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Surgeons in Biological News

Virtual reality: Keyhole surgeons training could help meet European working time directives

Trainee surgeons who add virtual reality (VR) training to standard 'apprenticeship' training in key-hole surgery learn more quickly, work with greater accuracy and have less errors than those with no VR training, and perform as well as those who use additional video training. The finding of this C...

Cardiologists and heart surgeons meet for 'Controversies and Advances' conference

LOS ANGELES (September 25, 2007) Stem cell therapy for cardiac regeneration and the controversial issue of medicine and the media will be the focus of the keynote addresses at the seventh annual Controversies and Advances in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease conference. Conducted by Cedars-...

Fluorescent cancer cells to guide brain surgeons

Gliomas are malignant brain tumors that arise from glial (supporting) cells of the brain. Gliomas are often resistant to chemotherapy. These tumors grow fine extensions that infiltrate normal brain tissue and, in addition, individual tumor cells can form satellites in surrounding tissue. Therefore...

No-scalpel vasectomies by skilled surgeons may speed recovery

Although no-scalpel vasectomies are becoming more popular among physicians and patients, there are no definitive statistics to confirm the superiority of this choice, and a new review's main conclusion is to underline the importance of training. Yet training is not always available or sought, sai...

Cincinnati surgeons report new treatment for often-fatal injury

University of Cincinnati (UC) surgeons have developed a new, minimally invasive method for repairing a common and deadly form of aortic injury--an advance that could help reduce the number of deaths caused by auto accidents and major falls. The potentially life-saving technique is reported by Jos...

Plastic surgeons countdown first full facial transplantation

Even after news of the first partial facial transplantation performed in France spread around the world, plastic surgeons have continued to research how to make the first full facial transplantation a reality. In the first peer-reviewed, scientific studies of their kind, U.S. plastic surgeons dem...

Penn Surgeons Use Completely Robotic Surgery to Successfully Treat Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death among American men. It is estimated that one in six males will develop the disease during his lifetime. However, promising new treatment options have been developed to help combat this threatening disease. One of the most innovat...

Stem cell 'daughters' lead to breast cancer

... research had only been possible through the generous donation of breast tissue by women undergoing breast surgery, together with the support of their surgeons and pathologists. The study was facilitated by the Kathleen Cuningham Foundation Consortium for Research into Familial Breast Cancer. ...

Can a new implant coating technique create a new six million dollar man?

...e performance of the Tel Aviv University coatings to those of current commercial coatings. Giving your joints an electrochemical bath Today's surgeons can reconstruct joints in the human body using metal structures implanted to take the place of the natural joint. In order to better integrate the new...

Reading the brain without poking it

...ients with severe epileptic seizures that are not controlled by medication, surgeons remove part of the skull or cranium and place a silicone mat containing ECo...o not penetrate the brain but detect abnormal electrical activity and allow surgeons to locate and remove a small portion of the brain causing the seizures. ...

Engineering innovative solutions for 21st century medicine

...costly and painful surgery; New imaging technologies have the potential to predict stroke and heart attack, improve early detection of cancer, help surgeons perform less invasive operations, and even play a role in the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric illness, potentially helping millions of people e...

Crustacean shell with polyester creates mixed-fiber material for nerve repair

...n, resistant to collapse and also pliable, so that surgeons can suture it to the nerve," said Miqin Zhang, a U...ntinue to grow. But to regain control of the nerve surgeons must join the two fragments. For large gaps surgeons used to attempt a more difficult nerve graft. Curr...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2009

... Directed Research and Development program. [Contact: Ron Walli, (865) 576-0226; wallira@ornl.gov ] OPHTHALMOLOGY-- New precision tools . . . surgeons treating patients with eye diseases could soon have in their arsenal three novel microfabricated surgical instruments developed through a partnership ...

New center at Georgia Tech aims to improve recovery of soldiers with severe injuries

... When a soldier is wounded during combat, surgeons must focus on reducing infection and reconstructing damaged bone and tissues. Technologies that could improve the repair and regeneration processes ar...

Tumor growth and chemo response may be predicted by mathematical model

...h the molecular and cellular characteristics of a patient's tumor are manipulated, Cristini said. This could decrease the spread of the tumor and help surgeons remove growths more effectively. This manipulation could also increase the susceptibility of tumors to chemotherapy, he added. The model could augment...

UC Davis bioengineer receives Hartwell Foundation grant to address skull fusion disorder of infants

... left untreated, the disorder can cause abnormal head shape and increased pressure on the brain resulting in brain damage. In a standard operation, surgeons remove swaths of fused bone, break them into segments then reposition a portion of them along the sutures to protect the exposed brain. The hope is th...

Interventional radiology: From sidelines to mainstream for patients

...s the 'specialists' specialist,' helping other doctors manage their patients with the most difficult problemsfor example, working collaboratively with surgeons with trauma and transplant care," said Stainken. "While those physician relationships remain in place, interventional radiologists are taking position...

Personalized treatment for early lung cancer

...he European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ESTRO), the European Society of Thoracic surgeons (ESTS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS). ...

Rotator cuff tears: Are they all in the family?

...out a family history of rotator cuff disease can alert patients to take some precautionary measures to protect against their own injuries Orthopaedic surgeons can initiate a shoulder stretching and strengthening program for patients to help limit the effects of possible future rotator cuff problems Whil...

Olympus advances technology for laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery

...d its advanced technology platform that now allows surgeons to perform minimally invasive single-site surgery ...ociety of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic surgeons meeting, combines existing Olympus and Gyrus ACMI ...ation of a deflectable tip on the EndoEYE provides surgeons with the flexibility to change the direction of hi...

Novel lung cancer vaccine shows promise in fighting early-stage lung cancer

...ggers the patient's immune system to identify and attack specific tumor cells is showing new promise for the treatment of early lung cancer. Thoracic surgeons at Rush University Medical Center are researching the vaccine called MAGE-A3 Antigen-Specific Cancer Immunotherapeutic, which is designed to kill canc...

Novel veterinary procedure detecting life-threatening injuries touted

...r thoracic injuries, similar to findings in human clinical research. Findings from this veterinary study were presented at the American College of surgeons annual meeting last October by world-renowned physician, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, a leading specialist in human trauma care. Dr. Kirkpatrick cited the ...

European Multidisciplinary Conference on Thoracic Oncology

...herapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ESTRO), the European Society of Thoracic surgeons (ESTS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) are pleased to announce t...herapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ESTRO), the European Society of Thoracic surgeons (ESTS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS), the conference is design...

Rural areas able to increase screening capacity for colorectal cancer

... risk for gastrointestinal cancers, making the need for screening paramount. Benuzillo and colleagues surveyed 105 gastroenterologists and colorectal surgeons practicing in Arizona. Of these physicians, 89.5 percent practiced in an urban setting. These urban physicians reported that they performed 8,312 end...

Exercise after knee replacement critical

...nctional performance after 12 months than the group that underwent conventional rehabilitation. "This study clearly demonstrates the importance of surgeons encouraging their patients to be compliant with progressive quadriceps strengthening during their rehabilitation to enhance their clinical improvement...

Research elucidates way lungs fight bacteria and prevent infection

...cium levels. The work by Drs. Jarin Chun and Alice Prince in the Departments of Pharmacology and Pediatrics at Columbia's College of Physicians and surgeons was published Jan. 22, 2009 in the journal Cell Host & Microbe . Getting white blood cells to the site of an infection, however, is often a double...

Robo-surgery: As safe and capable as a human assistant in key-hole gallbladder removal

...ry, but overall there was no appreciable difference. "We need more trials that see whether the success rates using robotic assistants increase once surgeons have more experience using them," said lead researcher Kurinchi Gurusamy, who works at the University Department of Surgery at the Royal Free Hospital...

Microbot motors fit to swim human arteries

...rted into body cavities to allow surgical manoeuvrability, are preferred by surgeons and patients because of the damage avoided when contrasted against cut and ...amage during minimally invasive surgery is however not always avoidable and surgeons are often limited by, for example, the width of a catheter tube which, in s...

Marked improvement in body image, physical stamina, post-surgical pectus patients report

...King's Daughters remains a major training site for surgeons and a center for research on chest wall deformitie... similar anecdotal evidence from other facilities, surgeons enlisted the help of psychologist Thomas Cash, Ph....ign a study that would determine whether the trend surgeons noted would hold up to scientific scrutiny. Oth...

Hairspray is linked to common genital birth defect, says study

...padias." The researchers reached their conclusions after conducting detailed telephone interviews with 471 mothers whose sons had been referred to surgeons for hypospadias and 490 controls, across 120 London Boroughs and Local Authority Districts. The questionnaires explored a range of aspects of the ...

Fountain of Youth to be found in the anthill?

...t. It is relentless and terminal. Auguries and alchemists, mendicants and magicians, philosophers and science fiction writers, researchers and plastic surgeons have employed all their various arts in the pursuits of "turning back the clock." Yet, we stand in modern times with a span of a century to our name, ...

Innovations in Pediatric Medicine CME conference brings together national pediatrics experts

...nts of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and allied research centers and institutions. Established in 1767, Columbia's College of Physicians & surgeons was the first institution in the country to grant the M.D. degree and is now among the most selective medical schools in the country. Columbia Univers...

Columbia to award 2008 Horwitz Prize to Arthur Horwich & Ulrich Hartl for cellular protein folding

...niversity's Morningside Campus; and 2008 award winner Dr. Horwich will give his lecture at 3:30 p.m. in the Alumni Auditorium, College of Physicians & surgeons building, 650 West 168th Street, at Columbia University Medical Center. Plans are tentatively underway to honor Dr. Rosalind Franklin with a speci...

Where optics meets medicine

..., Rochester Riverside Convention Center A POTENTIAL NEW TOOL FOR BRAIN surgeons One of the primary ways of treating brain cancer is surgically removing ...rating room, and during the operation the brain may relax and move, forcing surgeons to adjust where they are cutting to minimize the damage to the brain tissue...

Nanodiamond drug device could transform cancer treatment

...ach, which confines drug release to a specific location, could mitigate side effects and complications from other chemotherapy treatments. "Several surgeons at Northwestern's Feinberg School of Medicine, as well as other medical schools and hospitals, are very interested in the device because it is biocomp...

NIH awards Clemson bioengineer $1.5 million to improve durability of tissue heart valves

...at degrade the tissue matrix, lead to significantly better stabilization of the valve tissue." Vyavahare says improvements in durability will allow surgeons to implant the valves in the younger patient population. Vyavahare and his group at Clemson have studied the problem of calcification in arteries a...

Sentara begins international trial -- open at only 24 US locations

...gged arteries in heart patients, these drug-eluting stents are now holding open new passageways in the lungs. Pulmonologists and cardiothoracic surgeons at Sentara Thoracic Surgery Center in Norfolk, Virginia are collaborating to perform this investigational procedure of the first wave of Virginia part...

Robotic surgery lowers risk of a rare but serious complication of gastric bypass

...t recent edition of the Journal of Robotic Surgery. Minimally-invasive surgeons at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston statistically analyzed...uthor and director of the UT Medical School at Houston's Minimally Invasive surgeons of Texas group. A gastrointestinal leak, which can occur when the small...

Anti-tumor therapy with endoscopic ultrasound may fight cancer more safely and effectively

...ery (NOTES®). This entails using the stomach as a window to the abdominal cavity rather than the skin. EUS could play an important role in helping surgeons gain safe access to the abdominal cavity as part of NOTES. EUS 2008 will be devoted to teaching current applications of curvilinear endoscopic ult...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 13, 2008

...esday, Aug. 19, 9:30 a.m., Eastern Time Cancer surgeons today operate "blind" with no clear way of determi...at highlights cancerous tissue in the body so that surgeons can more easily see and remove diseased tissue wit...ages, they say. The technique can also help cancer surgeons avoid cutting critical structures such as blood ve...
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