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Prevention in Biological News

Pitt researchers find promising candidate protein for cancer prevention vaccines

PITTSBURGH, Aug. 4 Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have learned that some healthy people naturally developed an immune response against a protein that is made in excess levels in many cancers, including breast, lung, and head and neck cancers. The finding suggests t...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

CORVALLIS, Ore. Widely sought efforts to reduce fuels that increase catastrophic fire in Pacific Northwest forests will be counterproductive to another important societal goal of sequestering carbon to help offset global warming, forestry researchers at Oregon State University conclude in a new r...

Major breakthrough in early detection and prevention of AMD

LEXINGTON, Ky. (June 15, 2009) A team of researchers led by Dr. Jayakrishna Ambati at the University of Kentucky has discovered a biological marker for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of blindness in older adults. The marker, a receptor known as CCR3, show...

Society for Prevention Research Meeting in Washington, D.C., May 27-29, 2009

The Society for Prevention Research (SPR) will hold its annual meeting, May 27-29, 2009, at the Hyatt Regency, 400 New Jersey Avenue, NW, Washington, D.C., 20001. The featured story ideas below do not have an embargo. Reporters can reach authors by registering (free) for the meeting to attend spe...

Nutrigenomics -- developing personalized diets for disease prevention -- part 2 just published in OMICS

New Rochelle, NY, March 17, 2009The relationships between food, nutrition science, and health outcomes have been intensively analyzed over the past century. Genomic variation among individuals and populations is a new factor that enriches and challenges our understanding of these complex relations...

AACR to host Seventh Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research

"This meeting has become a major venue for presenting cutting-edge research in basic, clinical, epidemiologic and behavioral science," said meeting chair Steven M. Dubinett, M.D., director of the Lung Cancer Research Program at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center. "As the only comprehensi...

AACR hosts Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research meeting

What: To stop cancer before it has a chance to take root and spread, scientists are increasingly turning their attention to new discoveries in cancer prevention. Leading experts from around the globe are gathering to share the latest research in this expanding and promising new field, with the ...

Defining gene's role may lead to prevention of dangerous corn toxin

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Discovery that a specific gene is integral to both fungal invasion of corn and development of a potentially deadly toxin in the kernels may lead to ways to control the pathogen and the poison. Purdue University researchers evaluated the fungal gene ZFR1 and found that it ...

CONRAD receives $28.5M Gates Foundation grant for HIV prevention research

Arlington, VA (November 30, 2007) The CONRAD Program of the Eastern Virginia Medical School today announced that it has received a $28.5 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to develop microbicides for HIV prevention. To date, the Gates Foundation has awarded a total of $65 mil...

Tamiflu effective for treatment and prevention of influenza in children 1 year and older

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) significantly reduces illness severity and duration in children one year and older, particularly if given within 24 hours of symptom onset, according to new data presented at the World Society for Pediatric Infectious Disease (WISPID) meeting in Bangkok 15-18 November. The an...

Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research

What: To turn back cancer before it has a chance to take root and spread, scientists are increasingly turning their attention to new discoveries in cancer prevention. Leading experts from around the globe are gathering to share the latest research in this expanding and promising new field, with ...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

AUGUSTA, Ga. Distinctive patterns of genes turned off or left on in healthy versus cancerous cells could enable early screening for many common cancers and maybe help avoid them, Medical College of Georgia scientists say. Researchers are comparing chemical alterations, called DNA methylatio...

Statin therapy ineffective in breast cancer prevention

PHILADELPHIA Laboratory work in animals showed limited activity when statins were given to prevent breast cancer, according to a report in the February issue of Cancer Prevention Research , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. Statins, sold under brand names like Lipito...

Nutrigenomics -- developing personalized diets for disease prevention

New Rochelle, NY, December 29, 2008The emerging field of nutrigenomics, which aims to identify the genetic factors that influence the body's response to diet and studies how the bioactive constituents of food affect gene expression, is explored in a series of provocative, interdisciplinary report...

JDRF funded study links 'hygiene hypothesis' to diabetes prevention

New York, NY, October 6, 2008 -- A research study funded by JDRF suggests that a common intestinal bacteria may provide some protection from developing type 1 diabetes. The findings provide an important step towards understanding how and why type 1 diabetes develops in people, and may lead to pote...

New studies on the Mediterranean diet confirm its effectiveness for chronic disease prevention

Scientists of the Instituto de Nutricin y Tecnologa de los Alimentos (Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology) of the University of Granada (UGR, Spain) have been doing research into the positive effects of Mediterranean diet's ingredients on health. Among these works, there is a new researc...

Certain form of tomatoes could be key to prostate cancer prevention

COLUMBIA, Mo. New cancer research from the University of Missouri suggests that eating a certain form of tomato product could be the key to unlocking the prostate cancer-fighting potential of the tomato. The positive effect of tomato products has been suggested in many studies, but, until now, re...

First analysis of platypus genome may impact disease prevention

BATON ROUGE Theres no doubt about it ... the platypus is one odd duck-billed, egg-laying, lactating mammal. With adaptations like webbed feet to fit its aquatic lifestyle and the poison spurs that decorate males, the platypus represents for many a patchwork of evolutionary development. But LSUs ...

Male circumcision overstated as prevention tool against AIDS

In new academic research published today in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal PLoS ONE, male circumcision is found to be much less important as a deterrent to the global AIDS pandemic than previously thought. The author, John R. Talbott, has conducted statistical empirical ...

Investment level in HIV prevention programs related to HIV incidence in the United States

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conducted a historical analysis to examine the relationship between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) HIV prevention budget and HIV incidence in the U.S. from 1978 to 2006. The results are published in the January 2...

Tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention does not benefit most women

Most women at high risk for breast cancer do not increase their life expectancy by taking the drug tamoxifen, according to a new analysis by researchers from UC Davis, UCSF, the University of Pittsburgh and McMaster University in Ontario, Canada. In addition, the researchers showed that tamoxifen i...

U of M study examines kidney stone prevention in astronauts

As the space shuttle Discovery prepares to launch on July 1, researchers at the University of Minnesota have identified a way for astronauts to reduce their risk of developing kidney stones while in space. Astronauts lose calcium in their bones and strength in their muscles while in space because...

WCS says avian flu prevention should focus on farms, markets

Wildlife health experts from the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) warn that efforts to control the spread of avian flu across Asia and beyond must focus on better management practices on farms and in markets. WCS is currently working with Mongolian agencies on the ground in Mon...

President Bush's cut to AIDS prevention in Africa would be devastating

Twenty-eight years after intense selective logging stopped in the region now known as Uganda's Kibale National Park, the red-tailed guenon (Cercophithecus ascanius) is a primate still in decline. The logging practice, scientists report in a new study, changed the ecological balance for these monkey...

Why were the HIV prevention trials in commercial sex workers abandoned?

One promising approach to help stem the global HIV epidemic is to give commercial sex workers an HIV medication (such as the drug tenofovir) before they have high risk sex in the hope of reducing their chances of becoming infected, an approach called "pre-exposure prophylaxis" (PREP). But activist ...

Moving to the US increases cancer risk for Hispanics

...f Medicine. "Targeted interventions for cancer prevention and control should take into account the specifici...re published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & prevention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer... Research, and co-associate director of the Cancer prevention and Population Studies research program at the Can...

More than half of Texas physicians do not always recommend HPV vaccine to girls

...showed that more than half of Texas physicians do not follow these recommendations. The survey was published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & prevention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. "Two years after the FDA approved the vaccine, the study suggests that additional eff...

Women often opt to surgically remove their breasts, ovaries to reduce cancer risk

... to a report in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & prevention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer...s a consultant in clinical genetics at the Genesis prevention Center, University Hospital of South Manchester NH...e are unfortunately no clearly proven non-surgical prevention strategies, according to Isaacs. These women face ...

The way you eat may affect your risk for breast cancer

...have been mixed. New findings published in Cancer prevention Research , a journal of the American Association f...n accompanying editorial also published in Cancer prevention Research , Michael Pollak, M.D., stated that some ...r challenges of pharmacologic approaches to cancer prevention and/or treatment include defining the underlying c...

Stem cell 'daughters' lead to breast cancer

...er. Following surgery, treatment options available to these women are often limited to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, so identifying new treatment and prevention strategies is a priority for us," he said. Luminal progenitor cells in women with BRCA1 mutations have 'forgotten' how to behave, Dr Lindeman said. ...

Race/ethnicity, family income and education associated with sugar consumption

...nicity." The NHIS is a cross-sectional study conducted annually by the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and prevention to ascertain a variety of self-reported health behaviors and conditions. Periodically, a Cancer Control Module (CCM) is included to obtain information...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

...s. People in the developing world derive most of their nutrients from plants; plants constitute 90% of the diet of many Africans. Therefore effective prevention strategies must include food crops that provide more complete nutrition," said Manary. The Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, a GHA partner, has...

Early detection and quick response are key to defense against anthrax attack

...to-person communication," continues Dr. Hupert, who is also director of the new Preparedness Modeling Unit at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC). "But most important of all are multilateral diplomatic efforts to prevent bioterrorist attacks from ever happening." The study predicts that...

Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles

..." said McLean, who also has an appointment with the U-M Bone & Joint Injury prevention Center. McLean says that most research and prevention of ACL injuries focuses below the waist in a controlled lab setting, but th...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

...a range of medical and psychosocial measures is essential. Positive mental health is an integral part of the well-being of people, and mental disorder prevention and treatment have been shown to bring about health, social and economic development (Jan-Llopis et al., 2005). New discoveries in brain research...

2 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists receive Presidential Early Career Award

...rts her work, is an associate member of the Cancer prevention Program within the Hutchinson Center's Public Heal...ters studies the link between nutrition and cancer prevention particularly how the interplay of genetics and nu...hes, she also studies vitamin D and calcium in the prevention of colon cancer, the second leading cause of cance...

2 reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer

...searchers from the Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) found that survival among women with ovarian...re published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & prevention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer...oard member for Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & prevention . "The next steps would be to study this associati...

Plastics chemical retards growth, function of adult reproductive cells

... amniotic fluid of pregnant women and the antral fluid of mature follicles. A national survey conducted by the federal Centers for Disease Control and prevention in 2003-2004 found BPA in 93 percent of the 2,517 people (age 6 and up) who were tested. BPA has a short half-life, Peretz said, and the chemical i...

Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births

...of Environmental Health Sciences and collaborators from the National Institute of Public Health in Mexico and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and prevention analyzed data from a larger study directed by Hu, which follows a cohort of Mexican women recruited during pre-natal visits at one of four clinics of ...

Ben-Gurion U. researchers reveal connection between cancer and human evolution

...lot about the way certain people develop diseases and others have a lower tendency toward those same diseases. This may lead to new methods of disease prevention or cures." ...
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