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Risks in Biological News

Rice eyes risks of quantum dots

Quantum dots have the potential to bring many good things into the world: efficient solar power, targeted gene and drug delivery, solid-state lighting and advances in biomedical imaging among them. But they may pose hazards as well. A team of Rice researchers has been working to discover th...

New insights into a leading poultry disease and its risks to human health

Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University associate research scientist Melha Mellata, a member of professor Roy Curtiss' team, is leading a USDA funded project to develop a vaccine against a leading poultry disease called avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC). APEC is part of a large, divers...

Athletes not spared from health risks of metabolic syndrome

COLUMBUS, Ohio College-age football players who gain weight to add power to their blocks and tackles might also be setting themselves up for diabetes and heart disease later in life, a new study suggests. Nearly half of a sample of collegiate offensive and defensive linemen who underwent a bat...

USC researchers head global effort to study genetic risks that contribute to psychiatric diseases

A multi-institution team of investigators led by researchers at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) has received $19 million in funding from the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH) for a groundbreaking effort to collect genetic information on tens of ...

6 environmental research studies reveal critical health risks from plastic

Amsterdam, 2 October 2008 - Exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA), phthalates and flame retardants (PBDEs) are strongly associated with adverse health effects on humans and laboratory animals. A special section in the October 2008 issue of Environmental Research, "A Plastic World" provides critical new...

African-Americans have unique lung cancer risks from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

PHILADELPHIA Scientists at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center have developed a risk prediction assessment for lung cancer specifically for African Americans that suggests a greater risk from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a report published in the September issue of Canc...

Baker Institute study, conference weigh risks for global energy markets

In recent years, a growing scarcity of energy commodities worldwide has heightened concerns about key geopolitical risks and threats, such as conflict in the Middle East, terrorism and resource nationalism. However, a study released this week by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy ...

Too much or too little weight gain poses risks to pregnant mothers, babies

CHAPEL HILL Women who gain more or less than recommended amounts of weight during pregnancy are likely to increase the risk of problems for both themselves and their child, according to a new report by the RTI International-University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Evidence-based Practice Cente...

Turtle studies suggest health risks from environmental contaminants

The same chemicals that keep food from sticking to our frying pans and stains from setting in our carpets are damaging the livers and impairing the immune systems of loggerhead turtlesan environmental health impact that also may signal a danger for humans. Jennifer Keller, a researcher at the ...

Energy drinks may pose risks for people with high blood pressure, heart disease

ORLANDO, Nov. 6 Downing an energy drink may boost blood pressure as well as energy, researchers said in a small study presented at the American Heart Associations Scientific Sessions 2007. In the study, conducted by Wayne State University researchers, blood pressure and heart rate levels increas...

NAS report offers new tools to assess health risks from chemicals

Determining how thousands of chemicals found in the environment may be interacting with the genes in your body to cause disease is becoming easier because of a new field of science called toxicogenomics. A new report issued today by the National Academies of Sciences (NAS) recognizes the importan...

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis may pose neurological risks

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) has helped many couples conceive healthy children and is generally considered a safe practice. However, a new long-term analysis of PGD in mice suggests that this procedure may increase risks of weight gain and memory decline in adulthood. PGD is used al...

Newly described contaminant sources in Katrina-flooded homes pose health risks

New Rochelle, NY, February 2, 2009Post-Katrina flooded homes may contain harmful levels of contaminants in addition to sediment deposits. Indoor gases, mold films, and aerosols may also have exposed residents, first responders, and demolition crews to dangerous contaminant levels without the need...

Vitamin D deficiency in infants and nursing mothers carries long-term disease risks

New Rochelle, NY, December 16, 2008Once believed to be important only for bone health, vitamin D is now seen as having a critical function in maintaining the immune system throughout life. The newly recognized disease risks associated with vitamin D deficiency are clearly documented in a report in...

Fresh-cut produce washing practices can minimize food-borne illness risks

WASHINGTON, DC -- Researchers at the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) recently examined the safety and quality of "wash techniques" used in the production of packaged produce. The study, published in the October 2007 issue of HortScience, simulated washing techniques to learn more ab...

Arsenic in chicken feed may pose health risks to humans, C&EN reports

Pets may not be the only organisms endangered by some food additives. An arsenic-based additive used in chicken feed may pose health risks to humans who eat meat from chickens that are raised on the feed, according to an article in the April 9 issue of Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly ne...

Growth hormone to boost athletic performance risks diabetes

Use of growth hormone to boost athletic performance can lead to diabetes, reports a study published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. The study reports the case of a 36 year old professional body-builder who required emergency care for chest pain. He had lost 40 kg in...

High HPV concentrations combined with smoking significantly raise risks of cervical cancer

Cigarette smoking and concurrent infection with high levels of the virus associated with cervical cancer can increase cancer risk by as much as 27 times, according to a study published in the November 2006 issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. Anthony Gunnell, a medical bios...

Sleep deprivation doubles risks of obesity in both children and adults

Research by Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick has found that sleep deprivation is associated with an almost a two-fold increased risk of being obese for both children and adults. Early results of a study by Professor Francesco Cappuccio of the University of Warwick's Warwick Me...

Many cleaners, air fresheners may pose health risks when used indoors

When used indoors under certain conditions, many common household cleaners and air fresheners emit toxic pollutants at levels that may lead to health risks, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Exposure level...

Aspirin reduces cardiovascular risks in men and women -- but differently

Aspirin can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular events -- a combined endpoint including stroke, heart attack and death due to cardiovascular disease -- in both men and women, according to a new meta-analysis of more than 95,000 patients by a Duke University Medical Center cardiologist. ...

Men Estimate Men's Risks Of Common Disorders Higher Than Women Do, And Vice Versa

New research from University of Glasgow researchers on lay perceptions about gender differences in health reveals that both men and women believe health risks are higher for their own sex than for the opposite sex. But, it also shows that males think that men are fitter and females think women are ...

Youth With HIV Take More Risks After New Meds Introduced

Teens with HIV are having more risky sex with more partners than their counterparts did in the years before powerful new medications for HIV were introduced in 1996, according to a new report in the American Journal of Health Behavior. A group of HIV-positive youth studied between 1999 and 2000 ...

The hepatitis healing power of blueberry leaves

... is no vaccine for HCV, and though a combination drug regimen can clear HCV infection, this treatment is only about 60% effective on average and poses risks of severe side effects. Kataoka and colleagues believed that since HCV is localized in the liver and can take 20 years or more to develop into dise...

EMBO pioneers pension plan for internationally mobile postdoctoral researchers

...ellowship office revealed that less than ten per cent of fellows contributed to a pension scheme, while nearly all of them were insured against health risks and accidents. The European Charter for Researchers, released by the European Commission (EC) in 2005, called for "adequate and equitable social secur...

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young

...hen deposited them elsewhere when they groomed themselves. The findings, published online in Environmental Science & Technology , help to show the risks of carbon nanoparticles in the environment, said David Rand, professor of biology, who specializes in fruit fly evolution. "The point is these same...

Symposium to discuss geoengineering to fight climate change at the ESA Annual Meeting

...tentially dangerous at the global scale, where the risks outweigh the benefits. "The bigger the scale of...lem. "Any large-scale fertilization could cause risks to ocean ecosystems as great as those of global wa...y low cost. He notes, however, that some potential risks of geologic sequestration include carbon leakage a...

ComCam Selected by ePortation on New Maritime Domain Awareness Project

...in this press release. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties, including timely development, market acceptance of produ...eve could differ materially from any forward-looking statements due to such risks and uncertainties. ComCam encourages the public to read the information pro...

delSECUR CORPORATION Announces Agreement to Purchase the Intellectual Property Assets of the Corporation

...upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management, are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements and are subject to the risks normally associated with the completions of a corporate transaction. The i...

Aware, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2009 Financial Results

...ware.com Safe Harbor Warning Portions of this release contain forward-looking statements regarding future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties, such as estimates or projections of future revenue and earnings and the growth of the DSL and biometrics markets. Aware wishes to c...

Research shows rates of severe childhood obesity have tripled

.... These risk factors include higher-than normal blood pressure, cholesterol and insulin levels. "These findings demonstrate the significant health risks facing this morbidly obese group," wrote the researchers in their report. "This places demands on health care and community services, especially becau...

Reprogramming human cells without inserting genes

...Thera, a private company also located at the LSBC, has discovered a novel way to turn on stem cell genes in human fibroblasts (skin cells) without the risks associated with inserting extra genes or using viruses. This discovery opens a new avenue for reprogramming cells that could eventually lead to treatm...

Health benefits of physical activity more pronounced in women

... Many experimental studies have found that physical exercise can improve cholesterol levels and subsequently decrease the risks of cardiovascular disease; however, few of these studies have included enough participant diversity to provide ethnic breakdowns. Now, a long-term stu...

Bad mitochondria may actually be good for you

...rall inefficiency results in less energy and fewer oxygen radicals being produced in other parts of a cell. Thus while these mice may have some higher risks of damage while young, they accumulate less damage as they age a finding that seems to indicate the mitochondrial stress theory may not be correct. ...

Genetic tests advertised directly to the consumer

...rsight is imperative, along with assistance from professional clinicians. Clinical pharmacologists should also help prepare consumers for possible risks of the tests and work closely with those who are considering taking further action in response to an advertisement of genetic testing, providing the f...

Contaminated site remediation: Are nanomaterials the answer?

...some current site cleanup practices, but potential risks remain poorly understood. According to Dr. Kui...as remediation until further research on potential risks and benefits had been conducted. The European Comm... Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health risks (SCENIHR) called for further risk research in 2005...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

...eas and triple it in some. The new study found that, in a Coast Range stand, if you removed solid woody biofuels for reduction of catastrophic fire risks and used those for fuel, it would take 169 years before such usage reached a break-even point in carbon sequestration. The study showed if the same ma...

Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually

...eangoing ships burn fuels with a high sulfur content that averages 2.4 percent. Their smokestacks emit sulfur-containing particles linked to increased risks of lung and heart disease. A 2007 study by the researchers estimated that about 60,000 people died prematurely around the world due to shipping-relate...

Plastics chemical retards growth, function of adult reproductive cells

...evels. And at 120 hours, follicle cells grown in the BPA medium were 25 percent smaller than normal, the researchers report. A review of the health risks of BPA by the National Toxicology Program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services concluded in 2008 that while BPA has been shown to harm ...

Report shows the power of US cities to mitigate climate change and steps they need to take to adapt

...portant task to improve their understanding of the risks and opportunities they face from climate change in...emissions reduction strategies and recognizing the risks of inaction and values of action. They have laid t...ptation, the report says all 18 US cities identify risks associated with climate change and that the partic...
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