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Row in Biological News

Scientists discover why teeth form in a single row

A system of opposing genetic forces determines why mammals develop a single row of teeth, while sharks sport several, according to a study published today in the journal Science . When completely understood, the genetic program described in the study may help guide efforts to re-grow missing teet...

Rosenstiel students come out on top

...rofessor in the Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries at UM's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. This marks the second year in a row in which two of Baker's students have received these prestigious fellowships. Additionally, fellow Rosenstiel students, Sean Bignami and Kevin V. Brix...

Regional partnership to develop algal biofuels gets backing of San Diego leaders

...est growing organisms for turning sunlight into chemical energy and can be grown on land that will not compete with food production, as do traditional row crops such as corn when used as a biofuel source. Microalgae, including single-celled algae and cyanobacteria, grow quickly, need relatively lower ...

MIT: How you feel the world impacts how you see it

...wnward for ten seconds. After this visual pattern had disappeared, a single row of horizontal pins simultaneously vibrated the subjects' fingertips. Althou...elivered a static burst of vibration, all eight subjects perceived that the row of pins was sweeping either upward or downward, in the direction opposite t...

Flight of the bumble (and honey) bee

...ving directly from one flower to an adjacent cluster of flowers in the same row of plants. The bees' flight paths have a direct affect on their ability to ...t that was strongly directional in both directions (east and west) down the row from the central block of donor plants, results also indicate that signific...

It's for the birds

...cially for at-risk species." The millions of hand-scribbled cards sit in row upon row of federal green filing cabinets of ancient vintage in a modest and fitting...

Dancing 'adatoms' help chemists understand how water molecules split

...s determined that water can help the adatom jump a row as well: If a water molecule and an adatom are situated on either side of a raised oxygen row, a row oxygen can serve as the middleman, handing over a ...fit well with the team's experimental data. When a row oxygen serves as a middleman, the process is known...

No consistent advantage for planting soybean early

... LA, MS, and SC). Planting dates varied from mid-April (early April in the Deep South) to July. The experiments included several varieties and several row spacings, but none were irrigated. In spite of the differences in environmental conditions and varieties from the Midwest to the Deep S...

Aware, Inc. Reports Fourth Quarter and 2008 Financial Results

...re's chief executive officer, said, "Overall, 2008 was encouraging in many respects. We are pleased that annual revenues grew for the third year in a row and that we were profitable. Biometrics revenues grew nearly 60% and maintained strong operating metrics. We expanded our DSL test and diagnostics p...

University of Leicester archaeologist uncovers evidence of ancient chemical warfare

... mine failed to bring the walls down, but it is clear that the Sasanians somehow broke into the city. James recently excavated a 'machine-gun belt', a row of catapult bolts, ready to use by the wall of the Roman camp inside the city, representing the last stand of the garrison during the final street fig...

Replacing corn with perennial grasses improves carbon footprint of biofuels

...he prairie sod and begin farming this part of the world, the application of row crop agriculture to the Midwest has caused a reduction of soil carbon of ab... putting perennial biofuel crops on landscapes that are dominated by annual row crops will have a positive effect on soil carbon." The finding "seems to...

Jupiter's shrinking red spot

...d the floor below the windows, creating a swirling flow pattern within each row of seats that effectively confines contaminants to a single row or, at worst, its next-row neighbors. But new research at Purdue Univers...

Animal and biological science highlights: San Antonio Fluid Dynamics Conference, Nov. 23-25

...d the floor below the windows, creating a swirling flow pattern within each row of seats that effectively confines contaminants to a single row or, at worst, its next-row neighbors. But new research at Purdue Univers...

K-State research: Freshwater pollution costs US at least $4.3 billion a year

...ewage outflow coming from one pipe. Rather, the nitrogen and phosphorous are reaching the water from various points, such as, for example, runoff from row crop agriculture across the surrounding countryside. The researchers calculated the money lost from that pollution by looking at factors like decre...

Arctic ice on the verge of another all-time low

...lmost free of ice, while the indirect route, called the Amundsen Northwest Passage, has been passable for almost a month. This is the second year in a row that the most direct route through the Northwest Passage has opened up. Prof. Heinrich Miller from the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) in Bremerhav...

Chronic exposure to estrogen impairs some cognitive functions

... the levers (which were withdrawn from the rat enclosure for a few seconds between trials) received a reward. Those that hit the same lever twice in a row got no reward. Rats exposed to estradiol performed worse than their counterparts on this task, earning significantly fewer rewards. A second set of...

NJIT Provost Priscilla P. Nelson honored at National Academy of Engineering

... NJIT Provost Priscilla P. Nelson, of West Orange, received the Kenneth R. row Award from the American Association of Engineering Sciences on May 5th for promoting unity among engineering societies. She accomplished this goal thr...

New 3-D ultrasound could improve stroke diagnosis, care

...s of the arteries. The key to obtaining these images lies in the design of the transducer. In traditional 2-D ultrasound, the sound is emitted by a row of sensors. In the new design, the sensors are arranged in a checkerboard fashion, allowing compensation for the skull's thickness over a whole area, ...

Fueling ethanol production while protecting water quality

...sed acreage would come from land in soybeans (50%), the Conservation Reserve Program (25%), and hay and pastures (25%). Recent data indicate that much row crop conversion was from cotton as well as soybeans. This would not impact P loss estimates and could increase N loss. Even with recommended fertilize...

Dung happens and helps scientists

...rt of the university's Center for Environmental Sciences and Education, has row after row of cabinets with thousands of dung pieces used by scientists to get accurat...

Strawberry fields ripe for the picking

...opular as an annual system.The conventional matted row system, most commonly used in colder production re...st year and was ranked between the advanced matted row and cold-climate plasticulture system in the secon...ers consider shifting from the conventional matted row system to modern systems, this research will give ...

Record Attendance at the 2007 National Ergonomics Conference and Exposition

...h and variety!" further remarked Charnizon. Just days after the show, 90% of exhibitors and counting had already renewed, marking the fourth year in a row that 90% or more of exhibitors renewed immediately. This year's show also featured the 6th Annual NECE Attendees' Choice Awards, with the audience v...

Another type of nanotube, a how-to guide to making bamboo-structured carbon nanotubes

...present in the catalyst. These results challenge accepted wisdom that significant yields of CNTs can only be formed from catalytic CVD routes if first row or mid-row transition elements are used as catalysts. The article is available to view in its entirety on AZoJono at http://www.azonano.com/Detail...

Evolutionary comparison finds new human genes

...is our microscope to observe the results." Four different bases -- commonly referred to by the letters G, C, A and T -- make up DNA. Three bases in a row can code for an amino acid (the building blocks of proteins), and a string of these three-letter codes can be a gene, coding for a string of amino aci...

First-ever study: lack of critical lubricant causes wear in joints

...atomic force microscope. At the nanoscale, the molecule appeared as a mesh row upon row of interlocking fibers that could repel a microscope probe. This repulsion...

Massive California fires consistent with climate change

...at parts of the United States may be experiencing longer-term precipitation patterns less year-to-year variability, but rather several wet years in a row followed by several that are drier than normal. As the planet warms, more water is getting evaporated from the oceans and all that water has to co...

Increase in ethanol production from corn could significantly impact

...ks to perennial crops, like switchgrass, poplars or willows, or prairie polyculture, which could hold the soil and nutrients in place better than most row crops. The committee also identified other ways that farming could be improved, such as conservation tillage and leaving most or all of the cornstalk...

Row over study puts Korea's scientific community under scrutiny again

... This week's BMJ investigates a bitter row over a scientific paper that is putting Korea's scientific community under scrutiny once again. The dispute has pitted a young Korean doctor, Jeong ...

Climate change could trigger 'boom and bust' population cycles leading to extinction

...duce abundant supplies of food and stimulate population booms appear to set the stage for population crashes that occur when several "good years" in a row are followed by a bad year. "It's almost paradoxical, because you'd think a large population would be better off, but it turns out they're more vulner...

Biologically inspired sensors can augment sonar, vision system in submarines

... To find prey and avoid being preyed upon, fish rely on a row of specialized sensory organs along the sides of their bodies, called the lateral line. Now, a research team led by Chang Liu at the University of Ill...

Teenager moves video icons just by imagination

...ser cannon that moves back and forth across the bottom of the video screen. row upon row of video aliens march back and forth across the screen, slowly coming down ...

Taking 'chips' to the next level of gene hunting

...ts, a bottom layer that reads across and a top layer that reads down, again using the crossword analogy. So if their experiment lights up a horizontal row of dots, the researchers learn that the data maps to the region of the genome contained in the bottom layer; likewise, if the experiment highlights a ...

Increase in carbon dioxide emissions accelerating

... carbon dioxide grew by two parts per million in 2005, the fourth year in a row of above-average growth. "To have four years in a row of above-average carbon dioxide growth is unprecedented," Dr Fraser says. ...

When good DNA goes bad

... DNA sequences because the shapes of the bases themselves contribute to Z-DNA formation. For example, the sequence CG repeated more than 14 times in a row is prone to forming Z-DNA, while the sequence AT is not as efficient at forming this structure. Analysis of the genome reveals that DNA sequences p...

Fruit fly's beating heart helps identify human heart disease genes

... Wolf its prestigious Louis N. and Arnold M. Katz Basic Research Prize in November during its annual scientific sessions. This is the second year in a row that a trainee in Rockman's lab has won the Katz prize. Last year, Naga Prasad, Ph.D. received the award. In the past, researchers could not accura...

Forgotten by evolution?

...y were beforehand stimulated with a protein known as CDO, the cells showed certain characteristics of skeleton muscle cells. In both experiments, a row of muscle-specific genes was activated in the cells. This provided evidence for the beginnings of a differentiation process. But this process was only...

New U. of Colorado at Boulder flu chip may help combat future epidemics, pandemics

...len said. Genetic bits of information that are complimentary to known, individual influenza strains are "spotted" robotically in an array, where each row of three spots contains a specific sequence of "capture" DNA. Each spot is approximately one-hundredth of an inch in diameter. The microarray is the...

Overfishing may drive endangered seabird to rely upon lower quality food

...nd principal investigator of the study. "What better place to investigate this process than in Monterey Bay, where sardines once were king and Cannery row formerly stood?" The researchers decided to embark on this study when they noticed that the population of 600 marbled murrelets they were studying ...

Woods Hole Research Center plans controlled burn in Amazon rainforest

...f trees that have managed to survive the ground fires at their bases. Ultimately, Center scientists will burn some areas yearly for several years in a row to carefully monitor fire behavior, and to see how many fires a forest can withstand and ultimately, how it compares to its former self. Staffs of ...

New defibrillator signals doctor of patient's irregular heartbeat or device malfunction

...p program in Illinois, according to U.S. News & World Report's annual survey of more than 6,000 hospitals nationwide. This is the third year in a row that Loyola has achieved the top spot for Heart Care and Heart Surgery in the state. Loyola opened its new 10,000-square-foot Center for Heart and ...
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