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System in Biological News

New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. For cancer drug developers, finding an agent that kills tumor cells is only part of the equation. The drug must also spare healthy cells, and ideally its effects will be reversible, to cut short any potentially dangerous side effects. University of Illinois researchers report...

Researchers design first model motor nerve system that's insulated and organized like the human body

Amsterdam, 21 July 2009 - In the July issue of Biomaterials , published by Elsevier, researchers from the University of Central Florida (UCF) report on the first lab-grown motor nerves that are insulated and organized just like they are in the human body. The model system will drastically improv...

Innovative system for monitoring coastline processes

This release is available in Spanish . AZTI-Tecnalia, the Basque technological centre specialising in marine and food research, has developed a system for monitoring the coast in order to observe and monitor maritime processes along our coastline. This is innovative technology for the susta...

Next-generation software system for flood warning and risk analysis to be developed

This release is available in Chinese . Flooding is a wide spread and devastating natural disaster across the globe. It is the worst natural disaster in the UK, causing annual damage of about 1.5 billion. The ...

SRI International announces findings from new upper atmospheric radar system for scientific research

MENLO PARK, Calif. June 2 , 2009 SRI International, an independent nonprofit research institute, announced today that early scientific results are now available from the Advanced Modular Incoherent Scatter Radar (AMISR), a modular, transportable radar system funded by the National Science Foundat...

Understanding plants' overactive immune system will help MU researchers build better crops

COLUMBIA, Mo. A plant's immune system protects the plant from harmful pathogens. If the system overreacts to pathogens, it can stunt plant growth and reduce seed production. Now, University of Missouri researchers have identified important suppressors that negatively regulate the responses of the...

Minnesota Counties Secure New Criminal Charging System With BIO-key(R) Fingerprint Biometrics

Paperless eCharging Saves Time and Increases Efficiency WALL, N.J., May 19 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- BIO-key International, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: BKYI), a leader in finger-based biometric identification and wireless public safety solutions, today announced that Minnesota counties are depl...

Carbon measuring system to help mitigate climate change

The $9.16m Carbon Benefits Project, which involves the Overseas Development Group at the University of East Anglia (UEA), hopes to encourage sustainable development schemes in developing countries that generate climate adaptation, mitigation and conservation benefits, as well as improve quality of...

NASA Earth system science meeting celebrates 20 years of discovery

Twenty years ago NASA embarked on a revolutionary new mission for its Earth science program: to study our home planet from space as an inter-related whole, rather than as individual parts. To acknowledge this milestone, NASA is holding a symposium June 22-24 to examine the accomplishments of 20 ye...

Development of an artificial simulator of the nervous system to do research into diseases

This release is available in Spanish . Researchers of the University of Granada have developed a simulator, so-called EDLUT ('Event driven look up table based simulator'), which permits to reproduce any part of the body's nervous system, such as the retina, the cerebellum, the hearing c...

Details of bacterial 'injection' system revealed

UPTON, NY New details of the composition and structure of a needlelike protein complex on the surface of certain bacteria may help scientists develop new strategies to thwart infection. The research, conducted in part at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, will be publ...

Smoke from cigarettes, cooking oil, wood, shift male cardiovascular system into overdrive

NEW ORLEANS (April 17, 2009) Secondhand tobacco smoke and smoke from cooking oil and wood smoke affected cardiovascular function of men and women who were exposed to small doses of the smoke for as little as 10 minutes, according to a study from the University of Kentucky. The study confirmed ...

Smoke from cigarettes, cooking oil, wood, shift male cardiovascular system into overdrive

NEW ORLEANS (April 17, 2009) Secondhand tobacco smoke and smoke from cooking oil and wood smoke affected cardiovascular function of men and women who were exposed to small doses of the smoke for as little as 10 minutes, according to a study from the University of Kentucky. The study confirmed ...

Model tissue system reveals cellular communication via amino acids

A team of researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Engineering in Medicine (MGH-CEM) has found the first evidence of cell-to-cell communication by amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, rather than by known protein signaling agents such as growth factors or cytokines. ...

Frog's immune system is key in fight against killer virus

Scientists from Queen Mary, University of London have discovered how changes to a frog's immune system may be the key to beating a viral infection which is devastating frog populations across the UK. Communities of common frogs (Rana temporaria) are being struck down by a foreign virus which i...

Tree lizard’s quick release escape system makes jumpers turn somersaults

If you've ever tried capturing a lizard, you'll know how difficult it is. But if you do manage to corner one, many have the ultimate emergency quick release system for escape. They simply drop their tails, leaving the twitching body part to distract the predator as they scamper to safety. Accordin...

UT Southwestern researchers disrupt biochemical system involved in cancer, degenerative disease

DALLAS Jan. 30, 2009 Screening a chemical library of 200,000 compounds, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified two new classes that can be used to study and possibly manipulate a cellular pathway involved in many types of cancer and degenerative diseases. "The identific...

GKSS to invest 12 million euros ($15.48 million) in a new observation system for the North Sea

"Today's major problems of the coasts and the seas include overfishing, overfertilisation with nutrients and the discharge of toxic substances on top of this, there are the effects of climate change. However, we lack the scientific tools to precisely assess and predict parameters such as currents...

Implants mimic infection to rally immune system against tumors

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 22, 2009 -- Bioengineers at Harvard University have shown that small plastic disks impregnated with tumor-specific antigens and implanted under the skin can reprogram the mammalian immune system to attack tumors. The research -- which ridded 90 percent of mice of an aggre...

Root system architecture arises from coupling cell shape to auxin transport

Plants come in all shapes and sizes, from grand Redwood trees to the common Snowdrop. Although we cannot see them, under the ground plants rely on a complex network of roots. What determines the pattern of root growth has been a mystery, but a new paper published this week in PLoS Biology shows ...

TGen, Scottsdale Healthcare, Mayo Clinic study new drug to stimulate immune system of cancer victims

SCOTTSDALE, Ariz. Dec. 19, 2008 The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Scottsdale Healthcare and Mayo Clinic are testing a new drug that could help cancer patients by stimulating the immune system. Clinical trials of the drug VTX-2337 are being conducted at TGen Clinical Resear...

High blood sugar's impact on immune system holds clues to improving islet cell transplants

AUGUSTA, Ga. A biological tit for tat may hold clues to improving the success of islet cell transplants intended to cure type 1 diabetes, according to a Medical College of Georgia scientist. In type 1, the immune system attacks insulin-producing cells causing high blood glucose levels that ma...

A BBVA Foundation project comes up with a system enabling detection of cetacean hearing loss

December 17, 2008. A research project supported by the BBVA Foundation and led by Michel Andr, director of the Laboratory of Applied Bioacoustics at the UPC (Universitat Politcnica de Catalunya) has developed the world's first portable system for measuring cetacean hearing sensitivity. This aud...

Root system architecture arises from coupling cell shape to auxin transport

Plants come in all shapes and sizes, from grand Redwood trees to the common Snowdrop. Although we cannot see them, under the ground plants rely on a complex network of roots. What determines the pattern of root growth has been a mystery, but a new paper published this week in PLoS Biology shows ...

Researcher tricks immune system in diabetic mice

CHICAGO -- The body's immune system hates strangers. When its security patrol spots a foreign cell, it annihilates it. This is the problem when people with type 1 diabetes undergo human islet cell transplantation. The islet cells from a donor pancreas produce robust amounts of insulin for the r...

Friend or foe? How the body's clot-busting system speeds up atherosclerosis

Sometimes it's hard to tell friends from foes, biologically speaking. Naturally produced in the body, urokinase plasminogen activator and plasminogen interact to break up blood clots and recruit clean-up cells to clear away debris related to inflammation. In fact, urokinase manufactured as a drug ...

Scripps research team sheds light on immune system suppression

The work was reported in the October 16 issue of the journal Cell Host & Microbe . The study described the suppression of this immune response in mice infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, pointing to potential new avenues for the development of drug treatments for immunosuppressiv...

RNA molecules, delivery system improve vaccine responses, effectiveness

AUSTIN, Texas A novel delivery system that could lead to more efficient and more disease-specific vaccines against infectious diseases has been developed by biomedical engineers at The University of Texas at Austin. The findings use specific ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules to significantly bo...

Genetic finding implicates innate immune system in major cause of blindness

Scientists have identified one of the genes implicated in age-related macular degeneration, the most common cause of blindness in developed countries. The research, published online today in the Lancet , adds to the growing understanding of the genetics of age-related macular degeneration (AMD...

Stevens strengthens Dominican Republic's Early Warning System for Inundations

HOBOKEN, N.J. Stevens Institute of Technology's Center for Maritime Systems began a project to strengthen the Early Warning System (EWS) for Inundations in the Dominican Republic. The project is focused on developing the technology of DR's EWS and providing the most up-to-date equipment to improv...

A home early warning system for cardiac patients

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in Europe and early diagnosis is essential to save lives. Monitoring the heart's rhythm and electrical activity in real time using an electrocardiogram (ECG) provides vital information about abnormalities and gives clues to the nature of a problem. S...

Regional Law Enforcement Data Exchange System Expands

Massachusetts Police Share Local Information over Verizon Wireless Network with BIO-key's InfoExchange(R) Software WALL, N.J., Aug. 18 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- BIO-key International Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: BKYI), a leader in finger-based biometric identification and wireless p...

Immune system protein accurate predictor of survival in pediatric septic shock

CINCINNATI About 4,000 children in the United States die every year from uncontrolled infections of the body known as septic shock, and researchers are pushing the boundaries of molecular science to find new therapies that can stem the condition. But a simple measure of an immune system protein w...

New NOAA coral bleaching prediction system calls for low level of bleaching in Caribbean this year

A new NOAA coral bleaching prediction system indicates that there will be some bleaching in the Caribbean later this year, but the event will probably not be severe. NOAA issued the first-ever seasonal coral bleaching outlook this week at the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium in Ft. Lauderda...

Researchers hack final part of the immune system code

A group of researchers from the University of Copenhagen and the Biocentre at the Technical University of Denmark have managed to decipher the final part of the immune system's key codes. The same researchers already broke the first part of the codes last autumn, and have now put together a com...

Pitt receives $2.5 million to simulate and analyze brain, immune system activity

PITTSBURGHIn an effort to promote the application of mathematics to medical treatment, researchers in the University of Pittsburgh's Department of Mathematics will undertake a $2.5 million project to create models of how the brain and immune system function and change over time in response to cert...

New findings on immune system in amphibians

This release is available in German . Krakow/Halle. Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) genes produce proteins that are crucial in fighting pathogen assault. Researchers from the Jagiellonian University in Krakow and from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) character...

Test of bacteria toxin delivery system could pave way for new antibiotic drugs

Jerusalem, June 16, 2008 Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have achieved a breakthrough in monitoring the toxin-delivery system of highly pathogenic bacteria an accomplishment that could help pave the way for new drugs that will be capable of neutralizing those germs. Most b...

Crystal (eye) ball: Study says visual system equipped with 'future seeing powers'

Troy, N.Y. Catching a football. Maneuvering through a room full of people. Jumping out of the way when a golfer yells fore. Most would agree these seemingly simple actions require us to perceive and quickly respond to a situation. Assistant Professor of Cognitive Science at Rensselaer Polytechnic...

Model successfully predicts large river system fish diversity

While scientists have developed methods to predict aspects of fish diversity in specific river locations, a model to understand what factors may drive a comprehensive suite of fish biodiversity patterns in a large and complex system of rivers has been elusive. Now a group of researchers, includi...
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