of some commercially important nanoparticlesbut in subtle ways. New studies* by scientists at the National ...

Gene activity reveals dynamic stroma microenvironment in prostate cancer

...ancer, the report lays the groundwork for determining which players and processes may have a role, he said. "One question is what are the pathways turning on some of these genes in response to signals from the cancer cells," he said. "This description is the start," said Ittmann. "Now we can work on the ...

Is this the beginning of the end of plant breeding?

...n, and has all the genes from this single parent. Thus the authors have made a form of asexual reproduction possible in a normally sexual species. turning meiosis into mitosis is not enough to reach clonal reproduction, but it's a giant leap towards it. This has potential revolutionary applications in cr...

Small molecules mimic natural gene regulators

... ANN ARBOR, Mich.---In the quest for new approaches to treating and preventing disease, one appealing route involves turning genes on or off at will, directly intervening in ailments such as cancer and diabetes, which result when genes fail to turn on and off as they should....

NASA satellite detects red glow to map global ocean plant health

...ists can now remotely measure the amount of fluorescent red light emitted by ocean phytoplankton and assess how efficiently the microscopic plants are turning sunlight and nutrients into food through photosynthesis. They can also study how changes in the global environment alter these processes, which are at...

Bull's-eye electrode helps interpret thoughts, deliver stimulus to aid paralyzed, epileptic patients

...lectrodes to the brain," he added. According to Besio, if a seizure lasts for an extended period of time it can cause brain damage, so a method of turning off the seizure via electrical stimulation should prevent brain damage and provide what he calls "neuro-protection." From his research findings, he b...

100 reasons to change the way we think about genetics

...oups within cells, latch on to certain areas along the DNA strand. The methyls serve as a kind of switch that renders genes active or inactive. By turning genes on and off, methyls can have a profound impact on the form and function of cells and organisms, without changing the underlying DNA. If the norm...

How an enzyme tells stem cells which way to divide

...s. "This process is pretty simple," he said, when viewed from a biochemical perspective. "What happens is that Miranda gets phosphorylated by aPKC, turning it into an inactivated substrate and pushing it into another location in the cell." Much of the paper in Current Biology is devoted to why the more...

Pliable proteins keep photosynthesis on the light path

...lifornia San Diego and the University of British Columbia, has come up with a surprising twist to photosynthesis by swapping a key metal necessary for turning sunlight into chemical energy. The team, which includes: ASU scientists Su Lin, Neal Woodbury, Aaron Tufts and James P. Allen; UBC colleagues J. Th...

Coral 'can't escape the heat'

...ch is a simple and direct consequence of humanity's interference in the atmosphere. About 40 per cent of the CO2 we release dissolves into the oceans, turning them more acidic." Analysis of corals taken from the sea off Cairns revealed an increase in acidity of as much as 0.3 pH units since the start of t...

Bowman Global Change says public engagement critical to solving climate crisis

...te change communication programs required to encourage sustainable behaviors and drive society's response to climate change. The paper, entitled "A turning Point in Climate Change Communication Priorities," argues that current communication efforts, which focus on individual consumer behaviors, are ineffe...

Synthetic chemical offers solution for crops facing drought

...prior questionable data in the ABA field, Cutler, the research paper's lead author, took the unusual step of sharing his data with key competitors and turning them into collaborators before publishing the results. Several labs working in the ABA signaling field tested the ABA receptor that Cutler's group ide...

Regional partnership to develop algal biofuels gets backing of San Diego leaders

...e widely regarded by scientists as the most promising source of renewable alternative transportation fuels. They are the fastest growing organisms for turning sunlight into chemical energy and can be grown on land that will not compete with food production, as do traditional row crops such as corn when used ...

MBL director and CEO and cell biology pioneer Gary Borisy elected to National Academy of Sciences

...s of cell biology," said Tim Hunt, 2001 Nobel Laureate and principal scientist at Cancer Research UK. "The identification of tubulin was a landmark, a turning point in the field." In 2006 Dr. Borisy became the MBL's 13th Director and 3rd CEO. Previously he was Associate Vice President for Research and the...

Breaking the ties that bind: New hope for biomass fuels

...ultimately could lead to a cost-effective and energy-efficient strategy for turning biomass into alternative fuels. In separate papers published today in B...ed States currently lacks an energy-efficient and cost-effective method for turning inedible biomass such as switch grass or corn husks into a sweet source of ...

Major international study challenges notions of how genes are controlled in mammals

...differentiation. "The FANTOM4 studies show that this thesis is incorrect and there are no master regulators at all," she continued. "It's not like turning everything on like a switch. Instead, it looks like the expression of some genes needs to be decreased while others are increased in a more subtle, bu...

Genetic switch potential key to new class of antibiotics

...d in human cells, and the hope is future riboswitch drugs will kill bacteria without side effects." Study Detail Riboswitches typically work by turning off the ability of an mRNA to decode its genetic message. Specifically, the current study looked at the preQ1 riboswitch that controls the ability of ...

Unlikely life thriving at Antarctica's Blood Falls

...ed appearance in stark contrast to the icy background. The key piece of data supporting the hypothesis that the microbes were in fact surviving by turning Fe(III) to Fe(II) came from samples analyzed by Ariel Anbar, one of the authors of the study and an associate professor at Arizona State University, a...

Research could lead to new non-antibiotic drugs to counter hospital infections

...ically ill patients has important implications for the design of phosphate-based compounds that might prevent P. aeruginosa and other pathogens from turning lethal, the researchers concluded. Despite the use of powerful antibiotics, P. aeruginosa remains a leading cause of sickness and death among hos...

UC and partners awarded $23 million to transform discoveries into real-world health solutions

...ntists and programs. UC is the first CTSA to be funded in 2009. "Bench to bedside (translational research) is a common phrase in medicine, and turning laboratory findings into diagnostic tools or therapies for patients is the goal of academic medical centers," said David Stern, MD, College of Medicin...

NIH Clinical and Translational Science Consortium grows to 39 members

...or Research Resources (NCRR), part of the NIH, this national network of medical research institutions is working together to accelerate the process of turning laboratory discoveries into treatments for patients, to engage communities in clinical research efforts and to train the next generation of clinical a...

Getting down to cancer basics

...f chromatin, called a histone. The protein is likely to be involved in both turning genes on and off, making it a key regulator of the yin-yang of gene control...py the central control position of gene activity and act to keep cells from turning cancerous. When such 'tumor suppressor genes' are inactivated, other genes ...
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