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Premature in Biological News

Women with endometriosis need special care during pregnancy to avoid risk of premature birth

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: The largest study to date of endometriosis in pregnant women has found that the condition is a major risk factor for premature birth, the 25th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology heard today (Wednesday July 1). Dr. Henrik Falco...

Pre-pregnancy depressed mood may heighten risk for premature birth

Researchers trying to uncover why premature birth is a growing problem in the United States and one that disproportionately affects black women have found that pre-pregnancy depressive mood appears to be a risk factor in preterm birth among both blacks and whites. Black women, however, have nea...

A genetic link to premature ejaculation

Premature ejaculation can be embarrassing, but a new study suggests that it might be a genetic disorder. Researchers from Turku, Finland, interviewed more than three thousand men - all pairs of male twins and their older or younger brothers - about the first time they had sex. Many participants...

Tufted bacteria cause infection in premature babies

Bacteria that normally reside on the skin of healthy people can cause serious infections in premature babies. A group of researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have now found an explanation for why a certain kind of staphylococcus can attach itself to the skin and quic...

Study finds 'rescue course' of antenatal steroids improves outcome in premature babies

WASHINGTON, DC In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting, researchers will unveil findings that show that premature babies born before 34 weeks have a 31 percent reduction in serious complications when given a "rescue course" of Antenatal ...

World breakthrough in treating premature babies

Adelaide researchers have made a world breakthrough in treating premature babies at risk of developmental disorders. A six-year study led by Dr Maria Makrides from the Women's and Children's Health Research Institute and Professor Bob Gibson from the University of Adelaide has demonstrated that...

Pregnant women consuming flaxseed oil have high risk of premature birth

A study has found that the risks of a premature birth quadruple if flaxseed oil is consumed in the last two trimesters of pregnancy. The research was conducted by Professor Anick Brard of the Universit de Montral's Faculty of Pharmacy and the Sainte-Justine Hospital Research Center and Master's st...

Anti-cancer drug prevents, reverses cardiovascular damage in mouse model of premature aging disorder

An experimental anti-cancer drug can prevent -- and even reverse -- potentially fatal cardiovascular damage in a mouse model of progeria, a rare genetic disorder that causes the most dramatic form of human premature aging, National Institutes of Health (NIH) researchers reported today. In a s...

World-first to predict premature births

Australian researchers and a pathology company have joined forces to develop a world-first computerised system which may reveal a way to predict premature birth with greater accuracy. The University of Melbourne, the University of Newcastle and Symbion Pathology are combining expertise in medical...

Oocyte-specific gene mutations cause premature ovarian failure

Mutations in a gene called FIGLA cause premature ovarian failure in at least a percentage of women who suffer from the disorder, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston and Shandong University in China in a report that appears online today in the American Journal of Human Genet...

Bacterial infections in premature babies more common than previously realized

Premature babies are subject to a host of threats that can result in fetal/neonatal disease. In a study published in the January 2008 issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, researchers from the University of AlabamaBirmingham Medical School and the Drexel University College of M...

'At home' genomic tests for disease risk premature

NEW YORK, MARCH 18, 2008--The recent marketing of at home genomic tests for disease risk may be premature, according to Dr. Kenneth Offit, MD, MPH, Chief of the Clinical Genetics Service at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC). Health professionals are now faced with the prospect of thei...

Loss of stem cells correlates with premature aging in animal study

Researchers at the Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute of the University of Pennsylvania have found that deleting a gene important in embryo development leads to premature aging and loss of stem cell reservoirs in adult mice. This gene, ATR, is essential for the body’s response to damaged DN...

Improving outcomes in premature births

The costs due to complications from preterm birth are staggering. In Canada, outlays for specialized care of surviving preterm infants are estimated to be almost $2 billion per year. In a 5-year, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical study, researchers found that giving nitroglycerin to mothers w...

Anti-cancer drugs may hold promise for premature aging disorder

In a surprising development, a research team led by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has found that a class of experimental anti-cancer drugs also shows promise in laboratory studies for treating a fatal genetic disorder that cau...

Cellular Defects in Premature Aging Disease are Reversible

Cells affected by Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) -- a disease associated with premature aging -- can be made healthy again, according to findings by scientists at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Using specially modified segments of ...

Stem cell 'daughters' lead to breast cancer

... cells in breast cancer was known it opened the way for the development of new drugs or therapies to treat breast cancer, one of the biggest causes of premature death in women. "BRCA1 women have approximately a 65 per cent lifetime chance of developing breast cancer. Following surgery, treatment options avai...

First genetically-engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials

...he US, Japan and Canada, will be trialled in humans from early next year. Malaria kills more than one million people each year and destroys through premature death and disability the equivalent of at least 35 million years of healthy, productive human life every year. Professor Alan Cowman, head of the i...

Stuff of stink bombs investigated for role in pregnancy

... the uterus and it can be produced by the placenta, uterine tissue and the amniotic sac." Dr Carson's interest is in the initiation of term labour, premature labour and pre-eclampsia, which are still poorly understood. He said: "It is possible that research on hydrogen sulphide could provide some insigh...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

...al health can account for more than 40% of all long-term disability claims. premature retirement on the grounds of poor mental health is also increasing (McDaid,... associated with cardiovascular disease: The total costs of absenteeism and premature retirement due to mental health disorders in the EU-25 (plus Norway, Icelan...

Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually

...lution near highly populated coastal areas. Requiring ships to use marine fuel with 0.5 percent sulfur within 200 nautical miles of shore would reduce premature deaths by about 41,200, the study concludes. Lower sulfur reductions could reduce deaths even further, they say, adding that designated emission contr...

Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births

..., may contribute to the country's alarming rise in premature births. Researchers at the University of Michi...levels in the women who delivered prematurely. premature birth is a significant risk factor for many health...into adulthood, Meeker says. In the United States, premature births have increased by more than 30 percent sinc...

MS study offers theory for why repair of brain's wiring fails

... The new work may also have implications for another neurological disease, periventricular leukomalacia, which can lead to cerebral palsy in extremely premature infants, says Rowitch. Recent studies by Rowitch and colleagues show a similar inability of oligodendrocytes to perform their important repair functio...

Debate on admin. of magnesium sulfate to pregnant women to prevent cerebral palsy in pre-term infants

...ed that "Antenatal magnesium sulfate should be considered for use in women at high risk of delivery before 34 weeks of gestation, mainly in those with premature rupture of membranes, labor in active phase, and planned delivery within 24 hours." They found persuasive evidence that administration of magnesium su...

DuoCort: New chronotherapy for adrenal insufficiency

...jor drug improvements since at least the 1960s. Increasing interest in adrenal insufficiency during the past 10 years has resulted in studies showing premature death, compromised quality of life, increased cardiovascular risk and reduced bone mineral density among patients with adrenal insufficiency. The like...

Complications early in pregnancy or in previous pregnancies adversely affect existing or subsequent pregnancies

...oubled the risk in an ongoing pregnancy of preterm premature rupture of the membrane that surrounds the baby in the womb, and increased the risk of premature or very premature delivery (earlier than 37 or 34 weeks respectively...

NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

...tion between the intestinal microbiome and the development of necrotizing enterocolitis, a gastrointestinal disorder that can damage the intestine, in premature infants. James Versalovic, M.D., Ph.D., Baylor College of Medicine, Houston Digestive tract: Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) $750,000 ...

Athletes, spectators faced unprecedented air pollution at 2008 Olympic Games

...inked to increased respiratory morbidity and mortality. In China, particulate matter air pollution is believed to be responsible for about one million premature deaths per year, researchers said in their study. Of some note, the scientists said, is that efforts taken to constrain air pollution may be having...

Omega-3 fatty acids appear to impact AMD progression

...uch lower level than recommended. "If changing dietary habits is not easy, supplementation is an option," says Chiu. The authors stress it is still premature to conclude dietary recommendations for people with AMD and more studies are warranted. "Taken together, these data indicate that consuming a diet wit...

New guidelines to fight obesity in pregnancy issued

...estational diabetes, preeclampsia Delivery of large-for-gestational-age infants Women who are underweight also have a greater risk of having a premature or low birthweight baby. Babies born to overweight and obese mothers may face their own challenges. These newborns are at increased risk of: ...

The coming of biofuels: Study shows reducing gasoline emissions will benefit human health

...th they looked at "disability adjusted life years or "DALYs," which is a combination of two common damage factors in LCIAs - years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) and the equivalent years of life lost due to disability (YLDs). One DALY is equal to one lost year of "healthy" life. To put this int...

Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy

... the chances for subsequent health problems -- such as heart disease and diabetes in the case of extra weight, and impaired development in the case of premature birth. At the same time, adding too few pounds during pregnancy increases risks for stunted fetal growth and preterm delivery. The report focuse...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

...some consumers and environmental issues in its production. However, many plastic fillings contain controversial ingredients (such as BisGMA) linked to premature cracking of fillings and slowly release bisphenol A, a substance considered as potentially toxic to humans and to the environment. The scientists ...

Low levels of vitamin D linked to common vaginal infection in pregnant women

...y, obstetrics and gynecology, University of Pittsburgh. "It is not only associated with a number of gynecologic conditions, but also may contribute to premature delivery the leading cause of neonatal mortality making it of particular concern to pregnant women." The study, which included 469 pregnant wome...

Tips from the American Journal of Pathology

...ized by cell death in the central nervous system, lung, and eye. Patients on high concentrations of supplemental oxygen due to respiratory failure or premature birth, people undergoing hyperbaric oxygen therapies, scuba divers, and astronauts are all at risk for oxygen toxicity. Van Zoelen et al hypothesiz...

UC Davis bioengineer receives Hartwell Foundation grant to address skull fusion disorder of infants

...ources. Surgery is the standard treatment for infants diagnosed with craniosynostosis, the generic name for a group of disorders that result in the premature fusing of one or more of the sutures necessary for the skull to expand as the child's brain grows. If left untreated, the disorder can cause abnormal ...

Single gene defect can cause stroke, other artery diseases

...cations and undergo surgical approaches to prevent premature death or disability," said senior author and princ...who had ACTA2 mutations. They were phenotyped for premature vascular diseases, defined as an age of onset less...5 years in men and less than 60 years in women. premature thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections were the...

Climate change threatens Lake Baikal's unique biota

...also harm the Baikal seal, the lake's top predator and the world's only exclusively freshwater seal. Because the seals mate and give birth on the ice, premature melting of the ice forces them into the water before molting and drastically reduces their fertility. A warmer, wetter climate may be the principal ...

Men are the weaker sex

...ten complicated," says Prof. Glezerman. "They're more likely to result in a premature rupture of the embryonic sac and suffer from premature delivery. And those male fetuses which make it to term," he continues, "are...

Common gene variants influence risk factor for sudden cardiac death

...or heart disease it is certainly possible that common genetic variants will add incrementally to risk prediction," said Newton-Cheh. "It's currently premature to advocate screening gene variants for risk assessment, but someday it may be possible to identify individuals who are at particularly high risk and ...
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