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Roy in Biological News

Airway cells use 'tasting' mechanism to detect and clear harmful substances

...ul substances, according to a study by scientists at the University of Iowa roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine. The findings could help expla...of internal medicine and molecular physiology and biophysics, who holds the roy J. Carver Chair of Internal Medicine and Physiology and Biophysics. Welsh a...

Sticky protein helps reinforce fragile muscle membranes

... Ph.D., professor and head of molecular physiology and biophysics at the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine and a Howard Hughes Medical In...d thus reinforce the membrane integrity," said Campbell, who also holds the roy J. Carver Chair of Physiology and Biophysics. "However, this tool also sugg...

Penn Medicine honored for its historic role in the history of microbiology

...e are so proud to keep that tradition alive with our work and research done within our laboratories." The original Laboratory of Hygiene is now the roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories located at 3340 Smith Walk on campus. The 102,000 square feet building is used for research in bioengineering, chemist...

March of Dimes awards $250,000 prize to scientists unraveling the causes of muscular dystrophy

...r and head of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics at the University of Iowa roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine. He is also the roy J. Carver Chair of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics and Director of the ...

Ben-Gurion University research and technology used in new solar energy farm

...d, "Ben-Gurion University is proud to be a partner in positioning Israel at the center of the world in developing unique solar energy technologies." roy Segev, chief executive officer and founder of ZenithSolar explained, "The potential for this technology to provide low-cost, accessible energy for cus...

Imperial College London and NTU collaborate to offer joint Ph.D. programs in engineering and science

...f Understanding (MOU) for the joint PhD programme was signed at NTU, by Sir roy M. Anderson, Rector, Imperial College and Dr Su Guaning, NTU President. ...engineering and science disciplines," says Dr Su. Rector of Imperial Sir roy Anderson said: "Imperial College London and Singapore make very good par...

Gene discovery could lead to male contraceptive

...ions for male contraception," said Michael Hildebrand, Ph.D., co-lead author of the study and a UI postdoctoral researcher in otolaryngology at the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine. The research team, which included scientists from the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation...

Iowa State chemist synthesizes carbohydrates, launches startup company

...et carbohydrate molecules for researchers at universities, government agencies and private pharmaceutical companies. The company is now located in the roy J. Carver Co-Laboratory on the Iowa State campus. Pohl is developing her technology and advancing the startup company with the help of a $66,477 gr...

Science returns to the Capitol Hill spotlight at March 24 exhibition

...wd, Georgia Institute of Technology Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Ocean Observatories & Scientific Ocean Drilling, Tim Cowles, Jim Channell and roy Wilkens, Ocean Leadership's Ocean Observing Program, University of Florida and Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology at the University of Haw...

New data suggest 'jumping genes' play a significant role in gene regulatory networks

...chool of Engineering, said CBSE research teams are finding evidence that the early theories of Nobel Prize winner Barbara McClintock, later modeled by roy Britten and Eric Davidson, are correct. Haussler will discuss these findings in a presentation on "Transposon-induced rewriting of vertebrate gene reg...

Internationally acclaimed researcher joins UH faculty thanks to $5.5 million grant

...n a variety of application areas, including cancer. We are very fortunate to have him and his team relocating to UH," said B. Montgomery Pettitt, Hugh roy and Lillie Cranz Cullen distinguished professor in chemistry. Stuart Dryer, John and Rebecca Moores distinguished professor of biology and chair of...

New insights into a leading poultry disease and its risks to human health

...niversity associate research scientist Melha Mellata, a member of professor roy Curtiss' team, is leading a USDA funded project to develop a vaccine agains...s in the institute's Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, led by roy Curtiss, have been hard at work to understand the molecular tricks these ba...

Chemistry professor 1 of only 3 at UH to achieve prestigious AAAS status

... HOUSTON, Dec. 22, 2008 B. Montgomery "Monte" Pettitt, the Hugh roy and Lillie Cranz Cullen Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Physics, Computer Science, Biology and Biochemistry at the University of Houston, has ...

Key to 'curing' obesity may lie in worms that destroy their own fat: McGill researchers

...stead of the two weeks they would otherwise have," roy explained. A worm with the newly discovered mutati... which is why we noticed them in the first place," roy said. "However, that's not what kills them. They c... not dying because of the cell-division issue." roy and Narbonne believe this discovery, which will re...

Urea tanks on diesel trucks -- that's the law in the United States starting in 2010

...g in Iran and one each in Egypt, Nigeria, Oman, and Russia." IFDC's Amit roy says, "Most basic fertilizer products used todayincluding major improvement...re energy-efficient technologynot only for food but now for use with fuel," roy says. ...

Predatory bacterial swarm uses rippling motion to reach prey

...sed beneficially to destroy harmful bacteria on surfaces or in human infections, said John Kirby, Ph.D., associate professor of microbiology in the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine. "It may be that we can modify this predator-prey relationship or apply it to medically relevant situ...

Study may explain exercise-induced fatigue in muscular dystrophies

... Kevin Campbell, Ph.D., UI professor and head of molecular physiology and biophysics and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, who holds the roy J. Carver Chair of Physiology and Biophysics. Using animal models, the researchers showed that if an enzyme called neuronal nitric oxide synthase (...

Making flies sick reveals new role for growth factors in immunity

...t specifically function in blood cell formation remained a mystery, and required fresh thinking. With help from School of Life Sciences Professor roy Curtiss, director of the Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology at the Biodesign Institute at ASU, and his technician Bronwyn Gunn, Frandsen a...

RNA molecules, delivery system improve vaccine responses, effectiveness

...engineering and lead investigator on the study. roy and his team, which included his graduate student ... direction that is effective against the disease," roy says. The team worked with what are called "sil... a broad platform for infectious disease vaccines, roy says. ...

Embryonic stem cells might help reduce transplantation rejection

..., said the study's principal investigator Nicholas Zavazava, M.D., Ph.D., professor of internal medicine and director of transplant research at the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine. "The idea behind the study is to 'prep' a recipient's immune system to make it receptive to the event...

TVA fertilizer technology used worldwide -- but few new products since 1970s

...d food is escalating, but new agricultural technology is not keeping pace," roy says. "An effective research program to develop a new range of fertilizers ...chbut such costs would be miniscule compared to the benefits for humanity," roy says. "IFDC is in a unique position to meet this challenge. We're the w...

Study finds connections between genetics, brain activity and preference

... The researchers focused on a gene called CREB1 that has been implicated in animal studies of the brain's reward/aversion function. Study lead author roy Perlis, MD, medical director of the MGH Bipolar Program, and colleagues previously found that depressed men with a particular variation near the gene ...

UI and ISU establish shared DNA sequencing instrumentation

...f microbiology, and senior associate dean for scientific affairs, in the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine; Stephen Howell, Ph.D., profes...ector of the Plant Sciences Institute at Iowa State; Paul McCray, M.D., the roy J. Carver Chair in Pulmonary Research and UI professor of pediatrics; and P...

From foe to friend: Researchers use salmonella as a way to administer vaccines in the body

...stem that would display regulated delayed lysis in vivo after invasion into and colonizing internal lymphoid tissues in an immunized individual," said roy Curtiss, director of the Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology at the Biodesign Institute and a professor in ASU's School of Life Sciences. C...

Study identifies brain pathway that shuts down seizures

... appears to be activating inhibitory neurons," explained John Wemmie, M.D., Ph.D., senior study author and assistant professor of psychiatry in the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, and a staff physician and researcher at the VA Iowa City Health Care System. "This is the first study to...

At Boston symposium, NARSAD researchers report on genes and family traits

...inistration has shown that antidepressants may cause suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents and adults ages 18 to 24. According to roy Perlis, M.D., M.Sc., the director of pharmacogenomics research at Massachusetts General Hospital's Department of Psychiatry, specific genes may influe...

Cell-based therapy shows promise in patients with Parkinson's disease

...n the brain can improve the symptoms of patients with moderate to advanced Parkinsons disease (PD). Rush University Medical Center neurosurgeon Dr. roy A. E. Bakay and colleagues from Emory University, Atlanta found the therapy Spheramine was well-tolerated and patients experienced improvement in Park...

Scientists debate the accuracy of Al Gore's documentary 'An Inconvenient Truth'

... and exaggeration, which give a false impression of both the current state of climate change and that the science is settled. In another paper (4), roy Spencer from the University of Alabama in Huntsville also discredits the scientific validity of the documentary. In his view, the films main omission ...

U. Iowa study finds biological link between pain and fatigue

...g with mice, the researchers, led by Kathleen Sluka, Ph.D., professor in the Graduate Program in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science in the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, found that a protein involved in muscle pain works in conjunction with the male hormone testosterone to ...

Solving an avian scourge could also provide benefits to human health

...dage a bird in hand is worth two in the bush may very well apply to a new vaccine project underway in the lab of ASU School of Life Sciences Professor roy Curtiss, director of the Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology at the Biodesign Institute. There, associate research scientist Melha Mell...

Whirligig beetle gets rock 'n' roll legendary name

...rbisonorum in honor of the late rock n roll legend roy Orbison and his widow Barbara. Arizona State Un...d discovery of the beetle species Jan. 25 during a roy Orbison Tribute Concert, part of a weekend of trib...well as hundreds of fans, Orbisons sons Wesley and roy Kelton Orbison Jr., and songwriters and filmmakers...

Bangladesh to dramatically expand technology that doubles efficiency of urea fertilizer use

...he merit of this technology and has asked IFDC to be a part of the project, roy says. Bangladeshs success with UDP has become a model for other rice-growing countries, roy says. IFDC has also introduced UDP in Cambodia, Vietnam, Nepal, Nigeria, Ma...

'Runner's high' may also strengthen hearts

...d during exercise to the cardio-protective effects of exercise," said Eric Dickson, M.D., UI associate professor and head of emergency medicine in the roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine and the study's lead investigator. "We have known for a long time that exercise is great for the heart. T...

Arizona State University launches biofuel initiative with BP and Science Foundation Arizona

...efforts while colleague Neal Woodbury will serve as project coordinator. Key members of the ASU team also include: Fulton School Dean Deirdre Meldrum, roy Curtiss, Robert Roberson, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown, Ferran Garcia-Pichel, Paul Westerhoff and Mark Holl. We will be pursuing two coordinated, parallel...

UK research community gets extended access to ScienceDirect

... journals almost the entire ScienceDirect journals portfolio. "This NESLi2-ScienceDirect agreement is of very high importance for Elsevier," said roy Jakobs, Managing Director for Academic & Government markets. "We are pleased that extended access to our Freedom Collection, which includes an increas...

Legionnaire's bacterial proteins work together to survive

...rol transport of the vacuole formed after macrophages ingest the bacterium, roy said. It hijacks the vacuole and directs it to be transported to a nutrient...ia have successfully entered the endoplasmic reticulum. In other words, roy said, you can think of Legionella as being a crafty burglar that enters a c...

Linchpin gene may be useful target for new breast cancer therapies

...refore affect any pathway that uses estrogen. The study, led by Ronald Weigel, M.D., Ph.D., professor and head of surgery at the University of Iowa roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, reveals a central role for transcription factor AP2C (TFAP2C) in controlling multiple pathways of estrog...

Study IDs protein that inhibits HIV from growing in cell cultures

... study author Jack Stapleton, M.D., staff physician and researcher at the VA Iowa City Health Care System and professor of internal medicine at the UI roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine. "Identifying a specific protein made by GBV-C that inhibits HIV growth in cell culture strengthens...

University of Iowa scientists explore function of 'junk DNA'

...sheds more light on the mysterious, so-called "junk DNA" that makes up the majority of the human genome. The team, led by Beverly Davidson, Ph.D., a roy J. Carver Biomedical Research Chair in Internal Medicine and UI professor of internal medicine, physiology and biophysics, and neurology, have discove...

Study highlights new and cheaper way to treat heroin addiction

...n situations where methadone is seen as hazardous, such as police custody or prison. Its effectiveness has, however, never been tested before. Dr roy Robertson, a Reader at the University of Edinburgh, who is the study’s main author, said: "Heroin addiction is a chronic condition requiring long-term...
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