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Trans in Biological News

Scientists ID molecular 'switch' in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers have identified a molecular mechanism in the liver that explains, for the first time, how consuming foods rich in saturated fats and trans-fatty acids causes elevated blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides and increases one's risk of heart disease and...

Trans fats hinder multiple steps in blood flow regulation pathways

...ogenated vegetable oils in processed foods contain trans fatty acids that interfere with the regulation of ...ssor Fred Kummerow reports for the first time that trans fats interfere with more than one key enzyme in th...es to the point where it will stop blood flow." trans fats contribute to both of these causes of heart d...

NASA study says climate adds fuel to Asian wildfire emissions

..., human activities contribute to the growing fire emissions. Palm oil is increasingly grown for use as a cooking oil and biofuel, while also replacing trans fats in processed foods. It has become the most widely produced edible oil in the world, and production has swelled in recent years to surpass that of...

Protein function and chromatin structure methods featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols

...g physical proximities. The method is also useful for determining if a candidate protein might mediate long-range interactions, both in cis and in trans in the nucleus. The 6C assay advances our understanding of chromatin folding and provides an important tool to examine the role of specific proteins...

Statement by the Egg Nutrition Center and American Egg Board on Diabetes Care study on egg consumption

...o smoke, reported greater consumption of alcohol, were more likely to have hypertension, and for women reported higher total calorie, saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol intakes. Therefore, it is important to consider that for the population included in the analysis, egg intake could simply have bee...

News from the February 2009 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...bits of consumers. Americans Are More Aware of trans Fats, But Not Its Sources American consumer awareness of trans fats increased during a one-year period to 92 perc...ults, the researchers found consumer awareness of trans fats reached awareness levels similar to the 93 pe...

Soybean grant gives researchers tools to unravel better bean

...tic meat products. However, the bean's protein is not balanced to the 21 amino acids humans need for a healthy diet. In addition, soybean oil contains trans fats after it's processed. On the agricultural side, an improved soybean variety would allow farmers to plant a crop that produces more soybeans us...

Brandeis and Smart Balance team up to advance heart-healthy research

...L cholesterol ratio, in part, by replacing dietary trans fat in food products. Under the agreement, $1 ...d more than a decade ago to replace heart-damaging trans fat. trans fat raises serum levels of LDL, so-called bad chol...

Scientists learn how food affects the brain

...to have a strong antioxidant capacity, he noted. In contrast to the healthy effects of diets that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, diets high in trans fats and saturated fats adversely affect cognition, studies indicate. Junk food and fast food negatively affect the brain's synapses, said Gmez-...

Statement by the American Egg Board and Egg Nutrition Center on AJCN study on egg consumption

...dy suffers from the lack of detailed dietary information that may confound the interpretation, such as patterns of dietary intake of saturated fat and trans fats.(2) This is a significant point, given that some people who eat eggs often consume them with foods high in saturated fat. In addition, the res...

Iowa Staters talk biofuels, healthy oils and 'pharma crops' at AAAS meeting

... with oils from soybeans, canola, sunflowers and corn. She said plant breeders have developed soybeans with lower levels of fatty acids to help reduce trans fats after processing. Breeders have also developed canola lines with safe levels of toxic erucic acid. And plant breeders have decreased saturated fa...

Highlights from the February 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

...g a diet that: Is low is saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids and dietary cholesterol; Is ample ...maintaining adequate calorie intake. Are trans Fat Labels Working? According to researchers at...he food industry has made progress in reducing the trans fat content in its products since a 2003 labeling ...

Certain diseases, birth defects may be linked to failure of protein recycling system

...ted delivery - and the job of Wls is to deliver Wnt signaling proteins from trans Golgi to their intended tissue-building sites. If the Retromer Complex fails to recycle Wls back to the trans Golgi to do their job, it thwarts stable delivery of Wnt signaling proteins...

Avocados may help prevent oral cancer, OSU study shows

...ficial antioxidants and phytonutrients, including vitamin C, folate, vitamin E, fiber and unsaturated fats. They are naturally sodium-free, contain no trans fats and are low in saturated fat, making them a healthy addition to any diet, D'Ambrosio says. "The future is ripe for identifying fruits and ve...

Surprising origin of cell's internal highways

.... They found that proteins normally associated with the plus ends of microtubules, called CLASPs, localize to a specific compartment of the Golgi (the trans Golgi Network) and stabilize the microtubule "seeds" at the Golgi. Golgi-originating microtubules could also be an important factor influencing ...

New success in engineering plant oils

...in, lead author on the paper. For one thing, the new tropical-like oil has properties more like margarine than do temperate oils, but without the trans fatty acids commonly found in margarine products. Furthermore, engineered oils could be used to produce feedstocks for industrial processes in place o...

Compound in dairy products targets diabetes

...gh in dairy and meat products, and thereby CLA, might have a health benefit, one must also be aware of other lipids present in these products, such as trans fatty acids. Instead, he suggests that in addition to a well-balanced diet, it is advantageous to incorporate CLA as a dietary supplement, or to seek ...

Natural vitamin E tocotrienol reaches blood at protective levels

...rm, while not abundant in the American diet, occurs naturally in palm oil; this vegetable oil is increasingly used in prepared foods because it has no trans fat. In the first study of this form of the nutritional supplement in humans, Ohio State researchers determined that a moderate dose of tocotrien...

UCLA researchers identify key enzyme linked to childhood blindness

...hyde, related to vitamin A, which is converted upon light absorption to all trans retinaldehyde in a process called photo bleaching. This conversion is the f... Photo bleaching leaves the rhodopsin insensitive to light until the all trans retinaldehyde is converted, or "isomerized," back into 11 cis retinaldehyde...
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(Date:8/20/2014)... During the past few years, Virginia Tech,s Wu Feng ... Microsoft grant from the "Computing in the Cloud" program, ... a $6 million award from the Air Force on ... from NSF and the National Institutes of Health on ... wove together the "parallel computing" aspects from each grant, ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... of honeybees grows to about 4,000 members, it triggers ... building of a special type of comb used for ... from the Department of Neurobiology and Behaviour at Cornell ... reproductive cycle of honeybee colonies. The results are published ... Nature . , Reproduction isn,t always a honeybee ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... 2014  The second annual Biometrics UnPlugged Executive ... Tampa, Florida on September 15, 2014, ... Technology and Strategy at Samsung, and Philippe de ... of this year,s event is Mobility at the ... "Biometrics UnPlugged: Mobility at the Crossroads of Commerce ...
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(Date:8/20/2014)... Dennis Thompson HealthDay ... U.S. teen birth rates fell dramatically during the past two ... a new government report shows. An estimated 4 million ... decline, according to researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease ... out at me from the report," said Bill Albert, chief ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... An imaging study of chronic users of codeine-containing ... regions of brain white matter and associates these ... , Researchers used diffusuion tensor imaging (DTI) (an ... investigate the white matter integrity of chronic CCS ... the brain, including the inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, which ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Aug. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Loss of brain ... explain why many seniors have trouble falling and staying ... sleep disruption can be especially severe and often results ... The investigators analyzed data from the Rush Memory ... enrolled at age 65 and are being followed until ...
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