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Smoking in Biological News

New mediator of smoking recruits

Freiburg, Germany Current research suggests that smoking increases the production of osteopontin in the lungs, which contributes to the development of smoking-related lung disease. The related report by Prasse et al, "Essential role of osteopontin in smoking-related interstitial lung diseases," ...

First trimester smoking linked to oral clefts

Smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy is clearly linked with an increased risk of cleft lip in newborns. Genes that play a role in detoxification of cigarette smoke do not appear to be involved. This is shown in a new study published in the journal Epidemiology . Oral clefts are one...

New research explains link between smoking and SIDS

Hamilton, ON. January 29, 2007 A new study sheds light on the relationship between women who smoke while pregnantor are exposed to second-hand smokeand an increased risk of SIDS to their babies. Researchers at McMaster University have found a mechanism that explains why an infants ability to r...

Cigarette smoking may accelerate disability in those with MS

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- Persons with multiple sclerosis who smoke risk increasing the amount of brain tissue shrinkage, a consequence of MS, and the subsequent severity of their disease, new research conducted at the Buffalo Neuroimaging Analysis Center (BNAC) at the University at Buffalo has shown. Th...

Climate -- no smoking gun for Neanderthals

Questions remain unresolved as to whether the Neanderthals died out because of competition with modern people or because of deteriorating climatic conditions. Although scientists have gained increased knowledge of past climate it has been difficult to pinpoint the climatic character at the time of...

Girls who begin dieting twice as likely to start smoking

GAINESVILLE, Fla. Starting to diet seems to double the odds a teenage girl will begin smoking, a University of Florida study has found. UF researchers, who analyzed the dieting and smoking practices of 8,000 adolescents, did not find the same link in boys, who were also less likely than girls ...

Better health twice as likely for nonsmokers who live and work with smoking restrictions

In the first study of its kind to evaluate how smoking restrictions in the workplace and at home affect health status, researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health found that nonsmokers who live under both a total household and total workplace smoking ban are over two and a half times more li...

Long-term marijuana smoking leads to respiratory complaints

Long-term exposure to marijuana smoke is linked to many of the same health problems as tobacco smoke, such as increased respiratory symptoms like cough, phlegm and wheeze, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine. Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in the Un...

Quitting smoking reduces risk of lung cancer mortality by 70 percent

Giving up smoking is highly effective in preventing death from lung cancer and can reduce the risk of dying from the disease by up to 70%. In addition, new research from the Asia-Pacific region confirms that cigarette smoking substantially increases the risk of dying from lung cancer in both Austra...

The effects of smoking on fractures and ligament injuries

Cigarette smoking, which causes over 8.6 million illnesses annually in the U.S., has been shown to have harmful effects on a variety of orthopedic conditions. Studies have shown that the numerous toxins contained in cigarette smoke can undermine fracture and ligament repair following injury. In add...

Heavy smoking cuts women's chance of pregnancy -- even with donated oocytes

Heavy smoking may reduce female fertility by directly affecting the uterus ?making it less receptive and reducing the chances the embryo will implant, according to research published on line (Thursday 9 November) in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction. The finding, ...

High HPV concentrations combined with smoking significantly raise risks of cervical cancer

Cigarette smoking and concurrent infection with high levels of the virus associated with cervical cancer can increase cancer risk by as much as 27 times, according to a study published in the November 2006 issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. Anthony Gunnell, a medical bios...

Cigarette smoking impedes tendon-to-bone healing

Orthopaedic surgery researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified yet another reason not to smoke. Studying rotator cuff injury in rats, the research team found exposure to nicotine delays tendon-to-bone healing, suggesting this could cause failure of rotator ...

Quitting smoking improves lung function considerably

For smokers with asthma, quitting smoking can improve lung function test scores by more than 15 percent in less than two months. The findings appear in the second issue for July 2006 of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, published by the American Thoracic Society. ...

Blood test predicts success of quitting smoking using the nicotine patch

A blood test may enable doctors to predict which smokers using the nicotine patch are likely to experience the least amount of cravings and have the highest probability of success in quitting cigarettes, according to the results of a study in the June issus of the Journal of Clinical Pharmacology a...

Both alcoholism and chronic smoking can damage the brain's prefrontal cortex

University of Utah researchers will receive up to $10.3 million to help develop a new prosthetic arm that would work, feel and look like a real arm. The Utah work is a key part of a U.S. Department of Defense contract worth up to $55 million to develop the new device for soldiers and potentially ot...

Alcoholism, smoking and genetics among Plains American Indians

Alcoholism and smoking have a high rate of co-occurrence in the general population. Yet little is known about the co-morbidity of alcoholism and smoking among American Indians. In the March issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research , researchers examine patterns of alcohol and to...

India's smoking gun: Dino-killing eruptions

New discoveries about the timing and speed of gigantic, 6500-foot (2-km) thick lava flows that poured out of the ground 65 million years ago could shift the blame for killing the dinos. The Deccan Traps of India are one of Earth's largest lava flows ever, with the potential of having wreaked havo...

OHSU research shows vitamin C counteracts some negative impacts of smoking on unborn babies

Research conducted in monkeys at the Oregon National Primate Research Center, Oregon Health & Science University, suggests high doses of vitamin C may have potential to counteract some negative impacts of smoking in unborn babies. The research may benefit thousands of babies born to mothers who...

Research shows smoking adds a decade to reproductive age of IVF patients

A major new Dutch study has found that smoking adds the equivalent of ten years to a 20-year-old subfertile woman's reproductive age and has a "devastating" impact on a couples' chances of having a live birth after IVF. Being overweight also seriously damages their chances. The harmful effects of...

Moving to the US increases cancer risk for Hispanics

...estyles and should be strongly discouraged from adopting unfavorable lifestyles that may be more common in the United States, such as unhealthy diets, smoking and alcohol use, according to Pinheiro and Ramirez. Additional studies are warranted to assess the variations in cancer risk according to socio-ec...

Growing evidence of marijuana smoke's potential dangers

...at challenges the increasingly popular belief that smoking marijuana is less harmful to health than smoking tobacco, researchers in Canada are reporting that smoking marijuana, like...

Scientists open doors to diagnosis of emphysema

... chronic bronchitis and emphysema are a major global health problem, and the fourth leading cause of death and disability in developed countries, with smoking accounting for 90% of the risk for developing them. Work by scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) and its Molecular Medicine ...

Airway cells use 'tasting' mechanism to detect and clear harmful substances

...ted mechanisms to guard ourselves from harmful environmental stimuli," Ben-Shahar said. "Our work also suggests that losing cilia in the lungs, due to smoking or disease, would result in a reduced general ability to detect harmful inhaled chemicals, increasing the likelihood of further damaging an injured lu...

UTMB study identifies women at risk of gaining excessive weight with injectable birth control

...esearchers looked at several potential predictors of weight gain, including age, race, baseline obesity prior to DMPA use, lifestyle variables such as smoking and exercise level, and weight gain at six months. They found that those who had gained more than 5 percent of their body weight within six months, or...

Early-life experience linked to chronic diseases later in life: UBC research

...he two groups were similar in socioeconomic status (SES) at the time the genome assessment was performed and also had similar lifestyle practices like smoking and drinking habits. Their study, to be published in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , shows that among subjects with ...

CU-Boulder study shows 53 million-year-old high Arctic mammals wintered in darkness

...likely made their way south from the Arctic in minute increments over millions of years as the climate shifted. "This study may provide the behavioral smoking gun for how modern groups of mammals like ungulates -- ancestors of today's horses and cattle -- and true primates arrived in North America," said Ebe...

Activated stem cells in damaged lungs could be first step toward cancer

...y R. Stripp, Ph.D., professor of medicine and cell biology at Duke University Medical Center. "Cigarette smoke contains a host of toxic chemicals, and smoking is one factor that we anticipate would stimulate these stem cells. Our findings demonstrate that, with severe injury, the resulting repair response le...

Allergy season: Cigarettes to the rescue?

... Everyone knows that smoking can kill you, but did you know that it may help wi...sing the reaction of immune cells to allergens. smoking can cause lung cancer, pulmonary disease, and can ...ights infections. Along with many harmful effects, smoking cigarettes has a surprising benefit: cigarettes ca...

Skin color clue to nicotine dependence

...in, populations with high levels of melanin could indicate certain types of smoking behavior, dependence, and health outcomes that will be different from those...ontaining tissues. Statistical analyses of data on the three measures of smoking -- cigarettes per day, FTND score, and cotinine levels -- along with a host...

Women more vulnerable to tobacco carcinogens, new results show

... Women may be more vulnerable than men to the cancer-causing effects of smoking tobacco, according to new results reported this week at the European Multid...onference co-chair, notes that the results support a growing awareness that smoking presents greater risks to women than men. "In the early 1900s lung cance...

truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children

...imetime fan favorites are the original series Black Gold, The Principals' Office, Forensic Files , Surf and Rescue, Speeders, Most Shocking, and The smoking Gun Presents: World's Dumbest. During the daytime, the channel features expert trial coverage under the name IN SESSION. About Cox Communicat...

truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children

...imetime fan favorites are the original series Black Gold, The Principals' Office, Forensic Files , Surf and Rescue, Speeders, Most Shocking, and The smoking Gun Presents: World's Dumbest. During the daytime, the channel features expert trial coverage under the name IN SESSION. About Cox Communicat...

Latest research on children's issues featured at SRCD meeting

... Can viewers in diapers learn languages from a video? How is the recession going to affect children? Is smoking during pregnancy a prenatal insult? What is the latest research on the achievement gap between different ethnic groups? How is the electronic age affe...

Health choices predict cancer survival, U-M study finds

...ee months for two years then yearly after that. smoking was the biggest predictor of survival, with curren...ot enough, Duffy points out, to refer someone to a smoking cessation program if alcohol is a major underlying...uit per day. "Eating fruits and vegetables, not smoking and drinking in moderation can have a big impact o...

International prize for Nottingham spine research

...intervertebral discs the soft discs in between the bones of the spine that allow it to bend and flex which can be caused by lifestyle issues such as smoking and obesity. The disease is the most common reason for absence from work, having a serious impact on the productivity of the UK economy. The discs ...

Genetic irregularities linked to higher risk of COPD among smokers

...kers may be able to reduce their risk if they quit smoking before the first symptoms of COPD occur. "The p...ne of the leading causes of death worldwide. While smoking is the biggest risk factor, there is considerable ... that these variants influence risk independent of smoking behavior. The findings represent the discovery...

Moderate alcohol intake associated with bone protection

... or shot (42 mL). After adjusting for several other factors that may have accounted for the higher BMD, such as silicon intake, calcium intake and smoking history, the authors still saw an association between higher BMD and moderate alcohol consumption. One of the strongest associations was seen in men w...

Chantix side effects no worse with depression history

...likely history of depression who take varenicline (Chantix) do not report more severe mood symptoms, medication side effects, or less success quitting smoking compared to people with no history of depression taking this drug. The findings by Group Health, Free & Clear, and SRI International researchers ...

1 drug may help people both lay down the drink and put out the cigarette

... A popular smoking cessation drug dramatically reduced the amount a heavy drinker will consume, a new Yale School of Medicine study has found. Heavy-drinking smokers in ...
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