Ozone, nitrogen change the way rising CO2 affects Earth's water
Through a recent modeling experiment, a team of NASA-funded researchers have found that future concentrations of carbon dioxide and ozone in the atmosphere and of nitrogen in the soil are likely to have an important but overlooked effect on the cycling of water from sky to land to waterways.
Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker awarded the Order of the Rising Sun
Professor Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker, the former President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation), has received the Order of the Rising
Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon in Tokyo, in honour of his many years of service to scientific cooperation between Japan and Germany...
Carbon sinks losing the battle with rising emissions
The stabilising influence that land and ocean carbon sinks have on rising
carbon emissions is gradually weakening, scientists who attended the international Copenhagen Climate Change Conference."Forests, grasslands and oceans are absorbing carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from the atmosphere faster than eve...
Emissions rising faster this decade than last
The latest figures on the global carbon budget to be released in Washington and Paris indicate a four-fold increase in growth rate of human-generated carbon dioxide emissions since 2000.
"This is a concerning trend in light of global efforts to curb emissions," says Global Carbon Project (GCP) Ex...
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences named Rising Star by ScienceWatch
The Springer journal Advances in Atmospheric Sciences (AAS) was recently named a Rising
Star among geosciences journals by ScienceWatch.com. According to Essential Science Indicators SM from Thomson Reuters, the journal's current citation record includes 764 papers cited a total of 1,658 times ...
Oceanic sharks worldwide at serious risk from high-seas fishing, rising demand for shark products
NEW YORK CITY -Oceanic shark populations worldwide are declining from destructive high-seas commercial fishing practices and a rising
global demand for shark products (mainly fins and meat), with some shark populations severely depleted and only a few stable or recovering, according to a comprehen...
Price of lower-calorie foods rising drastically, researchers find
As food prices rise, the costs of lower-calorie foods are rising
the fastest, according to a University of Washington study appearing in the December issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. As the prices of fresh fruit and vegetables and other low-calorie foods have jumped nearl...
Climate-caused biodiversity booms and busts in ancient plants and mammals
...information on the fossil plants and mammals that inhabited North America during the Eocene epoch and found that diversity increased and declined with rising
and falling temperatures.
The Eocene began about 56 million years ago with a short period of increased warming, when many modern groups of mammals ...
University of Hawaii at Manoa researchers reveal ocean acidification at Station ALOHA
...ersity of Hawai'i at Mānoa founded the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program, in part to establish a long-term record of the oceanic response to rising
atmospheric CO 2 . Monthly research cruises to Station ALOHA, north of Oahu, have yielded after 20 years the most detailed record to date on ocean ac...
UCSF researchers identify new drug target for Kaposi's sarcoma
...tinitis (cytomegalovirus) and cancer (Kaposi's sarcoma). While therapies exist for these viruses, they often have negative side effects and are facing rising
In addition to validating herpes virus proteases as suitable targets, Craik said this research was also among the first to use co...
Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles
...-based athletic training programs.
The ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament, is one of the four major ligaments of the knee, and ACL injuries pose a rising
public health problem as well as an economic strain on the medical system.
University of Michigan researchers studying ACL injuries had subjects p...
New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions
... membranes, a property whose control remains poorly understood.
The surprise, Parthasarathy said, was that the sugar-laden rods stood up like trees rising
in a forest only for particular fluorescent probes, which represented just 2 percent of the molecule's weight.
The big issue that surfaced from the...
Scripps-led study shows ocean health plays vital role in coral reef recovery
...ceanography at UC San Diego suggests that by improving overall ocean health, corals are better able to recover from bleaching events, which occur when rising
sea temperatures force corals to expel their symbiotic algae, known as zooxanthellae. Coral bleaching is a phenomenon that is expected to increase in ...
Wood stoves -- a viable home heat source?
... MADISON, WI -- JULY 14, 2009 -- The stress of rising
natural gas prices is leading many consumers to re... a more traditional method for a solution to these rising
costs. In Canada and the United States, wood burn...el prices of 2005-2007 without taking into account rising
fossil fuel prices or the impending carbon tax. S...
Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually
levels of smokestack emissions from oceangoing ships will cause an estimated 87,000 deaths worldwide each year by 2012 almost one-third higher than p...
Report shows the power of US cities to mitigate climate change and steps they need to take to adapt
...ale of the climate challenge is so great, there are still considerable opportunities ahead to reduce energy use and emissions, which will also control rising
costs and other risks.
The 18 participating cities were Annapolis, MD; Arlington, VA; Atlanta, GA; Burlington, VT; Chicago, IL; Denver, CO; Edina,...
Frost & Sullivan Looks at Biometrics Advancement in Civil Security: Exploring Opportunities for Today and Beyond
...ross the globe are looking for new and sophisticated technologies to combat rising
crime and terrorism. Recent advancements in biometric technology provides e...wth/restraining factors for the European Civil Security Industry.
crime and terrorist attacks has compelled the government agencies and priva...
ADA releases updated position paper on vegetarian diets
...of chronic diseases. "Vegetarian diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle," according to ADA's position. "There are many reasons for the rising
interest in vegetarian diets. The number of vegetarians in the United States is expected to increase over the next decade."
Vegetarian diets are of...
High carbon dioxide levels cause abnormally large fish ear bones
carbon dioxide levels in the ocean have been shown to adversely affect shel...he potential for having deleterious effects."
With carbon dioxide levels rising
due to human activities, particularly fossil fuel burning, resulting in bot...
NYU Langone Medical Center awarded NIH grants totaling $1,560,000
...crobiome and esophageal cancer. Dr. Pei's work focuses on the type of cancer linked to heartburn due to gastroesophageal reflux diseases, the fastest rising
malignancy in the United States. The recent increases in this cancer cannot be explained by any known environmental or host factors. He postulates tha...
Coral face 'a stormy future'
... and the frequency of this may be growing.
"Climate researchers are seeing increasing evidence for a direct relationship between global warming and rising
hurricane intensity as well as frequency," Jennie explains. "Global warming produces significant increases in the frequency of high sea surface temper...
Rosenstiel students come out on top
...llowship for his proposal to examine the response of coral larvae and their symbiont communities to stressors associated with climatic change, such as rising
sea temperatures and increased ocean acidity. This summer, he will begin his graduate degree in Biology, working with Dr. Iliana Baums, a Rosenstiel ...
Global sunscreen won't save corals
...s global warming as a threat to marine ecosystems, especially coral reefs, which need to be surrounded with mineral-saturated water in order to grow. rising
levels of carbon dioxide make seawater more acidic, leading to lower mineral saturation. Recent research has indicated that continued carbon dioxide e...
Broecker: 'What we need are tougher measures against climate change'
...lobal problem. But the last five years have witnessed a sea change. People have finally accepted that warming exists and that if CO 2 emissions go on rising
the planet will heat up even more".
Broecker dismisses as "coincidence" his prophetic use of the term "global warming". "I just used these words fo...
Climate change could drive vast human migrations
... By mid-century, people may be fleeing rising
seas, droughts, floods and other effects of changing climate, in migrations that could vastly exceed the scope of anything before, says a major new re...
Study finds colorectal cancer rates increasing worldwide
An accompanying editorial by Asad Umar and Peter Greenwald of the Division of Cancer Prevention of the National Cancer Institute calls the rising
rates "alarming," saying "this increase points toward a failed early detection and prevention strategy as well as failure to address lifestyle and die...
Fossil bone bed helps reconstruct life along California's ancient coastline
...ssils makes red tide an unlikely cause.
"These animals were dying over the whole area, but no sediment deposition was going on, possibly related to rising
sea levels that snuffed out silt and sand deposition or restricted it to the very near-shore environment," Pyenson said. "Once sea level started going...
Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity
...In recent years, obesity has taken on epidemic proportions in developed nations, contributing significantly to major medical problems, early death and rising
health care costs. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates, at least a quarter of all American adults and more than 15 perce...
CU-Boulder study shows 53 million-year-old high Arctic mammals wintered in darkness
... on Arctic plants and animals, Eberle said. Temperatures in the Arctic are rising
twice as fast as those at mid-latitudes as greenhouse gases build up in Earth's atmosphere from rising
fossil-fuel burning, and air temperatures over Greenland have risen by more...
TB -- hiding in plain sight
More than two million people worldwide die from tuberculosis infection every year. Due in part to inappropriate antibiotic usage, there are a rising
number (0.5 million in 2007) of cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR-TB) tuberculosis. New therapies are needed ...
Hunt for 'climate-ready' crops accelerates as organizations search seed collections worldwide
...tion to stay one step ahead of climate change," said Cary Fowler, Executive Director of the Global Crop Diversity Trust. "The data are now clear that rising
temperatures, radically altered precipitation patterns and new infestations of plant pests are on the near horizon, and we need to look to our crop ge...
Stanford scientists find heat-tolerant coral reefs that may resist climate change
...gae called zooxanthellae. The corals provide the algae a home, and, in turn, the algae provide nourishment, forming a symbiotic relationship. But when rising
temperatures stress the algae, they stop producing food, and the corals spit them out. Without their algae symbionts, the reefs die and turn stark whi...
Scientists work to plug microorganisms into the energy grid
...ilable sugars in corn starch or corn kernels. Producing ethanol from corn has also come under much criticism lately, accused of being responsible for rising
Researchers are looking at alternate biomasses as food for microorganisms to ferment into ethanol. The most attractive are known as l...
Human role in Indonesian polluting forest fires -- Guido van der Werf in Nature Geoscience
... population of Sumatra grew rapidly in the 1960s. However, a comparable increase in the population was not seen in Kalimantan until the 1980s.
population on Kalimantan was accompanied by a change in land use from small-scale subsistence agriculture to large-scale industrial agriculture and ag...
WWF study says climate change could displace millions in Asia's Coral Triangle
...h," Hoegh-Guldberg said.
Even under the best case scenario however, communities in the region can expect to experience dramatic losses of coral, rising
sea level, increased storm activity, severe droughts and reduced food availability from coastal fisheries. But effective management of coastal resourc...
Most extensive genetic resource for reef-building coral created
...e scientists will use the genetic data to understand natural variations in corals from around the world and how they respond, at the genetic level, to rising
"One of the most important questions for coral biologists is whether it will be possible for corals to adapt to the warming oc...
Coral 'can't escape the heat'
...es, the impacts on coral reefs of nutrient and sediment released by human activity on land and the effects of increasing ocean acidification caused by rising
CO2 levels in the atmosphere.
The Jaeger Medal commemorates the contribution of Professor John Conrad Jaeger, FAA, FRS, to Australian Earth scienc...
Princeton geoscientist offers new evidence that meteorite did not wipe out dinosaurs
...osaurs to disappear remains a great mystery. Theories attempting to explain it include asteroid or cometary impacts, volcanoes, global climate change, rising
sea levels and supernova explosions. Scientists know that at a point about 65 million years ago, some phenomenon triggered mass extinctions on the lan...
MBL director and CEO and cell biology pioneer Gary Borisy elected to National Academy of Sciences
...cago. After serving a postdoctoral fellowship at the MRC in Cambridge, England, Dr. Borisy joined the faculty of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, rising
through the professional ranks to Chairman of the Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Perlman-Bascom Professor of Life Sciences, before moving to Nort...
Blood testing, mosquito style
... the world are affected by the disease. More than two million Canadians have diabetes, a number that is increasing because of the aging population and rising
obesity rates, according to the Canadian Diabetes Association.