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Biologists, educators recognize excellence in evolution education

Washington, DC The National Association of Biology Teachers (NABT) will recognize Dr. Randy Moore, a professor of biology at the University of Minnesota, with the 2008 Evolution Education Award during the NABT annual conference to be held 15-18 October 2008 in Memphis, Tennessee. The Evoluti...

'Telepathic' genes recognize similarities in each other

Genes have the ability to recognise similarities in each other from a distance, without any proteins or other biological molecules aiding the process, according to new research published this week in the Journal of Physical Chemistry B. This discovery could explain how similar genes find each othe...

Island monkeys do not recognize big cat calls

Monkeys living on an island without big cat predators do not show any particular alarm when recorded tiger growls are played to them, according to research by a UC Davis graduate student. The pig-tailed langurs do, however, flee in a hurry from the sound of human voices. "This contributes to a ...

Immune police recognize good and bad guys in the body

Immune system police are as good at recognizing bad guys, such as bacteria and viruses, as they are our own tissue, researchers say. The finding may cause a stir in the scientific community, which has long held that regulatory T cells or Tregs, preferentially respond to body proteins, or self a...

Plants recognize their siblings, biologists discover

The next time you venture into your garden armed with plants, consider who you place next to whom. It turns out that the docile garden plant isn’t as passive as widely assumed, at least not with strangers. Researchers at McMaster University have found that plants get fiercely competitive when forc...

Animal brains 'hard-wired' to recognize predator's foot movements, Queen's study suggests

The reason people can approach animals in the wild more easily from a car than by foot may be due to an innate "life detector" tuned to the visual movements of an approaching predator's feet, says Queen's University psychologist Niko Troje. "We believe this visual filter is used to signal the pr...

Bacteria recognize antimicrobials, respond with counter-defenses

Many living things, from fruit flies to people, naturally produce disease-fighting chemicals, called antimicrobial peptides, to kill harmful bacteria. In a counter move, some disease-causing bacteria have evolved antimicrobial detectors. The bacteria sense the presence of antimicrobial peptides as ...

Beautiful plumage: Feather color and sex start the species revolution

... leading scientific evaluation service, has highlighted research providing evidence for the evolution of a new species. Birds use plumage colour to recognize and select potential mates. A mutation of a single DNA base can lead to a striking colour change, as demonstrated by two closely related flycatcher po...

Pitt researchers find promising candidate protein for cancer prevention vaccines

...e against it would produce autoimmunity and create new problems," Dr. Finn said. "But now that we know that perhaps 20 to 30 percent of people already recognize it as abnormal when made in excess, we can be more confident about the safety of a vaccine strategy to immunize high-risk groups against it." She i...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

...he chemicals in the bugs' cuticle matched that of the ants," says Whitehead. "The bugs mimic the hydrocarbons that the ants produce, so the ants don't recognize them as something foreign." Even if this chemical camouflage is energetically costly for the bugs to produce, the benefits outweigh the costs, says...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

...make your city more environmentally friendly. Many American cities are beginning to incorporate greenroofs into their planning ordinances because they recognize that, planting a rooftop garden can offset heat, increase city biodiversity and decrease stormwater runoff. This runoff can be problematic in cities w...

Parasites ready to jump

... in the fruitfly. A similar class of molecules has been found in mice. By means of a process called RNA interference, the siRNAs enable the cell to recognize and destroy messenger RNAs derived from transposons. The researchers in Frstemann's group were able to identify a protein that is essential for the pr...

First genetically-engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials

...ilar results in humans. "Although two genes have been deleted the parasite is still alive and able to stimulate the body's protective immune system to recognize and destroy incoming mosquito-transmitted deadly parasites," Professor Cowman said. This approach to vaccine development using a weakened form of t...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...in their environment, and detect movement using the "artificial retina." The implant is intended eventually to enable patients to read large print and recognize faces. (This multi-team project was jointly submitted by Argonne National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Labo...

Frost & Sullivan Recognizes MIRTEC With the 2009 Award for Automated Optical Inspection Product Innovation of the Year

...nt company has shown innovation by launching a broad line of emerging products and technologies. Frost & Sullivan's Best Practices Awards recognize companies in a variety of regional and global markets for demonstrating outstanding achievement and superior performance in areas such as leadership, ...

Genetic tests advertised directly to the consumer

...al, the information presented in advertisements of genetic testing Seek advice from a genetic clinician, not just a general health care professional recognize the scientific limitations of each test, especially since the information isn't necessarily translatable when it's time to make therapeutic decisions....

The right messenger for a healthy immune response

...response: without Beta-Interferon immune cells are unable to show "wanted posters" of pathogens to other cells. As a consequence, these cells will not recognize the pathogen and the immune response does not start properly. The group's results have now been published in the current issue of the scientific magaz...

Flexible neck in cell-receptor DC-SIGN targets more pathogens

...sites at the end of the neck would restrict DC-SIGN to a few specific, spatial forms. Instead, the molecule's flexibility and adaptability allow it to recognize a much wider range of pathogens." ...

Toward an explanation for Crohn's disease?

...y will be published on July 9th in the Journal of Experimental Medicine . When the NOD2 gene functions normally, it codes for a receptor that will recognize invading bacteria and then trigger the immune response. This study demonstrates that the NOD2 receptor preferentially recognizes a peptide called N-gl...

Report shows the power of US cities to mitigate climate change and steps they need to take to adapt

...pal governments are showing leadership by voluntarily accounting for and reducing greenhouse gas emissions resulting from their operations. They also recognize the huge potential to influence long-term reductions from the residents and businesses in their communities, according to a new report. The report ...

Plant protein 'doorkeepers' block invading microbes, study finds

...ses. "The ability of a plant's immune system to recognize disease-causing microorganisms is critical to the ...n the biochemical mechanisms that enable plants to recognize and block out invading bacteria," Coaker said. ...s as well as adaptive immune systems that learn to recognize and defend against disease-causing microbes. Plan...

LSUHSC's Kolls awarded $1.8 million to improve vaccine strategies for P. carinii pneumonia

...ded $1.8 million over five years by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study whether antibodies that recognize carbohydrate (sugars) and proteins on the surface of the fungus that causes Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) can be used to prevent the infectio...

A bird's eye view of art

...s art. In the first series of experiments, four pigeons were trained to recognize 'good' paintings by being rewarded with food if they pecked at the 'good' p... between watercolor and pastel paintings. Eight new pigeons were trained to recognize the texture of paintings four were trained to peck at watercolor paintings...

Plant protein 'doorkeepers' block invading microbes, study finds

...ses. "The ability of a plant's immune system to recognize disease-causing microorganisms is critical to the ...n the biochemical mechanisms that enable plants to recognize and block out invading bacteria," Coaker said. ...s as well as adaptive immune systems that learn to recognize and defend against disease-causing microbes. Plan...

Researcher finds Girl Scout meetings provide an opportunity to increase girls' physical activity

...cture the environments where children spend time; for this study these are the parents and troop leaders," he said. "Both these sets of adults need to recognize that getting sufficient physical activity is essential for the children's health and for their own health." ...

Mouse model provides clues to human language development

...elis team in the Leipzig study demonstrates the usefulness of the German Mouse Clinic. Only through broad-based, comprehensive analysis can scientists recognize even unexpected effects of genetic defects and thus identify additional functions of known genes. ...

Measuring intellectual disability

...evelopmental delays and/or autism spectrum disorders." In future studies, Dr. Hagerman and colleagues plan to explore "further large scale studies to recognize the value of the measurement and how FMRP influences the multitude of phenotypes associated with the FMR1 gene and variations seen in the normal popul...

Researchers to reveal aging's origins on global stage

...ifts in favor of the accumulation of dysfunctional molecules is determined by natural selection and leads to the manifestation of age changes that we recognize are characteristic of an old person or animal. It must occur after both reach reproductive maturity, otherwise the species would vanish." Hayflick ...

Policy transparency key to saving world's fisheries

...ity and socio-economic development but for ocean ecosystems," says Boris Worm, a professor at Dalhousie University and co-author of the paper. "We now recognize that overfishing can also lead to the erosion of biodiversity and ecosystem productivity." "The different socioeconomic and ecological consequences...

They are young and need the job: A second chance for dangerous T-cells

...cted, there is also a constant production of T-cells in the thymus that may recognize and attack the body's own structures. "Most of these dangerous autoreactive...sts in answer to these questions is based on the fact that T-cells can only recognize their target structures if they have them presented to them by other immune...

Broecker: 'What we need are tougher measures against climate change'

...ult of human-induced CO 2 emissions. A prediction that has proved all too true. The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards are intended to recognize and promote research of excellence. The breadth of disciplines addressed and their monetary amount a combined purse of 3.2 million euros spread over ...

The BBVA Foundation presents its Frontiers of Knowledge Awards

...worlds. The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards, with a combined purse of 3.2 million euros spread across eight prize categories, seek to recognize and encourage world-class research and artistic creation. The awards lend special importance to basic knowledge and interdisciplinary achievements, as...

American Society for Microbiology honors Deborah T. Hung

...ving S. Sigal Memorial Award is presented in memory of Irving S. Sigal, who was instrumental in the early discovery of therapies to treat HIV/AIDS, to recognize excellence in basic research in medical microbiology and infectious diseases. Dr. Hung's research focused on the pathogenesis of Vibrio cholerae i...

American Society for Microbiology honors George Liu

...ving S. Sigal Memorial Award is presented in memory of Irving S. Sigal, who was instrumental in the early discovery of therapies to treat HIV/AIDS, to recognize excellence in basic research in medical microbiology and infectious diseases. Dr. Liu is honored for his work on microbial pathogenesis and novel ...

NIH funds work at WPI on regenerating heart tissue and preventing urinary tract infections

...he first NIH awards for both Gaudette and Camesano, marking an important milestone for the investigators. "I am pleased to see the NIH continues to recognize the vital research being done at WPI," said Congressman McGovern. "The NIH is the gold-standard for biomedical research in the United States, and thes...

Rapid approach to identify influenza A virus mutations and drug resistance developed

...croarray-based platform, makes use of the same RNA (ribonucleic acid) material that is left over from traditional PCR-based diagnostics and is able to recognize any novel strain of influenza A in the first pass. This enables a faster development of diagnostics for any possible new variant; it can also rap...

Yale study: Most polluted ecosystems recoverable

...ool in the management portfolio of conservation organizations that are entrusted to protect habitats on landscapes," said Schmitz. Jones added: "We recognize that humankind has and will continue to actively domesticate nature to meet its own needs. The message of our paper is that recovery is possible and c...

Triage technology with a Star Trek twist

...of Medicine in St. Louis, S&T's Tech Solutions group is developing the Standoff Patient Triage Tool (SPTT), a device that classic Star Trek fans will recognize for its resemblance to the medical diagnostic tool known as the tricorder . Because time is the most precious resource in a crisis, every second ...

Supply-Chain Council Announces Winners of 2009 Supply Chain Excellence Awards

...e Supply-Chain Council (SCC), a global not-for-profit organization and owner of the Supply-Chain Operations Reference (SCOR(R)) Model. The awards recognize organizations that understand the critical role of, and are committed to optimizing, supply chain performance. United States Transportation Co...

UCI awarded $45 million for infectious disease research

...cientists and educate researchers about lab safety. "While basic research on these infections and immunity to them is at the core of the center, we recognize the importance of the timely translation of our findings into products and other applications that people can actually use," Barbour said. "We've made...
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