Masks, hand washing, prevent spread of flu-like symptoms by up to 50 percent
ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Wearing masks and using alcohol-based hand sanitizers may prevent the spread of flu symptoms
by as much as 50 percent, a landmark new study suggests.
In a first-of-its-kind look at the efficacy of non-pharmaceutical interventions in controlling the spread of the flu virus in...
New study finds uncontrollable stress worsens symptoms of endometriosis
SAN DIEGO, CA Endometriosis is a poorly understood condition that incapacitates and affects the productivity and lifestyle of millions of women around the world. In the US, it affects approximately six million women and adolescents at a cost of some $1.6 billion per year. It is a chronic painful...
Umbilical cord blood cell therapy may reduce signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
Tampa, FL (March 26, 2008) Targeted immune suppression using human umbilical cord blood cells may improve the pathology associated with Alzheimers disease, a new study in a mouse model of this currently untreatable neurodegenerative condition reports. The study, led by researchers at the Univers...
Penn researchers find monkeys able to fend off AIDS-like symptoms with enhanced HIV vaccine
(PHILADELPHIA) Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have discovered that using an immune system gene to enhance a vaccine used to study HIV in macaque monkeys provides the animals with greater protection against simian HIV (SHIV) than an unmodified vaccine. This multi-...
Laser can spot illness before symptoms appear
It may not rank among the top 10 causes of death, but decompression sickness can be fatal. Instead of waiting for symptoms
to appear, a University of Houston professor is developing a laser-based system that can diagnose the sickness in a matter of seconds.
Kirill Larin, assistant professor of b...
Review of probiotic trial research finds only Bifantis able to claim efficacy for IBS symptoms
CINCINNATI March 23, 2009 A review by researchers at Northwestern University (Chicago, IL.) and University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI) of the utility of probiotics in the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) found that Bifidobacterium infantis 35624 was the only probiotic strain out of ...
Indoor air pollution increases asthma symptoms
A study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University found an association between increasing levels of indoor particulate matter pollution and the severity of asthma symptoms
among children. The study, which followed a group of asthmatic children in Baltimore, Md., is among the first to examine ...
Ohio scientists develop blue-blocking glasses to improve sleep and ADHD symptoms
Scientists at John Carroll University, working in its Lighting Innovations Institute, have developed an affordable accessory that appears to reduce the symptoms
of ADHD. Their discovery also has also been shown to improve sleep patterns among people who have difficulty falling asleep. The John Ca...
Focused ultrasound relieves fibroid symptoms in women
A noninvasive ultrasound procedure effectively shrinks uterine fibroids and significantly relieves fibroid-related symptoms
in women, according to the results of a multicenter clinical trial reported in the June issue of the journal Radiology. Magnetic resonance-guided, focused ultrasound surgery ...
Gene malfunctions cause schizophrenia, depression symptoms in mice
Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that malfunction of a gene that had been associated with schizophrenia and depression does indeed cause symptoms
of those disorders. They said their findings in mice offer a possible animal model for developing treatments for schizophrenia and depres...
Switching genes to overdrive improves muscular dystrophy symptoms in mice
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have shown in a laboratory study that revving up a crucial set of muscle genes counteracts the damage caused by a form of muscular dystrophy.
Reporting in the April 1 issue of Genes and Development, the researchers demonstrated that manipulating a geneti...
Stroke symptoms common among general population
As many as 18 percent of adults who have no history of stroke report having had at least one symptom of stroke, according to results of a large national study published in the October 9 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Using brain imaging to screen indivi...
Brain protein improves stroke symptoms in rats, even when injected after 3 days
A protein naturally occurring in the brain improves recovery from stroke when injected up to three days after the onset of the stroke, and could be used as an effective stroke drug. A study in rats published today in the open access journal BMC Biology shows that an injection of Granulocyte-Colony ...
Gene therapy prevents the onset of diabetic symptoms in mice
Acid rain, the environmental consequence of burning fossil fuels, running factories and driving cars, has altered soils and reduced the number of sugar maple trees growing in the Northeast, according to a new study led by Cornell University researchers.
The sugar maple is the most economically v...
Synthetic Protein Eases Arthritis Symptoms in Mice
A lab-made version of a human protein alleviates symptoms
of both acute and chronic arthritis in mice and could be the basis for a new arthritis drug for people, report scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)....
Amphetamines reverse Parkinson's disease symptoms in mice
Amphetamines, including the drug popularly known as Ecstasy, can reverse the symptoms
of Parkinson's disease in mice with an acute form of the condition, according to new research at Duke University Medical Center.
The researchers caution that the findings in animals do not suggest Parkinson's d...
Menopause Symptoms May Come Back After Stopping Menopausal Hormone Therapy
Women who take soy or herbal supplements, such as black cohosh, red clover and ginseng, should do so with care, says a Cornell University expert affiliated with the Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors (BCERF) at Cornell, the land-grant institution of New York state.
U. Iowa researchers improve Huntington's disease symptoms in mice
Researchers at the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine have taken another step toward a potential treatment for Huntington's disease (HD). Using an approach called RNA interference (RNAi), the scientists reduced levels of the disease-causing HD protein in mice and si...
Key Trigger Of Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms Found
Researchers have discovered an important chemical in the brain's neuronal machinery that triggers some of the withdrawal symptoms
of opioid drugs like morphine and heroin.
They believe that drugs to inhibit the chemical--called a transporter--could relieve some of the early physical symptoms
Abnormal brain circuits may prevent movement disorder
...out why these mutation carriers are protected from symptoms
of the disorder they have an additional lesion th...people with the genetic mutation who never develop symptoms
could eventually pave the way towards new treatmen...ways in the brain to study those with and without symptoms
who carry the disease gene. There were 20 people i...
Hormone levels contribute to stress resilience
Clearly, additional research is still needed but these findings are a step forward in the quest to help prevent or better treat the symptoms
of stress-related disorders that these high-risk individuals experience.
Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications
...re prone to degeneration just like endogenous neurons. Thus it appears that future cell replacement studies will have to focus on ameliorating disease symptoms
as well as on slowing the progression of the disease.
Professor Robert Chunhua Zhao from the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences is Executive Dir...
Stress signals link pre-existing sickness with susceptibility to bacterial infection
...n increased amount of a signaling protein that is associated with mitochondrial disease.
Patients with mitochondrial disease exhibit a wide range of symptoms
including diabetes, blindness, deafness, stroke-like episodes, epilepsy, ataxia, muscle weakness and kidney disease. The metabolic abnormalities that ...
Discovery to aid in future treatments of third-world parasites
... afflicted by schistosomiasis. Moreover, these Th2 responses, described above in the context of worm infections, are also associated with the clinical symptoms
of allergic and asthmatic disorders. Thus, understanding the immune response to infection with parasitic worms might aid in ameliorating allergy and a...
Common allergy drug reduces obesity and diabetes in mice
...o a healthy diet; the third was given cromolyn or ketotifen fumarate; and the fourth was both given the drug and switched to a healthy diet.
of the second group improved moderately, the third group demonstrated dramatic improvements in both body weight and diabetes. The fourth group exhibit...
Newly discovered gene fusion may lead to improved prostate cancer diagnosis
...rtant to distinguish harmful cancer from non-lethal diseases, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or enlarged prostate disease that exhibits similar symptoms
to prostate cancer, in order to provide effective care, explains Dr. Rubin. Gen-Probe, a biotechnology diagnostics company, has licensed this technolo...
LSUHSC shows for first time infant inhalation of ultrafine air pollution linked to adult lung disease
"It is no surprise that elevations in airborne particulate matter (PM) are associated with increased hospital admissions for respiratory symptoms
including asthma exacerbations," notes Dr. Cormier. "What has come as a surprise is that early exposure to elevated levels of PM elicits long-term eff...
When children have breathing problems
...ars. With a parent-completed questionnaire data about the children's health symptoms
were asked, such as coughs, wheezing, pneumonia and asthma attacks. Some of...and tables. They show, for instance, that the different respiratory disease symptoms
in the industrial areas included in the study affect between a quarter and ...
Ethiopian government celebrates rinderpest eradication
...isease in Ethiopia. The CAHWs also demonstrated for Ethiopian government workers and the Tufts veterinarians their indigenous knowledge on rinderpest symptoms
and patterns of transmission. Their ability to monitor for flare-ups following the vaccinations was crucial to conquering rinderpest.
C. difficile spores spread superbug
...primarily by dealing with patients who exhibit the symptoms
of infection - including diarrhoea and fever. But ...mal studies have focussed on the observable, acute symptoms
of C. difficile . But, to understand how this hig...Although the majority of mice exhibited no visible symptoms
of C. difficile , the team found that one particu...
A 'heart healthy' diet and ongoing, moderate physical activity may protect against cognitive decline
... low-cost, low-risk, readily available intervention, it may prove to be an important public health strategy to reduce or prevent memory loss and other symptoms
of mental decline in the elderly. Future rigorous clinical trials are needed to confirm these findings," Obisesan added.
Results from trials of DHA in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline
... the rate of change on tests of mental function (ADAS-cog), global dementia severity status (CDR-SOB), activities of daily living (ADL), or behavioral symptoms
(NPI) in the study population as a whole. There was no different treatment effect between the mild and moderate Alzheimer's patients.
"These trial ...
UT scientist receives hemophilia research award
... shortage of a blood-clotting protein called Factor VIII and current treatments include injections of synthetically-produced, replacement Factor VIII. symptoms
include uncontrolled, sometimes unprompted bleeding.
Nearly one in three people with Hemophilia A have immune systems that are resistant to replace...
MS study offers theory for why repair of brain's wiring fails
...to the myelin sheath to repair the damage, for a time. This explains why, in the most common form of the disease, known as relapsing remitting MS, the symptoms
-- which range from tingling and numbness in the limbs to loss of vision and paralysis -- disappear or are greatly reduced, for some times months or y...
Women with endometriosis need special care during pregnancy to avoid risk of premature birth
...cells can lead to anatomical distortion and also the release of anti-inflammatory cytokines, signalling molecules used in communication between cells. symptoms
of endometriosis include severe pelvic pain, heavy menstrual periods, and nausea.
In addition to an increased risk of preterm birth, the research...
How to text message and avoid pain
...cts on the neck, arms and hands. Young adults with symptoms
in these parts of the body use a different techniq...ows that mobile phone users with neck, arm or hand symptoms
tend to use their mobile phones differently than seen in a healthy control group.
'Those with symptoms
more often text messaged hunched over. Just like w...
Study shows Chronix technology using serum DNA can identify early presence of disease
... able to identify specific signature sequences in serum DNA before clinical symptoms
appeared in animals experimentally infected with BSE (mad cow disease).
...ing the presence of BSE in all of the infected animals well before clinical symptoms
These new findings follow three previous published studies de...
UC Davis researchers visualize formation of a new synapse
... molecules that play important roles in the formation of a normal, working synapse.
"Many people think that improper synapse formation leads to the symptoms
of autism," McAllister said. "This research will allow us to learn more about how synapses form to better understand what aspects of synapse formation...
Chemical in blood may explain susceptibility to bladder pain
...ght instead have origins in the central nervous system, researchers say.
of interstitial cystitis, known as IC, include recurring discomfort or pain...gs, electrical nerve stimulation or surgery. But all treatments target only symptoms
because the underlying cause of the disease is unknown.
Tracking down the causes of multiple sclerosis
...of the world. Because the disease also develops spontaneously in humans, the new model is superior to all of the previous models which only develop MS symptoms
following injection with brain tissue. Moreover, the research using the new model has already prompted a rather sensational discovery: the emergence o...