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Abnormal brain circuits may prevent movement disorder

MANHASSET, NY -- Most people who carry a genetic mutation for a movement disorder called dystonia will never develop symptoms, a phenomenon that has puzzled scientists since the first genetic mutation was identified in the 1990's. Now, scientists at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research hav...

Debate on admin. of magnesium sulfate to pregnant women to prevent cerebral palsy in pre-term infants

New York, New York, June 29, 2009 Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most prevalent chronic childhood motor disability with an estimated lifetime cost of nearly $1 million per individual. There is evidence that magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) can reduce the incidence of CP for very early preterm infants. Many ...

Simple drug treatment may prevent nicotine-induced SIDS: Study

A new study has identified a specific class of pharmaceutical drugs that could be effective in treating babies vulnerable to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), because their mothers smoked during pregnancy. According to researchers at McMaster University, exposure of the fetus to nicotine res...

Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity

In recent years, obesity has taken on epidemic proportions in developed nations, contributing significantly to major medical problems, early death and rising health care costs. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates, at least a quarter of all American adults and more tha...

Study may aid efforts to prevent uncontrolled cell division in cancer

Researchers from the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have uncovered a remarkable property of the contractile ring, a structure required for cell division. Understanding how the contractile ring works to divide the cell may facilit...

Folic acid to prevent congenital heart defects

This release is available in French . Montreal, May 14th 2009 - The Canadian policy of fortifying grain products with folic acid has already proved to be effective in preventing neural tube defects. The latest article published in the British Medical Journal by a group of researchers fr...

truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children

"Digital Fingerprinting for Kids" event on April 18 at Pembroke Mall , Virginia Beach CHESAPEAKE, Va., April 2 /PRNewswire/ -- Turner Network Sales (TNS), the distribution, sales and marketing arm of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (TBS, Inc.), and truTV, are partnering with Cox Co...

Broccoli sprouts may prevent stomach cancer by defeating Helicobacter pylori

PHILADELPHIA Three-day-old broccoli sprouts, a widely available human food, suppressed Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infections, according to a report in Cancer Prevention Research , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. H. pylori infections are one of the most comm...

truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children

"Digital Fingerprinting for Kids" event on April 18 at Pembroke Mall , Virginia Beach CHESAPEAKE, Va., April 2 /PRNewswire/ -- Turner Network Sales (TNS), the distribution, sales and marketing arm of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (TBS, Inc.), and truTV, are partnering with Cox Co...

MDC researchers prevent virus induced myocarditis

Life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia can be a consequence of myocarditis an inflammation of the cardiac muscle that can be caused by the Coxsackievirus. In mice, Dr. Yu Shi, Chen Chen, and Professor Michael Gotthardt of the Max Delbrck Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) Berlin-Buch, Germany, have...

ORNL, St. Jude track neurons to predict and prevent disease

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and St. Jude Children's Research Hospital are looking at how developing nerve cells may hold a key to predicting and preventing diseases like cancer and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. St. Jude scientists have linked m...

HPV vaccine may prevent preterm births

Chronic human papilloma virus (HPV)-infections can lead to cellular changes in the cervix that can be a pre-stage to cervical cancer. Surgical treatment of these pre-stages gives an increased risk of preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies. As the HPV-vaccine can prevent pre-stages of cervical can...

Inhibiting proteins may prevent cartilage breakdown in arthritis patients

COLUMBIA, Mo. Current arthritis medications can ease the pain, but stopping the progression of the disease requires more aggressive treatments: use of very limited available drugs or surgical intervention. University of Missouri researchers hope to find new therapeutic targets for arthritis by st...

Research elucidates way lungs fight bacteria and prevent infection

NEW YORK (Jan. 23, 2009) Actor and pancreatic cancer patient Patrick Swayze's recent hospitalization with pneumonia as a result of his compromised immune system underscores the sensitivity of the lungs: many patients die from lung complications of a disease, rather than the disease itself. Lun...

Nutritional supplementation program helps prevent weight loss among children in African country

Children in Niger who received a daily nutritional supplement for three months had a lower rate of weight loss and a reduced risk of wasting compared to children who did not receive the supplementation, according to a study in the January 21 issue of JAMA . Wasting (defined as a certain deviat...

Cell 'anchors' required to prevent muscular dystrophy

DURHAM, N.C. A protein that was first identified for playing a key role in regulating normal heart rhythms also appears to be significant in helping muscle cells survive the forces of muscle contraction. The clue was a laboratory mouse that seemed to have a form of muscular dystrophy. A group...

New infant formula safety advice could prevent infant suffering

Wheat-based infant follow-on formulas are better reconstituted with fruit juice and should be stored in the fridge at 4C to prevent growth of meningitis bacteria, according to recent research. The results of a study, published today in the Society for Applied Microbiology journal, Letters in A...

New polymer coatings prevent corrosion, even when scratched

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Imagine tiny cracks in your patio table healing by themselves, or the first small scratch on your new car disappearing by itself. This and more may be possible with self-healing coatings being developed at the University of Illinois. The new coatings are designed to better protec...

Selenium may prevent high risk-bladder cancer

PHILADELPHIA A study published in the December issue of Cancer Prevention Research , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, suggests that selenium, a trace mineral found in grains, nuts and meats, may aid in the prevention of high-risk bladder cancer. Researchers from Dar...

Bangladesh Voter Registration Project Now Using MegaMatcher Biometric Technology to Detect and Prevent Duplicate Registrations

VILNIUS, Lithuania, Dec. 2 /PRNewswire/ -- Neurotechnology ( http://www.neurotechnology.com ), a provider of biometric identification technologies, today announced that the Bangladesh Army selected MegaMatcher SDK multi-biometric technology to identify duplicate registrations in the nation's voter...

Eastman Dental Center awarded $1.6 million to find ways to prevent cavities

The National Institutes of Health has awarded Eastman Dental Center's Hyun (Michel) Koo, D.D.S, Ph.D., $1.6 million to continue his work on preventing dental caries, the single most prevalent and costly oral infectious disease in the U.S. Dental caries (decay) results from the interaction of ...

Masks, hand washing, prevent spread of flu-like symptoms by up to 50 percent

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Wearing masks and using alcohol-based hand sanitizers may prevent the spread of flu symptoms by as much as 50 percent, a landmark new study suggests. In a first-of-its-kind look at the efficacy of non-pharmaceutical interventions in controlling the spread of the flu virus in...

Scientists from Granada find a potential treatment to prevent diabetes and obesity

This press release is available in French and Spanish . A molecule called interleukin-6 has opened new doors for the creation of new drugs against obesity and diabetes. These are the conclusions of an international project which has had the participation of researchers from Vitagenes , a...

Farmers can spot lame sheep, but fail to prevent footrot spread

Sheep farmers are highly able to spot even mildly lame sheep, but many do not take steps to prevent the spread of lameness in their flocks by catching and treating these animals. A study in the open access journal BMC Veterinary Research is the first to provide evidence for the accuracy of farme...

Statins may prevent miscarriages

Hospital for Special Surgery researchers have found that statins may be able to prevent miscarriages in women who are suffering from pregnancy complications caused by antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), according to a study in mice. In this autoimmune syndrome, the body produces antibodies directed a...

H. Pylori bacteria may help prevent some esophageal cancers

PHILADELPHIA Some bacteria may help protect against the development of a type of esophageal cancer, known as adenocarcinoma, according to a new review of the medical literature. These bacteria, which are called Helicobacter pylori, live in the stomachs of humans. The review, published in t...

Duke team finds compounds that prevent nerve damage

DURHAM, N.C. Duke University Medical Center scientists have made a significant finding that could lead to better drugs for several degenerative diseases including Huntington's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Compounds that block the activity of a specific enzyme prevented brain injury and greatl...

New technology may prevent vitamin B12 deficient seniors and vegetarians from needing injections

TORONTO, Canada (June 17, 2008) For those patients who receive the nearly 40 million intramuscular injections per year to treat their B12 deficiency, a new oral option may soon exist. According to the National Institutes of Health, vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to a wide spectrum of conditi...

NOAA proposes rule to prevent commercial harvesting of krill

NOAAs Fisheries Service issued a proposed rule in the Federal Register to prohibit the future harvesting of krill between three and 200 miles of the coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington. Krill are a small shrimp-like crustacean and a key source of nutrition in the marine food web. While...

Early treatment of stomach infection may prevent cancer

PHILADELPHIA Based on research using a new mouse model of gastritis and stomach cancer, researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) say that prompt treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections reverses damage to the lining of the stomach that can lead to cancer. ...

Underwater microscope helps prevent shellfish poisoning along Gulf Coast of Texas

Through the use of an automated, underwater cell analyzer developed at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), researchers and coastal managers were recently able to detect a bloom of harmful marine algae in the Gulf of Mexico and prevent human consumption of tainted shellfish. Shellfish ...

New mineralogical techniques contribute to prevent national heritage damage

This release is available in Spanish . Humidity, environmental pollution, cleaning with aggressive products for the chemical composition of the rock, etc give rise to the appearance of salts which cause stone decomposition, paint coats detachment, dust accumulation, etc. The treatments...

Netting mosquitoes to prevent malaria

EAST LANSING, Mich. Michigan State University scientist Ned Walker is taking on one of the biggest killers in the worldmalaria. And he believes he can help win the battle to save lives, especially the lives of children. With a recent $1.7 million grant from the National Science Foundation, Walke...

New folic acid seal helps women choose enriched grain foods to help prevent birth defects

WHITE PLAINS, N.Y., JAN. 9, 2008 Not enough American women understand that consuming the B vitamin folic acid every day can help prevent serious birth defects, and only 40 percent are taking daily multivitamin supplements containing this essential nutrient beginning before pregnancy, two recent s...

Human hormone blocker found to help prevent obesity and diabetes: study

BETHESDA, MD - A new study finds that a chemical found in the body is capable of promoting weight loss, improving insulin resistance and reversing diabetes in an animal model. The hormone is gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) receptor blockade. Background GIP is a peptide hormone that is...

A novel way found to prevent protein plaques implicated in Alzheimer's

NEW YORK, November 18, 2007For unknown reasons a protein called amyloid beta aggregates into toxic plaques in the brain, killing neurons. These plaques are one of the hallmarks of Alzheimers disease. Now two new animal studies show for the first time that the deadly transformation of amyloid beta ...

NASA technology helps predict and prevent future pandemic outbreaks

With the help of 14 satellites currently in orbit and the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) Applied Sciences Program, scientists have been able to observe the Earths environment to help predict and prevent infectious disease outbreaks around the world. The use of remote sensin...

Scripps research team blocks bacterial communication system to prevent deadly staph infections

LA JOLLA, CALIFORNIA, OCT. 30, 2007 -- In hopes of combating the growing scourge of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, in particular drug-resistant staph bacteria, a team of scientists from the Scripps Research Institute has designed a new type of vaccine that could one day be used in humans to block ...

'Knocking out' cell receptor may help block fat deposits in tissues, prevent weight gain

CINCINNATIUniversity of Cincinnati (UC) pathologists have identified a new molecular target that one day may help scientists develop drugs to reduce fat transport to adipocytes (fat cells) in the body and prevent obesity and related disorders, like diabetes. Detailed in the Oct. 18 online edit...

Bilberry extract -- can it help prevent certain cancers?

A Leicester cancer research project, which receives funding from Hope Against Cancer (formerly The Hope Foundation,) is investigating whether an extract from bilberries can prevent or delay the onset of certain cancers. Professor Andy Gescher, of the University of Leicester, is leading an inve...
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