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Review in Biological News

International climate change researchers meet, review latest findings

College Park, Md. Top international climate scientists are meeting this week at the University of Maryland to lay the groundwork for improving regionalized climate change forecasts and for developing the advanced computing models needed to make these projections, says the chair and host, UM's An...

Experts discuss applying systematic review to the field of nutrition

Performing systematic reviews of nutrition related topics raises unique challenges not often encountered in the field of medicine. In a new article, a team of researchers use specific examples to describe the steps, strengths, and limitations of systematic reviews relevant to nutrition and discuss...

Sirtris' review of sirtuin therapeutics for diseases of aging in Nature Reviews Drug Discovery

CAMBRIDGE, MA [October 1, 2008] Sirtris, a GSK company focused on discovering and developing small molecule drugs to treat diseases of aging such as Type 2 Diabetes, announced today that it published a new review article on the growing body of sirtuin research and its potential to treat diseases ...

Medicines derived from cannabis: a review of adverse events

This release is available in French . Montreal, 13 June 2008 Researchers at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC), McGill University and the University of British Columbia (UBC) determined that medical use of cannabinoids do not cause an increase in serious adverse events, but are ass...

Stanford researchers publish review of US medical device regulation

WASHINGTON, D.C. Researchers at the Stanford University Program in Biodesign have released a review of the background, mission and statutory requirements of medical device regulation in the United States. The report, published in the December 2007 issue of the Journal of Medical Devices, highlig...

Federal testing for mad cow disease a failure, law review editor says

The U.S. Agriculture Department's mad cow disease-testing program is wholly inadequate and the agency's refusal to let processors do their own testing further undercuts the safety of American beef, a University of Illinois scholar writes. Eating meat from cattle infected with bovine spongiform en...

UN review shows need to halt destructive fishing practice

A long-awaited report by the United Nations shows the need for an international moratorium on bottom-trawling and other destructive fishing practices that damage deep sea life, Conservation International (CI) said. The U.N. Division for Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea (DOALOS) reviewed measures...

Doctors should stop prescribing antibiotics for the common cold, review advises

Antibiotics should not be prescribed to patients with the common cold because there is scant evidence they stop other infections, and the benefits do not outweigh the risks, according to a new systematic review of current evidence. "Antibiotics appear to have no benefit in the treatment of acute ...

Rising skin cancer rates are more likely to affect wealthy people, says 12-year review

Skin cancer levels have shown a significant increase in Northern Ireland since the early 1990s and are more likely to affect men, older people and those living in more affluent areas, according to a study just published in the June issue of British Journal of Dermatology. Researchers who looked ...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

...d patterns in dimming and brightening, and how dimming and brightening may evolve over the coming decades. Title: Global dimming and brightening: A review Authors: Martin Wild: Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Source: Journal of Geophysical Research...

New DNA and RNA aptamers offer unique therapeutic advantages

...f common diseases, as described in a comprehensive review article published online ahead of print in Oligon...D, from the University of Iowa, present a thorough review of aptamers and aptamer-based therapeutic strategi...potential. "This is a comprehensive and timely review of aptamer development and therapeutic application...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...nced dust control or other safety measures, and filling gaps in geologic mapping where field access is limited. GEOLOGY abstracts are available for review at http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/current . GSA Today Science Article The Klondike goldfields and Pleistocene environments of Beringia ...

Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications

...group also tested whether pESCs can be generated from older females. Drs. Lingyi Chen works on mechanisms of early embryonic differentiation. In their review of current special topics on stem cells, Drs. Lingyi Chen and Lin Liu analyze the current state of iPS research, particularly on limitations and advan...

Organic food not nutritionally better than conventionally-produced food

...nal food, but there has to-date been no systematic review of the available published literature. Research...e have now completed the most extensive systematic review of the available published literature on nutrient content of organic food ever conducted. The review focussed on nutritional content and did not includ...

Microbes and their hosts -- exploring the complexity of symbiosis in DNA and cell biology

...ional flexibility that allows them to meet the needs of an ant colony rather than the individual ants that make up the colony. Their thought-provoking review of the impact of symbiotic lifestyle on genetic variation and microbial adaptation is entitled, "Remaining Flexible in Old Alliances: Functional Plast...

Nanophysics: Serving up Buckyballs on a silver platter

...rbon buckyballs on a silver surface. The results, which could help in the design of carbon nanostructure-based electronics are reported in Physical review Letters and highlighted in the July 27th issue of APS's on-line journal Physics ( physics.aps.org ). Ever since the 1985 discovery of C60, this...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

...er upgrade. Although housed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, scientists the world over can use Chinook, competing for time through a peer review process. Users generally conduct research that supports the DOE's missions in energy, the environment, or national security. "When combined with E...

Reviews of microbial gene language published in special issue of Trends in Microbiology

...e, but actually act in a different organism, namely the host." The first review in the Trends in Microbiology publication describes how the PAMGO Consort... terms, which should in turn generate proposals for more terms." Another review reveals how terms created by the PAMGO Consortium have been used to assess ...

New theory on why male, female lemurs same size

...h's Journal of Evolutionary Biology , Dunham offers one of the first new theories on lemur monomorphism in more than a decade. After an exhaustive review of the observational work done on lemurs, Dunham came to the conclusion that male lemurs do guard their mates, just like other primates. But unlike go...

New Report Just Published: World Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers Market Report

... Graph/Chart) II-66 Table 18: World Historic review for Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers by ... Graph/Chart) II-69 Table 21: World Historic review for Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers by ...g Graph/Chart) II-72 Table 25: World Historic review for Solid-State Lasers by Geographic Region - ...

Springer to collaborate with the Human Genome Organization

...genome and genomes of organisms relevant to human health. The journal will publish primary research papers of the highest quality as well as in-depth review articles on important topics pertaining to genomic medicine, human genetics, computational genomics and genomic technologies. The HUGO Journal will...

Contaminated site remediation: Are nanomaterials the answer?

... WASHINGTONA new review article appearing in Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP) co-authored ...ology's potential benefits. Supplemental material published with the EHP review identifies 45 sites where nanomaterials have been used for soil and groundw...

Shaw to receive prestigious honor for plant pathology research

...is also known as the Outstanding Early-Career Mycologist Award of the Mycological Society of America. Shaw has authored 17 research papers and four review papers in 12 years. Both the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture fund his research projects. Shaw earned his doctora...

Plastics chemical retards growth, function of adult reproductive cells

... on steroid hormone levels. And at 120 hours, follicle cells grown in the BPA medium were 25 percent smaller than normal, the researchers report. A review of the health risks of BPA by the National Toxicology Program of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services concluded in 2008 that while BPA has...

Mystery of bat with an extraordinary nose solved

...stery behind a rare bat's nose that is unusually large for its species. The findings soon will be published in the scientific trade journal, Physical review Letters . The article, "Acoustic effects accurately predict an extreme case of biological morphology," by Z. Zhang, R. Mller, and S.N. Truong, deta...

ADA releases updated position paper on vegetarian diets

...egetarian diets can be nutritionally adequate in pregnancy and result in positive maternal and infant health outcomes. Additionally, an evidence-based review showed a vegetarian diet is associated with a lower risk of death from ischemic heart disease. A section in ADA's paper on vegetarian diets and can...

Stanford researchers publish comprehensive model for medical device development

... performed by the authors as part of a study, "Medical Device Development Models," funded by the Institute for Health Technology Studies (InHealth). A review of the background, mission, and statutory requirements for medical device regulation in the United States was published by the authors in the December...

Kelvin Lee winner of Biochemical Engineering Journal Young Investigator Award

...l present a lecture at the conference and will also be invited to compose a review article for the Biochemical Engineering Journal . He received a BSE i...dation Teacher-Scholar Award. He has also been recognized by Technology review as a Top Innovator in Business and Technology, by the journal Metabolic Eng...

Debate on admin. of magnesium sulfate to pregnant women to prevent cerebral palsy in pre-term infants

...opment, of the NIH, Bethesda, and Detroit, and the Center for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Wayne State University, Detroit, conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of six randomized controlled trials involving 4796 women and 5357 infants. Writing in the article, Dr. Roberto Romero and Dr. Agusti...

Complications early in pregnancy or in previous pregnancies adversely affect existing or subsequent pregnancies

...cases, related to the severity or recurrence, or both, of the first trimester complication or event. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive review in which the impact of more than one first trimester complication on adverse obstetric outcome has been investigated systematically." The researche...

CWRU receives $5 million from Ohio Third Frontier Commission

...economic impact if successfully matured. Funding for the three projects will be accompanied by a subset of eight new pilot projects determined through review by CSCRM oversight committees. Paul Tesar (CWRU), Horst von Recum (CWRU) and Jeremy Rich (CC) will establish a Pluripotent Stem Cell Facility wit...

A urine test for appendicitis?

... even when those appendices appeared normal on imaging, and the amount of LRG correlated with the severity of the appendicitis as judged by histologic review of the appendix specimens. Although mass spectrometry isn't widely available clinically, urine LRG elevations were detected by immunoblotting, su...

Faculty of 1000 praised by Wellcome Trust

... paper cannot be judged by bibliometric data alone. The Wellcome Trust points out that "mechanisms such as Faculty of 1000 of post-publication peer review are a valuable additional mechanism for assessment of the quality of biomedical research literature". They recommend using both qualitative expert rev...

SMOS and Proba-2 launch rescheduled for November

...urrently in the south of France at Thales Alenia Space's premises, where it has been in storage for the past year. The all-important Flight Acceptance review has already been passed, which signalled that all the elements that make up the mission are in place for launch, so the satellite is ready and waiting...

Research explores interactions between nanomaterials, biological systems

...ty of treatments and products. In a research review published in the July issue of the journal Nature...e interactions may lead to, good or bad. The review article examines the variety of ways in which nano...es, such as drug-delivering nanoparticles." The review article spotlighted several important research adv...

Cancer-causing protein can also help fight the tumors it causes

...d expert in the field, is supervising the project. He and Rechavi published the discovery in the journal Public Library of Science One and a recent review about such cell-to-cell transferring of proteins in FEBS Letters. Turning a cancer-causing protein against cancer itself The idea that protein...

World Day to Combat Desertification focuses on human security

...le geo-information products that were also used to satisfy UNCCD reporting requirements. ESA is currently preparing an extension to DesertWatch to review and adapt the methodology developed during the first project so it can be applied globally, for the benefit of all UNCCD Contracting Parties. The new ...

Chemical in blood may explain susceptibility to bladder pain

...lained or functional syndromes, and Buffington has explored the possibility that a common link exists among these types of diseases. He published a review paper in the April issue of the journal Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics in which he suggested that traumatic events experienced by pregnant females m...

Brain-computer interface, developed at Brown, begins new clinical trial

... close collaboration with an interdisciplinary team of researchers from MGH and Brown University. The study has been approved by the MGH Institutional review Board to begin recruiting participants. The trial extends prior safety and feasibility research of the BrainGate Neural Interface System, which consis...

Common chemotherapy drug triggers fatal allergic reactions

... of corticosteroids and other medications before chemotherapy administration to reduce the risk of hypersensitivity reactions. "The results of our review suggest that physicians should be vigilant in monitoring the safety of their patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment," said Bennett, who also is th...
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