4 years after tsunami: Corals stage comeback
NEW YORK (DECEMBER 26, 2008) A team of scientists from the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) has reported a rapid recovery of coral reefs in areas of Indonesia, following the tsunami that devastated coastal regions throughout the Indian Ocean four years ago today.
New gene variant identified for nondiabetic end stage renal disease in African-Americans
Scientists at Johns Hopkins schools of Public Health and Medicine have, for the first time, identified variants in the gene MYH9 that are associated with increased risk for non-diabetic end stage
renal disease (ESRD,) which is the near-loss of kidney function leading to either dialysis of transpla...
Early stage colon cancer characterized by inactivation of gatekeeper gene
The absence or inactivation of the RUNX3 gatekeeper gene paves the way for the growth and development of colon cancer, Singapore scientists report in the Sept. issue of the journal Cancer Cell . Previous studies have shown that RUNX3 plays a role in gastric, breast, lung and bladder cancers.
Catalysis takes center stage at chemistry conference
RICHLAND, Wash. Scientists can learn how advances in catalysis are addressing real-world energy problems and expanding research horizons at an upcoming symposium at the 236th American Chemical Society national meeting in Philadelphia, Penn. The scientific community is honoring the contributions o...
Asian waterbirds stage remarkable comeback
NEW YORK (April 3, 2008) According to a report released today by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), several species of rare waterbirds from Cambodias famed Tonle Sap region have staged remarkable comebacks, thanks to a project involving a single team of park rangers to provide 24-hour prot...
NYU scientists set stage for understanding how color vision is processed
New York University biologists have mapped the medulla circuitry in fruit flies, setting the stage
for subsequent research on how color vision is processed. The work, which appeared in the journal Current Biology, will allow future scholarship to explore how color vision is processed in the optic ...
Science and technology take center stage this election year
Philadelphia, PA March 3, 2008 On the evening of April 17th, in Philadelphia, following a whirl-wind week of activities celebrating science and the spirit of discovery, nine individuals will be honored with Benjamin Franklin Medals and two will be presented with prestigious Bower Awards. The Fr...
Singapore's BIOPOLIS and FUSIONOPOLIS on stage in Boston this week
Singapores focused transformation into a scientific powerhouse in the biomedical sciences and physical sciences and engineering will stage
a presence this week in Boston at the annual meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences (AAAS) and the Fulbright Academy of Science a...
Mom's obesity during conception phase may set the stage for offspring's obesity risk
BETHESDA, MD -- The number of overweight and obese Americans continues to grow rapidly. Today, 50 percent of adults are overweight and up to 20 percent are obese. While the number of overweight/obese children is at an all time high, the steady increase of overweight infants -- individuals under 11...
New light trap captures larval stage of new species; DNA barcode technology used
VIRGINIA KEY, FLA. (Oct. 22, 2007) When David Jones, a fisheries oceanographer at the Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies (CIMAS) located at the University of Miamis Rosenstiel School, set out to design a better light trap to collect young reef fishes, he never imagined his i...
Researchers to reveal aging's origins on global stage
Four of the biologists who described the underlying causes of aging will soon share their findings with an international audience during a symposium at the upcoming World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics , taking place from July 5-9, 2009, in Paris, France.
The presentation, titled "Agei...
Scientists discover stage at which an embryonic cell is fated to become a stem cell
Cambridge scientists have discovered the stage
at which some of the cells of a fertilised mammalian egg are fated to develop into stem cells and why this occurs. The findings of the study, which overturn the long-held belief that cells are the same until the fourth cleavage (division) of the embry...
Intravenous nanoparticle gene therapy shows activity in stage IV lung cancer
A cancer-suppressing gene has been successfully delivered into the tumors of stage
4 lung cancer patients via an intravenously administered lipid nanoparticle in a phase I clinical trial at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. The gene, FUS1, also was found to be active in the ...
Several minute intermediate stage in virus-cell fusion discovered; opportunity for drug development
To ignite a life-threatening infection in the body, a virus such as HIV invades body cells by first merging, or fusing, with the cell's outer membrane. Once inside the cell, the invading microbe's genetic material takes over, turning the 'host' cell into a factory to produce more copies of the viru...
454 sequencing identifies HIV drug resistance at early stage
454 Life Sciences, a member of the Roche group, and a Yale School of Medicine researcher today announced that they have used the company’s Genome Sequencer™ system to identify previously undetectable rare drug resistant HIV variants in samples from an earlier performed clinical trial. The work, p...
New hope for fisheries
...er of depletion and collapse is decreasing in half of the ten systems we examined in detail. This means that management in those areas is setting the stage
for ecological and economic recovery. It's only a start but it gives me hope that we have the ability to bring overfishing under control."
Global curbs on overfishing are beginning to work
...xamined in detail. This means that management in those areas is setting the stage
for ecological and economic recovery. It's only a start but it gives me hop...he early 1990s," Dr Fulton says. "This means that management is setting the stage
for ecological and economic recovery.
"As a result we are seeing recover...
Nanoparticle-delivered 'suicide' genes slowed ovarian tumor growth
...journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
Although early stage
ovarian cancer can be treated with a combination of surgery followed by che... surgery and primary chemotherapy. Therefore, the majority of treated early stage
cancers will relapse.
"This report is definitely a reason to hope. We n...
DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009
...heads. (Jointly with Veeco Instruments, Inc.)
TEAM Electron Microscope stage
The TEAM stage
will make one of the world's most powerful electron microscopes even better...
UCLA researchers discover new molecular pathway for targeting cancer, disease
...Waschek also noted that this discovery may reveal new details on how Hh signals within the cell, which is currently poorly understood.
The next stage
of the research will focus on activating the LXR pathway using various pharmacological molecules to inhibit tumor formation. Matsui will be a collabor...
LSUHSC research helps link schizophrenia to specific DNA region
...been looking for schizophrenia susceptibility genes since the early 1900s," says Buccola. "This study shows that these genes can be found and sets the stage
for future research."
Funxional successfully completes initial clinical trial of FX125L, an anti-inflammatory drug with a novel mechanism of action
... and confirmed the excellent drug-like profile of FX125L.
About Funxional Therapeutics Ltd. Funxional Therapeutics is a privately held, clinical stage
pharmaceutical company based in Cambridge (UK) which focuses on novel anti-inflammatory therapies. FXT is managed by a very experienced team and is fi...
Sustainable bioenergy project has global launch
...rtmouth College and Mascoma Corporation. The first stage
of the project is a series of five meetings schedu...ence of food and biofuel production."
The second stage
of the project will address whether it is physical...nd maintaining environmental quality.
The third stage
addresses implementation paths -- technical, socia...
Pitt team finds molecule that regulates heart size by using zebrafish screening model
...d Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
"This gives us a better understanding of heart development during the embryonic stage
and has implications for adult disease," he noted. "As we try to create treatments that restore normal function to damaged or diseased tissues, it wil...
...ir findings may help identify patients with aggressive tumors at an earlier stage
( Gastroenterology 2009, doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2009.03.041).*
The Nation...he individual steps of metastasis formation.
Aim To predict at an early stage
whether the tumor will spread
Dr. Fritzmann hopes the research findings w...
New test can detect both genetic and chromosomal abnormalities in embryos
...ne-step screening for both genetic and chromosomal abnormalities has come a stage
closer as scientists announced that an embryo test they have been developin...eagues believe this could be reduced to 18-24 hours.
In this most recent stage
of their research they examined cells from five embryos that had been donat...
Single thawed embryo transfer after PGD does not affect pregnancy rates
...tic diagnosis (PGD) and freezing at the blastocyst stage
has become a real option after researchers achieve...they were capable of reaching the next appropriate stage
of development the blastocyst stage. At this poin...bryos that had successfully reached the blastocyst stage
were offered the option of having one transferred ...
New biomarker method could increase the number of diagnostic tests for cancer
... is critically important for clinical use, as well as in being able to assess whether changes in a candidate biomarker correspond with the presence or stage
of a disease. A sophisticated type of mass spectrometry, MRM is designed for obtaining the maximum sensitivity for quantifying target compounds in pa...
Female human embryos adjust the balance of X chromosomes before implantation
...he embryo had divided into eight cells, the morula stage
(a solid cluster of approximately 16 cells) and the blastocyst stage
(about five days after fertilisation when the embr...hromosome in the inner cell mass at the blastocyst stage
so that the derived embryonic stem cells are compl...
ESHRE launches international study of polar body screening
...countries restricts the possibility of undertaking embryo biopsy at a
of development. The data from the study will be independently analysed by D...ions on those donating their eggs.
By biopsying polar bodies at an early stage
of egg development, the researchers believe that not only are
they using a ...
Corals stay close to home
...ve and protect these remarkable sea creatures. However, the design of marine reserves requires knowledge of the distances moved by the mobile juvenile stage
of corals so that the natural processes that maintain healthy populations can be encouraged.
A recent study by Australian biologist Jim Underwood h...
Study shows Chronix technology using serum DNA can identify early presence of disease
...tudy in a peer-reviewed journal further confirms the potential diagnostic and prognostic utility of using circulating fragments of DNA to detect early stage
disease. These DNA fragments, referred to as serum DNA, are released into the blood stream in trace amounts during the disease process. Chronix Biome...
The battle for CRTC2: How obesity increases the risk for diabetes
...ink between the two. Their findings, to be published in the June 21, 2009 advance online edition of the journal Nature , explain how obesity sets the stage
for diabetes and why thin people can become insulin-resistant.
The Salk team, led by Marc Montminy, Ph.D., a professor in the Clayton Foundation La...
UC Davis grant zeroes in on novel asthma diagnosis and treatment
...etabolomics --to assist the diagnosis and monitor asthma therapy."
"The metabolomics is already used to predict the drug toxicity in the
and it is also expected to play an important role in the
personal medicine," Yang said. "We anticipate that this technology
will eventually help u...
Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Innate immunity, the universal defense system shared by all animals, activates when the body responds to foreign pathogens at an early stage
of infection. Cationic antimicrobial peptides (known for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal and antiseptic properties) are par...
Size did matter
... animals themselves. Roughly 34,000 of the 50 micron-long human sperm would have to line up to match the body length of a man (of 1,70m).
The next stage
of the research from the international team is to understand why and how reproduction with giant sperm has persisted for so long.
Another JDRF partner moves research forward with collaboration agreement for diabetes treatment
...d Development Partnership (IDDP) program, through which JDRF provides early stage
research funding to biotech companies working on technologies and therapeut...er treatment of type 1 diabetes and its complications. By supporting early stage
research at small biotech companies, JDRF looks to lower the risk for large...
Research vessel Polarstern starts 24th Arctic season
...in Bremerhaven September 25th.
The first journey stage
will lead the researchers via the Greenland Sea an...ecosystem are also conducted.
The second journey stage
begins on July 10th and is concentrated on two stu... various EU projects.
The third and last journey stage
begins on August 5th in Reykjavik (Iceland) and co...
Omega-3 fatty acids appear to impact AMD progression
...fatty fish such as tuna and salmon may protect against progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but the benefits appear to depend on the stage
of disease and whether certain supplements are taken, report researchers at the Laboratory for Nutrition and Vision Research (LNVR), Jean Mayer USDA H...
They are young and need the job: A second chance for dangerous T-cells
...t Professor Ludger Klein of LMU Munich has now shown that the developmental stage
of an autoreactive T-cell is decisive to its ultimate destiny. Young autore... with a negative result."
Instead, it turned out that the developmental stage
the 'age' as it were of the T-cells is crucial. This was even observable ...