Transplanted fat cells restore function after spinal cord injury
Tampa, Fla. (Dec. 10, 2008) A study published in the current issue of CELL TRANSPLANTATION (Vol.17, No. 8) suggests that mature adipocytes - fat cells - could become a source for cell replacement therapy to treat central nervous system disorders.
According to the study's lead researcher, Dr. ...
UCI researchers restore memory process in most common form of mental disability
Irvine, Calif., Oct. 5, 2007 University of California, Irvine scientists have discovered how to reverse the learning and memory problems inherent in the most common form of mental impairment.
Neurobiologist Julie Lauterborn and her colleagues identified how a mutated gene linked to fragile X s...
SNM applauds NAS study showing need to restore federal nuclear medicine research funding
RESTON, Va. -- Based on the results of a recent National Academy of Sciences report, federal funding for basic molecular imaging/nuclear medicine research should be restored to the U.S. Department of Energy, says SNM, the worlds largest society for molecular imaging and nuclear medicine profession...
Robotic therapy helps restore hand use after stroke
A robotic therapy device may help people regain strength and normal use of affected hands long after a stroke, according to a University of California, Irvine study.
Stroke patients with impaired hand use reported improved ability to grasp and release objects after therapy sessions using the H...
Stem cells decrease ischemic injury and restore brain function
This is the impressive result of a study carried out by a group of researchers coordinated by Dr. Maria Grazia De Simoni of the Mario Negri Institute in Milan, Italy in cooperation with the Istituto Neurologico Besta (Milan) and the University of Lausanne. The study appears in the April 18th issue ...
Transplanted photoreceptor precursor cells restore visual function in mice with retinal degeneration
Scientists have successfully transplanted light-sensing cells called photoreceptors directly into the eyes of mice and restored their visual function.
The achievement is based on a novel technology in which the cells are introduced at a particular stage in their development. It was carried out ...
Early HIV treatment fails to restore memory T cells
Most of the body’s memory T cells vanish within weeks after a person is infected with the HIV virus. In a study from the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center and the Bernard-Nocht Institute appearing in the international open-access journal PLoS Medicine, researchers report that these memory T cells,...
Light-sensitive photoswitches could restore sight to those with macular degeneration
A research center newly created by the University of California, Berkeley, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) aims to put light-sensitive switches in the body's cells that can be flipped on and off as easily as a remote control operates a TV.
Optical switches like these could trigge...
Bone marrow may restore cells lost in vision diseases
University of Florida scientists conducting experiments with mice have found evidence that the body naturally replenishes small amounts of cells in the eye essential for healthy vision.
The finding may shatter the belief that a cell layer vital for eyesight called the retinal pigment epithelium, ...
Spinal cord bridge bypasses injury to restore mobility
The body's spinal cord is like a super highway of nerves. When an injury occurs, the body's policing defenses put up a roadblock in the form of a scar to prevent further injury, but it stops all neural traffic from moving forward.
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University, Drexel Univ...
Neurons grown from embryonic stem cells restore function in paralyzed rats
For the first time, researchers have enticed transplants of embryonic stem cell-derived motor neurons in the spinal cord to connect with muscles and partially restore
function in paralyzed animals. The study suggests that similar techniques may be useful for treating such disorders as spinal cord i...
UF scientists restore sight to chickens with blinding disease
University of Florida scientists have delivered a gene through an eggshell to give sight to a type of chicken normally born blind.
The finding, reported Tuesday (May 23) in the online journal Public Library of Science-Medicine, proves in principle that a similar treatment can be developed for an ...
Cyberkinetics, Case to develop system to help restore extremity function
Cyberkinetics Neurotechnology Systems, Inc., Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland FES Center today announced that they have been awarded a five-year, $4.4 million contract from the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR), a component of the National Institute of Ch...
Argonne to showcase science and technology at community open house
... Have fun with extreme cold and cryogenics
Witness how ice slurry can save lives
Turn matter into energy
See how science is helping to restore
sight to the blind
Find out how Sudoku, science and supercomputers work together in solving logic puzzles
Learn about the science of toys
Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest
...946;C and had lost the ability to attract protective nematodes.
Therefore the research group in Jena and Neuchtel teamed up again in an attempt to restore
the EβC signal in a variety that normally does not emit the substance. Jrg Degenhardt, with the help of Monika Frey at the Technical University o...
New hope for fisheries
...hors' analysis, Alaska and New Zealand have led the world in terms of management success by not waiting until drastic measures are needed to conserve, restore
and rebuild marine resources. Some other regions are currently recovering from overfishing: fish abundance has recently been increasing above the long...
Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications
...'s disease to paralysis. Totipotent embryonic stem cells have great potential for generating a wide range of different human cells that can be used to restore
malfunctioning or damaged cells and tissues in patients. Recent studies have shown that pluripotent stem cells derived from adult bone marrow, the umb...
First genetically-engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials
...site. "In addition, the 'one-two punch' approach of deleting two essential genes make it extremely unlikely that the attenuated parasite vaccine could restore
its capacity to multiply and lead to disease," he said.
The human trials of the vaccine will take place at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Researc...
Biologists rediscover endangered frog population
...along with the San Diego Zoo's first successful breeding of the frog in captivity, and successful efforts by California Department of Fish and Game to restore
frog habitat renews hope of survival for this Southern California amphibian.
Globally, amphibians are on the decline because of habitat loss, effe...
ISU researchers find possible treatment for spinal muscular atrophy
... pass the disease to their children.
Most children born with the most severe type of SMA die within two years.
Using this junk sequence in SMN2 to restore
the high levels of functional SMN protein could eliminate Spinal Muscular Atrophy caused by deletion or mutation in SMN1.
Singh believes this technol...
C. difficile spores spread superbug
...but also in response to immune impaired hosts. This opens up numerous opportunities including the development of new probiotic approaches, which could restore
the balance of the intestinal microbiota and promote health, are clear."
"This research has far reaching implications for treatment and infection c...
LincRNAs serve as genetic air-traffic controllers
"Much work still remains to be done but we could one day envision utilizing RNA to guide personalized stem cells to specific cell fates to restore
diseased and degenerative disease tissues," notes Rinn.
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC scientists identify enzyme important in aging
...in this week's issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .
"These findings give us hope that we may one day have the ability to restore
the function of the thymus in old age, or perhaps by intervening at an early age, we may be able to delay or even prevent the degeneration of the thym...
Pitt team finds molecule that regulates heart size by using zebrafish screening model
... understanding of heart development during the embryonic stage and has implications for adult disease," he noted. "As we try to create treatments that restore
normal function to damaged or diseased tissues, it will help us to know the biologic pathways and signals that formed these organs whole and healthy i...
Natural compound stops retinopathy
...me vision loss or blindness.
Oklahoma researchers found that this inflammation and leakage is caused by an imbalance of two systems in the eye. To restore
balance, they delivered the new compound to cells using nanoparticle technology. The treatment in research models stopped the leakage, blocked inflamm...
Nursery programs for corals receive TLC from NOAA this Independence Day
...ent Act (ARRA) to further develop large-scale, in-water coral nurseries and restore
reefs along Florida's southern coast and in the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI)....pproximately 500 fragments, and nursery fragments have already been used to restore
four reefs where staghorn corals were depleted. The proposed plan includes ...
Anti-biotech groups obstruct forest biotechnology
Lacking that, the potential will be lost to use this powerful tool to create trees that grow faster, better resist drought or disease, restore
threatened species, reduce costs, contribute to renewable energy, sequester carbon, improve environmental cleanup, and produce badly needed products f...
Ovarian transplantation: First baby is born after a new technique
... that has produced excellent results in women whose ovaries have been frozen because of cancer treatment. He said that his team's technique worked to restore
ovarian function quickly and already one patient from his clinic had had a baby and another had become pregnant.
"On June 22, a baby girl was born ...
Corals stay close to home
...ean coral populations comes from other locally sourced coral, one cannot depend on genetic material from distant populations of corals to replenish or restore
degraded local populations. In these regions, marine reserves that maintain high local genetic diversity should be favoured.
Antibiotics take toll on beneficial microbes in gut
Young cautions against concluding that popular probiotics supplements necessarily are safe and effective for everyone looking for a way to restore
healthy gut microbes. An individual's specific health needs and vulnerabilities have to be considered. "Probiotics may be part of the solution, but w...
Infant formula adulteration with melamine underscores need for better detection methods
...igorously defined quality standards and test methods can give manufacturers and regulators powerful tools to catch and discourage bad actorshelping to restore
a shaken public confidence."
Some have separated considerations of "quality" from those of "safety." However, at a time when public health is thr...
Study: Illegal fishing harming present and future New England groundfish fisheries
...Northeastern United States coast. This pattern of noncompliance threatens the success of new fisheries management measures put in place to protect and restore
fish stocks, according to a new study published online this week in the journal Marine Policy .
Among their findings, environmental economists Dr...
Jefferson receives $1.7 million grant to study stem cells in intervertebral discs of the spine
...e pain associated with the degenerative disc, but the most common procedures often only provide symptomatic relief. No current therapy can completely restore
the function of a degenerated disc nor prevent its further deterioration. Historically, investigations of the intervertebral disc have been limited i...
NIH funds work at WPI on regenerating heart tissue and preventing urinary tract infections
...assistant professor of biomedical engineering at WPI, will receive $403,000 over two years to advance his work using bone marrow derived stem cells to restore
function to damaged hearts. Terri Camesano, PhD, associate professor of chemical engineering at WPI, will receive $218,000 over two years to continue ...
UF makes gene therapy advance in severe genetic disorder
...es for energy. This prevents the body from getting the energy it needs and causes glycogen to build up in the liver.
The goal of gene therapy is to restore
the faulty enzyme so the body uses sugar properly, said Mah, a UF assistant professor of pediatric cellular and molecular therapy and a co-investigato...
Yale study: Most polluted ecosystems recoverable
... said the analysis rebuts speculation that it will take centuries or millennia for degraded ecosystems to recover and justifies an increased effort to restore
degraded areas for the benefit of future generations. "Restoration could become a more important tool in the management portfolio of conservation orga...
Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers
...e in forests.
"The survival of these species into the next century may ultimately depend on our ability to remove or offset introduced threats and restore
native forests from sea level to tree line," Atkinson said.
Honeycreepers rival Darwin's finches in the Galapagos Islands in terms of their bill ty...
Scientists shed light on inner workings of human embryonic stem cells
...ke the transcription factors that are required for the pluripotent state, and you get them to express themselves in the skin cells; that's how you can restore
the embryonic stem cell state. You clone a gene, you put it into what's called a vector, which means you put it into a little bit of housing that allo...
Stem cell focus for IBD wound healing
...the molecule CD24 which is a stem cell marker and which plays a key role in cell proliferation and the migration of healthy cells to a damaged area to restore
"CD24 is a small molecule attached to the cell membrane which has been recently reported as a marker of stem cells in the colon. It...
Grouping muscles to make controlling limbs easier
...es rather than individual muscles -- a finding that could make it easier to restore
muscle movements in people who have become paralyzed.
The researchers us... at Northwestern to bring the research to patients.
"The end goal is to restore
movement in people who are paralyzed," he said.