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NC State takes research lead in protecting Puerto Rico's unique freshwater fisheries

A team of researchers led by North Carolina State University has made an enormous advance in the understanding of some of Puerto Rico's most remarkable ecosystems by conducting the first comprehensive study of the island's freshwater fish species. NC State's Dr. Thomas Kwak, who led the study, say...

Research identifies type of vaccine that holds promise in protecting against TB

ST. LOUIS -- Researchers are one step closer to finding a vaccine that better protects against tuberculosis. An investigational vaccine for TB tested at Saint Louis University appears likely to offer significantly better protection against the potentially fatal disease than the one in current use....

Fueling ethanol production while protecting water quality

Grain-based ethanol production has increased dramatically in recent years as the cost and instability of oil has increased. New U.S. government policies require major increases in ethanol production. While future plans call for a viable cellulosic ethanol industry, expanded grain ethanol productio...

Compost can turn agricultural soils into a carbon sink, thus protecting against climate change

Los Angeles, London, New Delhi, and Singapore (25 February, 2008) Applying organic fertilizers, such as those resulting from composting, to agricultural land could increase the amount of carbon stored in these soils and contribute significantly to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, accord...

Bacteria have their own immune system protecting against outside DNA

Bacteria like Salmonella have a complicated immune system that helps them recognize and isolate foreign DNA trying to invade their cell membrane, according to a University of Washington-led study in the June 8 issue of Science Express. The research, which also included scientists at the Sidney Kimm...

Report finds cruise industry is protecting the precious places it visits

The major players in the cruise industry, including cruise lines, local governments and shore operators ?in collaboration with civil society organizations - are taking proactive measures to ensure a sustainable future for cruise tourism while preserving cruise destinations, according to a new repor...

Scientists a step closer to protecting world's most important crop

Fighting the fungus that wipes out rice - scientists a step closer to protecting world's most important crop Rice is the globe's most important crop but its production is constantly threatened by disease.Now scientists at the University of Exeter have shown for the first time, in a paper in the p...

Researchers extend mouse lifespan by protecting against free radicals

Scientists at the University of Washington and their colleagues at other research centers have found a way to significantly extend the lifespan of mice while reducing the impact of the aging process. Their study, which will be published online by the journal Science on May 5, lends more credence to...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...earch and development being done in our national labs is vital to maintaining America's competitive edge, increasing our nation's energy security, and protecting our environment. I want to thank this year's winners for their work and congratulate them on this award." These awards highlight some of the succe...

Airway cells use 'tasting' mechanism to detect and clear harmful substances

... The same mechanism that helps you detect bad-tasting and potentially poisonous foods may also play a role in protecting your airway from harmful substances, according to a study by scientists at the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine. Th...

Red List overlooks island species

...r suggests rigorously identifying those species that are really threatened. protecting species means ensuring that "the few resources available for protecting priority species are spent on those really in most urgent need of conservat...

Scripps-led study shows ocean health plays vital role in coral reef recovery

...n warm tropical oceans under just the right conditions that include moderate temperatures and low nutrient and sediment input from land-based sources. protecting reef health from local sources of stress, such as runoff, can improve resilience to global warming stress. Coral bleaching occurs when the tiny zo...

Fujitsu PalmSecure Certified Under International Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level 2

...ucts that comply with high level industry and international standards. "PalmSecure is currently being used in a wide variety of applications, protecting against unauthorized access to sensitive data at government agencies, healthcare companies, educational institutions, financial services firms and oth...

NOAA bans commercial harvesting of krill

... key nutritional relationships in the California Current ecosystem, which includes five National Marine Sanctuaries. "This is a great success for protecting the entire California Current ecosystem", said William Douros, West Coast Regional Director for NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries. "This de...

French Authorities Give Sole Approval to GMAT Exam to Collect Biometric Data to Advance Security

... rights of the individuals." "We want to express our appreciation to the CNIL for reinforcing, in its decision, our commitment to leadership in protecting personal data and complying with international data privacy laws," said David A. Wilson, president and CEO of GMAC. "We want to ensure the highest le...

World's largest ocean observatory takes shape

... the launch of NEPTUNE Canada, scientists and researchers around the world will have real-time access to enormous streams of data which will aid us in protecting our environment, supporting public safety and security, creating innovative new technologies and the jobs that go with them, and promoting research." ...

Plant protein 'doorkeepers' block invading microbes, study finds

...nline journal Public Library of Science Biology , provide a better understanding of plants' immune systems and will likely find application in better protecting agricultural crops and horticultural plants against diseases. "The ability of a plant's immune system to recognize disease-causing microorganisms i...

New national genome center launched

..., scientists will gain the knowledge to increase the crop's yield while reducing fertiliser requirements making sustainable bioenergy a real option protecting livestock from exotic diseases. Emerging exotic diseases pose a serious threat to UK livestock. A major outbreak would threaten farmers' livelihoods,...

Plant protein 'doorkeepers' block invading microbes, study finds

...nline journal Public Library of Science Biology , provide a better understanding of plants' immune systems and will likely find application in better protecting agricultural crops and horticultural plants against diseases. "The ability of a plant's immune system to recognize disease-causing microorganisms i...

Researchers see evidence of memory in the songbird brain

...de for ion channel proteins, which allow ions to flow into the cell. This could be one way that the brain dampens its response to a powerful stimulus, protecting itself from too much disturbance, Clayton said. "Whenever something unexpected and different comes along, such as the song of a new bird in the nei...

Study on keeping nuclear bombs from US ports shows misplaced fear over cargo scanning cost

... overcome some information technology challenges associated with sharing scanned images with government officials who require them. When it comes to protecting the nation's ports, the authors warn, the challenge of comprehensive inspection and the cost of failure are both great. "Unlike a long range missile...

Policy transparency key to saving world's fisheries

...y of New Hampshire, who was not involved in the study. "On one hand, it reminds us of the difficult challenges facing fisheries management globally in protecting critical natural resources from overexploitation. On the other hand it delivers a message of hope that when policy-making is transparent, participator...

New tracking approach will help protect polar bears

...tural setting. The funding is part of the federal government's integrated Northern Strategy that focuses on exercising Canada's Arctic sovereignty, protecting the North's environmental heritage, promoting social and economic development, and improving northern governance. ...

Plant microbe shares features with drug-resistant pathogen

...a for a range of biotech applications for which it and other plant-associated microbes have shown promise. These include: stimulating plant growth and protecting plants against pathogens; the breakdown of natural and man-made pollutants via bioremediation and phytoremediation; and the production of useful biomo...

From the glass to the brain in 6 minutes

...ul effect also sets in quickly. During the experiment, the concentration of substances such as creatine (energy metabolism), which are attributed with protecting cells, decreases as the concentration of alcohol increases. Choline, a component of cell membranes, was also reduced. "That probably indicates that al...

Not 1, but 2 kinds of males found in the invasive round goby

... while providing care can be difficult, males in some species have found a sneakier way to mate, Marentette explains. Instead of courting females and protecting the young, some males will parasitize the courtship and sometimes the parenting duties of conventional males. They do this by sneaking into the nests ...

Urban myth disproved: Fingerprints do not improve grip friction

...n in other ways. They might have evolved to grip onto rough surfaces, like tree bark; the ridges may allow our skin to stretch and deform more easily, protecting it from damage; or they may allow water trapped between our finger pads and the surface to drain away and improve surface contact in wet conditions. O...

Hidden genitalia in female water striders makes males 'sing'

...riders, Gerris gracilicornis, do seem to win this race as they have evolved a morphological shield behind which their genitalia are hidden from males, protecting them against the males' forceful attempts to mate. In an apparent response to the female adaptation, after the violent mounting onto the female's b...

Wildlife Conservation Society supports world's first study of egg-laying mammal

... "The limited information on the long-beaked echidna's biology, feeding behavior and ecology has prevented conservationists from formulating plans for protecting this elusive and threatened animal," said Dr. Ross Sinclair, Director of WCS's Papua New Guinea program. "The research methods developed by Opiang and...

Natural seed treatment could drastically cut pesticide use

...f the seeds. Treated seeds can also be stored and sown at a later stage. 'We think treating seeds with jasmonic acid acts rather like immunisation, protecting plants for an extended period after treatment,' says Dr Jason Moore, a member of the Lancaster team. Until now, genetic modification (GM) technology...

Quality and purity of popular stevia sweetener strengthened by new reference standards

...hasers can compare their ingredients to help ensure and substantiate the identity, quality, purity, strength and consistency of their food ingredient, protecting their products and brands from low-quality, potentially adulterated ingredients, thus helping to maintain food safety. The internationally recognized ...

MSU discoveries upend traditional thinking about how plants make certain compounds

...s of thousands of different terpenes have been identified. Some of the known functions of terpenes include attracting pollinators, repelling pests and protecting the plant from diseases, as well as giving many plants their smell and taste. The aroma of many leaf spices, such as mint and basil, come from terpene...

Protective footwear for diabetics at a high-street price

...experimented with different materials to formulate soles with varying degrees of flexibility and support for differing degrees of foot impairment, and protecting specific pressure points when walking. Italian orthopaedic footwear specialist Maria Clara developed and tested a model featuring an elasticised fabri...

New center at Georgia Tech aims to improve recovery of soldiers with severe injuries

... microbeads, they can be injected by needle without loss of cell viability and they remain at the injury site for at least two months," said Boyan. protecting the cells during insertion is just the first step toward improved tissue repair. The researchers must also examine whether the stem cells will turn in...

Breakthrough in the treatment of bacterial meningitis

...niversity who have been regular and willing volunteers in the research programme. Professor Ala'Aldeen said: "The ultimate aim is to save lives by protecting the healthy and curing the sick. We are one step closer to new breakthroughs that would prevent disease or its complications. There still is a long wa...

Princeton team's analysis of flu virus could lead to better vaccines

...noticed a perplexing pattern. He found that antibodies were often better at protecting against a slightly different virus, a close cousin, than against the virus ...of the virus. Strangely, antibodies that are actually less effective at protecting the body against a specific virus are often equally adept at attaching them...

Scientists map West coast areas most affected by humans

...pern. "Ocean management needs to move beyond single-sector management and towards comprehensive ecosystem-based management if it is to be effective at protecting and sustaining ocean health. "Also, the global results for this region were highly correlated with the regional results, suggesting that the global...

Rules proposed to save the world's coral reefs

...e detailed scientific knowledge of local coral reefs and their species is sparse, the team says in a review article in the journal Coral Reefs . protecting reef connectivity and allowing reef species to freely recharge depleted areas is vital to ensuring that coral reefs remain resilient in the face of mo...

Rabbits on the back foot -- but naturally they're fighting back

...us out there. Now we have found it," she said. "This new virus does not cause disease in rabbits and we fear that it functions as a natural vaccine, protecting rabbits from the lethal calicivirus." Dr Strive said it was "needle-in-the-haystack" search as they had to find out: which areas in Australia were a...

Lithium may help radiation target cancer, spare healthy tissue

...stant to radiation, Xia hopes that lithium treatment could provide a way to increase the radiation dose to levels that will kill the tumor cells while protecting healthy brain tissue. The team is launching an investigation of the safety and feasibility of lithium treatment in patients with low-grade glioma or b...
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